The present continuous tense The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action: Something we intend to do, usually in the near future A definite plan for the future Something which is going on right now (but it will stop in the future) A temporary action happening now
Here are some examples: All the plans have been made. I'm having a party next week. This is already certain. The Olympics are taking place here next year. She has probably already bought her ticket. Sarah's leaving for San Francisco on Friday. This plan is already arranged and definite. I'm playing soccer tomorrow. Definite plan for the future He's spending Christmas with his family right now, this year. (Maybe next year he won't.) Sihol is spending Christmas with his family. She's working there right now. Soraya's working in the library. It's raining right now (but it may stop soon). It's raining outside. Right now, John is winning, but the game isn't finished yet. John is winning the game. Temporary action happening right now Explanations Examples Type of action
Negatives and Questions in the Present Continuous Tense <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>In the present continuous tense, negative forms are made using NOT, and and question forms are made by changing the word order of the sentence. This page explains the rules. </li></ul>
Forming a negative Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding not or n't after the verb BE They aren't writing. They are not writing. They are writing. We aren't reading. We are not reading. We are reading. It isn't raining. It is not raining. It is raining. She isn't teaching. She is not teaching. She is teaching. He isn't driving. He is not driving. He is driving. You aren't working. You are not working. You are working. I'm not eating. I am not eating. I am eating. Contracted negative Negative sentence Positive sentence
Forming a question Yes/no questions are created by moving the verb BE to the beginning of the sentence. WH-questions are formed by moving the verb BE, and then adding the WH- word. Here are the rules Why are they fighting? Are they fighting? They are fighting. When are we leaving? Are we leaving? We are leaving. Why is it sleeping? Is it sleeping? It is sleeping. When is she arriving? Is she arriving? She is arriving. Where is he going? Is he going? He is going. Why are you crying? Are you crying? You are crying. What am I eating? Am I eating? I am eating. Wh- question Yes/no question Statement
How to make the -ING form With many verbs, the you can simply add -ING to the end of the verb. However, with some verbs, you need to change the ending a little. Here are the rules: say - saying go - going walk - walking Add -ING [anything else] come - coming lose - losing live - living Remove E, then add -ING 1 vowel + 1 consonant + E swim - swimming hit - hitting get - getting Double the consonant, then add -ING 1 vowel + 1 consonant Examples How to make the -ING form Verb ending in...
Forming the Present Continuous Introduction The present continuous tense (also called the present progressive tense ) is commonly used in English for actions happening right now, or in the future. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs Forming the present continuous tense This tense is formed using two components: the verb BE (in the present tense), and the -ING form of a verb. Here are the rules , using the example verb "sing: singing are They singing are We singing is It singing is She singing is He singing are You singing am I -ING FORM BE Subject
Simple Present Tense <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present tense is one of the most common tenses in English. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs. </li></ul>
Forming the simple present tense There are only two basic forms for the simple present tense; one ends with -s and the other doesn't. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing": They sing simple form They We sing simple form We It sings simple form + S It She sings simple form + S She He sings simple form + S He You sing simple form You I sing simple form I Example Verb Form Subject
RULE In other words, only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she and it) have to have a verb with -S.
-S or -ES? With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules: He sings Add -S [anything else] It flies Change Y to I, then add -ES consonant + y He watches Add -ES ch She wishes Add -ES sh She dozes Add -ES z He passes Add -ES s Example How to make the 3rd person singular Verb ending in...
Negatives and Questions in the Simple Present Tense Introduction In the simple present tense, negative and question forms are made using the auxiliary verb "do". This page explains the rules. Forming a negative Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding don't or doesn't before the simple form of the verb:
Negatives and Questions in the Simple Present Tense They don't sing don't They We don't sing don't We It doesn't sing doesn't It She doesn't sing doesn't She He doesn't sing doesn't He You don't sing don't You I don't sing don't I Example Auxiliary Subject
RULE In other words, only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she and it) have DOESN'T -- the rest have DON'T.
Forming a yes/no question Yes/no questions are also created using the auxiliary do . This time, the auxiliary is placed before the subject. Here are the rules Do they sing? do They Do we sing? do We Does it sing? does It Does she sing? does She Does he sing? does He Do you sing? do You Do I sing? do I Example Auxiliary Subject
Forming a WH- question WH- questions (using words such as "what", "when", "where" etc.) are also created by putting the auxiliary do before the subject. Then, you add the WH- word at the beginning. Here are some examples Where does he live? Does he live? He lives Why do you fight? Do you fight? You fight. What do I sing? Do I sing? I sing WH- question Yes/no question Statement