U.S. Healthcare vs.
The health care systems of the United States and
Canada differ in many ways including the way
the systems are paid for and funded, the overall
health and services, and the coverage and
access of care.
46% of healthcare spending was financed by the
Spends more an average it its GDP on healthcare on
70% of healthcare spending was financed by the government
Provides universal healthcare
Provinces must abide by rules set by the Canada Health Act
Each province decides whether to cover "supplementary"
About 2/3 of Canadians take out private insurance policies to
cover these services
Or they have an employer-sponsored plan to cover the cost
Overall, spends less on its GDP
Overall Health and services
Has a longer life
expectancy as well as a
lower infant mortality rate
Doctor to patient ratio is
42% waited 2 hours or
more in the emergency
43% waited 4 weeks or
more to see a specialist
Chart on next slide
(numbers by the Health
Council of Canada)
Ranked higher in
“responsiveness” of the
quality of service for
Citizens are 1/3 less likely to
have a regular medical
¾ more likely to have
unmet medical needs
Coverage and Access
In Canada; every citizen is covered by the national health
In America; does not provide universal healthcare to all of its
Studies show that 24% are under-insured
Barely covering medical needs
Leaves them unprepared to pay major medical expenses
America does however have publically funded healthcare
programs (elderly, poor, disabled, etc.)
Also ensures public access to emergency services
Coverage and access cont.
(Health Insurance breakdown)
59.3% of Americans have health
insurance through employment
Although providing universal
healthcare to their citizens;
9% purchase health insurance
directly (overlap in these two
5% of Canadian citizens have
not been able to find a
15.3% are uninsured
9% having never looked for
25% of uninsured citizens are
eligible for government programs
**Numbers according to the United States Census Bureau
It is clear that these two systems differ in many
ways. There are many positive and many negative
aspects to each system. I am in no way taking
sides on which is the “right one” however I believe
the universal healthcare of Canada is something to
strive for. On the other hand, there are many down
falls to that including the long waiting periods, and
the fact that many have their own insurance plan
for supplementary services.
I am not sure which is the most effective but I do
believe that the two can learn from one another to
ultimately make each of the systems better for the
"A Comparison of the Canadian and U.S. Healthcare Systems." :: Article.
Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
"Comparing the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems." Comparing the U.S.
Canadian Health Care Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Kane, Jason. "Health Costs: How the U.S. Compares With Other Countries."
22 Oct. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.