Foundation of Verbal Knowledge
<ul><li>The name of the grossest insect, bug, or animal you can thing of. </li></ul><ul><li>The name of your least favorit...
<ul><li>What’s your favorite word?  Why?  What does it bring to mind? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Does language create meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>Does meaning create language? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Language is always evolving </li></ul>30 seconds
<ul><li>How do we process language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cybernetic process and selective communication </li></ul></ul>
 
<ul><li>How do we learn language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language explosion theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents  ...
<ul><li>How do we learn language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant-other theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual...
<ul><li>The language and words we learn have the meaning we assign to them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We derive meaning through...
<ul><li>What affects our understanding of meaning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame of reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Den...
<ul><li>Emotive language </li></ul><ul><li>Phatic language </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical language </li></ul><ul><li>Identif...
<ul><li>Ambiguity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vagueness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclear </li...
<ul><li>Slang </li></ul><ul><li>Inarticulates </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Standard English dialects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hi...
<ul><li>“ There are many dialects and some get a lot of respect and some don’t get any. In some cases, the respect given t...
<ul><li>Cool… What does that even mean? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Group topics due  today  on the blog  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One, 100-word post </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title = ...
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Chapter 2: Foundations of Verbal Language

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Presentation created for COMM 107 - Oral Communication: Principles and Practice

University of Maryland

Source: Communication: A Social and Career Focus by Berko, Wolvin & Wolvin

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Chapter 2: Foundations of Verbal Language

  1. 1. Foundation of Verbal Knowledge
  2. 2. <ul><li>The name of the grossest insect, bug, or animal you can thing of. </li></ul><ul><li>The name of your least favorite food. </li></ul><ul><li>Your mom’s name. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What’s your favorite word? Why? What does it bring to mind? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Does language create meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>Does meaning create language? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Language is always evolving </li></ul>30 seconds
  6. 6. <ul><li>How do we process language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cybernetic process and selective communication </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>How do we learn language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language explosion theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peers  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friends  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BOOM! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>How do we learn language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant-other theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals have no identity except in relation to others </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The language and words we learn have the meaning we assign to them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We derive meaning through our backgrounds, experiences, perceptions. Thus, people interpret information differently </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>What affects our understanding of meaning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame of reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denotative and connotative meaning </li></ul></ul>16:56
  11. 12. <ul><li>Emotive language </li></ul><ul><li>Phatic language </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical language </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying language </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Ambiguity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vagueness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doublespeak </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inferences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumptions </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Slang </li></ul><ul><li>Inarticulates </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Standard English dialects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High-prestige vs. Low-prestige dialects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ebonics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanglish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian-American English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native American Languages </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>“ There are many dialects and some get a lot of respect and some don’t get any. In some cases, the respect given to the dialect is the same amount that is given to the people who speak it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pg. 51 </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Cool… What does that even mean? </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Group topics due today on the blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One, 100-word post </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title = your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you are not an author on the blog yet, come see me </li></ul><ul><li>If you still need a picture on the blog, get on that </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribe to receive future blog posts via email </li></ul>

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