Introducing INSPIRE - July 2013


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This is an updated version of my ‘Introducing INSPIRE’ presentation.
The slides cover: the what/why/how of INSPIRE, the UK Location Information Infrastructure, and what you need to do to comply.
Both the slides and associated notes are available (click the "notes on slide x" at the top of the comments section of the page)

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  • Why do we need INSPIRE?   EC recognised that the environment information it, national and local governments needed existed But that it was locked up Unlocking environmental information will enable improved environmental policy and delivery Examples Flooding, coastal erosion, extreme storms, pollution, industrial accidents can impact many nations concurrently A potentially high cost in life, environmental damage and economic cost.   We are starting to see the impacts of climate change Arctic sea ice cover had reached a record low in summer 2012, ahead of predictions/models We need to take a macro view to understand how we can mitigate and adapt £50 billion of EU money is poured into European agriculture annually Highly controversial subsidy - often challenged Apportionment between member states not always seen to be fair EU consulting on Common Agricultural policy between 2014-20 A robust evidence base is essential Natural England has spatially targeted Environmental Stewardship schemes by combining and analysing spatial data delivering greater environmental benefit.   Our natural environment underpins our economic prosperity, our health and our wellbeing Total value of natural resources to the UK economy was over £15bn in 2007 If every household in England were provided with good access to quality green space it could save an estimated £2.1 billion per year in health care costs On the Humber, increased flood protection worth over £400k per year has been achieved by converting 170 hectares of land to intertidal habitats The annual value of carbon sequestration from UK woodlands is estimated to be £770 million   INSPIRE will have uses beyond the environment sector and beyond the public sector For example Transport, Health, Legal and academic sectors INSPIRE matters to business - for example it provides opportunities for the GI industry INSPIRE matters to the public providing better access to public information
  • INSPIRE is founded on 6 principles:   Data collected once and kept where it’s best maintained. Easy to discover what data is available and reuse it. Combine data easily from different sources, harmonised data. Data readily and transparently available: Licensing, charging, IP Use data at multiple scales: Detailed for site investigations, general for strategic purposes. Good governance. Coordination & monitoring In summary Focus on sharing and reuse Promote keeping information close to source Acknowledge need to make it easy to find data and assess its fitness for purpose Essentially good information management practice
  • INSPIRE is a system of systems It is an Infrastructure not an application (EG not a GIS) It Provides users with access to data from a wide range of sources Through a network of web based services Interoperability essential - technical conformance and business interoperability (licensing etc)
  • What does INSPIRE require us to do...   34 themes each with a definition and specification setting out what data is in scope 3 Annex each with their own timelines   Applies to existing data No requirement to capture new data But any new or significantly restructured data must be made to comply
  • INSPIRE is a 2 step process: First publish data as-is through standards compliant web services (view and download) with standards compliant metadata In the UK data and services are registered with Second step is to transform the data to comply with standardised data specifications 210+ UK Annex I & II datasets identified by Nov 2011 Over 90% are discoverable and have view services now   Working towards Annex I & II downloads Identifying key Annex III datasets and providers Finding solutions to complex themes
  • Discover provides a catalogue of location data and services Data providers register datasets and services to make them discoverable (to comply) Text and Map search interfaces (inc. Preview) Machine search through API/CSW Metadata standard: UK GEMINI 2.1 View A web service that returns a geo-referenced image of a defined extent Not a GIS or interactive map tool Standard: OGC Web Map Service Download A web service that returns a geographic data for a defined extent Not a GIS or interactive map tool Standard: OGC Web Feature Service Alternative ATOM solution where WFS not practical Transform Data complies with INSPIRE Specifications Enables easy integration of data from many sources BUT... No UK transformation service - transformations applied at point of publication Also... Spatial Data Services to process data Invoke Services to enable services to be called Less clearly defined and some way off
  • Business Requirements   Making data more accessible is a pillar of INSPIRE It talks about simplification of licensing and access/use control INSPIRE does not affect existing Intellectual Property Rights   Monitoring and coordination is being lead by Defra Joint working is essential - we have been successful at this   These requirements present challenges but... INSPIRE does not put a significant burden on public bodies assuming good data management practices are in place Technology markets and open source community are providing solutions
  • In the UK INSPIRE is being deliver the through the UK Location Infrastructure this includes: Technical Services A central metadata catalogue for publishing location data - including INSPIRE data Based on INSPIRE Standards for location data, metadata and web services Defra led Architecture & Interoperability board look after UK standards etc Business services Defra INSPIRE Helpdesk Defra INSPIRE Engagement team drive data publishing Location data policies and guidance for data publishers and consumers Reference tools for creation of metadata and delivery of services
  • This is a serviced based infrastructure (as is INSPIRE) Defra are only providing the central infrastructure for the discovery service All data, metadata and services sit with the data publisher.
  • Three implementation options: Two providing pre-defined datasets … Atom feed delivering pre-defined datasets Atom is an XML-based subscription pointing to pre-packaged data files – e.g. Shape files Web Feature Service (WFS) delivering pre-defined datasets One providing direct access download … WFS providing direct access to features Implementation of any option would provide conformance with the regulation However, option 3 (direct access WFS) is preferred: It supports full interoperability According to the Directive a direct access should be provided “where practicable”
  • Phase 2
  • Visit to find and access over 1000 location datasets
  • Start planning for making data available UKL Data Sharing guidance will help with policy, copyright and business issues
  • Talk to your software vendors and get technical advice Talk to your IT department. In particular network issues (firewalls, etc.) need to be understood and addressed Talk to local government peers who have done this Make use of the Knowledge Hub ( ) UK Location helpdesk is a focus point for queries (
  • Introducing INSPIRE - July 2013

    1. 1. Introducing INSPIRE Last updated:10 July 2013 @andnewmangeo
    2. 2. 3. Delivering INSPIRE » What do I need to do? » 5 Steps to INSPIRE Success 4. Find out more... Contents 2 1. INSPIRE » Why » How » What » When 2. UK Location Information Infrastructure » Architecture » Web Services
    3. 3. INSPIRE 3
    4. 4. INSPIRE Aim 4 To improving environmental policy making and delivery • Environmental impacts do not respect borders • A macro view is required to understand Climate Change • environmental policy needs to be based on robust evidence • Understanding and protecting environmental assets will boost the economy INSPIRE data will also be useful in other areas such as health, transport, & commerce
    5. 5. Principles 5 • Data is collected once and kept where best maintained • Data is easy to discover and reuse • Easily combine data from different sources • Data is readily and transparently available • Data can be used at multiple scales • Good governance improves data management
    6. 6. Not a GIS 6 C. Ansorge, Umweltbundesamt, 2012, http://www.inspiration- • Common standards for data, metadata and services • Catalogues allow users to identify what information is available • Data is delivered as a service • Data specifications make data interoperable Distributed service based infrastructure
    7. 7. INSPIRE Requirements - Data • Publish spatial datasets that are within scope of 34 legally defined themes • INSPIRE does not require us to collect any new data 7 Annex I Annex II Annex III • Coordinate Reference Systems (CRS) • Geographical Grid Systems (GGS) • Geographical Names (GN) • Administrative Units (AU) • Addresses (AD) • Cadastral Parcels (CP) • Transport Networks (TN) • Hydrography (HY) • Protected Sites (PS) • Elevation (EL) • Land Cover (LC) • OrthoImagery (OI) • Geology (GE) • Statistical Units (SU) • Population Distribution – Demography (PD) • Natural Risk Zones (NZ) • Atmospheric Conditions (AC) • Meteorological Geographical Features (MF) • Oceanographic Geographical Features (OF) • Sea Regions (SR) • Bio-geographical Regions (BR) • Agricultural and Aquaculture facilities (AF) • Habitats and Biotopes (HB) • Species Distribution (SD) • Buildings (BU) • Energy Resources (ER) • Mineral Resources (MR) • Soil (SO) • Land Use (LU) • Human Health and Safety (HH) • Utility and Government Services (US) • Environmental Monitoring Facilities (EF) • Production and Industrial Facilities (PF) • Area Management/ Restriction/ Regulation Zones and Reporting Units (AM)
    8. 8. INSPIRE Requirements - Deadlines INSPIRE is a 2 step process: 1. Publish data as-is through standards compliant web services (view and download) with standards compliant metadata 8 Nov 2011 Full discovery metadata & view services for annex I and II data Dec 2012 Full discovery metadata, view & download services made available for annex I & II datasets Dec 2013 Full discovery metadata, view & download services made available for INSPIRE annex III datasets By 2017 INSPIRE Annex I data specification compliance By 2020 INSPIRE Annex II & III data specification compliance But for new data or extensively restructured data: 2. Transform the data to comply with standardised data specifications By 2013 INSPIRE Annex I data specification compliance By 2015 INSPIRE Annex II & III data specification compliance
    9. 9. Technical Requirements - Services 9 Discovery View Visualise data in client applications A web service that returns a geo- referenced image of a defined extent Find data quickly and easily Download Consume and analyse data A web service that returns geographic data for a defined extent Transform Apply standard data specifications
    10. 10. INSPIRE Requirements - Business 10 – Have licensing arrangements that allow information to be shared – Set up e-commerce arrangements where charging is applicable – Introduce monitoring mechanisms to demonstrate that the information is being made available – Introduce co-ordination mechanisms to ensure effective operation of the infrastructure
    11. 11. UK Location Information Infrastructure (UKLII) 11
    12. 12. Architecture 12
    13. 13. Who Does What Data Providers • 4 key components for providing access to data: – Structured information about datasets and services (metadata) – Services that allow datasets to be visualised (View Service) – Services that provide access to data content (Download Service) – & transformation Defra • Central Discovery Service (metadata catalogue) 13
    14. 14. Metadata • UKLII requires that metadata is published for all datasets and services • All metadata is captured to a defined UK standard (GEMINI2) • UK Location has also published guidance on implementing GEMINI2 for UKLII / INSPIRE 14* Other metadata tools are available • UK Location provides an on-line tool for creating GEMINI2 metadata* - “the Metadata Editor”
    15. 15. View Service What it is • A publically-accessible network service • Provides an image of part of a spatial data set in response to user- defined requests • A Web Map Service (WMS) What it isn’t • A web mapping application (although they may use a View Service) • A GIS (although a GIS may use a View Service) • Does not provide access to the data itself (only an image) 15
    16. 16. Download Service What it is • A Network Service that provides access to the raw data • Data, rather than a picture of data • Or, in INSPIRE terms: – …enabling copies of spatial data sets, or parts of such sets, to be downloaded and, where practicable, accessed directly. INSPIRE Directive, 2007 What it isn’t • A web mapping application • A GIS (although a GIS may use a Download Service) 16
    17. 17. Discovery Service • A central service provided by Defra INSPIRE Team • Data publishers register metadata for datasets or services • Data users search metadata to find datasets and services 17
    18. 18. Transformation Services • No discreet transformation service • Data can be transformed as it’s published • Data can be transformed within network services 18
    19. 19. 19 1. Search 2. Preview 3. Consume Search over 1000 location datasets and services •Text search •Map based search •Filter by publisher, tag, type and more •Machine to machine services - Permanent URI’s; RESTful API, CSW service Preview location datasets in our simple web viewer •Overlay layers from up to 10 web map services •Change layer orders and transparency •Click to get feature information where available Integrate location data in to your applications •Web Map Services available for over 200 •Download Services
    20. 20. Delivering INSPIRE* 20 * or Publishing Your Location Data
    21. 21. What do I need to do? 1. Review your data holdings to identify any data within scope of INSPIRE • For local government LGA have provided an indicative list of data topics to help with this activity • For central government the Defra INSPIRE team can provide advice and support 2. Setup view and download services to deliver data to users • View Services let users visualise data in client applications (View service technical guidance) • Download Services let users consume and analyse data – (Download service technical guidance) 3. Create metadata for your datasets and services and register your metadata at • The DMS Operational Guide explains how to do this • Consider publishing metadata for datasets before you have services in place, particularly if you won’t have services in place by December 21
    22. 22. 5 Steps to INSPIRE Success The following roadmap may help you deliver INSPIRE: 1.Understand your data 2.Options Analysis 3.Make a business case 4.Develop and Implement Services 5.Maintain, Improve, Benefit 22
    23. 23. 1. Understand your data – You need to: • Understand what location data your organisation maintains • Identify data that is in-scope of INSPIRE • Look at how your data is published (if it is) • Consider issues such as licensing, IP, charging • Discuss issues emerging with data owners/custodians – Decisions: • Agree priorities for data publication particularly for INSPIRE • Agree publication approaches for datasets • Agree data sharing policies if you don’t have them (licensing etc) 23
    24. 24. 2. Options Analysis – You need to consider how you will: • Provide view, download services • Create metadata for your data and services and register it with • Transform your data (phase 2) – Decisions • Phasing of delivery • How will I create my metadata? • How will I deliver my services? 24Provider PublisherProvider P1 Publisher P2 P3 P... 1. Direct 2. Agent 3. Shared Service/Portal
    25. 25. 3. Make a business case – You need to convince your budget holders that they should invest in sharing location data. – Your business case should set out: • Why you need to act • What the benefits are for your organisation and others • The options you have considered • What the implications of not acting are • A recommendation – If taking a phased approach make this clear in the business case 25
    26. 26. 4. Develop and Implement Services – Define the business requirements and functional requirements • Ensure you are applying the relevant standards and guidance – Develop the solution – Load the data – Launch the services – Create metadata for the datasets and services – Register the metadata with – If taking a phased approach ensure your solution is “future proof” Consider publishing metadata for datasets before you have services in place, particularly if you won’t have services in place by December 26
    27. 27. 5. Maintain, Improve, Benefit Maintain – Keep your data and metadata up-to-date Improve – Regularly check you are publishing all the required data – Work to publish more data – Respond to user feedback and priorities – Consider the requirements of INSPIRE when defining new data products Benefit – Start consuming data as a service to reduce data processing costs and ensure you are using current data 27
    28. 28. Find out more... INSPIRE Guidance & tools Local government indicative INSPIRE data topics UK INSPIRE Helpdesk 28 Devolved government organisations Each devolved government has a local INSPIRE team. Who should be contacted in the first instance Local government indicative INSPIRE data topics LGA INSPIRE Team EU INSPIRE Website