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SCIENTIFIC
THINKING FOR
AGILE TEAMS -
THROUGH PRACTICE
ANDREA DARABOS
2 9 T H M A R C H L O N D O N , AC E - A S O S
• What is scientific thinking? What is KATA?
• Why is it relevant?
• Introduction to TOYOTA KATA
• Let’s practice
• Questi...
WE RUN ON AUTOMATIC HABITS
3
Photo: http://bit.ly/2neUo4H
Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
WE ARE PRONE TO BIAS AND
JUMP TO CONCLUSIONS
4
• Information bias
• Confirmation bias
• Blind spot bias
Article: http://bi...
SCIENTIFIC THINKING
5
Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
By Mike Rother
6
Kata are also practice
routines that help you
adopt new ways of acting
and thinking.
KATA ARE PRACTICE ROUTINES
By Mike ...
CHALLENGES IN
AGILE TEAMS
LACK OF SCIENTIFIC
THINKING LEADS TO
FEATURES LIKE THIS…
CHALLENGES IN
AGILE TEAMS
WE TEND TO JUMP TO
CONCLUSIONS ON WHAT
FEATURES TO BUILD
RETROS LIKE THIS…
Today we'll practice
the pattern of the
It's a scientific routine
for achieving complex
challenges
www.katatogrow.com
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp the
Current
Condition
Establish
your Next
Target
Condition
Get the
Direction or
Cha...
For this exercise we'll build
this 15-piece puzzle
several times, and experiment with ways
to do it faster
www.katatogrow....
Do the entire
exercise without the
puzzle frame
Go ahead and build
the puzzle one time!
Put the Frame
Aside
• Study the pi...
Choose aTeam Name
Select a Data
Recorder
à Write your team name
on the forms in the kit
Select aTimekeeper
à Each to hav...
GROUND RULES
(1) "START Position" =
- Puzzle pieces shuffled in random order
- Pieces face down in one stack
- Hands flat ...
LET'S ESTABLISH A
BASELINE TIME FOR YOUR TEAM
Record
your times
here
Use
this
form
www.katatogrow.com
Allmaterialcopyright...
Now let's do
the four steps of
the Improvement Kata
www.katatogrow.com
Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp the
Current
Condition
Establish
your Next
Target
Condition
Get the
Direction or
Cha...
Key Points About:
UNDERSTANDING THE CHALLENGE
• We often face challenges in
life. No need to worry,
because you don't need...
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp the
Current
Condition
Establish
your Next
Target
Condition
Get the
Direction or
Cha...
• It's important to understand
where you currently are, before
you set your next goal.
• Don't pull goals randomly out of
...
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp the
Current
Condition
Establish
your Next
Target
Condition
Get the
Direction or
Cha...
• Break a big challenge down
into smaller goals.
• Set an easier and closer goal
that's on the way to your
challenge.When ...
What puzzle build
time does your team
want to reach by the
end of today's class?
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp th...
www.katatogrow.com
LET'S ASK EACH TEAM
www.katatogrow.com
Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%...
Conduct
Experiments
to get there
Grasp the
Current
Condition
Establish
your Next
Target
Condition
Get the
Direction or
Cha...
• We need to test the ideas we
have via experiments.
• To learn from an experiment
you should write down what
you expect a...
HOW WE'LL EXPERIMENT
3 Minutes per Round
Instructor calls "START"
Build the puzzle
Note the elapsed time on your form
Base...
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%...
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F%
!"
!"
!"
D;#)%B:==%...
www.katatogrow.com
AFTER EACH EXPERIMENT
WE'LL REFLECT
After each round we'll ask one team
this set of Reflection Questions
www.katatogrow.co...
GET READY
FOR THE NEXT ROUND
3 Minutes per Round
Instructor calls "START"
Build the puzzle
Note the elapsed time on your f...
www.katatogrow.com
What are the four steps
of the Improvement Kata
approach?
Where else can we use
the four-step pattern of
the Improvement K...
andrea@leanadvantage.co.uk
Resources
Mike Rother: TOYOTA KATA
Katatogrow game: http://bit.ly/2nJFW8s
Advanced lean and kat...
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Scientific Thinking for Agile teams - TOYOTA KATA

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The ktatatogrow exercise, originally developed by Mike Rother is a great one to practice in your teams, with managers or boards to develop experimentation and conscious learning. Coupled with some examples of its applicability in a digital context from my last 10 years' of experience as an agile DevOps coach. Read more about our experiments with TOYOTA KATA at leanadvantage.co.uk

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Scientific Thinking for Agile teams - TOYOTA KATA

  1. 1. SCIENTIFIC THINKING FOR AGILE TEAMS - THROUGH PRACTICE ANDREA DARABOS 2 9 T H M A R C H L O N D O N , AC E - A S O S
  2. 2. • What is scientific thinking? What is KATA? • Why is it relevant? • Introduction to TOYOTA KATA • Let’s practice • Questions Agenda Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  3. 3. WE RUN ON AUTOMATIC HABITS 3 Photo: http://bit.ly/2neUo4H Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  4. 4. WE ARE PRONE TO BIAS AND JUMP TO CONCLUSIONS 4 • Information bias • Confirmation bias • Blind spot bias Article: http://bit.ly/2nf2JoN Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  5. 5. SCIENTIFIC THINKING 5 Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd By Mike Rother
  6. 6. 6 Kata are also practice routines that help you adopt new ways of acting and thinking. KATA ARE PRACTICE ROUTINES By Mike Rother Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  7. 7. CHALLENGES IN AGILE TEAMS LACK OF SCIENTIFIC THINKING LEADS TO
  8. 8. FEATURES LIKE THIS…
  9. 9. CHALLENGES IN AGILE TEAMS WE TEND TO JUMP TO CONCLUSIONS ON WHAT FEATURES TO BUILD RETROS LIKE THIS…
  10. 10. Today we'll practice the pattern of the It's a scientific routine for achieving complex challenges www.katatogrow.com
  11. 11. Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge 1 2 3 4 THE FOUR STEPS OF THE IMPROVEMENT KATA www.katatogrow.com
  12. 12. For this exercise we'll build this 15-piece puzzle several times, and experiment with ways to do it faster www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  13. 13. Do the entire exercise without the puzzle frame Go ahead and build the puzzle one time! Put the Frame Aside • Study the picture. • Remove the puzzle pieces from the frame. • Put the frame aside. • Build the puzzle once, without timing it. www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  14. 14. Choose aTeam Name Select a Data Recorder à Write your team name on the forms in the kit Select aTimekeeper à Each to have a phone timer THREE THINGS TO DO NEXT: www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  15. 15. GROUND RULES (1) "START Position" = - Puzzle pieces shuffled in random order - Pieces face down in one stack - Hands flat on the table - No talking, you're ready to go (2) All Teams Start Together a. Instructor calls "START" b. Build the puzzle (talking allowed) c. Note the elapsed time on your form (3) Don't Write on the Puzzle www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  16. 16. LET'S ESTABLISH A BASELINE TIME FOR YOUR TEAM Record your times here Use this form www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  17. 17. Now let's do the four steps of the Improvement Kata www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  18. 18. Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge 1 Step 1: UNDERSTAND THE CHALLENGE 10 SECONDS www.katatogrow.com
  19. 19. Key Points About: UNDERSTANDING THE CHALLENGE • We often face challenges in life. No need to worry, because you don't need to get all the way there right away! • A challenge often even gives us a useful sense of direction and alignment. www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  20. 20. Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge Step 2: GRASP THE CURRENT CONDITION 2 What was your team's last baseline time? www.katatogrow.com
  21. 21. • It's important to understand where you currently are, before you set your next goal. • Don't pull goals randomly out of the air. A team should feel like its goals are meaningful. Key Points About: GRASPING THE CURRENT CONDITION www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  22. 22. Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge Step 3: ESTABLISH YOUR NEXT TARGET CONDITION 3 www.katatogrow.com
  23. 23. • Break a big challenge down into smaller goals. • Set an easier and closer goal that's on the way to your challenge.When you get there you can set the next goal. Key Points About: ESTABLISHING YOUR NEXT TARGET CONDITION www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  24. 24. What puzzle build time does your team want to reach by the end of today's class? Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge LET'S DEFINE YOUR TEAM'S NEXT TARGET CONDITION www.katatogrow.com We can do four(4) rounds of experimenting today
  25. 25. www.katatogrow.com
  26. 26. LET'S ASK EACH TEAM www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
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www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  28. 28. Conduct Experiments to get there Grasp the Current Condition Establish your Next Target Condition Get the Direction or Challenge Step 4: CONDUCT EXPERIMENTS TO GET THERE 4 www.katatogrow.com
  29. 29. • We need to test the ideas we have via experiments. • To learn from an experiment you should write down what you expect and what actually happens, so you can compare those two things. Key Points About: EXPERIMENTING TO GET THERE www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  30. 30. HOW WE'LL EXPERIMENT 3 Minutes per Round Instructor calls "START" Build the puzzle Note the elapsed time on your form Based on what happened, discuss what you plan to do next Write ideas you want to test onto the form www.katatogrow.com
  31. 31. D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" 2GH">:$"-)%%I% !"#$%&#$"'% (#)"'% 2JK2*4L2&!4&M%% 2GH">:$"-)%%N% 2GH">:$"-)%%O% 2GH">:$"-)%%P% 2GH">:$"-)%%Q% 2GH">:$"-)%%R% 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! 25! 30! 35! 40! 45! 50! <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% (Before) Write down the next ideas you want to test (After) Write in how much the time changed compared to the last round (After) Mark the elapsed time THE EXPERIMENTING FORM What to record in each round www.katatogrow.com
  32. 32. D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" D;#)%B:==%E+,%.+F% !" !" !" 2GH">:$"-)%%I% !"#$%&#$"'% (#)"'% 2JK2*4L2&!4&M%% 2GH">:$"-)%%N% 2GH">:$"-)%%O% 2GH">:$"-)%%P% 2GH">:$"-)%%Q% 2GH">:$"-)%%R% 40! 45! 50! 40! 45! 50! 40! 45! 50! 40! 45! 50! 40! 45! 50! 40! 45! 50! <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% <;#-A"% PLEASE PLAN YOUR FIRST EXPERIMENT Write the ideas you want to test next on your 'Experimenting' form Write down the ideas you want to test www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  33. 33. www.katatogrow.com
  34. 34. AFTER EACH EXPERIMENT WE'LL REFLECT After each round we'll ask one team this set of Reflection Questions www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  35. 35. GET READY FOR THE NEXT ROUND 3 Minutes per Round Instructor calls "START" Build the puzzle Note the elapsed time on your form Discuss what you plan to do next Write ideas you want to test onto the form ---------- Time's up... We will ask the Reflection Questions Get into START Position (timekeeper raise hand) www.katatogrow.com Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd
  36. 36. www.katatogrow.com
  37. 37. What are the four steps of the Improvement Kata approach? Where else can we use the four-step pattern of the Improvement Kata? www.katatogrow.com
  38. 38. andrea@leanadvantage.co.uk Resources Mike Rother: TOYOTA KATA Katatogrow game: http://bit.ly/2nJFW8s Advanced lean and kata training - email us at Allmaterialcopyright©ofLeanAdvantageLtd

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