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Copenhagen 3


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Copenhagen 3

  1. 1. OUTCOMES OFTRANSPORTATION WITHIN COPENHAGENPresented By: Dan Berlinski, Jordan Senerth, Andi Karica, Lazarus Pittman
  2. 2. Environmentally Focused Development
  3. 3. AgendaEvaluation of Success:● Transportation Planning and initiatives● Public Transportation● Urban Environment
  4. 4. SustainabilityBecoming a green Reduce CO2land use city emissions
  5. 5. Green Planning● Finger Plan● Contain urban area in fingers● Increase access to green space● Clean harbor to swim in
  6. 6. Reducing CO2Encourages public transportation andbiking
  7. 7. Greatly Improved Quality of Life● Rated among highest quality of life● Health benefits● Economic benefits
  8. 8. FailuresFingers havebecome "fatter"Some urbansprawl
  9. 9. Public Transportation - Recap S-Tog Bus SystemMetro Water Taxi
  10. 10. S-TogAdherence toFinger Plan Metro Rail Bus
  11. 11. Public Transportation - All Options Commonalities: ○ Multimodal● Airport ○ Inter-Connected ■ (Via Finger Plan)● Busses ○ Integrated● Train (S-Tog)● Metro● Water Taxi● Public Bicycle
  12. 12. Public Transportation - SuccessesCities that achieve Social and EconomicSuccess without high car use generally have 3things in common:● High Densities● Good Urban Design● Successful Planning Frameworks that Integrate Land Use with: ○ Public Transport Networks ○ Walking Networks ○ Cycling Networks
  13. 13. Public Transportation - Successes: Integration Between Public Transportation and Urban DensityDensity ofjobs andresidents isclusteredaround majorpublictransportnodes
  14. 14. Public Transportation - Successes: AccessibilityDistances to Rail and Metro Stations: Copenhagen vs. Other Cities
  15. 15. Public Transportation - Failures● Confusing Zone System● Traffic Congestion due to inner city development● Finger spacing decreasing
  16. 16. Copenhagenization
  17. 17. Copenhagenization● Copenhagenization accessible to bicyclists and pedestrians, and less car dependent.● Jan Gehl - Improve the quality of Urban life "Copenhagenize"● Saves 3,65 DKK ($0.65) per every bicycle ride made● Yearly health-benefits from biking in Copenhagen up to 1.7 billion DKK (about 230 million Euros)● Biking to work from 35 % in 2012 to 50 % already in 2015● Security feeling (from 67 % in 2010 to 80 % in 2015 and further to 90 % in 2025)
  18. 18. Cycling Community
  19. 19. Integration of bicycle in the transportation system● Bicycles admitted on S-train network for some time to facilitate mixed-mode commuting● In 2010 the state railways (DSB) made it free to bring bicycles on the train● Since 2010 the number of passengers bringing their bicycle on the train grew from 2.1 million to 7.3 million● Added extra carriage and kept the existing compartment to increase capacity from 22 to 46 bicycles per train
  20. 20. Bicycles on Trains
  21. 21. Bicycles on BusesSince 2011 it has also possible to bring bicycles on the citys network of commuter express buses, labelled S-Buses, for a fee of DKK 12 (USD 2), although not during rush hour
  22. 22. Bicycles on TaxisTaxis are required by law to carry a bike rack
  23. 23. Copenhagen Superhighway (adjacent to car highways)
  24. 24. Copenhagen Superhighway(just outside the highway area)
  25. 25. Copenhagen Superhighway
  26. 26. Cycling in the wilderness outside Copenhagen (near the airport)
  27. 27. Downfalls560.000 bicycles in the city of Copenhagen, in fact there are morebicycles than people,they share only 48.000 bicycle stands
  28. 28. Cycling Issues● As of 2012, just 35% of commuters traveling to school or work are bicyclists from 37% in 2009.● Use of Helmets -> False sense of security -> Higher number of accidents● Only 37% being satisfied with the facilities● New bicycle scheme will not be implemented in 2013 due to funding
  29. 29. Conclusion Basis for Success: Others areadopting similar planning strategies
  30. 30. BIBLIOGRAPHY●● http://www.kk. dk/sitecore/content/subsites/cityofcopenhagen/subsitefrontpage/livingincopenhagen/~/media/2E 76B083C02740F69F288D9FDD6F3BAE.ashx● from●●●●●● urban-motility-expert-says-10095.html