US vs. Canada: Healthcare


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US vs. Canada: Healthcare

  1. 1. U.S. Healthcare vs. Canada Healthcare Kimberly Anderson
  2. 2.  The health care systems of the United States and Canada differ in many ways including the way the systems are paid for and funded, the overall health and services, and the coverage and access of care.
  3. 3. United States  Multi-payer  Mostly privately-funded  46% of healthcare spending was financed by the government (2006)  Spends more an average it its GDP on healthcare on healthcare
  4. 4. Canada  Single payer  Mostly publically-funded  70% of healthcare spending was financed by the government (2006)  Provides universal healthcare  Provinces must abide by rules set by the Canada Health Act  Each province decides whether to cover "supplementary" benefits  About 2/3 of Canadians take out private insurance policies to cover these services  Or they have an employer-sponsored plan to cover the cost  Overall, spends less on its GDP
  5. 5. The U.S. spends more than any country on healthcareincluding Canada by spending almost double the amount
  6. 6. Overall Health and services  Canada  Has a longer life expectancy as well as a lower infant mortality rate  Doctor to patient ratio is lower  Longer wait times, including;  42% waited 2 hours or more in the emergency room  43% waited 4 weeks or more to see a specialist  Chart on next slide (numbers by the Health Council of Canada)  United States  Ranked higher in “responsiveness” of the quality of service for individuals receiving treatment  Citizens are 1/3 less likely to have a regular medical doctor  ¾ more likely to have unmet medical needs
  7. 7. Coverage and Access  In Canada; every citizen is covered by the national health care system  In America; does not provide universal healthcare to all of its citizens  Studies show that 24% are under-insured  Barely covering medical needs  Leaves them unprepared to pay major medical expenses  America does however have publically funded healthcare programs (elderly, poor, disabled, etc.)  Also ensures public access to emergency services
  8. 8. Coverage and access cont. (Health Insurance breakdown)  59.3% of Americans have health insurance through employment  Although providing universal healthcare to their citizens;  9% purchase health insurance directly (overlap in these two numbers)  5% of Canadian citizens have not been able to find a regular doctor  15.3% are uninsured  9% having never looked for one  25% of uninsured citizens are eligible for government programs but un-enrolled **Numbers according to the United States Census Bureau
  9. 9. It is clear that these two systems differ in many ways. There are many positive and many negative aspects to each system. I am in no way taking sides on which is the “right one” however I believe the universal healthcare of Canada is something to strive for. On the other hand, there are many down falls to that including the long waiting periods, and the fact that many have their own insurance plan for supplementary services. I am not sure which is the most effective but I do believe that the two can learn from one another to ultimately make each of the systems better for the people.
  10. 10. Work cited "A Comparison of the Canadian and U.S. Healthcare Systems." :: Article. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. "Comparing the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems." Comparing the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Kane, Jason. "Health Costs: How the U.S. Compares With Other Countries." PBS. PBS, 22 Oct. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.