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Hathenas of the Gitananda Yoga Tradition

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Yogacharya Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani's presentation on the Hathenas,the forcing techniques of the Gitananda Yoga Tradition

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Hathenas of the Gitananda Yoga Tradition

  1. 1. HATHENASHATHENAS ~~ forcing techniques to enhanceforcing techniques to enhance lung function~lung function~ YogacharyaYogacharya Dr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANIDr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANI MBBS, ADY, DSM, DPC, PGDFH, PGDY, MD (Alt Med), FIAY, C-IAYTMBBS, ADY, DSM, DPC, PGDFH, PGDY, MD (Alt Med), FIAY, C-IAYT DirectorDirector Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER),Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry. www. sbvu.ac.inSri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry. www. sbvu.ac.in
  2. 2. MechanismsofYoga MechanismsofYoga
  3. 3. Yoga Practices Postures, Breathing, Relaxation, Meditation Fitness ↑Flexibility ↑Strength ↑Coordination/Balance ↑Respiratory Function ↑Self-Efficacy Global Human Functionality ↑Physical & Mental Health, ↑Physical, Mental, Emotional Performance, ↑Positive Behavior Change, ↑Social Responsibility, Values, Relationships, ↑Quality of Life, ↑Life Purpose & Meaning, ↑Spirituality Self-Regulation ↑Emotion Regulation ↑Stress Regulation ↑Resilience ↑Equanimity ↑Self-Efficacy Awareness ↑Attention ↑Mindfulness ↑Concentration ↑Cognition ↑Meta-cognition Spirituality ↑Transcendence ↑Unitive State ↑Flow ↑Transformation ↑Life Meaning/Purpose * Concept and image courtesy of Sat Bir S Khalsa, PhD USA
  4. 4. HATHENASHATHENAS Asanas, Kriyas and Mudras to mindfully utilize all parts of the lungs by consciously forcing air into all of the bronco-pulmonary segments. “Yatho mana, tatho prana” Where the mind goes, there the energy flows!
  5. 5. VibhagaVibhaga PranayamaPranayama  Adham PranayamaAdham Pranayama  abdominal and lower limb disordersabdominal and lower limb disorders  Madhyam PranayamaMadhyam Pranayama  chest and upper limb disorderschest and upper limb disorders  Adhyam PranayamaAdhyam Pranayama  head and neck disordershead and neck disorders  Mahat Yoga PranayamaMahat Yoga Pranayama  affects the whole bodyaffects the whole body Focusing consciousness into broncho-pulmonary segments
  6. 6. Vibhaga PranayamaVibhaga Pranayama Adham PranayamaAdham Pranayama Low Chest BreathingLow Chest Breathing Madhyam Pranayama Mid Chest Breathing Adhyam Pranayama Upper Chest Breathing Mahat Yoga Pranayama Integrated Complete Breath
  7. 7. Adhama (low lung areas) Madhyama (mid lung areas) Adhyama (high lung areas) Mahat Yoga (unified lung areas) HATHENAS
  8. 8. Pranava PranayamaPranava Pranayama  Using foundation of VibhagaUsing foundation of Vibhaga  Chanting Akara, Ukara, Makara andChanting Akara, Ukara, Makara and Omkara NadaOmkara Nada  2 to 3 times longer exhalations2 to 3 times longer exhalations  Appropriate hand gestures (Mudras)Appropriate hand gestures (Mudras)
  9. 9. Adham PranayamaAdham Pranayama “A” Breathing Part of Body Part of Brain Lower Chest Lower Reptilian complex
  10. 10. Madhyam PranayamaMadhyam Pranayama “U” Breathing Part of Body Part of Brain Mid Chest Mid Mammalian complex
  11. 11. Adhyam PranayamaAdhyam Pranayama “M” Breathing Part of Body Part of Brain Upper Chest Upper Neo-cortex
  12. 12. Pranava AUM PranayamaPranava AUM Pranayama “AUM” Breathing Part of Body Part of Brain Whole Chest Whole Body Whole Brain
  13. 13. Recent research on Hathenas andRecent research on Hathenas and COPD from CYTERCOPD from CYTER
  14. 14. Comparison of delta changes in lung function in adjuvant yoga therapy group and control (medication alone) group before and after the four weeks study period. ***p<0.001 by Student’s unpaired ‘t’ test for inter group comparison.***p<0.001 by Student’s unpaired ‘t’ test for inter group comparison. *** ***
  15. 15. *p<0.05, **p<0.01 & ***p<0.001 by Student’s unpaired ‘t’ test for inter group comparison.*p<0.05, **p<0.01 & ***p<0.001 by Student’s unpaired ‘t’ test for inter group comparison. Comparison of delta in symptoms, activities, impact & total SGRQ scores in adjuvant yoga therapy and control (medication alone) groups before & after 4 weeks study period. *** ***** * SS – symptoms score, AS – activity score, IS – impacts score, QS – quality score (total)
  16. 16. Recent research on Hathenas andRecent research on Hathenas and Diabetic lung from CYTERDiabetic lung from CYTER
  17. 17. Comparison of delta changes in adjuvant yoga therapy (Hathenas) and control groups before and after 4 months study period Values are given as mean ± SD. Actual p values are given for intergroup comparison by Student’s unpaired T test. Parameters Yoga (Hathenas) Control p value Weight (kg) -4.01 ± 1.50 0.42 ± 2.05 < 0.0001 BMI (kg/m)² -1.55 ± 0.63 0.12 ± 0.75 <0.0001 FBS (mg/dl) -38.21 ± 23.72 5.08 ± 6.88 <0.0001 PPBS (mg/dl) -82.41 ± 42.91 5.72 ± 12.04 <0.0001 HbA1c (%) -1.09 ± 0.43 0.13 ± 0.20 <0.0001 FEV1 (l) 0.54 ± 0.77 0.04 ± 0.18 0.0003 FVC(l) 0.52 ± 1.06 0.13 ± 0.35 0.042 FEV1/FVC 2.77 ± 14.01 -1.51 ± 3.49 0.083 Blood Urea (mg/dl) -2.08 ± 1.52 0.6 ± 1.82 <0.0001 Sr Creatinine (mg/dl) -0.15 ± 0.13 0.07 ± 0.14 <0.0001
  18. 18. Accredited with ‘AA’ grade by NAAC

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