Proceeding of Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2012

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Proceeding of Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2012.
25th-26th January 2012, Rizqun International Hotel, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.

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Proceeding of Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2012

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION OF BICET 2012 WELCOME COMMITTEES PROGRAMME & ABSTRACTS EVENT SCHEDULE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS KEYNOTE SPEAKER© BICET 2012Institut Teknologi Brunei A Technology UniversityJalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE1410 ISSN 2226-3306Brunei Darussalam.
  2. 2. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam The Brune Internation Conferenc in Engineering and Tech ei nal ce hnology (BICE 2012 ET) has as its main theme “Sustainable Developmen through Ad e nt dvances in Engineer? ?ing and Tech hnology”. This conference marks the fo s ourth BICET organised by Institu Teknologi B ut Brunei. Since its inception in 2001, BIC CET has been a platform f rigorous a for academic disc cussion and the exchange of expert knoowl-edge involving international researchers, scientists an practitione aiming to address nd ers major adv vances and is ssues in the areas of engin neering and teechnology. BICET 2012 invites loc and intern cal national resea archers, scien ntists and prac ctitioners to contribbute to the ac cademic debate focusing o the confere on ence theme “Sustaina able Developmment through Advances in Engineering and Tech-nol h logy”. The confe erence offers an excellent opportunity f paper con for ntributors and d participan to exchan nts nge views regarding curren developme in their re nt ent espective fields of e expertise.
  3. 3. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam WELCOME TO BICET 2012 Congratulations! You have been invited to present your papers at the Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology (BICET) from 25 to 26 January 2012 in Negara Brunei Darussalam. It is our privilege and pleasure to welcome you to this conference. BICET was established as an annual international forum for the presentation, exchange and discussion of information on academic and practical knowledge concerning advances and issues in the areas of industrial management, civil engineering, computing and information systems, electrical and electronic engineering, energy, mechanical engineering, and petroleum and chemical engineering. BICET presents a valuable opportunity to actively exchange ideas and network with participants from universities, public utilities, industry, and consultancies from around the world. The theme for this year’s BICET 2012 is “Sustainable Development through Advances in Engineering and Technology”. This conference marks the fourth BICET organised by Institut Teknologi Brunei, Brunei Darussalam. Today, industrial globalisation and the rapid advancement of technology and engineering in response to consumer demand constantly improve our quality of life. However, the adverse effects of rapid advances in technology and engineering raise issues such as: climate change, CO2 emissions, political instability, financial crises, public health and safety and internet and network security. These issues must not be overlooked and need to be thoroughly looked into. BICET 2012 will provide an excellent opportunity for representatives and students to share their state-of- the-art research and experience and to discuss crucial scientific and technical issues with colleagues and friends from around the world. This year, a great number of contributors submitted papers. In fact, a total of 100 submissions were received, and after going through review processes 39 papers have been accepted for presentation. These various contributions with related topic areas will be presented in parallel sessions running from Wednesday 25 January to Thursday 26 January 2012. Furthermore, the programme of parallel paper sessions will also feature presentations from internationally renowned keynote experts on the theme, “Sustainable Development through Advances in Engineering and Technology”. We look forward to welcoming a large and interested audience. The Executive and the local organising committees have made every effort to ensure that your stay in Brunei Darussalam will be fruitful and socially enjoyable. We trust you will enjoy your time with us in the “Abode of Peace”. ------------------------------------------------------------------ Pg Dr Haji Md Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Haji Md Yunus Chairman of BICET 2012 Deputy Dean of Faulty of Engineering
  4. 4. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam ADVISOR Dato Paduka Dr Haji Omar bin Haji Khalid (Vice Chancellor, ITB) Professor Michael Cloke (Academic Advisor, ITB) Dr Hajah Naemah binti Haji Khalid (Assistance Chancellor, ITB) Dyg Jennifer Hiew Lim (Register & Secretary, ITB) BICET ORGANISING COMMITTEES Pg Dr Haji Mohd Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Haji Mohd Yunus (Chairperson, ITB) Dr Ahmad Nazri Wahidudin (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Dr Hajah Noor Maya binti Haji Mohd Salleh (Secretary I, ITB) Pg Dr Haji Saiful Baharin bin Pg Haji Duraman (Secretary II, ITB) Secretariat: Awg Haji Ady Syarmin bin Haji Mohd Taib (Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Hajah Mariam binti Haji Abd Rahman (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Serina binti Haji Mohd Ali (member, ITB) Dyg Siti Asmahlati Bolkini binti Ahmad (member, ITB) Awg Md Hairol bin Haji Mohd Ali (member, ITB) Ak Haji Azhan bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB) Dyg Thulasi Munohsamy (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Siti Mariam binti Haji Amit (member, ITB) Technical Committee: Dr Tan Soon Jiann (Co-chairperson, ITB) Dr Franky Looi Hong Cheong (Co-chairperson, ITB) Awg Haji Asari bin Haji Abd Rashid (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Siti Mazulianawati binti Haji Majid (Secretary I, ITB) Dyg Hong Shyang Pei (Secretary II, ITB) Awg Ahmad Syamaizar bin Haji Ahmad Sabli (member, ITB) Dk Dr Noor Muneerah binti Pg Haji Jeludin (member, ITB) Dk Hajah Noralam binti Pg Haji Tuah (member, ITB) Dr Haji Mohd Khairul Ja’afar bin Haji Masri (member, ITB) Dr Saiful Islam (member, ITB) Dr Teh Keng Watt (member, ITB) Awg Ismawi bin Haji Md Yussof (member, ITB) Awg Wong Pong Kit (member, ITB) Awg Peter Shannon (member, ITB) Awg Radin Jefri bin Radin Mas Basiuni (member, ITB) Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Md Ja’afar (member, ITB) Dyg Ummul Hasanah binti Haji Hassan (member, ITB) Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB) Awg Murhamdilah bin Morni (member, ITB) Financial Committee: Dyg Husni binti Haji Matusin (Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Hanisah binti Haji Mohd Salleh (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Awg Soh Seng Hu (member, ITB) Dyg Salinawati binti haji Awg Damit (member, ITB) Dyg Siti Nur Didiareawati binti Jali (member, ITB) Awg Jumat bin Mohd Yacob (member, ITB)
  5. 5. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam Dyg Hadhimah binti Hashim (member, ITB) Fair and Exhibition Committee: Awg Asmaal Muizz Salehin bin HM Sultan (Chairperson, ITB) Awg Ibrahim bin Edris (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Md Ja’afar (member, ITB) Awg Mohd Kamarulzaman bin Abdullah (member, ITB) Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB) Pg Abd Mutallib bin Pg Haji Kamaluddin (member, ITB) Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB) Ceremony and Logistic Committee: Awg Haji Morsidi bin Haji Kassim (Co-Chairperson, ITB) Awg Joffry bin Haji Bongsu (Co- Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Elizah binti Raden Mas Ismail (Announcer, ITB) Dyg Serina binti Haji Mohd Ali (Announcer, ITB) Dyg Siti Hanisah Hj Mohd Salleh (Announcer, ITB) Awg Haji Meraj bin Haji Suhaili (member, ITB) Pg Siti Awa binti Pg Haji Mahmud (member, ITB) Awg Hj Abu sofian bin Haji Yusof (member, ITB) Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB) Awg Haji Aftab Hassan (member, ITB) Pg Muhd Nazri bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB) Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB) Pg Mutallib bin Pg Haji Kamalluddin (member, ITB) Awg Awang Sidi bin Mohammad (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Kamarulzaman bin Abdullah (member, ITB) Awg Muhamad Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB) Dyg Aslina binti Md Salleh (member, ITB) Dyg Zaitonah bte Sisa/Judin (member, ITB) Awg Haidi bin Hilmi (member, ITB) Awg Hasri bin Ibrahim (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Nur Aiman bin Haji Jahari (member, ITB) Awg Mohammad Rahim bin Haji Yakub (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Amirul Hardilah bin Jali (member, ITB) Awg Adi Rusydi bin Omar (member, ITB) Dyg Siti Amira binti Naim (member, ITB) Awg Shabillellah Ikhwan bin Haji Ramlee (member, ITB) Dk Alizah Nurul Ita binti Pg Haji Ali (member, ITB) Dyg Siti Simaa Suhaillina binti Azmi (member, ITB) Dyg Nursyazwani binti Bujang (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Izzat bin Haji Muhd Ismat Hazim (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Kamil @ Omar Abdul Aziz bin Kifli (member, ITB) Dyg Noorus Sadikin binti Haji Metussin (member, ITB) Abg Muhd Salih Hanafi bin Abg Mustafa (member, ITB) Awg Md Nabil Fikri bin Mudim Haji Suhaili (member, ITB) Dk Nurul Aziemah binti Pg Haji Muizzuddin (member, ITB) Dyg Nurul Hazrina Shahba binti Md Shahrun (member, ITB) Awg Marcelino Z. Taru III (member, ITB) Welfare and Accommodation Committee: Awg Mohamad Zawawi bin Bahari (Chairperson, ITB) Awg Murhamdillah bin Morni (member, ITB)
  6. 6. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam Awg Haji Ismit bin Haji Mohamad (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Nurazmina binti Haji Lingas (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Halimah binti Dato Haji Kassim (member, ITB) Sponsorship, Promotion and Publicity Committee: Awg Haji Rudy Erwan bin Haji Ramlie (Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Ida binti Idris (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Awg Haji Abd Majid bin Haji Moksin (member, ITB) Awg Ramli bin Haji Yaman (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Shanafizahwatty binti Haji Mat Salleh (member, ITB) Dyg Rafidah binti Haji Tengah (member, ITB) Dyg Nuroul’ain binti Abdul Khalid (member, ITB) Publishing Committee: Dr. Ang Swee Peng (Chairperson, ITB) Pg Muhd Nazri bin Pg Haji Ahmad (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Awg Hj Abu sofian bin Haji Yusof (member, ITB) Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB) Dk Rafidah binti Pg Haji Petra (member, ITB) Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Ja’afar (member, ITB) Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB) Dk Norhafizah binti Pg. Haji Muhammad (member, ITB) Awg Mohammad Adi Mukmin bin Haji Sarbini (member, ITB) Dk Noraidah binti Pg Haji Mohammad (member, ITB) Dk Aidah binti Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB) Dyg Zaitonah binti Sisa/Judin (member, ITB) Dyg Aslina binti Md Salleh (member, ITB) Awg Mohamad Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB) Awg Mohammad Sia bin Abdullah (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Noraidah binti Haji Madin (member, ITB) Awg Abd Hafidz bin Haji Ali Hassan (member, ITB) Awg Mohammad Hadie bin Haji Marsidi (student, ITB) Dyg Nurasilah binti Haji Ismail (student, ITB) Dyg Hajah Nurulhanisah binti Haji Suhaili@Haji Sebeli (student, ITB) Invitation and Protocol Committee: Awg Muhd Al-Qusairy bin Haji Abd Kahar (Co-Chairperson, ITB) Dk Raden Tutimuliawati bini Pg Haji Mahmud (member, ITB) Awg Ibrahim bin Haji Md Tahir (member, ITB) Awg Jumat bin Yakob (member, ITB) Awg Md Safiuddin bin Abdullah (member, ITB) Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB) Awg Mohd Zaiddin bin Abdul Qayyum Sirul (member, ITB) Dyg Hadhinah binti Hashim (member, ITB) Dyg Rusaimah binti Haji Md. Idris (member, ITB) Awg Khairul Anuar bin Haji Omar (member, ITB) Dyg Alya Nur Baizura binti Haji Fadzillah (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Nazmi bin Mahali @ Nazmo (member, ITB) Awg Md. Asymawi bin Abdullah (member, ITB) Dyg Nur Zawani binti Haji Musa (member, ITB) Dyg Nurul Khairunnisa binti Haji Abdullah (member, ITB) Dk. Nur Faizah binti Pg. Suhaimi (member, ITB)
  7. 7. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam Awg Md Afi bin Md. Firdaus Chee (member, ITB) Dyg Nur Hayatul Majeedah binti Haji Ramlee (member, ITB) Dyg Faeiqah Nadzirah binti Awg Yakof (member, ITB) Awg Farhan Nuradli bin Abdul Karim (member, ITB) Dyg Nur Amirah binti Haji Marsidi (member, ITB) Dyg Rafidah binti Haji Junaidi (member, ITB) Awg Muhammad Yazid bin Awg Yussof (member, ITB) Refreshment Committee: Dyg Hajah Roslynna binti Haji Rosli (Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Hajah Adlina Diyanah binti Haji Abdul Hamid (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Hajah Siti Ratiyah binti Haji Ibrahim (member, ITB) Dk Ida Nurul Fitri binti Pg Haji Kahar (member, ITB) Dk Seri Rahayu binti Pg Haji Ya’akub (member, ITB) Dk Hajah Faridah binti Pg Haji Md Tahir (member, ITB) Dyg Siti Aminah binti Bangok (member, ITB) Dyg Zaitonah binti Sisa/Judin (member, ITB) Awg Kamarudzaman bin Abu Bakar (member, ITB) Photography Committee: Awg Rajul Adli bin Haji Asli (Chairperson, ITB) Awg Mohd Audi Athir bin Haji Abd Ghani (member, ITB) Dyg Amal Nabilah binti Mohd Amin (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Nooranisah binti Haji Idris (member, ITB) Awg Muhd Fadhli bin Haji Lamat (member, ITB) Awg Muhd Afiq bin Haji Tebian (member, ITB) Car and Traffic Committee: Awg Ali Hashim bin Haji Taha (Chairperson, ITB) Awg Kamarudzaman bin Abu Bakar (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Awg Muslim bin Haji Lakim (member, ITB) Awg Rozaidi bin Haji Lamit (member, ITB) Awg Muhd Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB) Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB) Awg Jumat bin Yacob (member, ITB) Awg Hasri bin Ibrahim (member, ITB) Awg Haji Md Abu Yazid bin Haji Awg Damit (member, ITB) Souvenirs and Certificates Committee: Dyg Rozeana binti Haji Mohd Juani (Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Armanadurni binti Abdul Rahman (Deputy Chairperson, ITB) Dyg Hadijah binti Abdul Hadi (member, ITB) Ak Haji Azhan bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Norimah binti Haji Abdul Kadir (member, ITB) Dyg Roslizaharyanti binti Rosli (member, ITB) Dyg Saadiah binti Bangkol (member, ITB) Dyg Hajah Kartini binti HAJI kadar (member, ITB) Dyg Masdianah binti Raini (member, ITB) Awg Jumat bin Yakob (member, ITB) Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB)
  8. 8. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology 2012 25-26 January 2012, Brunei Darussalam BICET PANEL OF REVIEWERS    Ahmad Syamaizar bin Ahmad Sabli  Aijaz Ahmad  Ak Hj Azhan Pg Hj Ahmad  Armanadurni binti Abdul Rahman  Asmaal Muizz Sallehin bin H M Sultan  Dk Dr Noor Muneerah binti Pg Haji Jeludin  Dr Ahmad Nazri Wahidudin  Dr Franky Looi Hong Cheong  Dr Hasnul Hidayat bin Hashim  Dr Hj Afzaal Seyal  Dr Hj Md Gholam Yazdani  Dr Hj Mohd Khairul Ja’afar bin Hj Masri  Dr Mohammad Nurul Islam  Dr Sharina Yunus  Dr Sushma Nair  Dr Tan Soon Jiann  Dr Tariq Mahmood  Felix Weerakkody  Hj Ady Syarmin bin Hj Md Taib  Hj Mohd Noah bin Hj Abd Rahman  Hj Rudy Erwan bin Hj Ramlie  Hjh Roslynna binti Hj Rosli  Ibrahim bin Edris  Khairuddin Abd Ghafar  Md Hairol bin Hj Md Ali  P K Wong  Paul Turton  Peter Shanon  Pg Dr Hj Md Esa bin Pg Yunus  Pg Dr Hj Saiful Baharin bin Pg Hj Duraman  Pg Muhd Nazri Pg Hj Ahmad  Rajul Adli bin Hj Asli  Rozeana binti Hj Md Juani  Serina binti Hj Mohd Ali  Siti Noorfatimah bin Hj Awang Safar  Syed Bilal Hassan  Ummul Hasanah binti Haji Hassan  Yap Yok Hoe  Zuliana binti Nayan 
  9. 9. BICET 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................................................ - 1 -WELCOME TO BICET 2012 ......................................................................................................... - 2 -BICET COMMITTEES .................................................................................................................. - 3 -CONFERENCE INFORMATION .................................................................................................... - 8 -GENERAL INFORMATION .........................................................................................................- 12 -OPENING CEREMONY ..............................................................................................................- 15 -WELCOMING DINNER ..............................................................................................................- 16 -CLOSING CEREMONY ...............................................................................................................- 17 -TECHNICAL PROGRAMME ........................................................................................................- 18 - PLENARY SESSIONS .............................................................................................................. - 18 - PARALLEL SESSION 1............................................................................................................. - 19 - PARALLEL SESSION 2............................................................................................................. - 21 - PARALLEL SESSION 3............................................................................................................. - 23 - PARALLEL SESSION 4............................................................................................................. - 25 -CONFERENCE ABSTRACTS ........................................................................................................- 26 - PLENARY SESSIONS .............................................................................................................. - 26 - PARALLEL SESSION 1............................................................................................................. - 26 - PARALLEL SESSION 2............................................................................................................. - 31 - PARALLEL SESSION 3............................................................................................................. - 34 - PARALLEL SESSION 4............................................................................................................. - 38 -ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .............................................................................................................- 41 -MAPS ......................................................................................................................................- 42 --1-|Page
  10. 10. BICET 2012 WELCOME TO BICET 2012 Congratulations! You have been invited to present your papers at the Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology (BICET) from 25 to 26 January 2012 in Negara Brunei Darussalam. It is our privilege and pleasure to welcome you to this conference. BICET was established as an annual international forum for the presentation, exchange and discussion of information on academic and practical knowledge concerning advances and issues in the areas of industrial management, civil engineering, computing and information systems, electrical and electronic engineering, energy, mechanical engineering, and petroleum and chemical engineering. BICET presents a valuable opportunity to actively exchange ideas and network with participantsfrom universities, public utilities, industry, and consultancies from around the world.The theme for this year’s BICET 2012 is “Sustainable Development through Advances in Engineeringand Technology”. This conference marks the fourth BICET organised by Institut Teknologi Brunei,Brunei Darussalam. Today, industrial globalisation and the rapid advancement of technology andengineering in response to consumer demand constantly improve our quality of life. However, theadverse effects of rapid advances in technology and engineering raise issues such as: climate change,CO2 emissions, political instability, financial crises, public health and safety and internet and networksecurity. These issues must not be overlooked and need to be thoroughly looked into. BICET 2012will provide an excellent opportunity for representatives and students to share their state-of-the-artresearch and experience and to discuss crucial scientific and technical issues with colleagues andfriends from around the world.This year, a great number of contributors submitted papers. In fact, a total of 100 submissions werereceived, and after going through review processes 39 papers have been accepted for presentation.These various contributions with related topic areas will be presented in parallel sessions runningfrom Wednesday 25 January to Thursday 26 January 2012. Furthermore, the programme of parallelpaper sessions will also feature presentations from internationally renowned keynote experts on thetheme, “Sustainable Development through Advances in Engineering and Technology”. We lookforward to welcoming a large and interested audience.The Executive and the local organising committees have made every effort to ensure that your stay inBrunei Darussalam will be fruitful and socially enjoyable. We trust you will enjoy your time with us inthe “Abode of Peace”.------------------------------------------------------------------Pg Dr Haji Md Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Haji Md YunusChairman of BICET 2012Deputy Dean of Faulty of Engineering-2-|Page
  11. 11. BICET 2012 BICET COMMITTEES ADVISORDato Paduka Dr Haji Omar bin Haji Khalid (Vice Chancellor, ITB)Professor Michael Cloke (Academic Advisor, ITB)Dr Hajah Naemah binti Haji Khalid (Assistant Vice Chancellor, ITB)Dyg Jennifer Hiew Lim (Registrar & Secretary, ITB) BICET ORGANISING COMMITTEESPg Dr Haji Mohd Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Haji Mohd Yunus (Chairperson, ITB)Dr Ahmad Nazri Wahidudin (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Dr Hajah Noor Maya binti Haji Mohd Salleh (Secretary I, ITB)Pg Dr Haji Saiful Baharin bin Pg Haji Duraman (Secretary II, ITB)Secretariat:Awg Haji Ady Syarmin bin Haji Mohd Taib (Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Hajah Mariam binti Haji Abd Rahman (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Serina binti Haji Mohd Ali (member, ITB)Dyg Siti Asmahlati Bolkini binti Ahmad (member, ITB)Awg Md Hairol bin Haji Mohd Ali (member, ITB)Ak Haji Azhan bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB)Dyg Thulasi Munohsamy (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Siti Mariam binti Haji Amit (member, ITB)Technical Committee:Dr Tan Soon Jiann (Co-chairperson, ITB)Dr Franky Looi Hong Cheong (Co-chairperson, ITB)Awg Haji Asari bin Haji Abd Rashid (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Siti Mazulianawati binti Haji Majid (Secretary I, ITB)Dyg Hong Shyang Pei (Secretary II, ITB)Awg Ahmad Syamaizar bin Haji Ahmad Sabli (member, ITB)Dk Dr Noor Muneerah binti Pg Haji Jeludin (member, ITB)Dk Hajah Noralam binti Pg Haji Tuah (member, ITB)Dr Haji Mohd Khairul Ja’afar bin Haji Masri (member, ITB)Dr Saiful Islam (member, ITB)Dr Teh Keng Watt (member, ITB)Awg Ismawi bin Haji Md Yussof (member, ITB)Awg Wong Pong Kit (member, ITB)Awg Peter Shannon (member, ITB)Awg Radin Jefri bin Radin Mas Basiuni (member, ITB)Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Md Ja’afar (member, ITB)Dyg Ummul Hasanah binti Haji Hassan (member, ITB)Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB)Awg Murhamdilah bin Morni (member, ITB)Financial Committee:Dyg Husni binti Haji Matusin (Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Hanisah binti Haji Mohd Salleh (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)-3-|Page
  12. 12. BICET 2012Awg Soh Seng Hu (member, ITB)Dyg Salinawati binti haji Awg Damit (member, ITB)Dyg Siti Nur Didiareawati binti Jali (member, ITB)Awg Jumat bin Mohd Yacob (member, ITB)Dyg Hadhimah binti Hashim (member, ITB)Fair and Exhibition Committee:Awg Asmaal Muizz Salehin bin HM Sultan (Chairperson, ITB)Awg Ibrahim bin Edris (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Md Ja’afar (member, ITB)Awg Mohd Kamarulzaman bin Abdullah (member, ITB)Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB)Pg Abd Mutallib bin Pg Haji Kamaluddin (member, ITB)Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB)Ceremony and Logistic Committee:Awg Haji Morsidi bin Haji Kassim (Co-Chairperson, ITB)Awg Joffry bin Haji Bongsu (Co- Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Elizah binti Raden Mas Ismail (Announcer, ITB)Dyg Serina binti Haji Mohd Ali (Announcer, ITB)Dyg Siti Hanisah Hj Mohd Salleh (Announcer, ITB)Awg Haji Meraj bin Haji Suhaili (member, ITB)Pg Siti Awa binti Pg Haji Mahmud (member, ITB)Awg Hj Abu sofian bin Haji Yusof (member, ITB)Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB)Awg Haji Aftab Hassan (member, ITB)Pg Muhd Nazri bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB)Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB)Pg Mutallib bin Pg Haji Kamalluddin (member, ITB)Awg Awang Sidi bin Mohammad (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Kamarulzaman bin Abdullah (member, ITB)Awg Muhamad Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB)Dyg Aslina binti Md Salleh (member, ITB)Dyg Zaitonah bte Sisa/Judin (member, ITB)Awg Haidi bin Hilmi (member, ITB)Awg Hasri bin Ibrahim (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Nur Aiman bin Haji Jahari (member, ITB)Awg Mohammad Rahim bin Haji Yakub (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Amirul Hardilah bin Jali (member, ITB)Awg Adi Rusydi bin Omar (member, ITB)Dyg Siti Amira binti Naim (member, ITB)Awg Shabillellah Ikhwan bin Haji Ramlee (member, ITB)Dk Alizah Nurul Ita binti Pg Haji Ali (member, ITB)Dyg Siti Simaa Suhaillina binti Azmi (member, ITB)Dyg Nursyazwani binti Bujang (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Izzat bin Haji Muhd Ismat Hazim (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Kamil @ Omar Abdul Aziz bin Kifli (member, ITB)Dyg Noorus Sadikin binti Haji Metussin (member, ITB)Abg Muhd Salih Hanafi bin Abg Mustafa (member, ITB)Awg Md Nabil Fikri bin Mudim Haji Suhaili (member, ITB)Dk Nurul Aziemah binti Pg Haji Muizzuddin (member, ITB)-4-|Page
  13. 13. BICET 2012Dyg Nurul Hazrina Shahba binti Md Shahrun (member, ITB)Awg Marcelino Z. Taru III (member, ITB)Welfare and Accommodation Committee:Awg Mohamad Zawawi bin Bahari (Chairperson, ITB)Awg Murhamdillah bin Morni (member, ITB)Awg Haji Ismit bin Haji Mohamad (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Nurazmina binti Haji Lingas (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Halimah binti Dato Haji Kassim (member, ITB)Sponsorship, Promotion and Publicity Committee:Awg Haji Rudy Erwan bin Haji Ramlie (Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Ida binti Idris (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Awg Haji Abd Majid bin Haji Moksin (member, ITB)Awg Ramli bin Haji Yaman (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Shanafizahwatty binti Haji Mat Salleh (member, ITB)Dyg Rafidah binti Haji Tengah (member, ITB)Dyg Nuroul’ain binti Abdul Khalid (member, ITB)Publishing Committee:Dr Ang Swee Peng (Chairperson, ITB)Pg Muhd Nazri bin Pg Haji Ahmad (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Awg Hj Abu sofian bin Haji Yusof (member, ITB)Awg Khairuddin bin Haji Abd Ghafar (member, ITB)Dk Rafidah binti Pg Haji Petra (member, ITB)Awg Saiful Bahri bin Haji Ja’afar (member, ITB)Awg Syed Bilal Hassan (member, ITB)Dk Norhafizah binti Pg. Haji Muhammad (member, ITB)Awg Mohammad Adi Mukmin bin Haji Sarbini (member, ITB)Dk Noraidah binti Pg Haji Mohammad (member, ITB)Dk Aidah binti Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB)Dyg Zaitonah binti Sisa/Judin (member, ITB)Dyg Aslina binti Md Salleh (member, ITB)Awg Mohamad Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB)Awg Mohammad Sia bin Abdullah (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Noraidah binti Haji Madin (member, ITB)Awg Abd Hafidz bin Haji Ali Hassan (member, ITB)Awg Mohammad Hadie bin Haji Marsidi (student, ITB)Dyg Nurasilah binti Haji Ismail (student, ITB)Dyg Hajah Nurulhanisah binti Haji Suhaili@Haji Sebeli (student, ITB)Invitation and Protocol Committee:Awg Muhd Al-Qusairy bin Haji Abd Kahar (Co-Chairperson, ITB)Dk Raden Tutimuliawati bini Pg Haji Mahmud (member, ITB)Awg Ibrahim bin Haji Md Tahir (member, ITB)Awg Jumat bin Yakob (member, ITB)Awg Md Safiuddin bin Abdullah (member, ITB)Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB)Awg Mohd Zaiddin bin Abdul Qayyum Sirul (member, ITB)Dyg Hadhinah binti Hashim (member, ITB)Dyg Rusaimah binti Haji Md. Idris (member, ITB)-5-|Page
  14. 14. BICET 2012Awg Khairul Anuar bin Haji Omar (member, ITB)Dyg Alya Nur Baizura binti Haji Fadzillah (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Nazmi bin Mahali @ Nazmo (member, ITB)Awg Md. Asymawi bin Abdullah (member, ITB)Dyg Nur Zawani binti Haji Musa (member, ITB)Dyg Nurul Khairunnisa binti Haji Abdullah (member, ITB)Dk. Nur Faizah binti Pg. Suhaimi (member, ITB)Awg Md Afi bin Md. Firdaus Chee (member, ITB)Dyg Nur Hayatul Majeedah binti Haji Ramlee (member, ITB)Dyg Faeiqah Nadzirah binti Awg Yakof (member, ITB)Awg Farhan Nuradli bin Abdul Karim (member, ITB)Dyg Nur Amirah binti Haji Marsidi (member, ITB)Dyg Rafidah binti Haji Junaidi (member, ITB)Awg Muhammad Yazid bin Awg Yussof (member, ITB)Refreshment Committee:Dyg Hajah Roslynna binti Haji Rosli (Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Hajah Adlina Diyanah binti Haji Abdul Hamid (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Hajah Siti Ratiyah binti Haji Ibrahim (member, ITB)Dk Ida Nurul Fitri binti Pg Haji Kahar (member, ITB)Dk Seri Rahayu binti Pg Haji Ya’akub (member, ITB)Dk Hajah Faridah binti Pg Haji Md Tahir (member, ITB)Dyg Siti Aminah binti Bangok (member, ITB)Dyg Zaitonah binti Sisa/Judin (member, ITB)Awg Kamarudzaman bin Abu Bakar (member, ITB)Photography Committee:Awg Rajul Adli bin Haji Asli (Chairperson, ITB)Awg Mohd Audi Athir bin Haji Abd Ghani (member, ITB)Dyg Amal Nabilah binti Mohd Amin (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Nooranisah binti Haji Idris (member, ITB)Awg Muhd Fadhli bin Haji Lamat (member, ITB)Awg Muhd Afiq bin Haji Tebian (member, ITB)Car and Traffic Committee:Awg Ali Hashim bin Haji Taha (Chairperson, ITB)Awg Kamarudzaman bin Abu Bakar (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Awg Muslim bin Haji Lakim (member, ITB)Awg Rozaidi bin Haji Lamit (member, ITB)Awg Muhd Nizam bin Mahali (member, ITB)Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB)Awg Jumat bin Yacob (member, ITB)Awg Hasri bin Ibrahim (member, ITB)Awg Haji Md Abu Yazid bin Haji Awg Damit (member, ITB)Souvenirs and Certificates Committee:Dyg Rozeana binti Haji Mohd Juani (Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Armanadurni binti Abdul Rahman (Deputy Chairperson, ITB)Dyg Hadijah binti Abdul Hadi (member, ITB)Ak Haji Azhan bin Pg Haji Ahmad (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Norimah binti Haji Abdul Kadir (member, ITB)-6-|Page
  15. 15. BICET 2012Dyg Roslizaharyanti binti Rosli (member, ITB)Dyg Saadiah binti Bangkol (member, ITB)Dyg Hajah Kartini binti HAJI kadar (member, ITB)Dyg Masdianah binti Raini (member, ITB)Awg Jumat bin Yakob (member, ITB)Awg Azmee bin Ahmad (member, ITB) PANEL OF REVIEWERSAhmad Syamaizar bin Ahmad Sabli Hj Rudy Erwan bin Hj RamlieAijaz Ahmad Hjh Roslynna binti Hj RosliAk Hj Azhan Pg Hj Ahmad Ibrahim bin EdrisArmanadurni binti Abdul Rahman Khairuddin Abd GhafarAsmaal Muizz Sallehin bin H M Sultan Md Hairol bin Hj Md AliDk Dr Noor Muneerah binti Pg Haji Jeludin Wong Pong KitDr Ahmad Nazri Wahidudin Paul TurtonDr Franky Looi Hong Cheong Peter ShanonDr Hasnul Hidayat bin Hashim Pg Dr Hj Md Esa bin Pg YunusDr Hj Afzaal Seyal Pg Dr Hj Saiful Baharin bin Pg Hj DuramanDr Hj Md Gholam Yazdani Pg Muhd Nazri Pg Hj AhmadDr Hj Mohd Khairul Ja’afar bin Hj Masri Rajul Adli bin Hj AsliDr Mohammad Nurul Islam Rozeana binti Hj Md JuaniDr Sharina Yunus Serina binti Hj Mohd AliDr Sushma Nair Siti Noorfatimah bin Hj Awang SafarDr Tan Soon Jiann Syed Bilal HassanDr Tariq Mahmood Ummul Hasanah binti Haji HassanFelix Weerakkody Yap Yok HoeHj Ady Syarmin bin Hj Md Taib Zuliana binti NayanHj Mohd Noah bin Hj Abd Rahman-7-|Page
  16. 16. BICET 2012 CONFERENCE INFORMATION1. Conference Date, Venue and SecretariatDate : 25 - 26 January 2012Venue : Rizqun International Hotel, Abdul Razak Complex, Gadong, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei DarussalamLocated in the heart of Bruneis retail and entertainment district - Gadong, the Hotel is only 10minutes from Brunei International Airport and Bandar Seri Begawan.Secretariat : Awg Haji Ady Syarmin bin Haji Mohd TaibAddress : BICET 2012 Secretariat Institut Teknologi Brunei Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE1410, Brunei DarussalamTelephone : +673-2461020 Fax : +673-2461035/6Email : bicet2012@itb.edu.bn Web : www.itb.edu.bn/bicet2012Web : bicet2012@gmail.com2. LanguageEnglish will be the conference language.3. Full Conference ProceedingsIn an effort to reduce the carbon footprint and to protect our environment, the organiser is providingeach registered participant with a CD-ROM which is available in the BICET 2012 carrying bag.4. Name Tags For ParticipantsA registered participant will be provided with a name tag. The name tag will allow access to sessionsand associated events. A name tag must be worn throughout the conference.5. RegistrationAll BICET 2012 attendees must register for the conference. Onsite registration desk will be availableat the Rizqun International Hotel (Level 4), Gadong on Tuesday 24th January 2012 from 16.00pm -21.00pm, and during the conference sessions from 13.15pm - 13.30pm (Wednesday, 25 Jan 2012),08.00am - 08.30am and 13.15pm – 13.30pm (Thursday 26 Jan 2012).Registration includes : Participation in the conference, a BICET 2012 carrying bag containing CD (includes full conference proceedings), coffee-breaks, lunches, and a welcoming dinner during the first day of the conference (25th January, 2012).The Registration fee is presented in the table below. Full payment is required to completeregistration. Registration Fee (1) International participants Registration by Registration after 15 December 2011 15 December 2011 Participants USD 200.00 USD 250.00 Full-time students USD 150.00* USD 187.50*-8-|Page
  17. 17. BICET 2012 (2) Local participants Registration by Registration after 15 December 2011 15 December 2011 Participants USD 150.00 USD 200.00 Full-time student USD 112.50* USD 150.00**Full-time students will be eligible for a 25% discount provided that they attach a proof of enrolmentissued by their respective universities during registration.6. PaymentPayments are required to be made in USD.Payment must be made by: 1. Credit/Debit card (please complete credit/debit card payment form) 2. Telegraphic Transfer (TT) Account Name : Institut Teknologi Brunei Account No : 0-044854-007 Bank Name : Citibank Na, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam Address : No.12-15, Darussalam Complex, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan BS8811, Negara Brunei Darussalam Swift Code : citibnbxNote :For submission of TT form and bank slip, please email to hanisah.salleh@itb.edu.bn7. Conference Floor PlanBICET 2011 will be held on the 4th floor in the Rizqun International Hotel.Parallel Sessions: Venue – Level 4, Rizqun International Hotel Parallel Songket Hall I Songket Hall II Meeting Room 4 sessions-9-|Page
  18. 18. BICET 2012 Rizqun International Hotel, Gadong Songket Hall III Sutra Function Hall Songket Hall II Songket Hall I- 10 - | P a g e
  19. 19. BICET 2012 Schedule of 2012 Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology (BICET 2012) DAY/DATE TIME EVENTS CONFERENCE VENUE SONGKET HALL I SONGKET HALL II MEETING ROOM 4 TUESDAY 16.00 – 21.00 Registration BICET Registration Desk, Level 4, Rizqun International Hotel 24 JAN 2012 WEDNESDAY 07.30 Opening Ceremony Songket Hall I, Level 4 25 JAN 2012 09.45 – 10.15 Coffee Break Sutra Function Hall, Level 4 10.30 – 11.30 Plenary Session: Keynote Speaker #1 Songket Hall I, Level 4 (Day 1) 12.00 – 13.15 Lunch Rizqun Coffee House, Ground Level 13.15 – 13.30 Registration BICET Registration Desk, Level 4 13.30 – 15.00 Parallel Session 1 CE-1 CIS-1 ME-1 (page19) (page20) (page 20 ) 15.00 – 15.30 Coffee Break Songket Hall III, Level 4 15.30 – 17.00 Parallel Session 2 CE-2 CIS-2 EEE-2 (page 21) (page21) (page 22) 19.00 BICET 2012 Welcoming Dinner Presidential Lounge, Level 8 THURSDAY 08.00 – 08.30 Registration BICET Registration Desk, Level 4 26 JAN 2012 08.30 – 09.30 Plenary Session: Keynote Speaker #2 Songket Hall I , Level 4 09.30 – 10.00 Coffee Break Songket Hall III, Level 4 (Day 2) 10.00 – 11.30 Parallel Session 3 CE-3 CIS-3 + IM-3 (page23) (page23) + (page24) 12.00 – 13.15 Lunch Rizqun Coffee House, Ground Level 13.15 – 13.30 Registration BICET Registration Desk, Level 4 13.30 – 15.00 Parallel Session 4 PCE-4 E-4 (page25) (page25 ) 15.30 Closing ceremony Songket Hall I, Level 4 Note: Abbreviations for the subject areas CE : Civil Engineering EEE : Electrical and Electronic Engineering ME : Mechanical Engineering CIS : Computer and Information Systems E : Energy PCE : Petroleum and Chemical Engineering IM : Industrial Management- 11 - | P a g e
  20. 20. BICET 2012 GENERAL INFORMATIONThe City of Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam Welcome to Brunei Darussalam Just 443 km north of the equator, modern Bruneis 5,765-sq km land area is wedged between the Malaysian Borneo states of Sabah and Sarawak. Rainfall and humidity are high, with temperatures averaging 28 degrees Celsius throughout the year. Yet Brunei rests outside the tropical typhoon and earthquake belts. Brunei is comprised of four districts - Temburong, Tutong, Belait and Brunei-Muara. The nations riverfront capital, Bandar Seri Begawan, is in the Brunei-Muara district. Roughly two-thirds of the population is Malay, the rest are Chinese or members of indigenous tribes.Bahasa Melayu is the official language, although English is widely spoken and understood.The country is ruled according to Islamic values and traditions by the present Monarch, His MajestySultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah, the 29th ascendant of the worlds oldestcontinuously reigning royal line. Brunei is a Malay Muslim Monarchy, with over 600 years of recordedhistory.Brunei has emerged as an active and influential participant in international and regional core groups,including the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC), Association of South East Asian Nations(ASEAN) and Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines - East Asian Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA).Such involvements have raised awareness of Brunei as one of the worlds most important developingeconomies.A haven for eco-tourism, over half of Brunei is unspoiled rainforest, a large proportion of which islocated in the Temburong district. Here fish hold station against the swift current of crystalline rivers.An occasional electric blue kingfisher may be soon streak low across the water. Among the vine-lacedtrees, unique flora and fauna flourish, from the parasitic pitcher plant to the distinctive hornbill.In conjunction with the Brunei Museum and the Belalong Rainforest Field Studies Centre, manyleading international research and environmental groups, including Londons Natural HistoryMuseum, continue to find and document newly discovered species.How to get hereBrunei is accessible by air with Royal Brunei Airlines (RBA), the national carrier, flying to 23 cities.Other airlines that fly to Brunei are Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai AirwaysInternational.Brunei is also accessible by road from Sarawak and Sabah. A drive from Kuching, the capital city ofSarawak, takes approximately 13 hours while a drive from Kota Kinabalu, the capital of Sabah, takesapproximately 6 hours.- 12 - | P a g e
  21. 21. BICET 2012ClimateEquatorial climate with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 35°C throughout the year.Population343,000.AirportBrunei International Airport is about 15 minutes drive from the capital (11 kilometer). Airport tax -International Departure: $12.CustomNo duty is charged to passengers carrying 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 277 grams of tobacco, twobottle of liquor (appox.2 quart) or 12 cans of beers for (non-muslim only), and a reasonable amountof perfume (0.33 litre).LanguageMalay is official language but English is widely used. Other language includes Chinese and dialect isalso spoken. Although the official religion is Islam, other faiths including Christianity and Buddhismare practiced.ShoppingMost shops open at 8.00am although department stores open an hour or so later. Many shopsremain open until 9.00pm. Department stores open seven days a while most other shops close onSundaysVisitor Info : Getting AroundGroundMany of Bruneis attractions lie within walking distance of each other in the heart of the capital city,Bandar Seri Begawan. A comprehensive public bus system serves the capital and other destinations.TaxisThere are no metered taxis in Brunei. Taxis are available at most hotels, shopping centres and theairport. In the capital, taxis are located at the Jalan Cator car park. It is advisable to prearrange yourtaxi rides by contacting the following numbers:-Bandar Seri Begawan: +673 2222214, +673 2226853 Kuala Belait : +673 3334581Seria : +673 3222020, +673 3222155 Airport Taxi Service: +673 2343671Car RentalsSelf-drive or chauffeur-driven cars are available for hire from major hotels and the airport.BusesThere are six bus routes serving Bandar Seri Begawan (BSB) area and Brunei Muara District - theCentral Line, Circle Line, Eastern Line, Northern Line, Western Line and Southern Line. They usuallyoperate from 6.30am - 7.00pm Fares start from B$1.00. Buses to other major towns such as Tutong,Seria and Kuala Belait depart from the bus terminal located at the Jalan Cator car park in downtownBandar.Water Taxis and Speedboat ServicesWater taxis are the most common means of getting to Kampong Ayer and can be hailed fromnumerous docking ports along the banks of the Brunei River. Speedboat Services to Temburong also- 13 - | P a g e
  22. 22. BICET 2012available and you may purchased from the ticket counters at Jetty located in Jalan Residency at thecapital.Additional InformationUseful Malay PhrasesGood Morning Selamat Pagi No TidakGood Afternoon Selamat Petang Yes YaGood Night Selamat Malam How much? Berapa?Where is the toilet? Di mana tandas? Excuse me Maafkan sayaYoure welcome Sama-sama Thank you Terima KasihWhat is your name? Siapa nama awda? Turn right Belok KananMy name is ... Nama saya ... Turn left Belok KiriI want to go to ... Saya mahu pergi ke ... Go Straight Jalan Terus- 14 - | P a g e
  23. 23. BICET 2012 OPENING CEREMONYThe executives and the organising committee of BICET cordially invite you to attend the openingceremony for the BICET conference 2012 which will take place as follows:Date : Wednesday, 25th Jan 2012Time : 7.30 amVenue : Songket Hall I, Level 4, Rizqun International Hotel, Gadong Programme07.30 : Arrival of Organising Committee members08.00 : Arrival and Registration of participants08.30 : Arrival of Guests09.00 : Arrival of the Guest of Honour Yang Berhormat Pehin Orang Kaya Indera Pahlawan Dato Seri Setia Awang Haji Suyoi bin Haji Osman Minister of Development, Negara Brunei Darussalam : Recital of Surah Al-Fatihah & Doa Selamat : Welcoming Speech by the Vice Chancellor of Institut Teknologi Brunei Yang Mulia Dato Paduka Dr Haji Omar bin Haji Khalid : Speech & Official Opening of BICET 2012 by the Guest of Honour : Souvenir Presentation to the Guest of Honour : Refreshments10.30 : Keynote Address 1 (Plenary) International Keynote Speaker 1Your presence to this event is very much appreciated, thank you.Note : Dress code – smart- 15 - | P a g e
  24. 24. BICET 2012 WELCOMING DINNERThe executives and the organising committee of BICET cordially invite you to attend the WelcomingDinner which will take place as follows:Date : Wednesday, 25th Jan 2012Time : 19.00 pmVenue : Presidential Lounge, Level 8, Rizqun International Hotel, Gadong Programme19.00 : Arrival of Guests19.30 : Arrival of the Guest of Honour Yang Mulia Dato Paduka Dr Haji Omar bin Haji Khalid Vice Chancellor of Institut Teknologi Brunei : Recital of Surah Al-Fatihah and Doa Selamat : Speech by the Chairman of the Organising Committee of BICET 2012 Yang Mulia Pg Dr Hj Md Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Hj Mohd Yunus : Dinner : Cultural show by the ITB StudentsYour presence to this event is very much appreciated, thank you.Note : Dress code - smart- 16 - | P a g e
  25. 25. BICET 2012 CLOSING CEREMONYThe executives and the organising committee of BICET cordially invite you to attend the closingceremony for the BICET conference 2012 which will take place as follows:Date : Thursday, 26th Jan 2012Time : 15.30 pmVenue : Songket Hall I, Level 4, Rizqun International Hotel, Gadong Programme15.30 : Arrival of the Guest of Honour - Yang Mulia Dato Paduka Dr Haji Omar bin Haji Khalid Vice Chancellor, Institut Teknologi Brunei : Recital of Surah Al-Fatihah and Doa Selamat : Speech by the Chairman of the Organising Committee of BICET 2012 Yang Mulia Pg Dr Haji Md Esa Al-Islam bin Pg Haji Mohd Yunus : Certificate Presentation : Closing Remarks : RefreshmentYour presence to this event is very much appreciated, thank you.Note : Dress code - smart- 17 - | P a g e
  26. 26. BICET 2012 TECHNICAL PROGRAMMEThe technical programme, comprising a plenary and the main paper oral presentation sessions willbe held on January 25 and 26 2012, at Level 4, Rizqun International Hotel, Gadong, BruneiDarussalam. PLENARY SESSIONSWe are pleased to welcome a panel of international experts who will provide insights into the stateof research for sustainable development and new product development and innovation in recyclingof various rubber wastes.Keynote Speaker #1 : Professor Mark SpearingAffiliation : Professor of Engineering Materials / Pro Vice Chancellor (international) University of SouthamptonPresentation Title : Sustainable Development Through Engineering and TechnologyVenue : Songket Hall I, Level 4, Rizqun International HotelDate : 25th January 2012Time : 10.30 am - 11.30 amChairperson : Professor Michael Cloke (ITB)Keynote Speaker #2 : Professor Hanafi IsmailAffiliation : Deputy Dean, School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering University Sains MalaysiaPresentation Title : Recycling of Various Rubber Wastes : New Product Development and InnovationVenue : Songket Hall I, Level 4, Rizqun International HotelDate : 26th January 2012Time : 08.30 am - 09.30 amChairperson : Dr Mathew Poulose (ITB)- 18 - | P a g e
  27. 27. BICET 2012 Day 1 PARALLEL SESSION 1 CIVIL ENGINEERING (CE) Session: Time: Venue:Wednesday, 25th January 2012 CE-1 13.30-15.00 Songket Hall 1Chairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title CE-1-1 : PREDICTION OF UNIT RESISTANCE FOR BORE PILE USING GLOBAL STRAIN EXTENSOMETER Ramli Nazir and Mohd Zahrullail Badrun CE-1-2 : SHALLOW SUBSURFACE PROFILE INVESTIGATION BY SEISMIC REFRACTION METHOD IN KUNDASANG, SABAH : APPLICATION TO SUBSURFACE DAMAGE ZONE EVALUATION Mohd Hazreek bin Zainal Abidin, Rosli bin Saad, Jamil bin Matarul, Fauziah binti Ahmad, Devapriya Chitral Wijeyasekera, Ahmad Fahmy bin Kamarudin and Azmi bin Ibrahim CE-1-3 : INFLUENCE OF PARTICLE MORPHOLOGY ON SHEAR STRENGTH AND DILATANCY OF SANDS Alvin John Lim Meng Siang, Devapriya Chitral Wijeyesekera, Adnan bin Zainorabidin and Ismail bin Hj Bakar CE-1-4 : OVERVIEW OF CURRENT FIELD GEOTECHNICAL TESTING FOR PEAT GROUND INVESTIGATION Rashidah Adon, Dato Haji Ismail bin Haji Bakar, Devapriya Chitral Wijeyesekera and Adnan bin Zainorabidin- 19 - | P a g e
  28. 28. BICET 2012 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CIS) Date: Session: Time: Venue: th Wednesday, 25 January 2012 CIS-1 13.30-15.00 Songket Hall II Chairman : ITB Staff Paper code Paper Title CIS-1-1 : SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTEPRISES (SMEs) IN MALAYSIA: IMPROVING ONLINE MARKETING EFFORTS BY EMBEDDING MULTIMEDIA ELEMENTS IN WEBSITE Ida Aryanie Bahrudin, Mohd Ezree Abdullah and Miswan Surip CIS-1-2 : POULTRY DISEASES EXPERT SYSTEM USING DEMPSTER-SHAFER THEORY Andino Maseleno and Md. Mahmud Hasan CIS-1-3 A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF UML PROFILE FOR HARD AND WEAKLY HARD REAL-TIME SYSTEMS Habibah Ismail, Yavuz Selim Sengoz and Dayang N. A. Jawawi MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (ME)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thWednesday, 25 January 2012 ME-1 13.30-15.00 Meeting Room 4Chairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title ME-1-1 : INVESTIGATION ON AERODYNAMIC FORCES ON A HORSE CARRIAGE TOWING USED IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Md Gholam Yazdani, Siti Norbillah Sooni and Desmond Lee Wei Fatt ME-1-2 : FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF KAOLIN-BASED CERAMIC MEMBRANE FOR LIQUID FILTRATION N.A. Badarulzaman, S.S. Jikan and R. Mahadi ME-1-3 : NANOFLUID HEAT TRANSFER IN A TUBE UNDER TURBULENT FLOW Viswanatha Sharma Korada, Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Kameswara Sarma Pullela and Rizalman Mamat ME-1-4 : DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL FOR THE ESTIMATION OF NANOFLUID HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Viswanatha Sharma Korada, Kameswara Sarma Pullela and Rizalman Mamat- 20 - | P a g e
  29. 29. BICET 2012 PARALLEL SESSION 2 CIVIL ENGINEERING (CE)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thWednesday, 25 January 2012 CE-2 15.30-17.00 Songket Hall IChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title CE-2-1 : MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF HYBRID KENAF/ RECYCLED JUTE FIBERS COMPOSITES Ekhlas. A. Osman, Anatoli. Vakhguelt, Igor. Sbarski and Saad. A. Mutasher CE-2-2 : THE STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOR OF PRECAST LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE SANDWICH PANEL SUBJECTED TO ECCENTRIC LOAD N. Mohamad and S.L. Douvinda CE-2-3 : LOAD ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE OF OFFSHORE JACKET STRUCTURE Zulkipli Henry, Iberahin Jusoh and Amran Ayob COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CIS)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thWednesday, 25 January 2012 CIS-2 15.30-17.00 Songket Hall IIChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title CIS-2-1 : DEVELOPMENT OF A SUSTAINABLE KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATOR (KPI) MONITORING SYSTEM USING VIABLE SYSTEM MODEL Roliana Ibrahim, Suleiman Isah Sani, Ali Selamat and Aryati Bakri CIS-2-2 : MALAYSIAN COMPUTER SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS: A CITATION STUDY Aryati Bakri, Naomie Salim, Rose Alinda Alias and Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis CIS-2-3 : ASSESSING THE PERCEPTION OF ACADEMIC STAFF IN USING e-LEARNING: BRUNEIAN PERSPECTIVE Afzaal H. Seyal, Hj. Awg Yussof Hj. Awg Mohammad, Looi, H. C and Mohd Noah Abd Rahman- 21 - | P a g e
  30. 30. BICET 2012 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (EEE)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thWednesday, 25 January 2012 EEE-2 15.30-17.00 Meeting Room 4Chairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper TitleEEE-2-1 : CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUNDING SYSTEMS UNDER HIGH IMPULSE CONDITIONS S. A. Syed Abdullah, N. Mohamad Nor and R. E. RajabEEE-2-2 : COMPARATIVE STUDY ON POWER LIMITATION OF A STALL REGULATED VARIABLE SPEED WIND TURBINE Norzanah Rosmin, Suhaila Samsuri and Mohammad Yusri Hassan- 22 - | P a g e
  31. 31. BICET 2012 Day 2 PARALLEL SESSION 3 CIVIL ENGINEERING (CE)Date: Session: Time: Venue:Thursday, 26th January 2012 CE-3 10.00-11.30 Songket Hall IChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title CE-3-1 : RHEOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS OF ASPHALT BINDER CONTAINING WARM ASPHALT ADDITIVE Mohd Ezree Abdullah, Mohd Rosli Hainin, Kemas Ahmad Zamhari, Madi Hermadi, Nafarizal Nayan and Zhanping You CE-3-2 : THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN LABOURS REDUCTION IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, Bachan Singh, Aminah Md Yusof and Ong Siong Wei CE-3-3 : THE EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN LABORS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, Bachan Singh, Aminah Md Yusof and Ahmad Mahayuddin Ismail CE-3-4 : STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF LIMESTONE MINERAL ADDITION ON THE BEHAVIOR OF SUSTAINABLE MORTARS BASED ON SULFATE RESISTANT CEMENT L. Belagraa, W.Deboucha and M. Beddar CE-3-5 : SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL BY SEMI-AEROBIC SANITARY LANDFILL: TOWARDS ACHIEVING A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (PENANG EXPERIENCE) Hamidi Abdul Aziz and Seyed Mohammad Hosseini COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CIS)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thThursday, 26 January 2012 CIS-3 10.00-11.30 Songket Hall IIChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title CIS-3-1 : ASSESSMENT OF THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN OPEN GOVERNMENT IMPERATIVES: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION BASE ON INTERACTIVITY LEVEL Mukesh Srivastava and Parwaiz Karamat CIS-3-2 : INTEGRATING INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICT) IN EDUCATION: THE BRUNEI PERSPECTIVE Hj Abd Rahim Derus, Franky HC Looi and Afzaal H. Seyal- 23 - | P a g e
  32. 32. BICET 2012 INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT (IM)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thThursday, 26 January 2012 IM-3 10.00-11.30 Songket Hall IIChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title IM-3-1 : INTERNET USAGE IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Ida idris- 24 - | P a g e
  33. 33. BICET 2012 PARALLEL SESSION 4 PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (PCE)Date: Session: Time: Venue: thThursday, 26 January 2012 PCE-4 13.30-15.00 Songket Hall IChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper TitlePCE-4-1 : THERMOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BRUNEI RICE HUSK AND SUITABILITY FOR THERMAL CONVESION VIA PYROLSIS PROCESS Muhammad S Abu Bakar and James O TitiloyePCE-4-2 : EFFICIENTLY DYE SENSITIZED AND METAL DOPED TIO2 CATALYSTS FOR PHOTOCATALYTIC WATER SPLITTING UNDER VISIBLE LIGHT Thi Thu- Le, M. Shaheer Akhtar and O-Bong Yang ENERGY (E)Date: Session: Time: Venue:Thursday, 26th January 2012 E-4 13.30-15.00 Songket Hall IIChairman : ITB StaffPaper code Paper Title E-4-1 : A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF FEED IN TARIFF (FIT) FOR BIPV SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA H. Abdul Rahman , W.Z. Wan Omar, M.Y. Hassan and M.S. Majid E-4-2 : IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN ELECTRICAL MOTORS USING VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Veronica Shabunko, C.M.Lim and S.Mathew E-4-3 : POWER PERFORMANCE OF 1:40 SCALED TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE MODEL Hjh Roslynna Hj Rosli- 25 - | P a g e
  34. 34. BICET 2012 CONFERENCE ABSTRACTS PLENARY SESSIONS Keynote speaker #1Paper Title: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY Professor Mark Spearing Keynote speaker #2Paper Title: RECYCLING OF VARIOUS RUBBER WASTES: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION Professor Hanafi IsmailThe annual consumption of natural rubber is more than 15 million tons, and the output of rubberproducts is more than 31 million tons worldwide. In Malaysia, production of the pneumatic tyresalone in 2000 is 14.7 million while the tyre replacement market average is 1.3 million pieces permonth. About 35-40% go to tread market and 65-70% for disposal dumping or other use. With thedevelopment of rubber industry, a lot of waste rubber is produced in the world every year. Thediscarded scrap rubbers, which are cross-linked do not degrade rapidly enough and this causesenvironmental pollution. Among various methods for treatment of waste rubber products, recyclingis the most desirable approach to solve the problem. Recycling not only protects our environment,but also saves our limited petroleum resource from which the raw material is originating. Toovercome this problem there is a need to recycle rubber wastes. In this work, the effect of differentsizes of tire dusts and natural weathering on mechanical and morphological properties ofpolypropylene (PP)/waste tire dust (WTD) blends will be reported. PARALLEL SESSION 1 CIVIL ENGINEERING (CE)Paper code : CE-1-1PREDICTION OF UNIT RESISTANCE FOR BORE PILE USING GLOBAL STRAIN EXTENSOMETERRamli Nazir and Mohd Zahrullail BadrunA study was carried out generally to obtain the reliable range for Ultimate Skin Factor, Ksu andUltimate End Bearing Factor, Kbu with the change in Standard Penetration Test (SPT, N) valueestablished for soil in Malaysia. Pile instrumentation is to be done using state-of-the-art Global StrainExtensometer technology consists of a deformation monitoring system that uses advancedpneumatically anchored extensometers coupled with high-precision spring-loaded transducers, and anovel analytical technique to monitor loads and displacements down the shaft and at the toe offoundation piles. It was found that the Global Strain Extensometer method for the instrumentationfor the bored pile easier to install and will give good results. It also gives less risk on damaging theequipment during the installation. The results from Global Strain Extensometer show that the skinresistance factor (Ksu) is in the range of 2.0 and 2.3kN/m2 as found by Tan et. al (1998) andBalakrisnan et. al (1999). The results for base resistance factor (Kbu) for Global Strain Extensometeralso in the range between 7.0 and 10kN/m2 in agreement with Tan et. al (1998).- 26 - | P a g e
  35. 35. BICET 2012Paper code : CE-1-2SHALLOW SUBSURFACE PROFILE INVESTIGATION BY SEISMIC REFRACTION METHOD INKUNDASANG, SABAH : APPLICATION TO SUBSURFACE DAMAGE ZONE EVALUATIONMohd Hazreek bin Zainal Abidin, Rosli bin Saad, Jamil bin Matarul, Fauziah binti Ahmad,Devapriya Chitral Wijeyasekera, Ahmad Fahmy bin Kamarudin and Azmi bin IbrahimNatural disaster such as mass movement can trigger and create new or existing ground damage zonein several areas particularly in Kundasang, Sabah. This study applied a seismic refraction method toinvestigate a subsurface profile damage zone mainly due to engineering geology and geotechnicalengineering assessment. Ground damage caused by a natural disaster can reflect a difficulty in theengineering investigation task especially to determine the possible subsurface damage zone forrehabilitation and maintenance purposes. Hence this study introduced the seismic refraction methodfrom geophysical techniques that used the concept of seismic waves generated by one of severaltypes of energy sources and detected by arrays of sensitive devices called geophones. The data wasprocessed by Optim software for generating the subsurface velocity structure (primary velocity, vp)and interpretation with supported by existing borehole information. The seismic refraction methodidentified three main velocity structures which consisted of top soil/residual soil (330 – 500 m/s) 0 –6 m, weathered zone with a possible mixtures of soil, boulder and rock fractured (700 – 1800 m/s) 2– 25 m and bedrock (> 2300 m/s) from 13 m depth. The thickness and width of damage zone variedwithin the survey line from 4 – 25 m and 57 m respectively with a velocity structure of 600 – 1800m/s. The seismic refraction survey produced a good similarity of results compared to the boreholeinformation in terms of geomaterial features. This study proved that the seismic refraction methodwas an appropriate technique to be applied in damage zone assessment in order to produce reliableinformation regarding the weak zone investigated. The utilization of seismic refraction method canincrease the effectiveness of civil engineering rehabilitation works in term of cost and time since itcan determine the subsurface information in two dimensional (2-D) profiles. Furthermore thisalternative method used a non destructive approach that can benefit the environment and besuitable for our sustainable development.Paper code : CE-1-3INFLUENCE OF PARTICLE MORPHOLOGY ON SHEAR STRENGTH AND DILATANCY OF SANDSAlvin John Lim Meng Siang, Devapriya Chitral Wijeyesekera, Adnan bin Zainorabidinand Ismail bin Hj BakarThe macroscale behaviour of granular materials such as sand results from particle level interactionsand the particle morphology (shapes and sizes). Clean sands are cohesionless (c = 0) but have a finitefriction angle (Ø). The shear strength of sands is entirely dependent on the density, normal stress andinterlocking particle structure. The latter is associated with the property of dilatancy (ψ) in particularwith sands. Well graded sand (SW), poorly graded uniform sand (SPuKahang), gap graded sand (SPg)from Kahang Malaysia and also (SPuL.Buzzard) uniform Leighton Buzzard sand from UK were tested in apneumatic direct shear box. The shapes of the sand particles were quantified using images obtainedfrom a digital microscope. It was found that the Øpeak, Øcr and ψ was the highest for (SW) whencompared with others. SPuL.Buzzard sands showed a significant decrease in the values with similarrelative density (Dr). The increase in normal stress (σ) caused a significant effect on the behaviour ofdilatancy. High normal stresses give very little variations in dilatancy (ψ) between the samples testedas compared to the lower normal stress that was used. This research contributes to furthering theunderstanding of the engineering behaviour of sand and also helps in predicting the occurrence ofdilation based on sand morphology in dynamic soil structure interaction.- 27 - | P a g e
  36. 36. BICET 2012Paper code : CE-1-4OVERVIEW OF CURRENT FIELD GEOTECHNICAL TESTING FOR PEAT GROUND INVESTIGATIONRashidah Adon, Dato Haji Ismail bin Haji Bakar, Devapriya Chitral Wijeyesekera and Adnan bin ZainorabidinRapid pace of infrastructure development is seeing Malaysia and many other parts of the worldfacing decreasing areas of ‘suitable’ ground for infrastructure construction. Limited availability ofsites is forcing peat land to become a viable construction site for economic reasons. Although peatcauses problems to engineering, it has its own advantages in term of forestry and agriculture. Thispaper presents a critical review and discussion of recent and current geotechnical testing in peatground investigation with a variety of types of peat from several locations in Malaysia and othercountries. This paper represents data on fibric, hemic and sapric type of peat for loss of ignition(Organic Content), natural water content, liquid limit, plastic limit, density and specific gravity. Someof these tests were modified to suit peat testing. Sampling techniques to obtain undisturbed samplesfor strength testing is outlined. Shear strength is another signifiicant parameter and plays a vital rolein engineering design decisions. Various researchers and practitioners have used piezocone (CPTU)tests and vane test with correlation to in-situ vane tests or laboratory triaxial tests. This paper alsoreviews the innovative of CPTU testing on peat soil. COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CIS)Paper code : CIS-1-1SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTEPRISES (SMEs) IN MALAYSIA:IMPROVING ONLINE MARKETING EFFORTS BY EMBEDDING MULTIMEDIA ELEMENTS IN WEBSITEIda Aryanie Bahrudin, Mohd Ezree Abdullah and Miswan SuripThe idea of implementing multimedia to promote brands can be extremely beneficial. Multimediaelements such as text, graphics, animation, audio and video hold the key in attracting new clientsbusiness through digital marketing campaigns. The increased use of technology has brought aboutnumerous changes in the business world including for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) which isa major part of the industrial economies in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to investigate themultimedia element embedded in Malaysia SMEs website and to propose the guidelines in improvingonline marketing efforts. A sample of 55 Malaysia’s SMEs web sites was monitored and theembedded multimedia elements were analyzed. This data was collected in order to study the typesof multimedia elements on these web sites. The result of the study revealed that 83.6% used onlytext and graphics in their websites, 12.7% used text, graphics and animation, while only 3.6%embedded all multimedia elements in their websites. The results of this study provide helpful guidesto SMEs entrepreneurs in promoting their products.Paper code : CIS-1-2POULTRY DISEASES EXPERT SYSTEM USING DEMPSTER-SHAFER THEORYAndino Maseleno and Md. Mahmud HasanBased on World Health Organization (WHO) fact sheet in the 2011, outbreaks of poultry diseasesespecially Avian Influenza in poultry may raise global public health concerns due to their effect onpoultry populations, their potential to cause serious disease in people, and their pandemic potential.In this research, we built a Poultry Diseases Expert System using Dempster-Shafer Theory. In thisPoultry Diseases Expert System We describe five symptoms which include depression, combs, wattle,bluish face region, swollen face region, narrowness of eyes, and balance disorders. The result of theresearch is that Poultry Diseases Expert System has been successfully identifying poultry diseases.- 28 - | P a g e
  37. 37. BICET 2012Paper code : CIS-1-3A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF UML PROFILE FOR HARD AND WEAKLY HARD REAL-TIMESYSTEMSHabibah Ismail, Yavuz Selim Sengoz and Dayang N. A. JawawiEmbedded systems that have timing constraints are classified as embedded real-time systems.Formally, embedded real-time systems are classified into three categories of timing constraints,named hard, soft and weakly hard. For hard real-time systems, no deadlines miss is tolerated, whilein soft real-time systems, deadlines miss is acceptable occasionally. Meanwhile, for weakly hard real-time systems, a missed deadline is tolerated but has to be stated precisely. By far, modeling timingconstraints and scheduling behavior through adaptation of modeling language are used to predictthe timing behavior and performance of sets concurrent tasks in embedded real-time systems.Nowadays, the widely used, well-known and most adopted modeling language for software modelingis Unified Modeling Language (UML). In this paper, we studied the UML profile for Schedulability,Performance and Time (SPT) as modeling language because it is known as suitable profile formodeling and analysis of embedded real-time systems. The objective of the paper is to compare thecapability of SPT profile to support both of hard real-time and weakly hard real-time requirements.Two case studies of embedded real-time systems used in this evaluation are: an elevator system casestudy which was chosen to represent a hard embedded real-time system and a mobile robot casestudy which was chosen to represent a weakly hard embedded real-time system. A set of importantcriteria to enable the modeling of timing requirements and scheduling analysis of embedded real-time systems were identified to conduct the comparative evaluation. The analysis results of thecomparative evaluation showed how UML-SPT profile can support the requirements modeling andanalysis of hard real-time systems and weakly hard real-time systems. A set of recommendation toimprove SPT profile in supporting the two types of timing requirements was concluded in this paper. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (ME)Paper code : ME-1-1INVESTIGATION ON AERODYNAMIC FORCES ON A HORSE CARRIAGE TOWING USED IN BRUNEIDARUSSALAMMd Gholam Yazdani, Siti Norbillah Sooni and Desmond Lee Wei FatThe aerodynamics of a car towing a load is an interesting problem in fluid mechanics. Since the aboveis both shape and flow dependant and no complete theory is available. As such, experimentaltechniques are thought to be useful to look into the aerodynamics of such a problem. In BruneiDarussalam, the type of horse carriage is towed normally by certain type Ford Ranger (FR) four-wheeldrive car. A scale model of 1:32 of the above is made to test in a subsonic 292 mm x 292 mm windtunnel. The ford ranger and ford ranger with horse carriage (HC) was tested separately in the abovementioned wind tunnel. The drag (CD), lift (CL) and the side forces (CS) coefficients are computedwith angle of attack (α) from 0° to 30° and Reynolds Number (Re) of 1.77 x 104 to 7.08 x 104. It iswell known that CD plays an important role in fuel economy. As expected CD for towing is generallyhigher than the CD for isolated car for all the above investigated ranges of α and Re. To reduce CD amodification on the body shape was suggested and tested in the wind tunnel. The modified bodyshape reduced CD to a minimum of 20% and a maximum of 53% for α = 0° in the investigated rangesof Re.- 29 - | P a g e
  38. 38. BICET 2012Paper code : ME-1-2FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF KAOLIN-BASED CERAMIC MEMBRANE FOR LIQUIDFILTRATIONN.A. Badarulzaman, S.S. Jikan and R. MahadiCeramic membranes for liquid filtration were fabricated via powder compaction method. Themembranes which comprise mixtures of local clay and combustible material were compacted at 2MPa and then, sintered at 1050oC. The studies on porosity, density and flow rate of the membranewere measured in order to evaluate its effectiveness. The results of the porosity and density tests ofthe membrane are 51.4% and 2.5348 g/cm3, respectively. Whereas, the flow rate test indicates thatthe membrane is able to flow at a rate of 197 ml/hour.Paper code : ME-1-3NANOFLUID HEAT TRANSFER IN A TUBE UNDER TURBULENT FLOWViswanatha Sharma Korada, Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Kameswara Sarma Pullela and Rizalman MamatThe thermo physical properties of nanofluids are required for the evaluation of convective heattransfer coefficients. Regression equations are developed as a function of concentration,temperature and particle size valid for metal and their oxide nanoparticles dispersed in water. Theequations are used for the estimation of Prandtl number and heat transfer coefficients. Theoreticaldetermination of nanofluid Nusselt number is undertaken using the eddy diffusivity equations ofSarma et al. The values from theory are compared with the available experimental data in theturbulent range of Reynolds number for volume concentration up to 3.7%. It is observed thatparticle size, concentration and operating temperature are to be considered simultaneously for thedetermination of heat transfer coefficients. The condition under which nanofluid aids enhancementis discussed.Paper code : ME-1-4DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL FOR THE ESTIMATION OF NANOFLUID HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENTWan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Viswanatha Sharma Korada, Kameswara Sarma Pullela and Rizalman MamatIn the present study, nanofluids are considered as a homogenous medium and the parametersinfluencing the thermo physical properties identified. The property data available in the literature inthe temperature range of 20 to 70 °C are made dimensionless for undertaking regression analysis.The correlations developed are valid for Cu, CuO, TiO2, SiC, ZrO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3 nanofluids havingparticles in the range of 20 to 170 nm diameter dispersed in water. The concept of Brownian motionis used in the development of the model for the evaluation of forced convective heat transfercoefficients. A satisfactory agreement is obtained between the values from the model and theexperimental data.- 30 - | P a g e

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