English Grammar
By Andini Sufi Rizkyanti
kode
• Subject (subjek) = S
• Object (objek) = O
• Verb/infntive (kata kerja) = V, Vs (verb[s]), V1 (first
verb), V2 (seco...
Tenses
• Present tense
• Simple present tense (waktu sekarang sederhana)
1. I/we/you/they (S) + (infinitive)V1 + O
he/she/...
Tenses
• Dipakai untuk menyatakan fakta
Example :
The sun RISES in the east
Tenses
• Present perfect tense
Menjelaskan tentang peristiwa yang masih
berlangsung sampai sekarang
Tenses
Rumus :
(+) S(I/they/we/you) + have + V3 + O/A
(+) S(she/he/it) + has + V3 + O/A

(-) S(I/they/we/you) + haven’t(no...
Tenses
Example :
(+) She has taught english since 5 years
(+) We have done the english lesson
(-) She hasn’t taught englis...
Tenses
• * simple future
Waktu akan datang
Rumus
S + shall/will + infinitive
i/we use shall word
You/they/she/he/it use wi...
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English grammar

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English grammar

  1. 1. English Grammar By Andini Sufi Rizkyanti
  2. 2. kode • Subject (subjek) = S • Object (objek) = O • Verb/infntive (kata kerja) = V, Vs (verb[s]), V1 (first verb), V2 (second verb) etc • Past participle = V3 • Question words{5W + 1H(QW)} = what(apa), who(siapa), where(dimana), when(ka pan), why(kenapa), how(bagaimana) [untuk QW bisa disesuaikan dengan jawabannya]
  3. 3. Tenses • Present tense • Simple present tense (waktu sekarang sederhana) 1. I/we/you/they (S) + (infinitive)V1 + O he/she/it (S) + Vs + O Dipakai untuk menyatakan kebiasaan Example : 1. I GO to school everyday 2. He usually EATS an egg for breakfast
  4. 4. Tenses • Dipakai untuk menyatakan fakta Example : The sun RISES in the east
  5. 5. Tenses • Present perfect tense Menjelaskan tentang peristiwa yang masih berlangsung sampai sekarang
  6. 6. Tenses Rumus : (+) S(I/they/we/you) + have + V3 + O/A (+) S(she/he/it) + has + V3 + O/A (-) S(I/they/we/you) + haven’t(not) + V3 + O/A (-) S(she/he/it) + hasn’t(not) + V3 + O/A (?) have + S(I/they/we/you) + + V3 + O/A (?) has +S (she/he/it) + V3 + O/A (?) QW (5W + 1H)
  7. 7. Tenses Example : (+) She has taught english since 5 years (+) We have done the english lesson (-) She hasn’t taught english since 5 years (-) we haven’t done the english lesson (?) has she taught english since 5 years (?) have you done the english lesson
  8. 8. Tenses • * simple future Waktu akan datang Rumus S + shall/will + infinitive i/we use shall word You/they/she/he/it use will word

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