Chapter 3: Nonverbal Communication

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Presentation created for COMM 107 - Oral Communication: Principles and Practice

University of Maryland

Source: Communication: A Social and Career Focus by Berko, Wolvin & Wolvin

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Chapter 3: Nonverbal Communication

  1. 1. Nonverbal Communication
  2. 3. <ul><li>65 percent of communication is carried nonverbally </li></ul><ul><li>All those messages that people exchange beyond the words themselves is nonverbal communication </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Sensitive to the relationship between sender and receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is based on the context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dork independently but in clusters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have to be considered with person’s background and past patterns of behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part of, not separate from, verbal communication </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Neurological programs (reflexive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweaty palms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural and intercultural behavior (reflective) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling your surroundings from infancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultures are persistent </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocalics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haptics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture, walk and stance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Proxemics </li></ul><ul><li>Paravocalics </li></ul><ul><li>Chronemics </li></ul><ul><li>Olfatics </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Gustorics </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascics </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocalics </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestics (speech independent vs. related) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emblems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affect displays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adapters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haptics </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture, walk, stance </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Physical characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halo vs. Devil effect </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Proxemics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact vs. non-contact cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space distances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public distance: 12’ – 25’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social: 4’ – 12’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal: 18” – 4’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate: 18” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small group ecology </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>Paravocalics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Chronemics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circular time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linear time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal time </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Olfatics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Gustorics </li></ul>

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