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Culture and politics of latin america


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Discusses the history, politics and culture of Latin America

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Culture and politics of latin america

  1. 1. Culture and Politics of Latin America<br />
  2. 2. Latin America<br /><ul><li>Geographically – What to include?
  3. 3. Ethnically diverse: Mestizos, Native Americans, Spanish, African and racially mixed groups.
  4. 4. Settlements of people descended from German, Japanese, Indian, Syrian and Lebanese immigrants. </li></li></ul><li>Peoples of Latin America<br />Mixed Race Brazilian<br />Belize Mestizo<br />Mayan Guatemalan<br />Native <br />Peruvian<br />Afro-Brazilian<br />Native Colombian<br />
  5. 5. Latin American Facts<br /><ul><li>Latin American population has doubled between the 1960’s and 1996, to 488 million
  6. 6. Not religiously diverse, over 90% Catholic (Why?).
  7. 7. West Indies name continues as a result of Columbus incorrect geography.
  8. 8. History of Resource Depletion, colonization, slavery and ultimately genocide of millions of Native Americans and African slaves over a 300 year period
  9. 9. Pizarro’s destruction of the Incan empire while in search for personal gains and riches for his native Spain</li></li></ul><li>Facts Continued<br /><ul><li>By the 19th century a large part of the Native American population of Latin America was wiped out by disease and warfare.
  10. 10. African slaves perished from disease and maltreatment
  11. 11. Poor conditions led Latin American countries to be the first to undertake wars of national liberation against European domination.
  12. 12. Haiti Revolution (1810-1816) and (1816-1825)
  13. 13. Improvement of the quality of life was short lived as a result of rising US hegemony
  14. 14. Improvement in the 1990’s with economic and political rejuvenation and end of cold war and US supported dictatorial regimes (i.e Pinochet). </li></li></ul><li>Regional Differences<br />Brazil<br />The world's eighth largest economy; 6% GDP growth<br />87% Literacy Rate<br />26% Live below Poverty Line<br />Bolivia<br />60% of people, many of whom are subsistence farmers,<br /> live in poverty. <br />87% Literacy Rate<br />Lowest GDP in South America; GDP growth of only 2.5%<br />
  15. 15. Nationalism, Colonialism, and Independence<br />
  16. 16. Nationalism<br />A state of mind or feeling based on belonging to a nation.<br />Is there a difference between Patriotism and Nationalism?<br />Bonds of nationalism<br />Common Territory<br />Common Language<br />Common Culture<br />Common Enemies<br />Ethnocentrism<br />Us vs. Them/In-group vs. out-group - Dehumanization<br />No minimum criteria<br />The root of many ethnic conflicts <br />
  17. 17. Symbols of Nationalism<br />Flag National Anthem<br />Consequences of Nationalism<br />Historical SItes<br />Popular Slogans<br />Ethnic Conflict<br />Competition<br />Wars of Liberation<br />
  18. 18. Colonialism<br />By 1921 the British controlled more than 25% of the land and population of the earth.<br />Colonialism not necessarily introduced by Europeans<br />Europeans expanded colonialism to an unprecedented level<br />Motivations: Cheap Resources/Labor, Exploration, Evangelism<br />Does colonialism still exist?<br />
  19. 19. Consequences of Colonialism<br />Permanent negative consequences: loss of resources, language, culture, religion, historical artifacts, dependent on Europe and North America<br />Positive Consequences?: Education, Health Care, Transportation, Infrastructure, Government<br />
  20. 20. DeHumanization of Cultures and Manifest Destiny<br />