Late renaissance n. europe spain


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for Ms. Fuentes AP Art History Class

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Late renaissance n. europe spain

  1. 1. Late Renaissance in Northern Europe and Spain Continued…..
  2. 2. Northern Renaissance• term: “Northern Renaissance” – more of a grafting or fusion of Italian innovations with local traditions• difference from Italy: – neither heritage of Antiquity’s ideals nor beauty of human anatomy consistently manifested – focus • extreme states of emotion • visible surface appearance
  3. 3. Northern Renaissance• context: Protestant Reformation – Martin Luther (1483-1546) • pivotal figure • publication of Ninety-five Theses (1517) – justification by faith alone instead of by good works – attacked indulgences of Catholic Church – led to breaking away of most north German states from Church of Rome
  4. 4. Northern Renaissance• Iconoclasms in N. Europe• Some art destroyed, other artists stove to represent figures w/o creating “pagan idols”• Durer represents the combination of N. Renaissance realism with the Italian concern for size and monumnetality
  5. 5. Bosch’s Earthly Delights• Bosch’s Earthly Delights – “Third Day of Creation” • patron: aristocratic • theme: Humanist • outer panel when closed • complete work consists of four paintings on a series of folding panels • scale: large – center panel > 7’ x 6’
  6. 6. Hieronymous Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, oil on wood, 7’2” x 3’2”, 1505-1515,now in Prado, Madrid. Allegory of evil, symbolism, and some say surrealism.Garden of Earthly Delights Video
  7. 7. Center panel - flashcard• Hieronymus Bosch – Garden of Earthly Delights (c. 1510-15) • subject: Sin • narrative: allegorical – humans’ inability to save themselves – alchemy (?) • mood: fantastic & nightmarish vision – antecedents in recent Gothic past – over 1K figures
  8. 8. Hell panel from Bosch• Bosch’s Earthly Delights – “Hell” • setting: dark world of fire & ice • theme: sensual pleasures turned into elements of torture • figures: hybrid forms, unnatural unions • color: vibrant • light/shadow: chiaroscuro • aerial perspective: night
  9. 9. Annunciation and Virgin of theRosary, painted & giltlimewood, 12’2” x 10’6”, 1517,Nuremberg.Velt StossNorthern Europe artists madeintricately carved altarpiecesand sculptures from wood
  10. 10. Hagenaur’s St. Anthony Enthroned, Shrine of the Isenheim Altarpiece (open)
  11. 11. Isenheim Altarpiece, oil on wood, Matthias Grunewald… 9’9” x 10’9”, 1515.. Isenheim,France-3 views, made for hospital of people suffering St. Anthony’s disease, ergotism,agony of ergotism shown in Christ (amputation in next view)
  12. 12. Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, first opening…
  13. 13. Albrecht Dürer, Self-Portrait,oil on wood, 26’ x 19”, 1500flashcardChrist-like pose, notblasphemous, human creativityas a reflection of God’s divinityFrontality, symmetry, triangularcompositionCombined Italianmonumentality w/N. Europeanprecision (van Eyck?)Duhrer studied in Italy, was alsoprintmaker/engraver
  14. 14. Four Horsemen of theApocalypse, woodcut, Durer,1498.Book of Revelations (Bible),Gothic forms inspired byMantegnaNo background, no divisionbetween earth and heavenFamine (scales), war (sword),death (pitchfork), and pestilence(bow)Crowded composition, horsemenride over dead bodiesflashcard
  15. 15. Artist: Albrecht DürerTitle: Adam and EveMedium: EngravingSize: 9⅞ X 7⅝" (25.1 X19.4 cm)Date: 1504Contrapossto figures withclassical sculpture influenceFour humors - rabbit(energy), elk (sad), ox(lethargic), cat (angry).Mouse = Satan, parrot =clever, Adam tries todissuade EveDetailed in northerntraditionflashcard
  16. 16. Four Apostles, DurerOil on wood, 7” x 30” eachpanel, 1526Four humors AGAIN… Johnsanguine, Paul melancholic,Mark choleric, PeterphlegmaticItalian size, N. Europeanattention to detailPeter = Pope in rome,shown in shadowMark and Paul on right
  17. 17. Danube Landscape, Albrecht AlttdorferOil on vellum on wood panel, 12” x 8”1525Landscapes became very popular inNorthern Europe…Altdorfer and Bruegel were 2 famouslandscape artists from this era…..Bruegel although he studied in Italy, didnot show much Italian influence…
  18. 18. Return of the Hunters, Pieter Bruegel, oil on wood, 1565, part of series of seasonalpaintings. Hunters are peasant types; strong diagonals in picture. Typical scene ratherthan a specific narrative. Winter landscape in Belgium. FLASHCARD
  19. 19. In SPAIN, El Greco studiedMannerism in Italy.. . Thenreturned to create dramatic,interesting compositionsBurial of Count Orgaz, oil oncanvas, 1585…Tomb located directly below thepainting. Paintingcommissioned 300 yrs after hisdeath! Great philanthropist,.Combo of Venetian color,Spanish mysticism, Mannerismfigures
  20. 20. View of Toledo, oil oncanvas; 47” x 42”,1610Metropolitan Museumof Art, New YorkEl GrecoAlso paintedlandscapes, withdrama of mannerismand expressivebrushstrokes and color
  21. 21. Henry VIII, Hans Holbein, oilon wood, 32” 29”,Holbein was court painter inEnglandShowed monumentality ofKing Henry VIII< who was avery large manMannerist influenceflashcard
  22. 22. Some women artist, such asCaterina van Hemessen in herSelf-portrait, worked in theNorthern Renaissance as well…
  23. 23. Princess Elizabeth, Levina BeningTeerlinc, 42” x 32”, 1559Levina was court painter inEngland, skilled portraitist.This portrait is in Windsor Castletoday!
  24. 24. Girl with the Pearl EarringVermeerScenes of daily lifeExcelled in luminous lighting