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Yoga Chikitsa by Dr Ananda Balayogi bhavanani at Rishikesh IYF 2018


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Yogacharya Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani's presentation on Yoga Chikitsa at the Rishikesh International Yoga festival 2018 organised by Govt of Uttarakhand.

Published in: Health & Medicine

Yoga Chikitsa by Dr Ananda Balayogi bhavanani at Rishikesh IYF 2018

  1. 1. YOGA CHIKITSA Application of Yoga as Therapy Yogacharya Dr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANI MBBS, ADY, DSM, DPC, PGDFH, PGDY, MD (Alt Med), FIAY, C-IAYT Director and Professor Yoga Therapy Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry. www.
  2. 2. SWASTH: a dynamic state of wholesome wellness Samadoshah samaagnishch samadhaatu malakriyah prasanna atmendriya manah swasth ityabhidheeyate. - Sushrut Samhita (15:41) • Acharya Sushrut (~600 BC) defined health as “a dynamic balance of the elements and humors, normal metabolic activity and efficient elimination coupled with a tranquil mind, senses and contented soul”. • Yoga is truly the best means to achieve such a dynamic state of wholesome health at all levels of existence.
  3. 3. YOGA AND YOGA THERAPY YOGA -process and state of integration (mind-body --- spirit-universe) YOGA THERAPY - tools to attain integration at all levels
  4. 4. MechanismsofYoga MechanismsofYoga
  5. 5. Yoga Practices Postures, Breathing, Relaxation, Meditation Fitness ↑Flexibility ↑Strength ↑Coordination/Balance ↑Respiratory Function ↑Self-Efficacy Global Human Functionality ↑Physical & Mental Health, ↑Physical, Mental, Emotional Performance, ↑Positive Behavior Change, ↑Social Responsibility, Values, Relationships, ↑Quality of Life, ↑Life Purpose & Meaning, ↑Spirituality Self-Regulation ↑Emotion Regulation ↑Stress Regulation ↑Resilience ↑Equanimity ↑Self-Efficacy Awareness ↑Attention ↑Mindfulness ↑Concentration ↑Cognition ↑Meta-cognition Spirituality ↑Transcendence ↑Unitive State ↑Flow ↑Transformation ↑Life Meaning/Purpose * Concept and image courtesy of Sat Bir S Khalsa, PhD USA
  6. 6. DEFINITIONS OF YOGA  Kathopanishad: State of mastery over senses & mind  Bhagavad Gita  Equanimity of mind  Disassociation from the union with suffering  Yoga Vashistha: A skillful & subtle process to calm down the mind  Maitri Upanishad: Oneness of breath, mind & senses, and the abandonment of all states of existence  Swami Gitananda Giri:  Science & art of mastering the mind  The path of moderation  Four (five) fold awareness
  7. 7. CAUSE OF DISEASE ACCORDING TO YOGA  Primary cause – Dwaitam – duality - dichotomy  Disease = dis + ease (Asana-stira sukam and tado dwandwa anabigata)  Tri Doshas and their imbalance  Pranas and their imbalance  Yoga Vashistha - psychosomatic and non psychosomatic disorders  Somato-psychic disorders
  8. 8. LAGHU YOGA VASHISHTA  Adhija Vyadhi - the psychosomatic disorders  Anadhija Vyadhi - non psychosomatic disorders ADHIJA VYADHI  Samanya diseases are the ones that affect man physically and may be destroyed by the correction of the mind-body disharmony.  However only Atma Jnana can destroy the Sara or essential disorder of rebirth.
  9. 9. The yogic concept of origin of disease - Yoga Vashishta
  10. 10. THE YOGIC STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS Sapta Dhatu Nava Dhushya Dwadasha Krama Tri Dosha Tri Guna Pancha Kosha Tri Sharira
  11. 11. Pancha Koshas and Trisharira Gross embodiment Sthula Sharira • Annamaya Kosha - Physical existence Subtle embodiment Sukshma Sharira • Pranamaya Kosha- Functional existence • Manomaya Kosha- Psychological existence • Vignanamaya Kosha- Intellectual existence Causal embodiment Karana Sharira • Anandamaya Kosha- Universal existence
  12. 12. Sapta Dhatus Seven structural components
  13. 13. Nava Dhushyas (Nine Physical Structural Systems)
  14. 14. Dwadasha Krama = Nava Dhushya + ......
  15. 15. Dwadasha Kramas = Nava Dhushyas + ......  PRANA - the cosmic catalyst associated with emotions and its sub units :  Prana Vayus (nerve currents),  Prana Nadis (channels of Pranic flow),  Prana Vahaka (nerve impulses),  Prana Vahana (nerve fluids),  Prana Vana (psychic vortexes of Chakra energy),  Prana Granthis (nodes of Prana) and  Prana Bindus (foci of higher mental energy).
  16. 16. Dwadasha Kramas = Nava Dhushyas + ......  MANAS - subconscious, conscious and super- conscious mind including the Buddhi (intellect), Bindu (foci of consciousness), Loka (planes of consciousness), Mandala (etheric mental and energy patterns and fields)
  17. 17. Dwadasha Kramas = Nava Dhushyas + ......  CHAKRA : Vortices of cosmic energy located along the pathway of Sushumna Nadi.  Located in psychic /energy body.  According to Gitananda teachings there are 6 lower and 6 higher Chakras making a total of 12 Chakras.  Minor Chakras situated at vital junctions of body.  Related to major nerve plexi and endocrine glands present in the physical body (Annamaya Kosha).  Connected to a network of psychic channels (Nadis).
  18. 18. PRINCIPLES OF YOGA THERAPY  Become aware of your body, emotions and mind  Improve your dietary habits  Relax yourself completely  Slow down your breath -quiet and deep  Calm down your mind and focus it inwardly  Improve the flow of Healing Pranic Life Energy to all parts of your body, especially to those diseased parts, thus relaxing, regenerating and reinvigorating yourself  Decrease your stress level by fortifying yourself against various omnipresent stressors
  19. 19. PRINCIPLES OF YOGA THERAPY-2  Increase your self reliance and self confidence  Facilitate the natural emanation of waste from your body by the practice of Yoga Shuddi Kriyas such as Dhauti, Basti and Neti.  Remember that ultimately it is “YOU” who are responsible for your health and well being and must take the initiative to develop positive health to tide you over challenging times of ill health.  Health and happiness are your birthright, claim them and develop them to your maximum potential.
  20. 20. YOGA THERAPY MODELS  Yoga Vasishta (Pancha Kosha) model  Chaturvyuha model: heya-hetu-hana-upaya  Klesha / Vayu / Chakra models  Kaivalyadhama model  Cultivation of correct psychological attitudes  Reconditioning of the neuro-muscular and neuro-glandular system  Appropriate diet and encouraging the natural processes of elimination
  21. 21. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS  ANNAMAYA KOSHA INTERVENTIONS: Jattis (Shitileekarana Vyayama), Kriyas (structured movements), Asanas and dietary modifications and control.  PRANAMAYA KOSHA INTERVENTIONS: Shat Karmas, Pranayamas, Prananusandhana, breath awareness, breath-movement coordination and the energizing and balancing of the Pranic energy.  MANOMAYA KOSHA INTERVENTIONS: Trataka, Concentration (Dharana), meditation (Dhyana) and Japa
  22. 22. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS (Contd..)  VIGNANAMAYA KOSHA INTERVENTIONS: Analysis (Swadhyaya), lectures, spiritually uplifting exchange (Satsangha) & experience (Anubhava)  ANANDAMAYA KOSHA INTERVENTIONS: Learning to implement principles of Karma Yoga (Yoga is skilled action without expectation). Following the principle of action in relaxation brings about joy in all activities. A realization that we live in a blissful universe & that all life is joy is to be brought about through use of Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga and elements such as Bhajans, counseling and Satsanghas.
  23. 23. YOGA THERAPY MODALITIES  PHYSICAL THERAPIES  Asanas, Kriyas, Mudras and Bandhas  EMOTIONAL THERAPIES  Swadyaya, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Bhajans  Development of +ve psychological attitudes  Vairagya  Chitta Prasadan  Maitri Karuna Mudita and Upekshanam etc  MENTAL THERAPIES  Relaxation and visualization practices, Trataka, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana as well as Dhyana
  24. 24. YOGA THERAPY MODALITIES (Contd…)  SPIRITUAL THERAPIES  Swadyaya, Satsangha, Bhajans and Yogic counseling  PREVENTIVE THERAPIES  Start early in childhood  Prevention of accidents  Improved immunity  Knows the technique so that can do it if needed  REHABILITATIVE THERAPIES  Prevention of disability and improving quality of life  PAIN RELIEF THERAPIES  Increases pain tolerance - improved quality of life
  25. 25. Yogic 12-Point System of Diagnosis and Health Evaluation
  26. 26. LIMITATIONS OF YOGA THERAPY Not a miracle cure for all problems Use discrimination (Viveka) Not for emergencies Consult a doctor where in doubt Each patient is different Different approaches of different traditions Don’t be a quack
  27. 27. A modern integrated approach  The need of the modern age is to have an integrated approach towards therapy and to utilize Yoga therapy with coordination and collaboration with other systems of medicine such as Allopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha and Naturopathy  Physiotherapy and chiropractic practices may be used with the Yoga if needed  Advise on diet and life style is very important
  28. 28. IN CONCLUSION Yoga is an integrated way of life Awareness and consciousness play a great part in guiding our spiritual evolution through life in the social system itself and not in some remote cave in the mountains or hut in the forest. "Yoga is the science and art of right- useness of body, emotions and mind” - Yogamaharishi Dr Swami Gitananda Giri
  29. 29. “Health and happiness are your birthright. Do not forsake your golden culture for the plastic playthings of the modern world. Learn and live Yoga for then you will know true health and happiness” Yogamaharishi Dr Swami Gitananda Giri Guru Maharaj (1907-1993) Founder ICYER at Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry
  30. 30. Thank You
  31. 31. Accredited with ‘AA’ grade by NAAC