10 or so minutes.If you are already done: Look over your answers change them if needed You can answer one other essay question for Extra Credit….up to 3 points (one/third of the rubric)
Look at comic and quote….Who are the people?What are some symbols?What do you remember about Taft?There was a crisis beginning to brew in Mexico…and Taft’s administration was ready to hand it off to Wilson….
REMEMBER HOW WILSON WON?Theodore Roosevelt thus decided to run again for President in 1912. Things got raw on that campaign trail. Roosevelt called Taft a shill for the bosses and politically corrupt; Taft called him the greatest menace to American institutions. Roosevelt called Taft a “puzzlewit” and Taft called him a “prize honeyfugler,” which I think we can all agree is objectively awesome. Roosevelt won nine out of twelve Republican primaries that spring, but most of the states didn’t hold primaries. Their delegates were assigned at state conventions and caucuses via deals in smoke-filled rooms.At the Republican National Convention in Chicago in June, the Republican National Committee, controlled by the conservative wing of the party which supported Taft, assigned all disputed delegates to their man. It was mayhem on the convention floor. After all Roosevelt’s attempts to secure more delegates failed, he walked out of the Chicago Coliseum and told his pledged delegates not to vote. In August, he founded the Progressive Party, also known as the Bull Moose Party, and ran for President against Taft, Democratic Party candidate Woodrow Wilson and Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs.With a four-way race and all these political tectonic plates clashing against each other, the presidential campaign of 1912 was a tense one, to say the least.
WHAT CAN YOU GATHER FROM THE WORD MORAL DIPLOMACY?Wilson and Secretary of State Bryan sincerely desired good international relations. In the Caribbean and in Central America, they wanted to substitute moral diplomacy for the Dollar Diplomacy of the Taft administration, under which the U.S. government provided diplomatic support to U.S. companies doing business in other countries. Wilson and Bryan demonstrated their desire to improve relations when they agreed to pay Colombia $20 million in reparation for the role the United States had played in the secession of Panama from Colombia. Ex-President Roosevelt, who had encouraged the Panamanian secession from Colombia, took this move as a personal affront and as a sign of weakness. He denied that his foreign diplomacy required apology of any sort. However unwise or improper the Colombian agreement, it demonstrated that Wilson and his Department of State hoped for cordial relations within the hemisphere – AND WORLD
Wilson had international problems, particularly in Mexico. – remember the cartoonMexico had seen a series of revolutions since 1910. Americans with mining and other interests in Mexico wanted immediate U.S. intervention to protect their property. Wilson decided to adopt a policy of “watchful waiting” and to encourage the election of a constitutional government in Mexico. Wilson refused recognition to General Victoriano Huerta, the choice of American interests in Mexico, because he had illegally seized power. The president put more faith in Huerta's major opponent, Venustiano Carranza. Carranza's forces grew stronger in the provinces due to U.S. support, but Huerta's supporters held power in Mexico City.In April 1914, American sailors of the U.S.S. Dolphin were arrested at Tampico by a Huerta officer. Although the captives were released, the U.S. government was outraged and Wilson had to demand apologies from a government he did not recognize. The president turned his hopes to the peasant leader Francisco “Pancho” Villa, but Villa, harassed by Carranza, attempted to provoke American intervention by crossing the border and raiding towns in the United States. In October 1915, Wilson decided to recognize Carranza as the legitimate heir of the revolution. Villa then seized a number of Americans in January 1916 and executed them. On March 9 he crossed the border into Columbus, New Mexico, where he killed citizens and burned the town.
SMARTBoardRoosevelt and Taft:Imperialists by natureFocused on developing other countries for AMERICAN PROGRESSStill a focus on military involvementWilson:Showed a concern for morality and justice in foreign affairs. Troubled by a foreign policy that ignored a less powerful nation’s right to determine its own future. This ideas and beliefs stems from his dealings with Mexico. - MORALHe wanted U.S. foreign policy to advance democratic ideals and institutions in Mexico. On the one hand, he wanted Mexico to be successful in its efforts to become self-governing, on the other hand, not trusting Mexico to find its way through its own revolution, he felt compelled to show them the way. His repeated changes in strategy seemed to indicate a lack of skill and decisiveness in foreign affairs at first. – ADVANCING DEMOCRACYWilson recognized something that Roosevelt or Taft had not: that more and more peoples of the world were determined to control their own destinies. The U.S. under Wilson was looking for a way to support these peoples’ democratic aspirations while safeguarding its own economic interests. – PEOPLE CONTROL THEIR OWN DESTINY - HUMANITARIAN
We are switching from looking at America…to seeing what’s going on in Europe.
Instruct students to read pages 548-550 of there text and to fill in the graphic organizer. Remind them to raise their hands if they have questions.This…along with the everything else…will be on Tuesdays TEST….you might want to go over your notes this weekend and come with any questions you have Monday….
As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved to war.Go through definition and write answers to other question of the board.Can you think of a more recent example of an arms race that can be compared to the arms race in Europe prior to WWI?
Go through definition and write answers to other question of the board.Mutual Defense AlliancesOver time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. Thus, if one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the following alliances existed:Russia and SerbiaGermany and Austria-HungaryFrance and RussiaBritain and France and BelgiumJapan and BritainAustria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany attacked France through Belgium pulling Britain into war. Then Japan entered the war. Later, Italy and the United States would enter on the side of the allies.
Imperialism is when a country increases their power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. Before World War 1, Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention amongst the European countries. This was especially true because of the raw materials these areas could provide. The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I.Go through definition and write answers to other question of the board.
Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. In this way, nationalism led directly to the War. But in a more general way, the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the extension of the war in Europe. Each country tried to prove their dominance and power.Go through definition and write answers to other question of the board.
WILSON ANDWHISPERS OFA GREAT WARTHE FOREIGN POLICY OF A MORAL MAN
WILSON“If you want to makeenemies, try to changesomething.”
WILSONElected in 1912.“It would be the irony offate, if my administrationhad to deal chiefly withforeign affairs.”A professor by trade.Opposed imperialism andsupportedhonesty, unselfishness, and morality.
MORAL DIPLOMACYWilson sincerely desiredgood internationalrelations.Wilson’s administrationpaid Colombia $20 millionin reparation for the rolethe United States hadplayed in the secessionof Panama fromColombia.
MEXICOWilson refused to recognize GeneralVictoriano Huerta, the choice ofAmerican interests in Mexico, becausehe had illegally seized power.American sailors were arrested (andreleased quickly) but Wilsondemanded an apology. The Mexicansrefused.Wilson saw this as an opportunity tooverthrow the government.Anti-American acts broke out.Pancho Villa attacked. Wilson kepttroops there until war in Europecaused him to recall them.Wilson’s policies damaged U.S. foreignrelations. The British ridiculed thepresident’s attempt to “shoot theMexicans into self-government.” PANCHO VILLA
COMPARINGFOREIGN POLICY ROOSEVELT AND TAFT WILSON “REPUBLICANS” “DEMOCRAT”