• A.K.A – “India’s Political Capital”
• Population – 16.7 million (2011 census)
• Population Density– 29,259 /sq.km
• Languages – Hindi, English widely spoken
• Climate - 670 F – 1240 F (Summers), 60 F–
(Winters); Average Humidity – 50 %
• Major Industries – Automobiles,
clothing & chemicals predominate,
and electrical goods are gaining importance.
Trade, banking and commerce are also
assuming increasing importance
• Strengths - Advanced physical
richest market in the nation and high rate of
urbanization developed service sector
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India.
Founded in 1919, the Parliament alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate
power over all political bodies in India.
The Parliament of India comprises the President and the two Houses, Lok Sabha
(House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States)
The iron pillar (also known as the Ashokan pillar) of Delhi, India, is a 7 m (23 ft) high pillar in
the Qutb complex, notable for the composition of the metals used in its construction.
The pillar, which weighs more than six tons, is said to have been fashioned at the time
of Chandragupta Vikramaditya of the Gupta Empire.
The pillar bears a Sanskrit inscription in Brahmi script, which states that it was erected as a
standard in honour of Lord Vishnu.
Qutub Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, India.
The Qutub Minar was constructed with red sandstone and marble, and is the tallest minaret in
India,with a height of 72.5 meters and the diameter of base is 14.3 meters whereas the last
store is of 2.7 meters.
The Construction was commenced by Qutb-ud-din Aibakin 1192 and completed by Iltutmish.
It is surrounded by several other ancient and medieval structures and ruins, collectively known
as Qutub complex. Tradition assigns the erection of the Pillar to Anang Pal, whose name it bears
Humayun's tomb (Humayun ka Maqbara) is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 AD, and designed
by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian
subcontinent and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi
The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of
his wife, Hamida Begum
The Purana Quila is an example of Mughal military architecture.
Built by Pandavas, renovated by Humayun, with later modifications by Sher Shah Suri, the
Purana Quila is a monument of bold design, which is strong, straightforward, and every inch a
fortress. It is different from the well-planned, carefully decorated, and palatial forts of the later
The main purpose of this now dilapidated fort was its utility with less emphasis on decoration.
The Qal'a-I-Kunha Masjid and the Sher are two important monuments inside the fort. It was
made by Aqeel in 1853.
The Red Fort ( Lal Qila) is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah
Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors.
It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. The Red Fort was originally referred to
The fort is also the site from which the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on 15
August, the day India achieved independence from the British. It also happens to be the largest
monument in Old Delhi.
Salimgarh Fort was built in 1546 AD, in Delhi, in a former island of the Yamuna River, by Salim
Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri.
Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, converted the fort into a prison, which practice was
perpetuated by the British who took control of the fort in 1857. The Fort is part of the Red Fort
The complex was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007
The location chosen for building the fortification was in the Delhi plains (with an elevation range
of 80–110 feet , hemmed by the Yamuna River on one side and the northern spur of the Aravalli
range of hills on the other side.
Safdarjung's Tomb (is a garden tomb with a marble mausoleum in New Delhi, India. It was built
in 1754 in the late Mughal Empire style. The garden, in the style evolved by the Mughal
Empire that is now known as the Mughal gardens style influenced by Persian gardens style, is
entered through an ornate gate.
Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India.
The Jama Masjid stands across the road in front of the Red Fort.
It was built between 1644 and 1658.
Jama Masjid is one of the architectural works of the Mughal emperors of Shah Jahan
Jantar Mantar is Delhi’s historical astronomical observatory
that was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur,
India in 1724
Dilli Haat is an open-air food plaza and cradia, and from a variety of cultural traditions
Products offered may include rosewood and sandalwood carvings, embellished camel
hide footwear, sophisticated fabric and drapery, gems, beads, brassware, metal
crafts, and silk and wool fabrics. Shows promoting handicrafts and handlooms are
held at the exhibition hall in the complex.
The Lotus Temple, located in New Delhi, India, is a Bahá'í House of Worship
completed in 1986. Notable for its flowerlike shape, it serves as the Mother Temple of
the Indian subcontinent and has become a prominent attraction in the city.
The Lotus Temple has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in
hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles.
Akshardham is a Hindu temple complex in Delhi, India.
Also referred to as Delhi Akshardham, the complex displays millennia of traditional
Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture.
The building was inspired and developed by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual
head of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, whose
3,000 volunteers helped 7,000 artisans construct Akshardham.
Laxmi Narayan Temple, also known as Birla Mandir, is one of Delhi's major temples
and a major tourist attraction. Built by the industrialst G.D. Birla in 1938, this beautiful
temple is located in the west of Connaught Place.
The temple is dedicated to Laxmi (the goddess of prosperity) and Narayana (The
preserver). The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on the condition that
people of all castes will be allowed to enter the temple.
Shri Adhya Katyani Shakti Peeth Mandir is popularly known as Chhatarpur Temple since it is
located in a down town area in south of Delhi - Chhatarpur.
This is the second largest temple complex in India, and is dedicated to Goddess, Katyayani.
The temple was established in 1974, by Baba Sant Nagpal ji, who died in 1998. His samadhi
shrine lies in the premises of the Shiv-Gauri Nageshwar Mandir within the temple complex.
This temple is totally constructed from marble and on all the facets there is jaali (perforated
stone or latticed screen) work.
Raj Ghat, is the cremation site of Mahatma Gandhi. It consists of a simple square
black-marble platform that stands on the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated.
From age-old eateries in the by lanes of the Walled City to glitzy,
specialty restaurants in five-star hotels, Delhi is a foodie's paradise.
Delhi offers a choice of Indian and International Cuisines in different
ambiences to suit varied budgets.
Chandni Chowk, often called the food capital of India, is famous
for its street food. The variety consists of snacks, especially chaat.
If you wish to enjoy it, shed your high-brow attitude to soak in the flavours and delicacies.
Chandni Chowk resembles a fair everyday. The streets are lined with halwais (sweet-sellers),
namkeenwallahs (sellers of savouries) and paranthewallahs
(sellers of rich, flaky breads soaked in ghee).
CHAAT ‘N’ PAKORI
The chaat variants are all based on fried dough, with various other ingredients. The
original chaat is a mixture of potato pieces, crispy fried bread Dahi vada or Dahi Bhalla
("Bhalla" in Hindi), gram or chickpeas and tangy-salty spices, with sour home-made
Indian chilli and Saunth (dried ginger and tamarind sauce), fresh green coriander
leaves and yogurt for garnish, but other popular variants included Aloo tikkis
(garnished with onion, coriander, hot spices and a dash of curd), bhel puri, dahi puri,
panipuri, dahi vada, papri chaat, and sev puri.
There are common elements among these variants including dahi, or yogurt; chopped
onions and coriander; sev (small dried yellow salty noodles); and chaat masala. This is
a masala, or spice mix, typically consisting of amchoor (dried mango powder), cumin,
Kala Namak (rock salt), coriander, dried ginger, salt, black pepper, and red pepper. The
ingredients are combined and served on a small metal plate or a banana leaf, dried
and formed into a bowl.
Sohan Halwa is a favourite of patrons from as far away as the Gulf. Pista
Burfi and perennial favourite like motichoor ki ladoo, Kalakand, Karachi
halwa and snacks like makkan choora are also popular among the
patrons. Today it also sells traditional Indian snacks, like namkeen,
samosa, kachori etc., besides festive sweets like gujiyas around Holi.