The Environment & the Developing World<br />
MDG Goal #7<br />Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7a: Integrate the principles of sustainable development i...
How to Measure?<br />Target 7a and 7b Indicators:<br />7.1 Proportion of land area covered by forest<br />7.2 CO2 emission...
Facts about Deforestation<br />Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area.<br />The amount of forests l...
Why Deforestation?<br />Agriculture- farmers need room to grow crops and for livestock to graze<br />Logging-Wood for prod...
Rates of Deforestation in Borneo<br />
Progress?<br />The rate of deforestation shows signs of<br />decreasing, but is still alarmingly high<br />1990’s: 16 mill...
Progress?<br />South America and Africa largest net losses of forests, at 4 million and 3.4 million hectares per year<br /...
CO2 Emissions <br />1990 & 2007<br />In 2007,<br />global CO2<br />Emissions increased<br />By 3.2%<br />
Why?<br />Growth of Middle Class in China and India.<br />From<br />TO<br />
As of 2010 the loss of biodiversity continues—unrelentingly.<br />Nearly 17,000 species of plants and animals are known to...
So what?<br />
Progress?<br />In 2008 only half of the world’s 821 terrestrial ecoregions—had more than 10 per cent of their area protect...
Endangered animals for medicine/food/accessories<br />Rhino horn used to treat fever<br />Elephants for Ivory<br />Endange...
Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7c: Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to ...
Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7d: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum ...
The environment & the developing world
The environment & the developing world
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The environment & the developing world

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Explores the issues surrounding MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability. How development effects the environment.

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The environment & the developing world

  1. 1. The Environment & the Developing World<br />
  2. 2. MDG Goal #7<br />Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7a: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources<br />
  3. 3. How to Measure?<br />Target 7a and 7b Indicators:<br />7.1 Proportion of land area covered by forest<br />7.2 CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)<br />7.3 Consumption of ozone-depleting substances<br />7.4 Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits<br />7.5 Proportion of total water resources used <br />7.6 Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected<br />7.7 Proportion of species threatened with extinction<br />
  4. 4. Facts about Deforestation<br />Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area.<br />The amount of forests lost each year is equal to the size of Panama<br /> At the current rate, rain forests may completely vanish in 100 years. <br />70% of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests<br />
  5. 5. Why Deforestation?<br />Agriculture- farmers need room to grow crops and for livestock to graze<br />Logging-Wood for products including paper, access roads to woods. Often illegal<br />Wildfires- Natural Cause<br />Urban Sprawl- Needed for <br />housing and development<br />
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  7. 7. Rates of Deforestation in Borneo<br />
  8. 8. Progress?<br />The rate of deforestation shows signs of<br />decreasing, but is still alarmingly high<br />1990’s: 16 million hectares converted to other uses.<br />2008: 13 million hectares converted<br /> to other uses. <br />
  9. 9. Progress?<br />South America and Africa largest net losses of forests, at 4 million and 3.4 million hectares per year<br />Asia registered a net gain of some 2.2 million hectares annually.<br />China, India and Viet Nam expanded their forest area by 4 million hectares in last 5 years<br />
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  12. 12. CO2 Emissions <br />1990 & 2007<br />In 2007,<br />global CO2<br />Emissions increased<br />By 3.2%<br />
  13. 13. Why?<br />Growth of Middle Class in China and India.<br />From<br />TO<br />
  14. 14. As of 2010 the loss of biodiversity continues—unrelentingly.<br />Nearly 17,000 species of plants and animals are known to be threatened with extinction.<br />Major drivers of biodiversity loss include: high rates of consumption, habitat loss, invasive species, pollution and climate change<br />
  15. 15. So what?<br />
  16. 16. Progress?<br />In 2008 only half of the world’s 821 terrestrial ecoregions—had more than 10 per cent of their area protected.<br />Overexploitation of global fisheries has stabilized,<br />
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  18. 18. Endangered animals for medicine/food/accessories<br />Rhino horn used to treat fever<br />Elephants for Ivory<br />Endangered seal penis as aphrodisiac<br />Eating of gorillas in DRC<br />Endangered bluefin tuna in Japanese Sushi<br />Whales as delicacies<br />Tiger meat for virility<br />
  19. 19. Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7c: Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation<br />How to measure7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility<br />
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  24. 24. Ensure Environmental Sustainability<br />Target 7d: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020<br />How to Measure?7.10 Proportion of urban population living in slums<br />

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