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Interdental cleaning aids

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interdental cleaning aids include details about dental floss etc

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Interdental cleaning aids

  1. 1. B Y A N A S U Y A B H A T T A C H A R Y A R O L L N O - 0 8 INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS
  2. 2. WHY DO WE NEED INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS? MAINLY BECAUSE OF BIOFILM FORMATION: TYPE 1- GINGIVAL PAPILLAE FILLS THE EMBRASURE SPACE COMPLETELY TYPE 2-GINGIVAL PAPILLA PARTIALLY FILLS EMBRASURE DUE TO PAPILLARY RECESSION TYPE 3-THE EMBRASURE SPACE IS NOT COMPLETELY FILLED DUE TO EXTENSIVE RECESSION OR COMPLETE PAPILARY LOSS
  3. 3. FACTORS IN SELECTION OF INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS  TYPE OF GINGIVAL EMBRASURE  ALIGNMENT OF TEETH  FIXED PROSTHESI/ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES  OPEN FURCATION AREA  CONTACT AREA
  4. 4. TYPES OF INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS  DENTAL FLOSS  INTERDENTAL BRUSHES  WOODEN STICKS  ORAL IRRIGATORS  OTHER INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS
  5. 5. DENTAL FLOSS IT IS INDICATED TO REMOVE PLAQUE FROM INTERPROXIMAL TOOTH SURFACE
  6. 6. FORMS OF DENTAL FLOSS  MULTIFILAMENT-TWISTED/NON-TWISTED  BONDED/NON BONDED  THICK/THIN  WAXED/NON-WAXED
  7. 7. WHY IS UNWAXED DENTAL FLOSS BETTER THAN WAXED ONES???  IT IS SMALLER IN DIAMETER & PASSES MORE EASILY THROUGH TIGHT INTERPROXIMAL AREAS  UNDER TENSION IT FLATTENS OUT ON THE TOOTH SURFACE WITH EACH COMPONENT THREAD ADDING SEPARATELY AS A CUTTING EDGE TO DISLIDGE DEBRIS  UNWAXED FLOSS MAKES A SQUEAKING NOISE WHEN USED ON A CLEAN TOOTH SURFACE
  8. 8. FUNCTIONS OF DENTAL FLOSS  REMOVAL OF ADHERENT PLAQUE & FOOD DEBRIS FROM INTERPROXIMAL EMBRASURES & UNDER THE PONTICS OF THE FPD  POLISHING OF THE TOOTH SURFACE DURING REMOVAL OF THE PLAQUE & DEBRIS  STIMULATING & MASSAGING THE INTERDENTAL PAPILLAE  VEHICLE FOR APPLICATION OF POLISHING
  9. 9. DISADVANTAGE  IT IS TIME CONSUMING  REQUIRES SKILL  CARRIES THE RISK OF TISSUE DAMAGE IF NOT USED PROPERLY
  10. 10. Use a piece of floss about 30 cm (12 in.) long. Tie the ends together, forming a loop. If the loop is too large, wrap the floss around your fingers to make it smalleR Gently work the floss between the teeth toward the gums. Curve the floss around each tooth into a U- shape, and gently slide it under the gum line. Move the floss firmly up and down several times to scrape off the plaque. Popping the floss in and out between the teeth without scraping will not remove much plaque and can hurt your gums.
  11. 11. INTERDENTAL BRUSHES THEY ARE CONE SHAPED OR CYLINDRICAL BRUSHES MADE OF BRISTLES MOUNTED ON A HANDLE  INTERPROXIMAL SURFACES  ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES  BRIDGES  CROWNS  DENTAL IMPLANTS
  12. 12. WOODEN STICKS USES: CLEANING IN-BETWEEN TEETH AFTER EATING REACHES AREAS TOOTHBRUSH BRISTLES CAN’T  REQUIRES LIGHT TOUCH  CAN DAMAGE ENAMEL LACERATE GUMS & BREAK VENEER BONDS  NOT VERY COMMON INTER PROXIMAL AID
  13. 13. ORAL IRRIGATORS  PLAQUE REMOVAL/BIOFILM DISTURBANCE VIA A PRESSURISED PULSATING STREAM OF WATER  USED IN ORTHODONTIC PATIENTS,IMPLANT PATIENTS & PERIODONTAL MAINTENANCE
  14. 14. OTHER INTERDENTAL AIDS  END TUFTED BRUSH-  INTERDENTAL TIPS-

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