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Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Digital Era


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Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Digital Era

  1. 1. Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Digital Era
  2. 2. [Knowledge Production]
  3. 4. [Scarcity]
  4. 7. [… and then came the Internet]
  5. 11. [Digital Abundance]
  6. 21. [Artificial Scarcity]
  7. 23. [… and more]
  8. 29. [Copyright Laws]
  9. 30. <ul><li>1710: British Parliament adopted the first “copyright” act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Statue of Anne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright term: 14 years, renewable once if author is still alive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1774: The Public Domain was born </li></ul><ul><li>1790: Congress enacted first copyright law, based on the same principles of The Statue of Anne </li></ul><ul><li>1831: Copyright term increased from 28 years to 42 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28 years term + 14 years renewal </li></ul></ul>
  10. 31. <ul><li>1909: Copyright term increased from 42 years to 56 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28 years term + 28 years renewal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1976: All existing copyrights were extended by 19 years </li></ul><ul><li>1998: The Sonny Bono (Mickey Mouse) act extended all existing and future copyrights by 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Current copyright protection term: 95 years! </li></ul>28 42 56 75 95 ?
  11. 32. [Fair use]
  12. 33. Unregulated
  13. 37. [New perspectives]
  14. 40. [The GNU GPL]
  15. 41. Freedom 0 : The freedom to run the program, for any purpose. Freedom 1 : The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (Access to the source code is a precondition for this). Freedom 2 : The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbour. Freedom 3 : The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  16. 42. [The GNU FDL]
  17. 43. The GNU Free Documentation License is a form of copyleft intended for use on a manual, textbook or other document to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifications, either commercially or non-commercially.
  18. 44. [Creative Commons]
  19. 48. [Case Study]
  20. 52. Thank You.