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Slides from AP Art History Class - Andrea Fuentes. Images used with permission of textbook publisher Pearson for educational purposes only.

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  • Artist: n/a Title: The Aegean World Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Two figures of women Medium: Marble Size: heights 13" (33 cm) and 25" (63.4 cm) Date: c. 2500–2200 BCE Source/Museum: Cyclades. / Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens. Courtesy of the N. P. Goulandris Foundation.
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reconstruction of the palace complex, Knossos, Crete Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Knossos, aerial photograph of the site Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Knossos Interior. Reconstruction of palace interior staircase Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kamares Ware Jug Medium: Ceramic Size: height 10 ⅝" (27 cm) Date: c. 2000–1900 BCE Source/Museum: Phaistos, Crete / Archaeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
  • Artist: n/a Title: Bull Leaping Medium: Wall painting with areas of modern reconstruction Size: Height approx. 24 ½" (62.3 cm) Date: Late Minoan period, c. 1550–1450 BCE Source/Museum: From the palace complex, Knossos, Crete / Archaeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
  • Artist: n/a Title: Landscape (Spring Fresco) Medium: Wall painting with areas of modern reconstruction Size: n/a Date: Before 1630 BCE Source/Museum: From Akrotiri, Thera Cyclades / National Archaeological Museum, Athens
  • Artist: n/a Title: Woman Or Goddess with Snakes Medium: Faience Size: height 11⅝" (29.5 cm) Date: New Palace period, c. 1700–1550 BCE Source/Museum: As restored, from the palace complex, Knossos, Crete / Archaeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
  • Artist: n/a Title: Octopus Flask Medium: Marine style ceramic Size: height 11" (28 cm) Date: c. 1500–1450 BCE Source/Museum: Palaikastro, Crete / Archaeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
  • Artist: n/a Title: Vapheio Cup Medium: Gold Size: height 3 ½" (3.9 cm) Date: c. 1650–1450 BCE Source/Museum: Found near Sparta, Greece / Archaeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
  • Artist: n/a Title: Citadel at Mycenae (Aerial View) Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: Site occupied c. 1600–1200 BCE; walls built C. 1340, 1250, 1200 BCE Source/Museum: Greece
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reconstruction of Citadel At Mycenae Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Lion Gate, Mycenae Medium: Limestone relief Size: height of sculpture approx. 9' 6" (2.9 m) Date: c. 1250 BCE Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reconstruction Drawing of The Megaron In The Palace At Pylos Greece. C. 1300–1200 Bce Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Drawing in Antonopouleion Archaeological Museum, Pylos
  • Artist: n/a Title: Entrance to the Tholos, the so-called Treasury of Atreus Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: c. 1300–1200 BCE Source/Museum: Mycenae, Greece
  • Artist: n/a Title: Cutaway Drawing of Tholos Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: “Mask of Agamemnon” Medium: Gold Size: height approx. 12"(35 cm) Date: c. 1600–1550 BCE Source/Museum: Funerary mask, from the royal tombs, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece / National Archaeological Museum, Athens
  • Aegeanart

    1. 1. Ancient Aegean Art abstraction Henry Moore, Reclining Figure, 20th Century Cycladic Harp Player, 2500 BCE
    2. 2. Aegean Art <ul><li>Eastern Mediterranean (Aegean Sea) </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze Age 3000 BC - 1000 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Three civilizations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycladic (islands such as Thera) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minoan (islands of Crete) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mycenae (Greek mainland) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seafaring: trade, fishing (wrecks) </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze Art & Metal working </li></ul><ul><li>Homer’s Iliad & The Odyssey </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Crete/Minoan Cycladic Islands Mycennas
    4. 4. Cycladic Art <ul><li>Islands between Europe & Asia Minor </li></ul><ul><li>3000-1600 BCE (Bronze Age) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/trade, no writing </li></ul><ul><li>Supply of hard white marble for simple figure sculptures, mostly female </li></ul><ul><li>Later became part of Minoan and Mycenean cultures </li></ul>
    5. 5. Two Figures of Women Cyclades, 2500 BCE White Marble, 13” & 25” high Vioin shaped, simplified figures Mostly female Found on graves in large numbers Originally painted, with hair ABSTRACT Were they public or private??
    6. 6. Minoan Civilization on Crete 1900-1450 BCE <ul><li>Large island in Mediterranean; stable agricultural society in Bronze age but no metal </li></ul><ul><li>1st Seaborne Empire (active traders!) </li></ul><ul><li>Written language, not translated </li></ul><ul><li>Named by archaeologist Arthur Evans in 1900 after legend of the Minotaur and King Minos </li></ul><ul><li>Two major periods: Old Palace & New Palace </li></ul>
    7. 7. MINOAN: Old Palace Period, 1900-1700 BCE Reconstructed drawing of Palace at Knossos, excavated by Sir Arthur Evans (know & discuss) .. Maybe not a king/palace? We don’t know.
    8. 8. Ruins of Knossos today. Sir Evans found the labyrinth!!
    9. 9. Reconstructed interior Knossos <ul><li>First use of dressed stone in Aegean (finished local stone) </li></ul><ul><li>Walls coated with plasters, some murals </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial centers w/workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Huge storerooms for olive oil, grain, wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Running water/sewer system. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt after fires & earthquakes in New Palace period </li></ul>
    10. 10. Sophisticated pottery and metalwork. Traded these with Egypt and Mesopotamia. Peaceful people? Art celebrated nature, not war.. Few fortifications in palace…. Kanaures Ware (right) 2000 BCE (old palace) Invented potters wheel; fine thin walls, color, painted decorations.. Highly prized for trade Minoan Art - Old Palace Period
    11. 11. Minoan New Palace Period 1700-1450 BCE <ul><li>Suites in Palace for archives, business, residences.. Not much religious functions seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Wet & dry frescoes in palaces and buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Filled in outlines with pure color (like Egyptians), elegant line drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramic arts in Marine style </li></ul><ul><li>Repousse relief designs in metal developed </li></ul><ul><li>Only small sculptures have been found </li></ul><ul><li>CONQUERED by Mycenaens in 1450… </li></ul>
    12. 12. Flashcard Image - Bull Leaping , 1550 BCE, from Palace of Knossos, New Palace Period, Note female & male figures leaping over Bull, active flying gallop position
    13. 13. Landscape, (Spring Fresco) Akrotiri Wall Painting from Thera Cyclades, before 1630 BCE 1ST LANDSCAPE PAINTING Sophisticated colors & surface detail Bright colors & earth tones, rhythmic movements; color of wetrocks in Thera in sun; art more nature than war/kings.
    14. 14. Woman with Snakes or Snake Goddess, New Palace Period Minoa, Faience, 12” high Flashcard image Different theories.. Ritual object Discovered by Sir Arthur Evans Goddess or attendant? Dressed in Minoan costume Possible links with Egyptian culture (Homework: research assignment, read & write 2 paragraphs with your opinion)
    15. 15. Octopus Vase (Flashcard Image) Crete, New Palace Height 11” 1500 BCE Kamares ware jug Octopus surface decoration “ MARINE STYLE” Natural forms harmonizing with the vessel’s shape
    16. 16. Vapheio Cup , Gold, 1650-1450 BCE, found near Sparta but Minoan origin. Repousse technique- hammering from back of sheet. Men capturing bulls.
    17. 17. Mycenaean Helladic Architecture 1450-1100 BCE <ul><li>Warlike culture, took over Crete/Minoan society and mainland Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed Palace at Knossos, built over it </li></ul><ul><li>Built citadels; strongholds w/megaron (great room) </li></ul><ul><li>Citadel at Mycenae identified as home of King Agamemnon, leader of Greeks that conquered Troy.. Story recorded by Homer </li></ul><ul><li>Many artworks uncovered by Heinrich Schlimann; also found remains of city of Troy in modern day Turkey </li></ul>
    18. 18. Citadel at Mycenae , 1600-1200 BCE, including Lion’s Gate <ul><li>Walls 25’ thick 30’ high </li></ul><ul><li>Home of King Agamemnon </li></ul><ul><li>Guardian figures at Lion’s Gate </li></ul><ul><li>Grave circle at bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Megaron = great room with central hearth and throne </li></ul>
    19. 19. Citadel Mycenae, reconstruction
    20. 20. Lion’s Gate, Mycenae Is it a temple?City gate?
    21. 21. Reconstruction drawing of Megaron in Palace at Pylos, 1300-1200 BCE, destroyed in military upheavals. Painted plaster murals, Minoan type columns, elegant furnishings
    22. 22. Mycenaean Tombs <ul><li>Much more important tombs than in Minoa or Cycladian civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Started with shaft tombs 20-25’ deep; royalty buried with ceremonial weapons and status objects </li></ul><ul><li>Began building BEEHIVE or Tholos tombs, such as Treasury of Atreus </li></ul><ul><li>Corbel vault-arched ceiling made of projecting layers of stone until meet in middle </li></ul>
    23. 23. Tholos/Treasurey of Atreus, 1300 BCE, Mycenae
    24. 25. Mask of Agamemnon, 1600 BCE Gold funerary mask Mycenae, Greece Repousse Discovered by Heinrich Schlieman Dagger blade found in tomb also resembles artwork described by Homer flashcard image