FROM SMART HOMES TO SMART
CITIES: AN APPROACH BASED ON
INTERNET-OF-THINGS
A. TALAVARI1, C. PETROPOULOS1, A.
FOTOPOULOS2
1....
A DEFINITION OF SMART HOMES
“A dwelling incorporating a communications network
that connects the key electrical appliances...
TECHNOLOGIES BEHIND SMART HOMES
BENEFITS OF SMARTHOMES
Security
• Smart security systems do a better job of preventing intrusions and home invasions
Energ...
Smart
Cities
Homes
Parking
GridCommunication
Transportation
SMART TRANSPORTATION
• Economical, clean &
environmental friendly cars.
• Urban car sharing fleets
located near public tra...
SMART PARKING
• Smartphone Apps can eliminate scenarios of
circling city blocks looking for a parking
space
• Users can lo...
SMART COMMUNICATIONS
• Holyoke, Massachusetts teamed with
Cisco in an attempt to transform the
town into a smart and conne...
SMART GRIDS
 A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid
 Analogue & digital technology to gather
and act on informatio...
THE EVOLUTION OF SMART CITIES
• New cities, built smart from the start: these cities are designed to
attract businesses an...
CITIES TRYING TO BE SMART
• Chicago
• Rio de Janeiro
• Stockholm
• Boston
• Barcelona
• Hong Kong
• Seoul
• Lyon
• Eindhov...
INDUSTRY
Industry Initiatives:
• Cisco: Smart+Connected Communities
• Siemens: Green Cities
• IBM: Smarter Planet
• GE: Ma...
RISKS CONCERNING SMART CITIES
• Human Over-population
• Quality of Life
• Human Identity
• Black Outs
• Security
• Privacy...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME
From Smart Homes to Smart Cities: An approach based on Internet-of-Things
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From Smart Homes to Smart Cities: An approach based on Internet-of-Things

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Several applications and services have been developed over the latest years for making houses smarter in terms of danger prevention, energy consumption, waste recycling, environmental monitoring and other life improvement implementations. Internet-of-Things (IoT) gave numerous possibilities decentralizing the control of smart homes. Numerous sensors and developed systems or services can all communicate via smart devices like smartphones. A continuously broaden interest arises from local and national authorities for the benefits of applying IoT strategies in whole cities. With main focus on energy and water consumption, cities can reduce significantly their costs and become environmentally and economically sustainable. In the transition from smart homes to smart cities serious challenges should be take into consideration including a human-centric approach and the beneficiary involvement of the citizens for local and national authorities. The design of an IoT strategy for smart cities is a multifaceted procedure which includes the study of economic, urban, demographic and geographical indicators. In this paper, empirical evidence from selected case studies are presented.

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From Smart Homes to Smart Cities: An approach based on Internet-of-Things

  1. 1. FROM SMART HOMES TO SMART CITIES: AN APPROACH BASED ON INTERNET-OF-THINGS A. TALAVARI1, C. PETROPOULOS1, A. FOTOPOULOS2 1. B.SC., COMPUTER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE OF PIRAEUS 2. M.SC., INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, NATIONAL AND KAPODISTRIAN UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
  2. 2. A DEFINITION OF SMART HOMES “A dwelling incorporating a communications network that connects the key electrical appliances and services, and allows them to be remotely controlled, monitored or accessed” (l. Jiang Et.Al., 2004)
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGIES BEHIND SMART HOMES
  4. 4. BENEFITS OF SMARTHOMES Security • Smart security systems do a better job of preventing intrusions and home invasions Energy Conservation • Regulated light usage, monitoring heating &,cooling, and ensuring appliances are used when needed Elderly Care • Helping monitoring medications, call 911, and track caloric intake Entertainment • Television will display online activity and residents are able to listen music in any room Benefits of a Smart Home, Ebay, 2013
  5. 5. Smart Cities Homes Parking GridCommunication Transportation
  6. 6. SMART TRANSPORTATION • Economical, clean & environmental friendly cars. • Urban car sharing fleets located near public transport hubs • Supplement public transportation systems Rich Maltzman, 2010
  7. 7. SMART PARKING • Smartphone Apps can eliminate scenarios of circling city blocks looking for a parking space • Users can locate, reserve and pay for unoccupied parking spaces on their phones or through their car’s navigation systems • Ultimately, the concept can help cities better meet demand for parking while at the same time control urban congestion Streetline, 2011
  8. 8. SMART COMMUNICATIONS • Holyoke, Massachusetts teamed with Cisco in an attempt to transform the town into a smart and connected community • Cisco’s to deliver urban services with a goal of generating new economic opportunities, improving education and bolstering population retention • Cisco is working with police and fire departments to roll out an integrated radio interoperability system
  9. 9. SMART GRIDS  A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid  Analogue & digital technology to gather and act on information, such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers  Can improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity
  10. 10. THE EVOLUTION OF SMART CITIES • New cities, built smart from the start: these cities are designed to attract businesses and residents with a master plan that uses ICT to deliver efficient citizen benefit services. • Existing cities made smart, smartization: This partial approach (step by step; with retrofits and upgrades) is followed by most cities. • Purpose-driven cities: These are cities established with special purposes, e.g., industrial cities, science towns, etc. ITU-T, 2013
  11. 11. CITIES TRYING TO BE SMART • Chicago • Rio de Janeiro • Stockholm • Boston • Barcelona • Hong Kong • Seoul • Lyon • Eindhoven • Vienna • Aarhus • Amsterdam • Cairo • Dubai • Edinburgh • Trikala • And many more
  12. 12. INDUSTRY Industry Initiatives: • Cisco: Smart+Connected Communities • Siemens: Green Cities • IBM: Smarter Planet • GE: Masdar Smart City • Toshiba: Smart Community ITU-T, 2013
  13. 13. RISKS CONCERNING SMART CITIES • Human Over-population • Quality of Life • Human Identity • Black Outs • Security • Privacy • Lack of Standards • Constant evolution • Best-practice methodologies are yet to be developed • Costs
  14. 14. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME

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