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Mitigating Cheating and Plagiarism

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Updated presentation based on prior workshop

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Mitigating Cheating and Plagiarism

  1. 1. Anastasia M.Trekles, Ph.D. ClinicalAssociate Professor School of Education and Counseling http://tinyurl.com/PNWintegrity
  2. 2.  Implement various pedagogical strategies to teach students the importance of academic integrity  Explain issues regarding copyright and intellectual property so that students can understand them better  Use technology tools such as TurnItIn and remote proctoring to help mitigate and prevent cheating and plagiarism
  3. 3.  Concerns about cheating and plagiarism can be a big obstacle, and may limit our choices for assessment  Studies show that students may cheat less online than face-to-face  Luckily, there are ways to use technology to help ensure that students are doing authentic work
  4. 4.  There are lots of reasons why a student might choose to cheat  Most commonly:  They lack proper knowledge  The don’t understand school policies or copyright  They don’t understand the seriousness  The class is too high-stakes  Poor time management skills
  5. 5.  For the “amateurs” (more commonly the case):  Copy and paste  Homework and Answer-sharing sites (not always a bad thing, but can lead to cheating)  Taking pictures with smart phones  For the “pros” (far less common):  Term paper mills  Identity-swapping  Lessons posted onYouTube (it’s true!)  See http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/solveproblem/strat- cheating/
  6. 6.  There are many ways that technology can help us mitigate cheating:  “lockdown” browsers and proctoring tools  TurnItIn, Quetext, Plagiarisma, and other plagiarism detectors  Monitoring software for the classroom likeApple Classroom and GoGuardian  BUT… some pedagogical strategies can help, too  Help students with time management  Tighten up the syllabus  Use bigger test pools, include essay and short answer  Active classroom management  Involve students in the discussion
  7. 7.  Most students don’t set out to cheat, but when time becomes the enemy, pressure wins  Help students set up calendars and set aside time for study  Help students learn to prioritize  Keep in mind that they have other classes  Great resource from Cal Polytechnic
  8. 8.  Include an Academic Integrity Policy in your syllabus  Take time to explain the policy in class  Ask students to complete a class contract at the beginning of the semester  If they think it’s important to you, they’re more likely to listen  Purdue Code of Conduct as an example  Example from IUPUI  Duneland academic integrity policy  What’s your policy?
  9. 9.  Provide lessons on ethics, paraphrasing, and time management  Uses short videos and other attention- getting strategies  Allows students to explore what “academic integrity” really means at their own pace  Classroom management advice from Common Sense Education  How do you teach ethics?
  10. 10.  Despite popular belief, just because it’s on the Web doesn’t mean it’s up for grabs!  May be one of the biggest problems for students AND teachers  What doYOU know about copyright?  Copyright for Educators online course  Fair use videos  My favorite Fair Use video! (a must to share with kids)
  11. 11.  TurnItIn, Quetext, Plagiarisma for plagiarism checking  Respondus LockDown Browser for test-taking (works with LMS’s like Canvas)  Monitoring/classroom management software (AppleClassroom, Casper Suite, LANSchool, GoGuardian, etc)  Respondus Monitor (for remote automated proctoring – also works with Canvas)  Remote Proctor NOW (for remote semi- automated proctoring)  ProctorU (live proctoring)
  12. 12.  Checks written work against a database  Drafts should not be sent to the database otherwise final copies will be “100% plagiarized”  Shows you a score and specific areas that are questionable  May have false positives – 10% is about the tolerance for error  You may wish to share your error tolerance determination ahead of time to avoid panics!
  13. 13.  More popular in university use but seeing more use in high schools with blended/online components  Removes the ability to do anything else on the computer except go to the LMS and start a test  Good for lab situations where everyone is in the same room together  Does not really mitigate cheating for those with access to multiple devices at home
  14. 14.  Works with Lockdown Browser (comes as a package – relatively inexpensive)  Records the student taking the test through their webcam  Automatically walks students through the preparation process  You must watch the videos to review suspicious behavior  Only works within the LMS
  15. 15.  Available at an extra cost, approx. $15 per exam per student, picked up by your department (ask for authorization)  Semi-automated – the student activity and screen is recorded, but a human watches the recording and flags suspicious behavior for you  Easy to use, integrates with any LMS or standalone
  16. 16.  Live proctoring through the Internet and a student’s webcam  Incurs a fee of $17-$25 depending on the length of the exam – students must pay this fee for each exam  Use for high-stakes online test settings
  17. 17. Contact me: atrekles@pnw.edu @ICEIndiana onTwitter Visit us online at ICEIndiana.org and consider our upcoming Digital Citizenship online course and our October 12-13 ICE Conference!

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