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Art between wars...surrealism

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Art between wars...surrealism

  1. 1. ART between the Wars Dadaism & Surrealism
  2. 2. Guernica , Picasso
  3. 3. Dadaism: Anti Art 1915-25 <ul><li>regression (baby talk) </li></ul><ul><li>context: aftermath of World War I </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>challenged established values (moral & aesthetic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>credo: “Everything the artist spits is art” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>randomness & chance </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>playful & experimental </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>techniques/materials: historically unacceptable </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Dadaism <ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fountain (1917) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>medium: ‘Ready-Made’ </li></ul></ul></ul>Mass produced object (found object) taken out of context
  5. 5. Surrealism 1925-45 <ul><li>“ the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association neglected heretofore; in the omnipotence of the dream”-Breton’s Second Manifesto of Surrealism </li></ul>Ernst’s The Eye of Silence
  6. 6. Political & Scientific Context Time Transfixed , Magritte <ul><li>Anti fascist & antibourgeois </li></ul><ul><li>Freud’s psychology of the unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Automatism </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposition of objects </li></ul>
  7. 7. Magritte’s False Mirror (1926)
  8. 8. Surrealism <ul><li>Salvador Dalí </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Persistence of Memory (1931) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wordplay: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>montrer --> to show --> montre (watch) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>langue --> “tongue” --> langueur (languid) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>theme: Oedipal desires </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distorted fetal image of artist himself </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ants --> expression of anxieties </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Miro’s Carnival of the Harlequin (1925)
  10. 10. Exercises

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