En vi ron mental Sustai nabi Iity Evaluation of Pape 2: Fall 2012 William Sullivan, Shimon Zimbov y, & Bridgette Moen Name: ~ W~ ~~(¥... ~SS.o lntrod~ction an~·····. · Cr~a;ly ~rti~ul~t~d · Thesis ~fal:eirient ; ,: : ·,, r66~ly, d~~~ldped thesis; thesis · thesis; clear and soinewha(Clear; ..··. orienta.tiOJ.1 t,opape~.we~k ·. coll1pellingorh~ntation · orientationto· or:lackmg~> · to your ideas.· argument stated. G.r points) .. , Clearlyq~s_crib~show . Fairly clear . ·Weak or1ni~sing .... ; r~aders can play a role .. description of the. .. description ~fho~ read~rs .. in. addressing the steps neededt() . . bin addr~ss the problem; . . · · ~ problem; provides address .the problell1; · lack of detail regarding -~}Q ·.··. . · . severalspecific, some specific . ·. ··• f st~psto be taker:t>. ·. . ~ ·.· concre!e, feasible step··. s.· concrete; feasible steps ·. . . . . . . · . ... ...~ ... ..~~t-:-r- ... that m1ght be ) iqent.iHed. (2-0 points) 0 c i ;>: )) oi <•!,>~~ ,·;;• ~:,< ,:: )) .•• <~~~.}J.~i~ts) :·.. ... . ~r;;sii1~~tlesci:fi;fiiC»ro£)1; Ideas are ~;ese~ted Clarity lacking; clearly; ideasare . · • ... , . sharpening; order of · organization Jacking; logically ordered, sharp papersomewhat beginning arid end do not sens~ofbegi~~ing ar1:d h?gical; beginning and ~ontrib!Jte to end. · •• i /. •.·. end both contribute to. understanding . .·••··• understanding of . . . (3 points) ··ideas. ·· · (o~6}~ts) < • Total Points Possible: 20 points
Environmental Sustainability, Professor: Willian Sullivan Paper# 2 This way earthvontmake it Howhuman population has grown in the past decades has changed the environment in a way never seen in history of earth.·Human activities already consume or destroy about 40 ww..~ ~ . percent of natures photosynthetic outpyJ, leaving too little to other species and ecosystems. All ~ we consume for living consume energy, natural resources, and generates waste. All anthropic ~W>o~ <0.X!/ changes happening oiithe planet are relatednot only tothe number of people ori earth, but also >C.L.. fit.. to the living struidards ofmo~em society:Theglobal economy is based oh consumerisn~, and MJv to ~00 that vhat willoverload the capacity of the planet recovery itself from arithropic actions. The way ~~ t rriarket deal vith thenaturalcapital have to change, govemments have to iinpose a legal deal to l>~ -t? make sure that producers take care of their impact on environment, and consumers to hirve .. information about how much damage the products t~ey buy causes on the environment and, and make better choices. That solution cim minimize both production and consumption impacts on earth andhelps to find a more sustainableuse of resources. ~S c;.~·~.:OV~ ~ ~ ~Q.~! Todays economy is consumer-based. Producers want to deliver products tl1at are~t> profitable, and that have a great demand, but the impact of the production process it is not one~.,., concern of economy. Not only producers do not worry about the nature costs and impacts, but ~ ~ consumers usually do not have enough information about how harmful the production of goods ~"~ is to the environment. The price we pay for any good do not includes the price of restoring tl1e ~ -::>environment. Producers only worry about putting a big arnount of products as quickly and(.ltl..(1)~ • cheaper as possible in tl1e market, and unquestioning consumers are just increasing their "·"""~~ "thout concerning about the real cost of this conslm1erism, the cost of natural capital. It is clear tl1at this economic scenario has to change. Economic regulations in the productive chain, in how the product is delivered to consumers and how producers have to deal with their environmental impact is the big change that has to be done to reverse this destmctive economic model into a sustainable one. As shown before, producers have to be responsible to the impact they produce on ecosystems. Companies have to be obligated to pay for the use of natural resources and to handle with the costs of possible impacts on environment. It may seen radical, but the best way to reduce impacts without penalizing people that have no blame on tl1is, is by regulating our nature capital. If industries can not cut wastes, ~md do not take care of all damages that their activities produce, they might pay some price for tl1is disturbing on earths ecosystems. With this action, producers and consmners from each product will come up in a way to diminish their impact. As an example, if producing a car represents x tons of water being polluted, the industry has to solve
this pollution problem, or pay for this damage to our water resources. This action may reduceimpacts as it will induce producers to come up with ways to change their productive chain into asustainable one. · ~@. .S ~ E( ~~t-~~ ··~· V~· ~<.. M.. ~4!«<.? Consumers play a great role in ec~rioiny,. but usually they have little information howproducts are made and their impact on nature. That been said, specific information is needed tochange consumers.choices. Daily use products should have information about not only what isits content, but also about witch natural resources where used in its production process. It willmake society get used to think before buying, and to really know what that product means toenvironment. ~~ $otVUC" · After all that being said, ()ile que~tion come to our minds, "How consumers will react tothese chang~s?", prices might rise after the implementation of these actions, and there is no waythat we can think that we Will be happy with that. Although that is the first idea that comes to ourminds, the rise of prices may only occur in the beginning of the implementation of these actions,especially because the main idea of them is to make industries invest in new technologies thatreduce both.costs and negative impact on environment. A reasonable way to solve the problemof the rise of products cost is to regulations be less rigid on basic products by its initialimplementation, so people with little resources do·not suffer with that action. So we can come tothe conclusion that this i~ea is ~air to all involved, producers, constimers and the earth.