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Day 4 power point

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Day 4 power point

  1. 1. WELCOME!You will not need your textbook today!
  2. 2. NEWS MEDIA WAS EVERWHERE! Similar to now? Soon after theirinvention, motionpictures became apopular attraction in vaudeville and variety stage venues.
  3. 3. A TURNING POINT TOWARD WARCUBA REBELS
  4. 4. A TURNING POINT TOWARD WARPROTECTINGAMERICANINVESTMENTS
  5. 5. A TURNING POINT TOWARD WAREXPLOSION OFTHE MAINE
  6. 6. WILLIAM RANDOLPHHEARSTNewspaper publisher and leadingexample of a yellow journalistNew York Journal started a publichysteria for war with Spain bypublishing dramatic articles andillustrationsHearst once said "You provide thepictures and Ill provide the war.”
  7. 7. MISSION OF THEUSS MAINE• “Friendly”• President McKinley sent the USS MAINE to investigate the situation in Cuba and provide an escape for Americans.• Spanish authorities in Cuba felt that the US was trying to intimidate them and was interfering with Spanish sovereignty.
  8. 8. EXPLOSION• February 15, 1898• Still a mystery!• The media and the public tended to blame the Spanish
  9. 9. A TURNING POINT TOWARD WARYELLOW JOURNALISM
  10. 10. YELLOW JOURNALISM“Sensationalist reporting, inwhich writers oftenexaggerated and even madeup stories to attract readers”(Appleby, page 497).
  11. 11. THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WARBATTLING OVERSEAS, RESULTS, ANDIMPLICATIONS FOR IMPERIALISM
  12. 12. WHERE IN THE WORLD WASTHE WAR FOUGHT?• You will be placed in groups• Please don’t move into your groups until I say: “Go!”• Listen to each other.• Use inside voices and be malleable in thought.• Each member will fill out his/her own worksheet to be turned in• Don’t be afraid of making wrong answers – we’re looking for your critical thinking and ideas! Facts are for later.
  13. 13. ANSWER:
  14. 14. THE DECLARATIONOF WAR• Congress authorized Republican President William McKinley to spend $50 million for war preparations• On April 19, Congress proclaimed Cuba independent, demande d that Spain withdraw from the island, and authorized the president to use armed force if necessary. President McKinley
  15. 15. WAR MOVES FORWARDThe navy’s North AtlanticSquadron blockaded Cuba, andthe American naval squadronbased in Hong Kong, wasordered to attack the Spanishfleet based in the Philippines.• Four American ships in the squadron opened fire and rapidly destroyed eight of the ten severely outgunned Spanish warships.• Captain Dewey was left waiting for American support troops.
  16. 16. IN CUBAThe Spanish in Cuba were notprepared for the war. Tropicaldiseases and months offighting rebels had weakenedtheir soldiers.The US Army was not preparedfor war either. Although therewere many volunteers, thearmy lacked the resources totrain and equip them.Better equipped for the job inCuba were the famous "RoughRiders", a ragtag group ofvolunteers fighting for the US.
  17. 17. ARMISTICE• US quickly moved troops to Puerto Rico.• August 12, 1898, the Spanish signed an armistice ending the fighting.• Dewey was still waiting for assistance in the Philippians. Admiral Dewey
  18. 18. TREATY OF PARIS - 1898 • Conclusion of the Spanish- American War. • On December 10, 1898, the US and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris. • The Treaty of Paris still had to be approved by the Senate. • What to do about the Philippines?
  19. 19. EFFECTS OF THE TREATYAND ANNEXATION OF THE PHILIPPIANS• The Senate approved the Treaty of Paris• The US bought control of the Philippines for $20 Million• US kept control of the Philippines • Educate and Christianize• PROBLEMS • Rebellion in the Philippines • Emilio Aguinaldo
  20. 20. CUBA AFTER THE WARPlatt Amendment• Cuba could not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence.• Cuba had to allow the United States to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba.• Cuba’s debts had to be kept low to prevent foreign countries from landing troops to enforce payment.• The United States would have the right to intervene to protect Cuban independence and the keep order.
  21. 21. NEXT TIME…Big sticks and the Panama Canal….

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