Efforts Of Singapore In Controlling Traffic Congestion & Pollution


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Efforts Of Singapore In Controlling Traffic Congestion & Pollution

  1. 3. Queuing in runway Traffic congestion in the Airport
  2. 4. <ul><li>Reduce in regional economic health. </li></ul><ul><li>Delays resulting in lost business , personal losses etc…(late arrivals). </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to forecast travel time accurately. </li></ul><ul><li>wasted fuel increases air pollution & co2 emission which contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent repairs & replacements of vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Causing health problems in motorists….[stress, frustration ]. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency vehicles may be blocked. </li></ul><ul><li>“ rat running”( affects the neighborhood amenity) . </li></ul>
  3. 5. Main solution for controlling traffic congestion is Congestion pricing Congestion pricing or congestion charge is a system of Surcharging users of transport network in periods of peak Demand to reduce traffic congestion……
  4. 7. <ul><li>Cordon area pricing : charges for passing the cordon line around a city center. </li></ul><ul><li>Area wide pricing : charges for being inside an area. </li></ul><ul><li>Toll ring pricing : Toll collection surrounding the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Corridor pricing : Access to a lane is priced. </li></ul>
  5. 8. OBJECTIVE : To make users more aware of the costs that they impose upon one another when consuming during the peak demand, and that they should pay for the additional congestion they create . i.e. when demand exceeds supply……. Congestion pricing is widely used by telephone and electric utilities, metros ,railways & auto bus services. Critics maintain that congestion pricing is not equitable, places an economic burden on neighboring communities, has a negative effect on retail businesses and on economic activity in general, and is just another tax.
  6. 9. Electronic Road pricing
  7. 10. <ul><li>street markings and a sign (inset) with the white-on-red C alert drivers to the congestion charge. </li></ul>
  8. 11. A system that enables settlement of parking fees without parking Tickets and cash. IU-> in-vehicle unit. CHU->charging unit. <ul><li>More than 99% of vehicles in Singapore are equipped with IU’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Toll fee is collected into the IU’s using RF communication from IC cards. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Features of Electronic parking system: <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility of car park operation </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Service time </li></ul><ul><li>Access control system </li></ul><ul><li>Charging system </li></ul><ul><li>Free-flow charging system </li></ul>Types of Electronic parking system
  10. 14. <ul><li>Traffic decreased by about 13% during ERP operational hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles decreasing from 270,000 to 235,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Carpooling has increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Average road speeds increased by about 20%. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Traffic estimation & prediction system </li></ul><ul><li>This new system integrates with existing systems like </li></ul><ul><li>Green link determining system (GLIDE). </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic scan. </li></ul><ul><li>Expressway Monitoring Advisory system(EMAS). </li></ul><ul><li>Junction Electronic Eyes (J-Eyes). </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic road pricing (ERP). </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>This system is designed </li></ul><ul><li>To allow variable pricing. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved overall Traffic management. </li></ul><ul><li>Alert drivers about conditions ahead. </li></ul><ul><li>Charging the prices at the moment . </li></ul><ul><li>Trial results: </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy more than 85%. </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions up to 60 minutes </li></ul>
  13. 17. Control tower in Singapore
  14. 19. Efforts in controlling Air pollution <ul><li>Singapore Green plan 2012 (SGP 2012) </li></ul>AIM: To reduce Green house gas emissions up to 5% by 2012. <ul><li>By using : </li></ul><ul><li>New air pollution controlling equipments like Air filters , Gas& smoke analysis apparatus. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar panel technology as Energy provider. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas instead of fuels to generate electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>By installing catalytic converter in motor vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate energy such as hydro-electric power or wind </li></ul><ul><li>power instead of fossil fuels. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement of more eco-friendly vehicle use through “Green vehicle rebate.” </li></ul>
  15. 20. AIM: To make consumers more environmentally friendly & to support clean Emerging technologies. <ul><li>GREEN VEHICLES are more fuel efficient & emit less air pollutants. </li></ul>GVR was first introduced in 2001 .