Ancientegypt

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  • Artist: n/a Title: Funerary mask of Tutankhamun Medium: Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones Size: Height 21¼" (54.5 cm) Weight 24 pounds (11 kg) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty (Tutankhamun, ruled 1332–1322 BCE), c. 1327 BCE Source/Museum: Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: Ancient Egypt Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Rosetta Stone Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: 196 BCE Source/Museum: The British Museum, London
  • Artist: n/a Title: Art and its Context: Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, and Demotic Writing Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Hieroglyphic signs for the letters P, T, O, and L, which were Champollion's clues to deciphering the Rosetta Stone, plus M, Y, and S: Ptoymys
  • Artist: n/a Title: Ancient Egypt Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Narmer Palette Medium: Green schist Size: height 25" (64 cm) Date: Early Dynastic period, c. 2950–2775 BCE Source/Museum: Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Narmer Palette Medium: Green schist Size: height 25" (64 cm) Date: Early Dynastic period, c. 2950–2775 BCE Source/Museum: Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Narmer Palette Medium: Green schist Size: height 25" (64 cm) Date: Early Dynastic period, c. 2950–2775 BCE Source/Museum: Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Narmer Palette Medium: Green schist Size: height 25" (64 cm) Date: Early Dynastic period, c. 2950–2775 BCE Source/Museum: Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: The Narmer Palette Medium: Green schist Size: height 25" (64 cm) Date: Early Dynastic period, c. 2950–2775 BCE Source/Museum: Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: Old Kingdom standard grid—an Egyptian canon of proportions for representing the human body Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Old Kingdom standard grid—an Egyptian canon of proportions for representing the human body Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: The step pyramid and sham buildings. Funerary complex of Djoser, Saqqara Medium: Limestone Size: height of pyramid 204' (62 m) Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Elements of Architecture: Mastaba to Pyramid (Stepped Pyramid) Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara, c. 2667-2648 BCE
  • Artist: n/a Title: Elements of Architecture: Mastaba to Pyramid (Pyramid) Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Pyramid: Pyramid of Kafra, Giza, c. 2600 BCE
  • Artist: n/a Title: Great Pyramids, Giza Medium: Granite and limestone Size: height of pyramid of Khufu, 450' (137 m) Date: Fourth Dynasty, c. 2575–2450 BCE Source/Museum: Erected by (from the left) Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu
  • Artist: n/a Title: Model of the Giza plateau. From left to right: the temples and pyramids of Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. (number 4 is the valley temple of Menkaure; number 5 is the valley temple and Sphinx of Khafre.) Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Prepared for the exhibition “The Sphinx and the Pyramids: One Hundred Years of American Archaeology at Giza,” held in 1998 at the Harvard University Semitic Museum Harvard University Semitic Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Artist: n/a Title: Menkaure and a Queen (perhaps his wife Khamerernebty) Medium: Graywacke with traces of red and black paint Size: height 54½" (142.3 cm) Date: Fourth Dynasty (ruled 2490–2472 BCE) Source/Museum: from Giza / Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Harvard University–MFA Expedition
  • Artist: n/a Title: Khafre (Detail of head) Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Pepy Ii and His Mother, Queen Ankhnes-Meryre Medium: Egyptian alabaster Size: height 15¼ X 9 13/16" (39.2 X 24.9 cm) Date: Sixth Dynasty, c. 2323–2152 BCE (ruled. c. 2246–2152 BCE). Source/Museum: The Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York. Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund (39.119)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Seated Scribe Medium: Painted limestone with inlaid eyes of rock crystal calcite and magnesite mounted in copper Size: height 21" (53 cm) Date: Fifth Dynasty, c. 2450–2325 BCE Source/Museum: found near the tomb of Kai, Saqqara. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Artist: n/a Title: Head of Senusret III Medium: Yellow quartzite Size: height 17¾ X 13½ X 17" (45.1 X 34.3 X 43.2 cm) Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1938–1755 BCE (ruled c. 1836–1818 BCE) Source/Museum: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. Purchase: Nelson Trust (62-11)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Rock-cut tombs, Beni Hasan. Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1938–1755 BCE Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Pectoral of Senusret II Medium: Gold and semiprecious stones Size: length 3¼" (8.2 cm) Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c 1938–1755 (ruled c 1842–1837 BCE) Source/Museum: Tomb of Princess Sithathoryunet, el-Lahun. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Purchase, Rogers Fund and Henry Walters Gift, 1916 (16.1.3)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Stele of Amenemhat I Medium: Painted limestone Size: 11 X 15" (30 X 50 cm) Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1938–1755 (ruled c. 1938–1908 BCE) Source/Museum: Assasif. / Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Excavation 1915–16
  • Artist: n/a Title: The ruins of the Great Temple of Amun, at Karnak, Egypt Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reconstruction Drawing of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak, Egypt. New Kingdom, c. 1579–1075 BCE Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reconstruction Drawing of the Hypostyle Hall, Great Temple of Amun, Karnak. Nineteenth Dynasty, C. 1292–1190 BCE Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Flower and bud columns, hypostyle hall, Great Temple of Amun. Karnak Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Hatshepsut Enthroned Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: Eighteenth Dynasty (ruled c. 1473–1458 BCE). Source/Museum: Deir el-Bahri / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • Artist: n/a Title: Funerary temple of Hatshepsut, Deir El-Bahri Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1473–1458 BCE(At the far left, ramp and base of the funerary temple of Mentuhotep III. Eleventh Dynasty, c. 2009–1997 BCE) Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Inner Coffin of Tutankhamun’s Sarcophagus Medium: Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones Size: height 6'⅞" (1.85 m), weight nearly 243 pounds (110.4 kg) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, 1332–1322 BCE Source/Museum: Tomb of Tutankhamun, Valley of the Kings, near Deir el-Bahri / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: Akhenaten, Colossal Figure Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Akhenaten and His Family Medium: Painted limestone relief Size: 12¼ X 15¼" (31.1 X 38.7 cm) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1353–1336 BCE Source/Museum: Akhetaten (present-day Tell el-Amarna) / Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Ägyptisches Museum
  • Artist: n/a Title: Queen Tiy Medium: Boxwood, ebony, glass, silver, gold, lapis lazuli, cloth, clay, and wax Size: height 3 ¾" (9.4 cm) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1352 BCE Source/Museum: Kom Medinet el-Ghurab (near el-Lahun) / Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Ägyptisches Museum
  • Artist: n/a Title: Nefertiti Medium: Painted Limestone Size: height 20" (51 cm) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1353–1336 BCE Source/Museum: Akhetaten (modern Tell el-Amarna) / Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Ägyptisches Museum
  • Artist: n/a Title: Funerary mask of Tutankhamun Medium: Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones Size: Height 21¼" (54.5 cm) Weight 24 pounds (11 kg) Date: Eighteenth Dynasty (Tutankhamun, ruled 1332–1322 BCE), c. 1327 BCE Source/Museum: Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a Title: Temple of Rameses II (Left) and Nefertari (Right), at Abu Simbel Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: Nineteenth Dynasty, 1279–1213 BCE Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Detail of Nefertari and Ramses’s Leg Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Temple of Ramses II
  • Artist: n/a Title: Judgment of Hunefer before Osiris Medium: Painted papyrus Size: height 15⅝" (39.8 cm) Date: Nineteenth Dynasty, c. 1285 BCE Source/Museum: Illustration From a Book of The Dead. The British Museum, London
  • Artist: n/a Title: Mummy wrapping of a young boy Medium: Linen wrappings with gilded stucco buttons and inserted portrait in encaustic on wood Size: height of mummy 53⅜" (133 cm) portrait 9½ X 6½" (24 X 16.5 cm) Date: Roman period, c. 100–120 CE Source/Museum: Hawara / The British Museum, London
  • Ancientegypt

    1. 1. The Art Funerary mask ofof Tutankhamun 1327 BCAncient Gold inlaid with glass and semipreciousEgypt stones Flashcard image Cairo MuseumTheme: Newfunerary Kingdomart 18th Dynasty
    2. 2. Ancient Egypt Timeless ICONOGRAPHY Shows weighing feather of Maat vs. heart of deadExcerpt Annubis balancesfrom the scale, Horus takes Ka to IsisBook of the QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.Dead, New Afterlife guide to helpKingdom transition Painted papyrusflashcard Found in tombs
    3. 3. Geography & Ancient Egypt• Nile River - floods, fertile Delta• Farming, irrigation systems• Complex political systems developed• Seas & deserts protected the civilization from invaders… stable civilization for thousands of years• Very advanced civilization
    4. 4. How does Ancient Egyptcompare with other civilizations?• http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/ ?period=02&region=afe• http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/? period=02&region=wam
    5. 5. How does Ancient Egyptcompare with other civilizations? Votive Statue, 2700 BCE Ancient Near East Sumer Detail of Head of Khafre, 2490 BCE (from Temple/Pyramid)
    6. 6. How does Ancient Egypt compare with other civilizations? Votive Statue, 2700 BC Ancient Near East SumerZiggurat of Ur, 3100 BCE Great Pyramids of Giza, 2500 BCE
    7. 7. Why do we know so much about Ancient Egypt?• Dry climate, tombs = survival of art & artifacts• Rosetta stone - decoded language IN 1800S• Herodotus- Greek historian, 500 BC (religious)• Menathos’ list, 3rd century BCE- grouped kings into dynasties between 3000 & 300 BCE• Strabo visited Alexandria, 100 BC• Emperor Hadrian of Rome-took antiquities in 130 AD• Middle ages - Bible studies• 1798-99: Napoleon - military & scholarly visits• Archaelogical excavations & POPULAR interest ever since!!• HOWARD CARTER - King Tut’s Tomb - 1920s
    8. 8. Rosetta Stone196 BCReligious decreeof PharoahTalmee(Cleopatra)Greek, demotic,hieroglyphic•Jean Francois Champillon,French linguist & Dr.Thomas Young, Englishscientist… foundCleopatra’s name on thestone•Discovered in early 1800s,took years to decode•Champillon spoke Coptic,figured out sounds, whichled to birth of Egyptology
    9. 9. Stone Writing….• Rosetta Stone 196 BC• Stele of Hamurrabi from 1750 BC
    10. 10. Egyptian Iconography Scepter, 1960s, Ghana
    11. 11. Egypt United: Old Kingdom Begins in 3000 BCE• Dynasty I : Palette of King Narmer• In pre-dynastic Egypt, each village had own gods• King Narmer united upper & lower Egypt (see crown symbols united)
    12. 12. Palette of King Narmer, 3000-Flashcard 2920 BCEimage Commemorates unification of Egypt Conquered march dwellers Hierarchy of scale Hierakonpolis / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
    13. 13. Palette of Nar-merSide 2 Eye makeupGoddess Hathor well onon both sides- paletteHorus helping KingMarching to viewheadless bodiesLong necked lionssymbolizeunification
    14. 14. Palette of Narner Firsts1. Depicted figure in twisted perspective… lasted 3000 yrs2. Low relief sculpture in registers with groundlines (1st in Egyptian art)3. Unifed Egypt; depicted beginning of the Old Kingdom; transition away from Paleolithic farming villages4. Religious iconography.
    15. 15. Palette of NarmerVictory Stele of Naram-Sin, 3000 BCE2621 BCE
    16. 16. Palette of NanerVictory Stele of Naram-Sin, 3000 BCE2621 BCE
    17. 17. Egyptian figurative conventionsUsed for approximately 3000 yrsTwisted PerspectiveREMEMBER THE ART MADE THEWORLD VIDEO???How does this perspective reflect theirculture and SOCIAL STATUS?
    18. 18. Pyramids & Tombs• 80 pyramids were built• Began with the Mastaba (means Bench).. Mud brick tombs used in the Old Kingdom• Egyptians believed that Isis ruled the underworld and judged dead souls; Ka lived forever• Death & resurrection: Important to preserve/mummify bodies and to provide for life in the next world
    19. 19. Significant: 1st large scale building EVER in worldStepped Pyramid of Djoser, III Dynasty. , 2630 BCE 1st large scale stonebuilding in world, build over mastaba. 14 gateways, facades of buildings.Engaged columns mimicked bunches of reed with papyrus tops.
    20. 20. Flashcard image - Great Pyramids of GizaIV Dynasty (Old Kingdom) Khafre, Khufu, Menkaure. Granite and limestoneSize: height of pyramid of Khufu, 450 (137 m)
    21. 21. How Pyramids Were Built• http://touregypt.net/construction/construc.htm 2 million blocks, 1-2 tons each! How did they get them up there?
    22. 22. Great Sphinx, believed to bea portrait of Khafre. Originallypainted & had a beard.
    23. 23. Menkaure and QueenKhamerernebty Flashcard imageMedium: Graywacke with traces red & black paint54½ inches highDate: Fourth Dynasty (ruled 2490–2472 BCE)OLD KINGDOMSource/Museum: from Giza / Museum of FineArts, Boston Harvard University–MFA Expedition Equal scale Embrace Sheer dress on Queen
    24. 24. Pepy II and HisMother, Queen She ruled until heAnkhnes-Meryre was old enough, carved more naturalisticallyEgyptian alabaster15¼ X 9 13/16" Arms posed away from side.. Less permanence.. Reflects her status as temporary ruler rather than permanent ruler
    25. 25. Shows how differentSeated Scribe classes were(FLASHCARD) portrayed.Painted limestone; eyes of rockcrystal mounted in copper Much smaller thanSize: height 21" statues of Pharoahs,Date: Fifth Dynasty, c. 2450– etc. (21” vs life size or2325 BCE over sized”OLD KINGDOM Limestone, not moreMusée du Louvre, Paris elegant materials
    26. 26. The Middle Kingdom• 1975-1640 BCE (intermediate thru 1520)• Mentuhop (11th Dynasty) kings reunited Egypt.• Powerful, unified govt w/ strong military• Arts & literature flourished• Portraiture became more sensitive & realistic
    27. 27. Head of Senusret III Yellow quartzite 17¾ X 13½ X 17" Middle KingdomMore realistic Twelfth Dynasty, c. c.Looks tired, 1836–1818 BCEolderDynamic Kingwho led 4expeditions intoNubia;overhauledadministration
    28. 28. Rock-cut tombs, Beni Hasan.Middle KingdomDate: Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1938–1755 BCE
    29. 29. “May the sun god give eternal life to Senusret II” … ankh, falcons, cobras, Ra… Pectoral of Senusret II, Gold and semiprecious stones Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c 1938–1755 (ruled c 1842–1837 BCE) Tomb of Princess Sithathoryunet, el-Lahun. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
    30. 30. Stele of Amemhat I, 12th Dynasty (Middle Kingdom)… Portrays daily family life. Foundin his tomb. 11” x 15”
    31. 31. The New Kingdom• 1539-1075 BCE• Hykkos invaded; 18th Dynasty reunited kingdom• Thutmose III (1st Pharoah) expanded Egypt into present day Syria• Trade with near East• Built New Kingdom Temples & tombs to glorify kings / Pharoahs
    32. 32. Ruins of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak, Egypt(New Kingdom, 1579 BCE)
    33. 33. Symmetrical & Axial Design (processional path)Covered area size of 60 football fields; hypostyle hall w/ lots of columnsStatues of gods clothed and “fed” daily by priestsAdded to by various Pharoahs; sacred lake, coronation rooms
    34. 34. Flower & Bud columnsHypostyle HallGreat Temple of Amun atKarnakhttp://dlib.etc.ucla.edu/projects/Karnak/experience/IntroductionToTheTempleOfKarnak/1
    35. 35. Queen Hatshepsut EnthronedNew Kingdom, 1473-1458 BCE20 year reign, 1st female Pharoahportrayed in artSometimes shown as male w/falsebeardLed diplomacy with PuntBuilt incredible funerary templepositioned against high cliffs, orientedtowards Karnak
    36. 36. Funerary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Deir El-Bahri1473 BCE (New Kingdom)
    37. 37. Fowling Scene, Tomb of Nebamum, 1400 BCE(New King.), fragment of wall painting, British Flashcard image, not in bookMuseum •18th dynasty •Suggests distance & movement •Animals, butterflies naturalistic •Wife/daughter smaller than Nebamum (hierarchy of scale) •Hieroglyphic: enjoying himself and seeing beauty, (Forever young?) •Marsh symbolizes rebirth •Cat can symbolize deity hunting enemies of light and order
    38. 38. Amarna Period: Revolution in Art and Religion• 1353-1336 BCE• Changed name to Akhenaten (one who is effective for Aten, a god)• 1st Monotheist in Egypt: Worshipped Aten (sun god)• New capital in Tell el-Amarna• Changed typical Egyptian figurative style in artworks• Promoted glass making
    39. 39. Akhenaten, Colossal Figure, locatedat Temple of Karnak (16 ‘ tall)Long face, thin neck, swollen belly,somewhat androgynous looking.Built temples to Aten.. Sun disk, opencourtyardsWife Queen Nefertiti was priestessTruth (Maat) emphasized… morerealistic artwork and informalsituations.
    40. 40. How is this Relief so Different?Akhenaten & his Family, 1353 BCE (New Kingdom), painted limestone sunken relief
    41. 41. Queen Tiye, New KingdomFunerary piece of yew wood,ebony, glass, silver, gold, lapis,cloth, clay & waxEntire sculpture was 1/3 lifesizeOlder woman, mom ofAkhenantenMarried for love.Played key role in affairs ofstate husband Amenhotep III.Realistic style; African features
    42. 42. Queen Nefertiti Diplomacy(flashcard) w/Hittites1302-1234 BCE “mother of kings”18th Dynasty/ Book of DeadNew Kingdom Shown w/God Horus frequentlyPainted limestone21” (life size)Tomb found in 1904.Most impressiveQueen’s tomb found
    43. 43. Tutankhamun & Ramses II: Return to Tradition• Priesthood of Amun regained former power a few years after Akhenaten’s death• Tutankhaten = Tutankhamun (changed name)• Court moved back to Thebes• Tutankhamun’s tomb discovered in 1922-incredible riches captured public imagination (died young)• Ramses II built mighty empire.. Peace with Hittites• Amazing Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel (see Object Speaks in book)
    44. 44. Flashcard Funeraryimage mask of Tutankhamun 1327 BC Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones Flashcard image Cairo Museum New Kingdom 18th Dynasty
    45. 45. Temple of Ramses II at AbuSimbel4 65 foot statues of RamsesAssociation w/Gods, Religious &political power
    46. 46. QueenNefertrari,wife ofRamses II,shown behindhis leg Hieratic scale?
    47. 47. Judgment of Hunefer before Osiris, Scene from Book of the Dead Eater waits forPainted papyrus, height 15⅝" (39.8 cm), Nineteenth Dynasty, c. 1285 BCE NEW KINGDOM judgmentIllustration From a Book of The Dead. The British Museum, London Feather of Maat vs.KNOW RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCE, HOW THIS WAS USED! Heart Osiris, king of underworld
    48. 48. Mummy wrapping of a young boyMedium: Linen wrappings with gilded stuccobuttons and inserted portrait in encaustic onwoodSize: height of mummy 53⅜" (133 cm) portrait9½ X 6½"Date: Roman period, c. 100–120 CEAFTER NEW KINGDOM ENDED, ROMANRULESource/Museum: Hawara / The BritishMuseum, LondonConventions of Roman painting not Egyptian

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