Career inInformation Security Anant Shrivastava http://anantshri.info
Agenda• What is Information and Security.• Industry Standards• Job Profiles• Certifications• Tips
What a person wants in life• Money • Fame • Nirvana We will talk about first 2
How to be wealthy ?Have Rich ParentsMarry a Rich SpouseWin the LotteryBecome a Successful Black Hat Hacker (Live life underground)Work as a White Hat (this presentation)YOU WILL MAKE YOUR OWN CAREER!Others may help, but it’s ALL ON YOU!
Why Information Security?• Increasing regulatory compliance• Requires organizations to adopt security standards and frameworks for long-term approach to mitigating risk• Evolving and emerging threats and attacks• Continual learning of new skills and techniques• Convergence of physical and information security• Accountability between information security professionals and management falls on several key executives to manage growing risk exposures
What Is Information?• Information is collection of useful DATA.• Information could be – Your personal details – Your corporate details. – Future plan’s
What is Information Security?1) Access Controls2) Telecommunications and Network Security3) Information Security and Risk Management4) Application Security5) Cryptography6) Security Architecture and Design7) Operations Security8) Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Planning9) Legal, Regulations, Compliance and Investigations10) Physical (Environmental) Security
Clarify : Secure Developer• A Developer who is aware about security issues.• Developers now are classified In 3 major category – Thick Client Developer – Thin Client Developer. – Kernel or driver developer.• If you can exploit it you need to patch it.
Clarify : Security Administrator• Server Administrator with background into Security.• Skills Required – Server Hardening. – Firewall configuration.
Clarify : Vulnerability Assessment• It is the process of finding possible exploitable situation in a given target.• Target could be Desktop/ Laptop, Network, Web Application, literally any device with a processor and motive to achieve • Skill Set – understanding of target architecture. – Eye for details and thinking of an exploiter. – (Optional) Programming for nessus plugin.
Clarify : Penetration Testing• Next Step to vulnerability assessment.• Here the target is actually evaluated against a live attack.• Skills Required: – Programming : C / C++ , Python, Perl , Ruby – Understanding of an exploitation framework. • Metasploit • Core impact
Clarify : Forensic Expert• The post – mortem specialist for IT• Responsible for after incident evaluation of a target.• Skills – All that’s needed for VA/PT. – Understanding of forensic concepts not limited to data recovery, log evaluation etc.
Clarify : Auditor• Reviews the systems and networks and related security policies with regards to Industrial standards.• Skills Required – Understanding of compliance policies • HIPPA, ISO 27001, PCI DSS, SOX and many more. – Understanding of ethical hacking concepts and application.
Commit : How to gain KnowledgeSpend first few years mastering fundamentals• Get involved in as many systems, apps, platforms,languages, etc. as you can• Key technologies and areas• Relevant security experience• Compliance/regulatory/risk management• Encryption• Firewalls• Policy• IDS/IPS• Programming and scripting
Commit : Technical Skills Required• LEARN the Operating System• LEARN the Coding Language• LEARN Assembler & Shell Coding• Learn Metasploit• Learn Nessus• Learn Writing exploit for Metasploit• Learn writing scanning plug-in for Nessus.
Commit : Soft Skills Required• Learn Presentation skills.• Learn business language. Management likes to hear that.
Commit : how to gain certificate• Attend Training• Learn, understand and apply the concepts in a controlled environment.• Take exam when you have confidence.
Commit : how to practice• Set up a lab at home. – Physical Lab (best) – Virtual Lab (second Best)• Keep yourself updated subscribe to Vulnerability DB. – Practice regularly on a secured home lab.
Commit : First job• Lower rungs of the tech ladder• Unpaid Overtime is Expected• When offered company training – take it• Expect to make Mistakes – Learn from them
Things to Remember• Learn to Question Everything.• Keep yourself up-to-date.• Be expert in one field however, security specialist are more on advantage if they develop generalist skills.• Security is extension of business needs and should support it.• Form group of like minded people.
HACKER GOT HACKED• Keep your system and network secure first.• Avoid publicizing about being “HACKER” till you have practiced enough and feel confident.• Self proclaimers are not seen with good eyes in security communities.• Your work should speak and not your mouth.