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Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Defining </li></ul><ul><li>Non-defining </li></ul>
  2. 2. 1. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Any band that wants to get noticed has its music on MySpace. </li></ul><ul><li>More common in SPOKEN language. </li></ul><ul><li>WHO – THAT (for people) </li></ul><ul><li>WHICH – THAT (for things) </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE (for places) </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN (for days, months, years…) </li></ul><ul><li>WHOSE (for possession) </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>WHO/WHICH/THAT can be omitted if they do not act as the subject of the clause. </li></ul><ul><li>I saw the woman who visited you. </li></ul><ul><li>subj. </li></ul><ul><li>(it is the subject, so it can’t be omitted) </li></ul><ul><li>He bought the bike (which) you liked . </li></ul><ul><li>subj. </li></ul><ul><li>(it is not the subject, so it can be omitted) </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>WHOSE and WHERE can’t be omitted . </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN can be omitted and substituted for THAT </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. I’ll never forget the day (when /that) you came. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>My friend Andrew, who is Scottish, plays the bagpipes. </li></ul><ul><li>More common in WRITTEN language. </li></ul><ul><li>The clause is put into commas (,) </li></ul><ul><li>They give additional information. </li></ul><ul><li>We can’t omit them. </li></ul><ul><li>We can’t use THAT instead of which or who. </li></ul><ul><li>We can’t use THAT instead of when . </li></ul>