Open Science


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Open Science

  1. 1. Open Science: Past,Present and FutureAndrea Miller-NesbittLife Sciences
  2. 2. Outline• What is Open Science?• How did we get here?• How is Open Science currently being practiced?• How can we participate as librarians?• What is in store for the future?
  3. 3. Open Science “Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process” -Michael Nielson
  4. 4. The Past: How did we get here?• Thousands of years ago • Empirical science – describing natural phenomena• Last few hundred years • Theoretical science – using models and generalizations to explain phenomena• Last few decades • Computational science – using digital technology to simulate phenomena
  5. 5. The Fourth Paradigm • Data intensive scientific discovery • Unifying theory, experiment and simulation • Data exploration
  6. 6. Growth of GenBank (1982-2008)
  7. 7. HGP and the Bermuda Agreement 1) Primary genomic sequences should be in the public domain 2) Primary genomic sequence should be rapidly released
  8. 8. The Present: Open Science at Work
  9. 9. Current Challenges • Legislation and policy • International, federal, provincial, institutional • Intellectual property rights issues • Infrastructure • Data deluge • Economic sustainability • Interoperability • Training and support • Standardized training for researchers and information professionals • Scientific culture • Publish or perish • Fear of misinterpretation
  10. 10. Solutions
  11. 11. Canadian Context• Canadian Institutes of Health Research • Must deposit certain data types upon publication • Must keep all data for a minimum of five years• Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council • Strategic Network Grants Guidelines • Encourages researchers to share data within a reasonable period of time• Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council • SSHRC Research Data Archiving Policy • Must deposit data within two years within two years of project completion
  12. 12. Role of the librarian data management plan Help users integrate collect access data Data lifecycle Identify and analyze describe apply appropriate metadata preserve Identify appropriate repository
  13. 13. Role of the librarian • Planning and data management • Metadata and archiving support • Finding and using relevant infrastructure • Building and managing institutional policies and repositories • Support and training
  14. 14. The Future…
  15. 15. Selected SourcesAllard, S. (2012). DataONE: Facilitation eScience through collaboration. Journal of eScience Librarianship, 1(1), 4-17.Carlson, J., Fosmire, M., Miller, C. C., & Nelson, M. S. (2011). Determining data information literacy needs. Libraries and the academy, 11(2), 629-657.Hey, A. J. G., Tansley, S., & Tolle, K. M. (Eds.). (2009). The fourth paradigm : data-intensive scientific discovery. Redmond, Wash.: Microsoft Research.Martin, E., Leger-Hornby, T., & Kafel, D. (2012). Frameworks for data management curriculum: Course plans for data management instruction to undergraduate and graduate students in science, health sciences and engineering programs. Retrieved from Research Council of Canada. (2012, January 30, 2012). Research Data Strategy Retrieved April 16, 2012, from, M. A. (2012). Reinventing discovery : the new era of networked science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Ouellette, F. (2011). Data sharing: bioinformatics of cancer genomics. The 2011 Canadian Research Data Summit. Power Point Presentation. Retrieved from, K. (2011). Comprehensive brief on open access to publications and research data for the federal granting agencies. Retrieved from, C., Steeves, C., & Ward, J. (2010). E-Science and data support services: A study of ARL member institutions. Report. Retrieved from
  16. 16. Questions? Andrea Miller-Nesbitt (514) 398-1663• What are the implications of data- intensive science on library collections?• Will we see large groups of non-scientists co-authoring papers?
  17. 17. Suggested Resources for LibrariansResource Content LinkeSciences portal for Provides useful links to overviews of http://esciencelibrary.umassmed.eduNew England librarians eScience, data management support, /index science basics for non-scientists, etc.Open Science list serve Relatively low-volume list for the open science community o/open-scienceJournal of eScience Open access, peer-reviewed journal which began in 2012 eslib/Data information Information about a data information literacy program being developed by a e/home number of academic libraries in the U.S.A.The Fourth Paradigm A continuation of the published book The Fourth Paradigm igm/Inter-university Provides training in data access, for curation and analysis for social science b/ICPSR/index.jsppolitical and social research communityresearchARL eScience survey Various links for institutions planning page to support eScience cien/esciensurvey/ tml