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Reliability of Sources How can you tell if a source is going to be reliable?
Primary sources <ul><li>A  primary source  is an original object or document -- the raw material or first-hand information...
A  primary source  is an original object or document -- the raw material or first-hand information.   <ul><li>historical a...
Secondary sources <ul><li>A  secondary source  is something written about a primary source.  </li></ul><ul><li>You can thi...
Secondary sources <ul><li>Secondary sources include: </li></ul><ul><li>comments on  </li></ul><ul><li>interpretations of  ...
Secondary sources <ul><li>Secondary source materials can be: </li></ul><ul><li>articles in newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>po...
What is the source of the information being considered?   <ul><li>Publication -Date - is the information current, or does ...
Author or Speaker <ul><li>-Qualifications - is he an expert in his field? -Bias - is he one-sided in his point-of-view? -V...
Means of getting the Information   <ul><li>-Witness or researcher - was the author or speaker a first-hand witness to the ...
How Reliable?
How Reliable?
How Reliable?
How Reliable?
How Reliable?
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Reliability Of Sources

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  • The diary of Anne Frank, which you show as an example of a secondary source, is in fact a primary source. She participated in the events and wrote it at the time and place they occurred. The introduction to the book is a secondary source.
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Reliability Of Sources

  1. 1. Reliability of Sources How can you tell if a source is going to be reliable?
  2. 2. Primary sources <ul><li>A primary source is an original object or document -- the raw material or first-hand information. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A primary source is an original object or document -- the raw material or first-hand information. <ul><li>historical and legal documents </li></ul><ul><li>results of an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>statistical data </li></ul><ul><li>pieces of creative writing </li></ul><ul><li>art objects </li></ul><ul><li>eye witness accounts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary sources <ul><li>A secondary source is something written about a primary source. </li></ul><ul><li>You can think of secondary sources as second-hand information. If I tell you something, I am the primary source. If you tell someone else what I told you, you are the secondhand source. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Secondary sources <ul><li>Secondary sources include: </li></ul><ul><li>comments on </li></ul><ul><li>interpretations of </li></ul><ul><li>discussions about the original material </li></ul>
  6. 6. Secondary sources <ul><li>Secondary source materials can be: </li></ul><ul><li>articles in newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>popular magazines </li></ul><ul><li>book or movie reviews </li></ul><ul><li>articles found in scholarly journals that evaluate or criticize someone else's original research </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is the source of the information being considered? <ul><li>Publication -Date - is the information current, or does it need to be current? </li></ul><ul><li>-Reputation of publication - is the source well known and trustworthy? </li></ul><ul><li>-Kind of publication - is it a scientific report,   eye-witness account, a work of fiction? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Author or Speaker <ul><li>-Qualifications - is he an expert in his field? -Bias - is he one-sided in his point-of-view? -Values - what does the author value in regards to the topic? -Chance for personal gain - does the author stand to benefit from his position? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Means of getting the Information <ul><li>-Witness or researcher - was the author or speaker a first-hand witness to the information or did he gather it from some other source?  </li></ul><ul><li>-Equipment - what kind of equipment was used to record information?           </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Reliable?
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