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WELLBEING & HEALTHY LIVING THROUGH YOGA

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Dr Ananda's class for BSc AHS students at Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth

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WELLBEING & HEALTHY LIVING THROUGH YOGA

  1. 1. WELLBEING & HEALTHY LIVING THROUGH YOGA Yogacharya Dr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANI MBBS, ADY, DSM, DPC, PGDFH, PGDY, MD (Alt Med), FIAY, C-IAYT Director and Professor Yoga Therapy Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry. www. sbvu.ac.in
  2. 2. SRI BALAJI VIDYAPEETH (Deemed University Accredited with “A” Grade by NAAC) Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER) Salutogenesis, our focus!
  3. 3. Bridging the experiential wisdom of Yoga with empirical modern medical science. Yoga is usually found in Physical Edu & Sports deptts of universities We at CYTER, have it in a medical institution since 2010 – quality of life enhancing benefits for ~ 48000 patients – educating future Yoga therapists (PGDYT, M.Phil, PhD), – creating awareness amongst medical, dental, nursing & AHS students & professionals – scientifically researching Yoga, – 82 publications & 6 CMEs. – IDY celebrations since 2015
  4. 4. Salutogenesis, our Focus • Moving from pathogenesis, the focus on disease towards salutogenesis, the focus on health! • CYTER is striding forward on an innovative path of promoting holistic health for one and all. www.sbvu.ac.in
  5. 5. Salutogenesis • Derivation of Greek + Latin – Latin:Latin: salussalus = health= health – Greek:Greek: genesisgenesis = source= source • In combination = Sources of health
  6. 6. Sense of Coherence (SOC)(SOC) The heart of Salutogenesis “a pervasive, long-lasting and dynamic feeling of confidence that one’s internal and external environments are predictable and that there is a high probability that things will work out as well as can be expected” (Antonovsky, 1979)  SOC has strong positive correlations to perceived health, mental health, and quality of life.
  7. 7. 3 components of Sense of Coherence (3 components of Sense of Coherence (SOCSOC))  COMPREHENSIBLE - Cognition - “My world is understandable”  MANAGEABLE - Coping Skill - “My world is manageable”  MEANINGFUL - Motivation - “My world has meaning”
  8. 8. SALUTOGENESIS versus PATHOGENESIS… Pathogenesis • What causes diseases? • About avoiding problems •Reactive - absence disease • Against pain or loss • Prepares one to live Salutogenesis • What causes health? • About reaching potential • Proactive - presence health • For gain or growth • Discover how to live fully
  9. 9. It doesn’t matter how many resources you have. If you don’t know how to use them, it will never be enough.
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION  Good health & wellbeing–priceless  Ill health & disease – a curse  The ‘State of Wellbeing’ has physical, emotional, mental and spiritual dimensions  Unhealthy lifestyle is a major underlying factor for disease, disability and death.  Yoga is primarily a ‘Way of Life’  Adopt a Yogic lifestyle to – Promote wellness – Prevent dis-ease
  11. 11. CHOICE IS OURS RESOLVE NOW !!!! • If healthy – to stay fit • If unwell – to restore health
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES OF LIFESTYLE MODIFICATIONS • Natural, effective and safe • Complementary to “modern” medicine • Inexpensive Should be the basis of our public health policy and clinical approach Are our health providers trained?
  13. 13. WHAT IS YOGA ? • Union (Yuj) of – Body, emotions and mind – Jivatma with Paramatma • Skill in action • Stilling the whirlpools of the mind • Unity of thought, word and deed • Four (five) fold awareness • Equanimity of mind • A way of life • Conscious evolution
  14. 14. Yoga & Modern Medicine: Meeting Points • Modern medical advancements provide the rationale for the integration of various traditional healing techniques including Yoga to promote healing, health, and longevity • Potential to provide us with a holistic health science - a boon for psychosomatic health • WHO : spiritual health in the “state of health’ • Modern medicine : accidents, acute illness, emergencies and communicable diseases • Yoga: preventive, promotive and rehabilitative methods in addition to many management methods to tackle modern illnesses.
  15. 15. Relevance to HPE professionals • Yoga is an experiential science and a dynamic state of health is a by-product of Yoga • “Re-orients the functional hierarchy of the entire nervous system” - Dr B Ramamurthy • Effective in preventing and combating the modern pandemic of stress borne disorders. • Scientific evidence indicates that Yoga has – promotive, preventive and curative potential, – is a safe, non-pharmacological therapy and is – an effective lifestyle adjunct to reduce drug dosage and improve QOL of patients
  16. 16. • Psychosomatic and stress related disorders – DM, hypertension, bronchial asthma, IBS, epilepsy, back pain and functional disorders • Reduce / eliminate drug dosage / dependence in – DM, hypertension, epilepsy, anxiety, bronchial asthma, constipation, dyspepsia, insomnia, arthritis, sinusitis and dermatological disorders • Yoga therapists must work in tandem with medical doctors when treating patients on allopathic treatment • “The treatment of the part shouldn’t be attempted without a treatment of the entirety” - the treatment of the body without treating the mind and soul is a useless waste of time”- Plato
  17. 17. • LIFE STYLE MODIFICATIONS: “Yoga is a system of perfect tools for achieving union as well as healing”- Dr Dean Ornish • REHABILITATION: “Modern medicine kept me alive, Yoga gave me back my life”- Dr Swami Gitananda Giri • COPING SKILLS: “Yoga may not be able to always cure but it can surely help us to endure”- Sri BKS Iyengar • HEALTHY DIET : biogenic, guna based diets • RELAXATION: spanda -nishpanda concepts • EXPENDITURE: cost effective, cost lowering • AGING : anti-aging, regenerating, “young at heart” • PSYCHOTHERAPY: the mind and beyond • WOMEN’S HEALTH: puberty, pregnancy, menopause • RESEARCH: Basic and applied scientific & literary
  18. 18. ASHTANGA YOGA Eight limbs of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga • Yama - morality for daily living • Niyama - ethics for the self • Asana - firm & comfortable posture • Pranayama - control of the vital energy • Pratyahara - withdrawal from the senses • Dharana - one pointed concentration • Dhyana - state of meditation • Samadhi - absolute oneness/absorption
  19. 19. And not merely the absence of disease.And not merely the absence of disease. Definition of Health (WHO)Definition of Health (WHO) Health is a dynamic state of complete… Health is a dynamic state of complete…
  20. 20. ADVANTAGES OF YOGA Wholistic: • Preventive, promotive, curative • Science, philosophy, art • Involves body, mind, spirit • Desirable +ve “side benefits” • Simultaneous improvement in health and control of other conditions • Relief from stress - the main cause of Adhija Vyadhi (psychosomatic disorders)
  21. 21. Yoga enables us to attain, maintain or regain a dynamic sukha sthanam a dynamic sense of physical, mental and spiritual well being.
  22. 22. How does it work?
  23. 23. • Yoga helps cultivation of positive health (swasth) through three integral steps: – Cultivation of appropriate psychological attitudes (bhavanam), – Reconditioning of neuro-muscular and neuro-glandular system – in fact, the whole body – enabling it to withstand stress and strain better (samatvam), – Laying great emphasis on appropriate diet conducive to such a peak state of health, and encouraging natural processes of elimination through various cleansing processes (shuddhi kriya).
  24. 24. PSYCHO-NEURO-IMMUNO-ENDOCRINOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF STRESS NERVOUS SYSTEM ENDOCRINE SYSTEM IMMUNE SYSTEM MENTAL & PHYSICAL ILLNESS +ve+ve YOGA YOGA -ve STRESS HEALTH
  25. 25. PRINCIPLES OF YOGA THERAPY • Become aware of your body, emotions & mind • Improve your dietary habits • Relax yourself consciously • Let your breathing be calm and deep • Let your mind focus inwardly • Improve flow of Healing Prana • Fortify yourself against omnipresent stressors. • Increase your self-reliance and self-confidence • Facilitate natural emanation of waste. • Self responsibility for health and happiness.
  26. 26. Yoga places great importance on a proper and healthy lifestyle whose main components are: ACHAR – healthy physical activities & exercise VICHAR – right thoughts and right attitude towards life that are vital for wellbeing. AHAR – healthy, nourishing diet with adequate intake of fresh water; balanced intake of fresh food, green salads, sprouts, unrefined cereals & fresh fruits. Sattwic diet, prepared & served with love & affection. VIHAR – proper recreational activities to relax body and mind are essential for good health. VYAVAHAR – healthy relationships for social health
  27. 27. PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS • Improved general health, posture, muscle tone, sleep, immunity and pain tolerance • Weight normalizes • Stable autonomic nervous system • Increased cardio-respiratory efficiency, musculo- skeletal flexibility, range of joint movement, physical endurance, strength and energy levels • Decreased HR,BP,RR and EMG activity • Normalizes GIT and endocrine function
  28. 28. PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS • Improved mood • Increased – somatic awareness, kinesthetic awareness, subjective well-being, – self-acceptance – self-actualization ,social adjustment • Decreased – hostility, anxiety, depression
  29. 29. PSYCHOMOTOR BENEFITS • Increased – grip strength, dexterity, fine skills • Improved – eye-hand coordination – reaction time – depth perception – steadiness and balance – integrated functioning of body parts
  30. 30. COGNITIVE FUNCTION Improved Attention Learning efficiency Depth perception Concentration Memory
  31. 31. BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS The biochemical profile improves, indicating an Anti Stress & Anti Oxidant effect, important in the prevention of degenerative disorders.
  32. 32. Some Disorders Amiable to Yoga Therapy • C.V.S :Essential HT,CAD • Respiratory :Asthma, COPD • Stress :Tension headache • M.S :Backache, RA, Spondilitis • Metabolic :DM, thyroid disorders, obesity • G.I.T :IBS, dyspepsia, ulcerative colitis • Psychiatric :Anxiety, depression, phobias • C.N.S :Mental retardation, epilepsy, migraine and other headaches
  33. 33. Rig Veda “Let noble thoughts come to us from everywhere.”
  34. 34. • What perspective do you choose in life? • Why do you choose it? • How do you choose it? • Are you open to others perspectives?
  35. 35. Whooshing tensions away-nasarga mukha bhastrika
  36. 36. Thank You!Thank You!

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