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Educative Souvenir of SBV IDY 2018 celebrations organised by CYTER

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Souvenir of the SBV IDY 2018 Celebrations organised by CYTER.
As per UGC and AYUSH guidelines Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth celebrated the IDY 2018 with a 2-weeklong series of events organised by CYTER from 11-26 June 2018.
This included as highlights events such as
· 18.6.2018 - Promoting Mental Health in Corporate Sector through Simplified Yoga Practices: Awareness program at Integra Software Services, Pondicherry.
· 19.6.2018 - Promoting Mental Health in Silver Citizens through Simplified Yoga Practices: Awareness program at Serene Pelican
· 20.6.2018 - "Yoga for all", Awareness Program on Yoga for General public at MRD, MGMCRI, SBV
· 21.6.2018 - Mass Yoga Demonstration at the Promenade of Pondicherry Beach along with other programs in association with the Tourism Dept., Govt., of Puducherry.
· 22 & 23.6.2018 - Promotion of physical, mental and emotional harmony for Caregivers (parents and teachers) and children with special needs through Yoga. Program for the Satya Special School, Pondicherry.
· 24.6.2018 - Importance of Psychological health and well-being in Transgender population in collaboration with the Sahodaran Community Oriented Health Development (SCHOD) Society at Head Office of SCHOD Society
· 25.6.2018 - Regional Level Yogasana Competition for students of Health Professions Educational institutions of the Puducherry region in association with Pondicherry Yogasana Association
· 26.6.2018 - National Seminar-cum-CME on “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” at SBV.

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Educative Souvenir of SBV IDY 2018 celebrations organised by CYTER

  1. 1. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 2 Chief Patron Shri MK RAJAGOPALAN Chairman SBECPT and Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Dr PRASHANTH RAJAGOPALAN ViceChairmanSBECPT Patrons Prof. KR SETHURAMAN Prof. N ANANTHAKRISHNAN Vice-Chancellor, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Dean, Research &Allied Health Sciences, SBV Advisory Panel Prof. AR Srinivasan Prof. M Ravishankar Prof. PF Kotur Registrar, SBV Dean, MGMC&RI Dean, SSSMC&RI Prof. V NirmalCoumare Prof. Saravana Kumar Prof. K Renuka Medical Superintendent, MGMC&RI Principal, IGIDS Principal, KGNC Prof J Anbalagan Prof.Madanmohan Principal (In-charge), AHS Former Director & Hon Advisor, CYTER Organizing Chairman Organizing Secretary Dr.Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani Dr Meena Ramanathan Prof & Director, CYTER Associate Prof & Dep Director, CYTER Treasurer Shri G Dayanidy Lecturer, CYTER Dr. Mahalakshmi, VP (Curriculum), MGMCRI Dr. Partha Nandi, VP (Students), MGMCRI Dr. AN Uma, VP, Allied Health Sciences, SBV Smt. MB Josephine, Student Welfare Officer, SBV Smt. Priya Philip, Student Counselor, SBV Shri.Dhanushapnadeesh, CYTER Smt. G Sarulatha, CYTER Mrs Mangala Gowri, CYTER Ms. Gayathri B, CYTER SmtAsha, GM Administration, SBV Sri Joseph Naresh, Deputy Registrar, SBV Sri KannanIyer, GM Finance, SBV Prof. BV Adkoli, MEU, SBV Dr. A Sanguida, IGIDS Dr. Balaji R, CYTER Dr. Vasundhara VR, CYTER Sri Anbazhagan V, CYTER Smt Vidyasri R, CYTER IDY Core Team
  2. 2. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 3 Sl.no Content Page no. 1. Messages 4 2. From the desk of organizing chairman 15 3. From the desk of organizing secretary 16 4. Invitation and scientific programme 17 5. A brief introduction to our esteemed CME faculty 21 6. Claiming One’s Birthright Through Yoga by Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani 30 7. Yoga for Health Lifestyle by Dr W Selvamurthy &Ms. Sneha Nair 36 8. Yogic Tools for Mental Health and Wellbeing by Dr Chinmay Pandya 45 9. Role of Yoga in Mental Health and Psychiatric Disorders by Dr Naveen G Halappa 47 10. Transsexual Health Perspective by Dr Sameera M J 54 11. Understanding The Third Gender: A Yogic Perspective by Dr Meena Ramanathan & Dr Ananda B Bhavanani 57 12. Application of Yoga in Primary Health Care by Dr Surekha A 63 13. Take Control Over Your Health with Alkaline Diet by Dr Vasundhara VR 65 14. Mental Health & Personality Development through Yoga by Sri Dayanidy G& Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 67 15. Abstracts of Invited Presentations 71 16. Innovative aspects of CYTER 75
  3. 3. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 4 M.K. Rajagopalan Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University – Accredited by NAAC with “A” Grade) Pondicherry. MESSAGE FROM THE CHANCELLOR The International Yoga Day is a great initiative of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi Ji at the Historic address to the UN General Assembly on 27/9/2014. He emphatically highlighted the 5000yr old yoga tradition - a priceless gift served to the comity of Nations by our Dear Mother India. Yoga and the Yogic way of life could be considered as cardinal features of the very essence of life itself. Out Hon’ble Prime Minister inaugurated the 1st International Day of Yoga on 21/6/2015 which witnessed a phenomenal 35000 plus people practicing yoga at a single session and ata single venue. At Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) I am proud to state that a dedicated Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER) is in place which has been creating waves in the frontiers of academics, patient care, research & Administration in the realms of yoga in India. CYTER leaves no stone unturned in facilitating national initiatives such as the IDY. IDY is also being highlighted by AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India& the apex regulatory commission, namely University Grants Commission. A detailed plan of significant events has been chalked out by CYTER that is spread over a week, beginning on 19th June 2018. While wishing IDY 2018, celebrations at SBV a hearty success, I deem it a privilege to state that SBV will promote health & wellness in the years to come and that by embracing complimentary medicine into the folds of Modern , Allopathic Medicine.
  4. 4. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 5 Prof. K.R. Sethuraman Vice Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth MESSAGE FROM THE VICE CHANCELLOR – Mother, Aurobindo Ashram It is heart-warming to note that CYTER, Faculty of Allied Health Science, SBV, is once again geared up to commemorate the International Day of Yoga 2018 in a fitting manner, in tune with SBV’s mission to mainstream evidence-based complementary and alternate systems of Medicine. Having successfully introduced Yoga to all the medical, dental and nursing students of SBV, CYTER can offer evidence based strategies to introduce Yoga in Health Professions Education. It is equally note-worthy that CYTER plans to conduct a workshop on “Silver Yoga” to take the health enriching benefits of Yoga to the doorsteps of the elderly. Given the steady rise of the population of elderly in India, ‘silver yoga’ initiative is timely to promote health and wellness among them. Given the past record of CYTER, we are certain that the events planned for 2018 will once again be successful in reaching out to various stake-holders. As Mother has said, may the ancient wisdom of Yoga continue to promote harmony and union among the people of the World during 21st Century and beyond.
  5. 5. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 6 Prof. N. Ananthakrishnan Dean- Research Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN – RESEARCH In accordance with Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth traditions, CYTER is conducting week long celebrations with a series of events to promote Salutogenesis in the population served by our Institute, from 18th-26th June 2018. The focus this year is on Mental Health and Psychological Health particularly of Senior citizens. CYTER has been doing yeoman service in propagating Yoga amongst the public as a measure of promoting good health, in addition to targeting specific interventions in combination with modern medicine for enabling healing or palliation of the sick. Over the years, the efforts of the department in this direction, has raised its profile at the National level, besides bringing considerable laurels to SBV in publicizing SBV’s unique contribution to holistic health. SBV in this respect stands out amongst Health Science Universities. I am sure, the team of CYTER would continue to take further giant steps forward and bring greater distinction to themselves and SBV besides taking care of the health and wellbeing of thousands of people. I wish them all success for this year’s Yoga week and for their future endeavors.
  6. 6. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 7 Prof.A.R.Srinivasan Registrar Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth MESSAGE FROM THE REGISTRAR It gives me immense pleasure to note that IDY 2018 is to be celebrated in a grand manner, under the aegis of Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth. A host of well planned activities find place in the impressive schedule of events that is being put forth. Mention must be made of the Regional level Yogasana competition, programme for the transgender population, besides other endeavours. CYTER has been striving to uphold Yoga and Yogic way of life at SBV, through several activities in the frontal areasof academics, patient care and research. It has been celebrating IDY, ever since its inception. Furthermore, CYTERcontinues to embark on unique and value added extension services that lend credibility and purpose to the activities. Wishing IDY 18 at CYTER grand success!!!
  7. 7. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 8 Prof. M Ravishankar Dean Mahatma Gandhi Medical College &Research Institute MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN Our Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi urged the world community to adopt an International Day of Yoga during United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on September 27, 2014 and as a result 21 June has become the International Day of Yoga. He had said that Yoga is an invaluable gift of ancient Indian tradition. It embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature and a holistic approach to health and well-being. It gives me great pleasure that International Day of Yoga Celebrations 2018 is being organized by Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education & Research (CYTER) at MGMCRI under auspices of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry from 18 to 26 June 2018. I am happy that awareness programmes are being conducted for senior citizens, Special children, Transgender, General public and corporate as well as Yogasana competitions and demonstrations of faculty and students, and a National Seminar cum CME on "Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga" are being held during the above IDY 2018 celebrations. I wish the function every success.
  8. 8. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 9 Prof. V NirmalCoumare Medical Superintendent MGMC&RI MESSAGE FROM THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT It is a matter of immense pride and pleasure to witness the growth of CYTER in all length and breadth by exploring its strength to contribute towards patient care, academics and research. The grand celebrations planned from 18 to 26 June for the International Day of Yoga 2018 is commendable and their National Seminar and CME on "Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga" is very timely. I wish the programme a great success and appreciate the team CYTER for their relentless efforts in conducting this event
  9. 9. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 10 AMMAJI, YogachariniMeenakshi Devi Bhavanani Director ICYER at Ananda Ashram and YoganjaliNatyalayam, Pondicherry. 10TUwww.icyer.comU10T MESSAGE OF BLESSINGS It recognized that Yoga “provides a holistic approach to health and well-being” and that wider dissemination of information about benefits of practicing Yoga would be beneficial for the health of the world population. Even to hear the word “Yoga” is a blessing. Even a partial understanding of its depth and scope is a dip in the wading pool of the ocean of consciousness. Everything must start somewhere, and perhaps for millions, this is the start of a new beginning, on awakening. Our honourable Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi has said, “Yoga can be a vital factor in changing the lifestyle and creating consciousness with climate change” It is only Shri Modiji, who is a fervent practitioner of Yoga himself as well as a devout Hindu, could include the idea of “changing life style and creating consciousness” which are the core values of Yoga. He seems to be “walking his talk” and “taking his walk” … all marks of a true Yogic spirit. The flag of Yoga and all it symbolizes now flies over the community of nations! May those of us who adore this ancient wisdom keep it flying high! I wish the CYTER team all the very best in their efforts to propagate this ancient art and science of India within a modern framework for the benefit of society worldwide.
  10. 10. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 11 Dr H R NAGENDRA, PhD Chancellor S-VYASA & President –VYASA Chairman, IDY Experts Committee, Task force of AYUSH, and SAC of CCRYN, Ministry of AYUSH, GOI. Chairman, Expert Committee on Yoga for Teacher Educators, NCTE, Yoga for schools, NCERT Chairperson, "Committee on Yoga Education in Universities" & Member, Committee for Development of Vision and Road Map for the development of Sanskrit, Ministry of HRD, GOI Chancellor, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru. MESSAGE OF BLESSINGS I am happy to note that Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondichery is involved in promoting education in areas related to health from under graduate level to Post Graduate level, under the umbrella of its various institutes established by Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth. The institute, apart from promoting formal traditional professional education, is also promoting the traditional ancient Indian knowledge of Yoga Education and Research under “Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER)”. Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER) is engaged in spreading awareness about traditional Yoga and its benefit for the welfare of the society, in addition to carrying out research in yoga with a view to establish the scientific validations of Yoga for health and mind and thus establishing the strong scientific foundation for Yoga, which is the need of the hour. As part of celebrating IDY, CYTER has envisaged a five day long program including National Seminar-cum-CME on “Swastha Manas: Mental and Well-being through Yoga” on the concluding day and thus give more emphasis to adopt traditional ancient system of medicine specially Yoga. I convey my best wishes to Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth and CYTER for their efforts in promoting Yoga and I wish the Institute all the success in its endeavor.
  11. 11. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 12 Smt HANSAJI JAYADEVA YOGENDRA Director, The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Mumbai, India MESSAGE It is wonderful that the World Yoga Day is being celebrated. Since Yoga is a way of life, every day and every, moment is a yoga day! We are very happy that the Fourth International Day of Yoga is being celebrated all over the country and the world and also at Pondicherry. Yoga with its immense wisdom is useful for all human beings. The medical professionals deal with humans at all levels and Yoga its philosophy, technology and psychology would help heal and mitigate suffering. Yoga basically is an 'education in living and introducing Yoga education in the medical professionals syllabus would be wonderful as it is holistic and comprehensive., The physician himself would benefit a great deal and the society looks up to doctors and them becoming better human beings would enrich many lives. We appreciate the efforts of CYTER to spread the message of Yoga to the medical community. We appreciate the splendid work of Ananda Ashram in Pondicherry that has been done for all these years by Yogacharini Meenakshi Deviji and Dr. Ananda Balayogiji who have dedicated their lives in teaching Yoga, art and culture and making thousands of people’s lives beautiful. We send our message of strength and dedication to fulfil this noble aim of Yoga, leading to peace, harmony and happiness in the world.
  12. 12. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 13 DR. W. Selvamurthy, Ph.D., D.Sc. President Amity Science, Technology and Innovation Foundation (ASTIF), Director General, Amity Directorate of Science & Innovation Chancellor, Amity University Chhattisgarh and Chair Professor for Life Sciences (Former Distinguished Scientist and Chief Controller R&D (LS), DRDO) Tel: 91(0) 120 4392045 / 91-9871372441 / 91-9818801028 E-mail: wselvamurthy@amity.edu MESSAGE I am delighted to know Center for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), is planning to celebrate International Day of Yoga 2018 by organizing a week long programme from 18th June, 2018 to 26th June, 2018. Yoga is our ancient Indian wisdom which has promoted positive health for 100 of years. Recently yoga has become global with formal acceptance of United Nation accepting 21st June as International day of Yoga. This is a great recognition for our Science of Yoga. It has tremendous potential to create new world order filled with harmony, peace and prosperity. The various sessions with CYTER has planned to organize on this occasion such as Yoga for promoting Mental Health; physical, mental and emotional harmony for Caregivers (parents and teachers), and children with special needs; importance of Psychological health and wellbeing in Transgender population etc. will have great positive impact on various cross section of the society. These sections will prove beneficial to each and every participant and would propagate importance of Yogic practice which is close to my heart. Wishing you all the best for the success of the programme.
  13. 13. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 14 Sri Subodh Tiwari CEO, Kaivalyadhama Yoga institute, Lonavla, Maharashtra. MESSAGE The ultimate goal of human being is to attain the state of perfect freedom from the shackles of ignorance, which is the generator of all the pangs and miseries of life. The unavoidable afflictions of life naturally initiatea quest to know the cause of all sufferings and to discover the means to overpower the same. The ancient seers of India by way of intensive investigation discovered the royal science called Yoga, the cultivation of which brings about a wonderful transformation in human being. This profound transformation makes the man aware of the glory of his infinite nature setting him free from the clutch of affliction and sorrow. Though Yoga is primarily considered as the restraint of mind and senses, it is nonetheless true that the physical body also partakes a vital role in actualizing the coveted transformation. The ancient tradition of India therefore lays a great emphasis on physical strength and well-being. The seers of the Upanishads exhort: 'Let my limbs wax strong, Let my speech, vital force, eyes, ears, vitality and all the senses increase in power.' The systems of Yoga and Ayurveda consequently devised manifold techniques to strengthen the physical and mental faculties which in turn bestow holistic health on human being. The message of the Upanishads also reverberates in the voice of Swami Vivekananda in the modern times: 'Physical strength, therefore, is absolutely necessary. It is the strong body alone that can bear the shock of reaction resulting from the attempt to control the organs.' Inspired by the ancient Indian wisdom, Swami Kuvalayananda, the illustrious founder of Kaivalyadhama, has dedicated his whole life to build up a scientific framework and an effective machinery to promote the system of Hatha Yoga coupled with the spirit of Patanjala system in order to consolidate the 'Self Culture' in the world in its true spirit. In the backdrop of the globally emerging scenario of the proliferation of the science of Yoga, the organization of the workshop on the occasion of International Day of Yoga, 2018, by the Center for Yoga Therapy, Education & Research of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is really commendable. The workshop conceived by the CYTER team of the university aims at nourishing both the physical and mental aspects of Yoga with equal prominence. This workshop will certainly open up novel avenues of education, therapy and research in Yoga contributing to the expansion of the horizon of knowledge. I extend all my good wishes to the organizers of this conference for their sincere endeavor to impress a substantial momentum to the world-wide Yoga movement. May the event be crowned with a befitting grandeur and stupendous success.
  14. 14. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 15 FROM THE DESK OF THE ORGANIZING CHAIRMAN It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to this intensive programme planned by us to celebrate the International Day of Yoga which is being celebrated not only in India but all over the world on 21 June. CYTER is organizing a public awareness programme on 18 June to 26 June with intense programs targeting different sets of populations such as Corporate, Silver citizens, Special children and their caregivers, General Public as well as Transgender Community, in association with Dept. of Tourism, Govt., of Puducherry, Yoganjali Natyalayam, Integra Software Solutions, Serene Pelican, Satya Special School and Sahodaran Community Oriented Health Development (SCHOD) Society from Puducherry. On Monday, 25 June we have organized a Regional Level Yogasana Competition for students of Health Professions Educational institutions of the Puducherry region in association with Pondicherry Yogasana Association with a special demonstration event by faculty and staff members of SBV. I am pleased to welcome you all especially for National Seminar cum CME on 'Swastha Manas': Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga at SBVon 26 June. I wish to express my heart-felt gratitude to our hon’ble Chairman, Shri MK Rajagoplan for his encouragement and support for organizing this programme. Guidance and support of our respected Vice-Chancellor, Prof. KR Sethuraman made planning of the programme a smooth affair. Dean, Research, Prof. N Ananthakrishnan has been a source of inspiration and motivation. I am grateful for the support of our Dean of Medicine Prof. M Ravishankar and our Medical Superintendent, Dr Nirmal Coumare for their support.Logistic support by the management of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University is gratefully acknowledged. I thank my colleagues and students from CYTER for their unconditional support in organizing this event. I am sure that the academic programme will be enlightening and enjoyable experience for all and wish you all the best for the celebration. Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Director & Professor, CYTER, SBV
  15. 15. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 16 FROM THE DESK OF THE ORGANIZING SECRETARY Ever since United Nations declared June 21 as International Day of Yoga, we at Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth have been celebrating this event in a grand scale with multifaceted activities including Yoga Fest, Regional Yogasana Competitions and Seminars apart from the public awareness programs for the School Children, Senior citizens and the students of Health Professions Education in 2015, 2016 and 2017. We have geared up to celebrate the 4th International Day of Yoga with numerous events starting from 18th to 26th June 2018. • 18.6.2018 - Alleviating stress and enhancing the general health and wellbeing in Corporate of Integra Software Solutions. • 19.6.2018 - Promoting Mental Health in Silver Citizens through Simplified Yoga Practices: Awareness program at Serene Pelican • 20.6.2018 - "Yoga for all", Awareness Program on Yoga for General public at MRD, MGMCRI, SBV • 21.6.2018 - Mass Yoga Demonstration at the Promenade of Pondicherry Beach along with other programs in association with the Tourism Dept., Govt., of Puducherry. • 22 & 23.6.2018 - Promotion of physical, mental and emotional harmony for Caregivers (parents and teachers) and children with special needs through Yoga. Program for the Satya Special School, Pondicherry. • 24.6.2018 - Importance of Psychological health and well-being in Transgender population in collaboration with the Sahodaran Community Oriented Health Development (SCHOD) Society at Head Office of SCHOD Society • 25.6.2018 - Regional Level Yogasana Competition for students of Health Professions Educational institutions of the Puducherry region in association with Pondicherry Yogasana Association • 26.6.2018 - National Seminar cum CME on 'Swastha Manas': Mental Health and Well- being through Yoga at SBV. It is with great pleasure that we welcome the world renowned Ammaji Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani of ICYER - Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry and the eminent Pro Vice Chancellor of Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya, Resp. Dr. Chinmay Pandya, Haridwar. Their very presence sanctifies this event by virtue of their noble lives and service for humanity. We are especially pleased to have the MoU signed between CYTER and the renowned University of Dev Sanskriti Vishwa Vidyalay of Haridwar. I am much humbled that the book on ‘Applied Yoga’,which has been compiled under the keen supervision of Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, would be released by these eminent guests on this occasion. We welcome all of you to enjoy the events and join us in paying tribute to the art and science of Yoga has sprung for the benefit of humanity. Dr Meena Ramanathan, Deputy Director & Associate Professor, CYTER, SBV
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  20. 20. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 21 A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO OUR ESTEEMED SEMINAR FACULTY AMMAJI, YOGACHARINI MEENAKSHI DEVI BHAVANANI Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani popularly known worldwide as Ammaji, is Director and Resident Acharya of the world famous International Centre for Yoga Education and Research (ICYER at Ananda Ashram) and Yoganjali Natyalayam at Pondicherry. She is the Dharmapatni and senior most disciple of the internationally acclaimed Yoga master, Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri Guru Maharaj and has devoted her life to his teachings and to institutions founded by him. She is a prolific author with 12 books, including two books of poetry to her credit. She is Editor of Satya Press and her defining book on “The History of Yoga from Ancient to Modern Times” released in 2011 is a path breaking effort hailed as the “Defining publication on the history of Yoga to date”. She has trained many thousands of students in Yoga and Bharatanatyam in the past five decades and is considered a pioneer in bringing the Performing Fine Arts and Yoga to the common people in Pondicherry. She has been recipient of many National and State Awards such as "Yogamani" in 1986 from the President of India Shri Zail Singh Ji and “Bhaskar Award” by Bharat Nirman as one of 50 eminent Indians honoured during the 50th year of Indian Independence for their contribution to Indian culture and spirituality. In 1999 she was given the “Puduvai Kalaimamani” Award for her work in Bharata Natyam by the Pondicherry Government. She has served on the Pondicherry University Academic Council, the Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy as well as the Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga under Ministry of Health, Government of India. Ammaji is considered one of the major International leaders of the modern Yoga movement. Though born in the USA in 1943, she came to India in 1967 and has lived here ever since. She was awarded Indian Citizenship on November 30th, 1992, in her own words “the proudest day of my life.” Professor K R SETHURAMAN, MBBS, MD, PGDHE Professor K.R. Sethuraman is currently Vice Chancellor of Sri BalajiVidyapeeth, Pondicherry. He is a well-known clinician and popular medical educationist who served with distinction as Dean and Senior Professor of Faculty of Medicine and Deputy VC – Academic and International Affairs in the AIMST University, Malaysia from 2006 to 2013. He retired as Director-Professor (Internal) Medicine at JIPMER where he worked in various capacities from 1981 to 2006. During this period he was the prime force behind the National Teacher Training Centre (NTTC) that he headed as a Department of Medical Education & NTTC during 1996-2006.
  21. 21. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 22 He was also lecturer in Cardiology at SreeChitraTirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum from 1978 to 1981. He has been consultant in Taskforce of JPT (MOHE) Panel on Medical Education in Malaysia, Training consultant for Training of Trainers: World Bank aided Health Systems Project: Andhra Pradesh (APVVP), Karnataka State (KHSDP) and Orissa State and Temporary advisor to WHO – HRH meet at Cape town, South Africa (2004), Psycho-social Issues meet at Bangkok (2005) and First South Asian Conference on PG medical education, Colombo (2005). He has authored more than 30 Pubmed Referenced papers, 40 invited papers, and 60 presentations in conferences/workshops in India, South Africa, Srilanka & Thailand. He has authored nine books including “Beyond Rational Therapy”, “Practical Echography”,” Medical Education: Principles & Practice”, “Implementing Innovations in Clinical Skill Training” and the well-known “Trick or Treat – a survival guide to healthcare”, ”Doctor-Patient Communication and “Post Mortem”- a Book serialised as 65 Tamil articles in “Junior Vikatan”. His video / computer-based educational units are very popular amonst clinicians and students as they include "Push, Promote or Educate." - a WHO aided video, "Doctor- Patient Dyads." - a video on common communication problems, "Patient Personality Types." - a video on how to handle different patients, "Oral Examination" - part 4 of a video on National Board Examination, "Album of Clinical Cases." - a collection of interesting & unique cases and five Computer based educational programmes. Dr. CHINMAY PANDYA, MBBS, PGDIPL, MRCPSYCH (LONDON) Dr. Chinmay Pandya was born to a highly accomplished religious family who were the direct disciples of Pandit Shriram Sharma Acharya (1911- 1990), a great yogi and seer who attained spiritual eminence and wrote lucid commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, Yogavasisthas, Darshanasand Puranas, in Hindi. Thus as a child, Dr.Chinmay was raised in a spiritual setting at home as well in the in spiritual academy (Ashram) of Shantikunj, Haridwar. After completing his medical studies at Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences at Dehradun, he proceeded to the United Kingdom for post-graduation. There he completed the Membership of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (MRC Psych). He became a Consultant and as an Associate Specialist he managed patients with Alzheimer disease and other neurological diseases gaining valuable insight in mental disorders. He returned to India in 2010 and joined Dev Sanskriti Vishwa vidyalaya (DSVV) to answer his inner call to serve the society and nation. DSVV, a non-conventional centre of higher learning, education and research is an exceptional creation, which has born out of a unique vision of the groundbreakingscholar and visionary, PanditShriram Sharma Acharya. He was an ardent pioneer of social, ethical and moral values. He sought to establish a University devoted to the preservation and propagation of the forgotten Vedic Culture, which to him was DevSanskriti. It would combine the precepts of practical knowledge (shiksha) and spiritual principles (vidya) to propagate truly enlightened individuals.
  22. 22. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 23 The University works with a primary focus of providing a confluence of modern education with instillation of spiritual values in the students. Today Dr.Chinmay Pandya plays several roles including that of a philosopher, psychiatrist, writer, professor, and editor at the DSVV. Dr.Chinmay Pandya is the Editor of the Interdisciplinary International Journal- DevSanskritiwhich provides the researchers, innovators, scholars, experts, educators and students from across various disciplines like Yoga, Psychology, Journalism and Mass Communication, Education, Ayurveda, Indian culture, and Oriental studies an opportunity to share their views, ideas, innovations and trends. He is also the Director for School of Yoga and Health at DSVV that aims to develop, promote, and propagate the scientific and philosophical aspects of Yoga. He is the Chairperson of the world renowned International Festival of Yoga, Culture and Spirituality and has also served in the capacity of Convener, Organizer of more than 30 National and International Seminars and Conferences. He continues to use his spiritual and managerial perspicacity to help DSVV grow progressively and hence become a much sought after model institution in India. Dr. KAVIRAJA UDUPA, MD, PhD., Dr KavirajUdupa is the Additional Professor in the Department of Neurophysiology of NIMHANS in Bangalore. He has completed his Post-Doctoral Fellowship from the University of Toronto, Canada, PhD from NIMHANS, MD Physiology from JIPMER and MBBS from the Mysore University. He has also worked as Scientific Associate II and Research Analyst at Dr. Chen’s Clinical Neurophysiology research laboratory, UHN, as Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Toronto, as Senior Research Fellow at Dept. of Neurophysiology, NIMHANS, as Senior Lecturer at AIMST, Malaysia and as Junior/ Senior Resident at Department of Physiology, JIPMER He has 37 in PubMed and 71 in Research Gate Peer-reviewedpublications, 52 abstracts, 6 book chapters, 2 theses to his credit He has 2 extramural grants as PI, 11 grants as co-investigator, 4 fellowship grants, 6 travel grants, 4 academic competitive awards, 16 invited talks at India, Canada and US to his credit. Dr. KAUSTHUB DESIKACHAR, PhD Dr. KausthubDesikachar is an acclaimed yoga teacher and yoga therapist as well as a teacher and therapist trainer. For more than fifteen years, Kausthub has taught a multitude of students and teachers around the globe and has conducted numerous teacher and therapist training programs. Kausthub began studying yoga when he was 9 years old under the guidance of his teacher and father TKV Desikachar and started teaching at the age of 13. 0T After completing his dual Masters degree from the renowned Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences, Pilani,
  23. 23. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 24 he committed himself to becoming a full-time student and teacher of Yoga. Later in 2011, he concluded his doctoral studies from the University of Madras, where his topic of research was “Effect of Individualized Yoga Training on Quality of Life.” Besides teaching, Kausthub also works as a yoga therapist and offers clients astute and effective solutions for all sorts of physical, mental and emotional imbalances and problems. He has also authored and co-authored numerous books on yoga, such as "The Heart of Asana: A comprehensive manual on Classical Yoga Postures” and a biography on his grandfather, the great yoga acharya T. Krishnamacharya, called "The Yoga of the Yogi". Kausthub is known for his remarkable, deep and well versed knowledge and his ability to present the ancient teachings in a way that is profound as well as applicable for modern day practitioners. His teachings are especially beneficial for yoga teachers as he helps them grasp the fullness and deep insights of the ancient teachings so that they are able to apply them in a competent and sincere way. Apart from Yoga Teaching, Kausthub is also an avid photographer, who never leaves his camera behind on his travels. He is also an inspiring poet who has published a collection of his poems through the book "Footsteps in the Heart." PROF S. AMBUJAM SREEDEVI, MBBS, MD Prof S. Ambujam is theProfessor and Unit Chief, Dept of DVL, MGMC&RI. She has also served as Professor & Head (DVL) at SreeGokulam Medical College, Trivandrum, Indira Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Puducherry. She has published 4 papers in International and 14 in National level journals. She has presented many papers at various conferences and seminars too. She is the Peer reviewer-Indian Dermatology Online Journal. She has been instrumental in making MGMC&RI an HIV sentinel Surveillance Centre; has helped establish the Transgender Clinic of the Institute& was its Co-ordinator since inception, was ProgrammeOrganiser of Red Ribbon Club organizing awareness programmes on HIV/AIDS & Safe Blood Donation , was resource person for Pondicherry AIDS Control Society(PACS )in training programme for medical officers of Puducherry. She has officiated as member of inspection team of PACS of STI clinics in Puducherry, has established high index of suspicion for diagnosis of HIV disease by early detection of Dermatological co- morbidity. She has done CommunityBased Work with NGO on Commercial Sex Workers(CSW) in Kerala. Prof Ambujam is the appointed Guide for Post Graduate Dissertations and hasthree ongoing Research Projects. She has developed PG syllabus for Dermatology at MGMCRI, has implemented the system of Feed-back from students in assessing teachers, has established Dermato-Surgery &Leprosy clinics in the Department. She has been Post Graduate Examiner & Question Paper Setter for other Universities. Conceived and started a Transgender Clinic under the Dept of DVL. Student Related
  24. 24. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 25 Activities in MGMC&RI. She was Member, Cultural Committee of the Institute and also the Staff Editor of College Magazine “PRISM” A simple, down-to-earth empathetic medical professional striving for the welfare of patients and students, Ambujam mam is a role-model for many women and other junior medical professionals. Dr. SAMEERA M JAHAGIRDAR, MBBS, D.A, DNB (Anaesthesiology) Dr. Sameera M Jahagirdar is the Senior Resident, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry. Her objectives include: Postgraduate teaching & training in Critical Care, Critical Care Unit administration, Nursing Critical care teaching & training, Critical Care research, Transgender Health Policy Advocacy, Transgender Medicine Inclusiveness to Current Medical Curriculum, Transgender work empowerment, Workplace sensitization of Medical Institutions to Trans specific issues. She is the “Gender Team” Leader and is involved in organization of protocol for Gender Team to help surgical transitioning of Transgender. She shares her experiences and guides and counsels people who are undergoing similar gender identity issues. She is the walking example of ‘Transitioning Transgender Employee’ for the medical institution. She has been the resource person for SAATHII (Solidarity and Action against the HIV infection in India. She is actively involved in Sensitization of local Transgender community of cross hormone therapy: effects & side effects. She is the resource person for the Project “Vistaara: Medical & Health Domain”: Ending Discrimination and Expanding Access to Inclusive and Stigma-free services for LGBTI communities in India: a four-state initiative”. DR. G. H. NAVEEN, BNYS, Ph.D (Yoga and Psychiatry) Dr GH Naveen is currently working as the Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Health and Yoga therapy, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education. He has also worked as Assistant Professor/Medical officer at S.D.M. Naturopathy and Yoga College Hospital, Karnataka and as Senior Research Fellow/Yoga therapy consultant, Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy and Research, NIMHANS, Bangalore. he has been granted Fellowship: Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), Manipal, Karnataka. He has visited abroad many times as Guest Professor/Visiting Scientist to Germanny, Sponsored by Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Government of India. He has an extensive experience in Research since 2008 and is a Ph.D Guide. He has presented in many conferences and also published papers in national journals. He is
  25. 25. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 26 the author of two books and has made his contributions by writing four chapters in books. His special Skills include Consultation and advice related to Natural therapeutics and Yoga therapy, Guiding UG and PG students, Writing Research proposal, Teaching skills in Yoga, College administrative skills, Conducting health awareness programs, workshops and seminars DR. VANAJA VAITHIANATHAN, MBBS, DO Dr. Vanaja Vaithianathan is the Founder & Medical Director of Jothi Eye Care Centre, which is celebrating 20 years of eye care services, since 1998. She is the School topper and State rank holder in 10th and 12th Standards. She has completed her M.B.B.S & D.O. from Madras Medical College and is a Gold Medalist in Ophthalmology. She has presented more than 100 papers, poster & videos and has chaired sessions in State/National conferences. She is the Member of Editorial Board, TNOA journals. She has won more than 70 awards for community works. She ia an Active Rotarian and first woman Assistant Governor, and presently District Chair. She has 40 Rotary Awards - District Championship and Presidential citation Award (RI) to her credit. She is the Vice Chair, Indian Women Network, Puducherry Chapter. Dr Vanaja has cared for nearly 3 lakh eye patients, of which 1 lakh are totally free of cost.She is instumental in giving sight to more than 30,000 people through major eye surgeries. She has conducted more than 600 free general and school screening eye camps and eye donation awareness programmes through Jothi Eye Bank and Jothi Eye Care Foundation. Her Special interests lie in the field of Women empowerment and Holistic Health & Yoga She has been a Student of Yoganjali Natyalayam & practising for nearly two decades. She has Completed the yoga online course by Yoganjali Natyalayam & ICYER. Smt. CHITRA SHAH, Director, Satya Special School She is a Gold Medallist in Master’s degree in Social Work, specialising in Family & Child Welfare and has completed her degree in Nutrition & Dietetics. She has been working with and for the cause of Children with Special Needs, Status of women in India, Women in the workforce, Health & medical aspects of CWSNs, Rights advocacy & Inclusion, Social Entrepreneurship, and HIV / AIDS rehabilitation She has published papers on 'Prevention of Abandonment of Children with Special Needs through Community-based Programs and Intervention' and 'Causes of Female infanticide in Uslampathi, Tamilnadu as part of the Master’s degree'. The Current Professional Activities include her work as the Director of Satya Special School which is the largest rehabilitation programme for CWSNs in Pondicherry
  26. 26. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 27 providing services to over 600 children and New born high risk clinic in association with JIPMER - the first ever Early Intervention Programme in Puducherry . She is the recipient of PuduvaiSakthi Award, Women of Puducherry, Spandan Social Creative Award, Life time achievement award, Child Friendly School Award, The Early Childhood Education Unique Learner Project Puducherryin Real Heroes. Chitra shah is a representative of National Action and Coordination Group (NACG) Puducherry UT – Regional Board - thematic representative (children with disability) – Child Rights & Abuse , Member of State Advisory Council – RTE act (Right for Education) Implementation Group - District level Committee for all the 4 regions of Puducherry UT and NGO representative for Puducherry UT – PM’S betibachaobetipadao programme. Yogacharya Dr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANI MBBS, ADY, DPC, DSM, PGDFH, PGDY, FIAY, MD (Alt.Med) YogacharyaDr.AnandaBalayogiBhavanani is Director of the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research (CYTER), and Professor of Yoga therapy at the Sri BalajiVidyapeeth University, Pondicherry (www.sbvu.ac.in). He is also Chairman of the International Centre for Yoga Education and Research at Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry, India (www.icyer.com) and YoganjaliNatyalayam, the premier institute of Yoga and Carnatic Music and Bharatanatyam in Pondicherry (www.rishiculture.in). He is son and successor of the internationally acclaimed Yoga team of YogamaharishiDr. Swami GitanandaGiri Guru Maharaj and YogachariniKalaimamaniAmmaji, SmtMeenakshi Devi Bhavanani. He is a Gold Medallist in Medical Studies (MBBS) with postgraduate diplomas in both Family Health (PGDFH) as well as Yoga (PGDY) and the Advanced Diploma in Yoga under his illustrious parents in 1991-93. A Fellow of the Indian Academy of Yoga, he has authored 19 DVDs and 23 books on Yoga as well as published more than two hundred papers, compilations and abstracts on Yoga and Yoga research in National and International Journals. His literary works have more than 1500 Citations, with anh-Index of 19 and an i10-Index of 33. In addition, he is a Classical Indian Vocalist, Percussionist, Music Composer and Choreographer of Indian Classical Dance. In recent years he has travelled abroad 17 times and conducted invited talks, public events, workshops and retreats and been major presenter at Yoga conferences in the UK, USA, Italy, South Africa, Germany, Switzerland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. He is an Honorary International Advisor to the International Association of Yoga Therapists (www.iayt.org), the Australasian Association of Yoga Therapists (www.yogatherapy.org.au), the World Yoga Foundation (www.worldyogafoundation.in) and Gitananda Yoga Associations worldwide (www.rishiculture.in).
  27. 27. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 28 A recognized PhD guide for Yoga Therapy he was recognized as an IAYT Certified Yoga Therapist (C-IAYT) by the International Association of Yoga Therapists, USA in September 2016. It is notable that he is the first Indian to receive this honour. He is currently member of numerous expert committees of the Ministry of AYUSH including its National Board for Promotion of Yoga and Naturopathy, Scientific Advisory Committee of CCRYN, Expert Committees for Celebration of International Yoga Day and the Yoga & Diabetes program. He is Consultant Resource Person for the WHO Collaborative Centre in Traditional Medicine (Yoga) at MDNIY, New Delhi. He is also EC member and Director Publications Committee of the Indian Yoga Association (www.yogaiya.in) and Board of Directors of the Council for Yoga Accreditation International (www.cyai.org). Yogachemmal Dr. MEENA RAMANATHAN BSc., M.A., C.Y.T., D.N.Y.S., P.G.D.Y., M.Sc. (Yoga) M.Phil and Ph.D (Yoga). Yogachemmal Dr. Meena Ramanathan is the Associate Professor and Deputy Director of CYTER, the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research at MGMC&RI (Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute), SBV (Sri BalajiVidyapeeth) University. She has completed numerous undergraduate and post graduate degrees and diplomas in Yoga, Science and English has completed her PhD in Yoga through Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University. She is a recognized IAYT Certified Yoga Therapist by the International Association ofYoga Therapists, USA in February 2017 She has been recognized as PhD Guide (Yoga Therapy and Inter Disciplinary Research) by Sri BalajiVidyapeeth, Pondicherry in March 2016, appointed as Examiner for Quality Council of India (QCI) through Indian Yoga Association, recognised by AYUSH, Central Ministry of Health, and New Delhi in Sep 2016. She has been nominated as “Subject Expert” in the Selection Committee of the Govt of Puducherry, Directorate of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy; under National Health Mission. She recently received the Achiever’s Award for “Best Yoga Therapist 2016”. A student of the RishicultureAshtanga Yoga Paramparya, Meena has been an integral part of the Tradition for over a decade. She has admirably trained thousands of students under the auspices of Pondicherry University as Coordinator of the Yoga courses in the Community College as well as faculty of Annamalai University, Manonmaniyam University, MGR University and YoganjaliNatyalayam. She is Coordinator; Outreach Programmes of YoganjaliNatyalayam and was Guest Faculty at ACYTER, JIPMER. She has been giving practical Yoga training to Staff, Students of Pondicherry University for the past 8 years. She has authored and co-authored a dozen books and more than two dozen papers on Yoga in English and Tamil in various journals. She is currently carrying on many Research/Pilot Studies at CYTER, MGMCRI, and has also published 30 scientific papers and abstracts in leading Scientific Journals. Her books on Thirukkural and Yoga, Applied Yoga, GherandaSamhita and Primer of Yoga Theory are best sellers.
  28. 28. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 29 She has received many awards such as Yoga Chemmal, Yoga Rathna, Yoga SevaMaamani, Bangalore Sundaram Award, Yoga Jyothi, Chellammal Award and AnnaiSivakami Award, Sri Aurobindo Award (Mahan ArvindarVirudu), “MozhiPeyarppuTharagai” to name a few. She was honoured with the best Yoga Teacher Award on the International Day of Yoga by Nehru Yuva Kendra and Ministry of Tourism, Puducherry. Yogachemmal DAYANIDY G CYT., DRAY., PGDYE., MCA., M.Sc., PGDYT., PhD Shri G Dayanidy is Lecturer of CYTER, the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University. He has completed his M.Sc in Yoga through Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University and has completed post graduate degrees and diplomas in Yoga Therapy, Yoga and Science. He is currently doing his Ph.D. in Yoga Therapy also. He has been appointed as Examiner for Quality Council of India (QCI) through Indian Yoga Association & APM Group Limited recognised by AYUSH, Central Ministry of Health, New Delhi in Sep 2016 & Nov 2017. He has also cleared the CBSC National Eligibility Test exam in Yoga for the assistant professor grade conducted by UGC on Jan 2017. A student of the RishicultureAshtanga Yoga Paramparya, Dayanidy has been an integral part of the Tradition for over a decade. He has trained hundreds of students under the auspices of Pondicherry University as Yoga Instructor cum Lecturer of the Yoga courses in the Community College and YoganjaliNatyalayam. He Worked as a Yoga Instructor at Advanced Center for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (ACYTER), JIPMER, Pondicherry from June 2009 – March 2016. He is the Organizing member for Swami Gitananda Best Youth and Child Award competition and Pondicherry State Level Yogasana Competition conducted yearly once by Pondicherry Yogasana Association for the past 12 years.He is currently carrying on many Research/Pilot Studies at CYTER, MGMCRI, and has also published scientific papers and abstracts in leading Scientific Journals. He has received many awards such as Yoga Chemmal, Yoga Sudar, Champion of Champions, Swami Gitananda Best Youth, Dynamic Yoga Award, Best Yoga Asana Demonstration Award and Best Karma Yogi Award.
  29. 29. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 30 CLAIMING ONE’S BIRTHRIGHT THROUGH YOGA Ammaji, YogachariniMeenakshi Devi Bhavanani1 “Health and happiness are your birthright! Claim them!” thundered the “Lion of Modern Yoga” Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami GitanandaGiri Guru Maharaj. “You are born to be healthy and happy. But, the goal of life is Moksha – Freedom!” We live in “Topsy – Turvy Times”, when ancient values have been flipped onto their heads. One rarely meets a truly “healthy” or “happy” person. In fact, for the vast majority of the human race, health and happiness are distant dreams. Illness, depression, conflict, sorrow, stress, tension and frustration are the “birthright” even of young children in modern times. Billions of dollars are expended by the health industry. Medical science can put pig valves into human hearts and transplant vital organs. Super Specialty Hospitals abound. The pharmaceutical industry produces a huge amount of life-saving drugs. Why, then, is a truly healthy, happy person such a rarity? Modern man, like the Biblical Essau, has sold his birthright for a “mess of porridge”. Like Judas, he has betrayed his Christ Consciousness, his Cosmic Consciousness, for less than “30 pieces of silver”. Yogamaharishi Dr Swami Gitananda Giri has put before us a simple reason for this sad state of affairs. He advised. “If you want to be healthy, do healthy things. If you want to be happy, do happy things.” People cry, “I want to be healthy.” Then, they indulge in bad habits like tobacco and alcohol, spend late-hours watching television, do not exercise properly, and do not drink enough water. Others moan, “I want to be happy!” but they fight, they gossip, they quarrel, they criticize, they delight in conflict, in violence, in defeating others, and crushing competition under their feet. It is irrational to expect that by doing unhealthy things, one can be healthy. It is irrational to believe that by doing unhappy things, one can be happy. Yes, man is an irrational animal indeed! Yoga is the ancient science of India which shows man not only how to claim his birthright of health and happiness, but also how to obtain the goal of life – Moksha. Any scientist worth his salt begins his career by studying the laws of nature and the basic theorems and tenets of his science. The Yogic scientist is no exception to this rule. The physicist studies the physical laws of nature – gravity, momentum etc, the chemist studies the chemical properties of matter, the biologist studies life forms, and the doctors, the anatomy of the human body. This is the “field” within which they will work, observing the laws of action and reaction, the laws of cause – effect relationship, within that limited spectrum. For the Yogi, the entire Universe and everything in it is his “field of research.” He studies the Universal Laws, which operate within this field. The Law of Karma, the Law of Cause – Effect, is an important Law for him. The Yogi knows that the Laws which govern the microcosm also govern the macrocosm, and so, he understands that by studying himself, his “small self,” his “own self”, his own body, mind and emotions, he can understand the “Big Self”, the Atman, Brahman, This process in Director and Ashram Acharya, International Center for Yoga Education and Research at Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry.www.icyer.com
  30. 30. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 31 Yoga is called “Swadhyaya” or “Self Study” and it is the fourth Niyama of Patanjali’sAshtanga Yoga. The Rishis, Cosmic Scientists, have taught, “Without moving out of one’s own cave, one can comprehend the mighty Universe.” They realised that Universal Truths lay within one’s very own heart. “Man, know thyself” is the admonition which was written on the entrance to the Greek Temple at Delphi. This is the starting point of all endeavours. This is the starting point in the long journey to claim one’s birthright. Alexander Pope, the great 18th century English poet, wrote, “Man, know thy self / Presume not God to scan / The proper study of Mankind / is man.” Through this “Self Study” the Yogi discovers that human nature is governed by an inexorable Law – and the very Law which governs his nature – is the very Law which governs the Universe. This Law is called “Sanathana Dharma” or “The Eternal Law” – This Law is unbreakable. One has no choice but to discover it, and then, live in harmony with that Eternal Law. Only then will one be entitled to enjoy one’s birthright – health and happiness. The Christian Bible teaches, “The wages of sin is death.” “Sin” is nothing more than defiance, rebellion and disobedience to the Eternal Law. Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami GitanandaGiri taught his students: “You cannot break The Law. You can only break yourself over The Law.” How do we know if we are “breaking the Law”? The results are there for all to see: sickness, suffering, unhappiness, conflict, stress, and tension. One might retort – “But I am unhealthy! I am unhappy! I am not breaking Law! I am not an outlaw!” Look again! Indeed, such a person must be breaking the Law, whether knowingly or unknowingly. Remember! Even in human jurisprudence, “Ignorance of the Law is no excuse.” No court on earth will excuse a law – breaker who pleads “ignorance of the law”. All citizens are expected to not only know the Law, but also, to abide by it, so that the society may flourish in a harmonious manner. But, who wants to be unhealthy? Who wants to be unhappy? If these are the result of breaking Natural Law, then why do people do it? The answer is pure and simple: Ignorance. The Sanskrit word for “ignorance” is “Avidya”. Maharishi Patanjali, the sage who codified the principles of Yoga 2500 years ago in 196 magnificently concise Sutras, calls “Avidya” or “Ignorance” as the “Mother Klesha”. A Klesha is a hindrance, an obstacle to spiritual growth. Basically, Kleshas are the root cause of all human problems. There are the PanchaKlesha or “Five Hindrances”. Sometimes “Klesha” is translated as “A Knot of the Heart”. It prevents the human being from further spiritual advancement and drags the human into the mire of misery. The other four Kleshas are Asmita (egoism, the sense of separation, the sense of I-ness), Raga (attraction, pleasure), Dwesha (aversion and pain) and Abinivesha (clinging to life, the survival instinct). These are the “obstacles’, which stand between man and his desire to claim his birthright of health and happiness. But, the root of all obstacles is Avidya – ignorance - ignorance of the Law, and hence, the constant attempt to “break the Law.” What is ignorance? Look at the word. It is composed mostly of the word “ignore”. “Ignore” implies “a refusal to see”. If we “ignore” someone, it implies a deliberate attempt to cut this person out of the field of our awareness. If we attend a gathering and find someone we have aversion towards (Dwesha) present, we usually “ignore”
  31. 31. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 32 him or her, literally, turning “our back on him or her” so that we do not have to “see him or her” or “acknowledge him or her.” But, if ignorance of the Universal Law causes us to break The Law, and hence, results in disease and unhappiness, why do we as humans continue on this path to death and destruction? Because we are taught, and we willingly accept this falsehood, that we are not responsible for our own health and happiness. We have given over the responsibility for our own health to the doctor, and have asked him to find us a pill, or cut something out of our body, or stick something into it, and make us healthy again. We have given the responsibility of our happiness to the government, the society, to the media, to the entertainment industry, to anti-depressant medicines - and ask them to “please us, to give us what we want, to make us happy.” We have sold the most precious quality we possess as humans – “Manas” or conscious awareness – and its twin virtues, independence and self – initiative to the various powerful lobbies, which govern our lives. And, they turn, most benevolently “put us to sleep”, sedate us, put us under anesthesia, so we no longer feel the pain inherent in breaking The Law. We are hypnotized into a fitful sleep from our childhood to our old age, and into the funeral pyre itself. We are lulled into a somnolent state in order to make our life’s journey bearable, with a minimum of pain – we are neither healthy nor happy, but blissfully numb and anesthetized. Why should our entire social, political, educational, business, commercial, media, entertainment structure be geared to keeping us numb and dumb? For a simple reason – there’s plenty of money and power in unhappiness and disease. But, there’s no money in health and happiness. How would doctors and the huge drug industry support themselves if all were healthy? Would we watch mindless violence and sex and vulgarity in cinemas and television if we were truly happy? Would the manufacturers of weapons of mass destruction flourish financially if all were happy and healthy? It is beneficial to all the world’s commercial interests that the five billion people on the planet are kept sick and unhappy, in a state of unfulfilled desire and thus, in constant frustration. As an example close to home, look at the field of dentistry. When I came to Pondy in 1968, there was one dentist in town. I did not know anyone who had problems with their teeth. Cavities were rare. On the contrary, I was struck by the beautiful, white healthy teeth of our Indian people. Even villagers had dazzling smiles! Life was simple. Processed foods were a luxury. Natural food was the norm. Cut to the present scenario. The number of dentists in Pondicherry numbers in the thousands! Children as young as four years of age have cavities and dental problems. I don’t have to tell you professionals where the problem lies. It is obvious! The abundance of refined foods, sugars, sweets, soft drinks, ice creams, lack of oral hygiene have destroyed the nation’s teeth! The good old neem stick has been discarded as “old fashioned” and we now spend Rs.20 on a toothbrush and Rs.50 on toothpaste, which is not one-hundredth as effective as the old neem twig! Is this progress? Is this obedience to Natural Law? Is this health? Is this happiness? The villager cannot afford to buy toothbrush and toothpaste – this would cost him one day’s wages – this “progress” has not only taken his health, but also his happiness. He will “become unhappy “because he does not have the money to buy such items!” Should not the emphasis in social dentistry be on spreading awareness of the
  32. 32. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 33 horrendous damage caused to the teeth by these modern junk foods and drink? But, emphasis seems to be more focused on cure, rather than prevention. Lip service is given to these ideas but the powerful commercial lobbies are quick to squelch any effective activism on these subjects. This is not only in the field of dentistry. It is the fact in every single aspect of life. There is no money or glory or power in prevention, but plenty of it in cure! Instead of educating people to “obey Natural Law”, the modern trend is to repair people who have “broken themselves over that Law.” Avidya, ignorance! It is a disease, which is more deadly than an atomic bomb. It has already burst upon the earth and is enveloping all mankind in its black, poisonous mushroom cloud. It is the root cause of all unhappiness and disease. “Vidya” – wisdom, knowledge – is the opposite of “Avidya” or ignorance. It basically means, “to see”. The Rishis were “men who saw Reality as it is.” If we wish to claim our birthright of health and happiness, we must “arise and awake.” We must open our eyes to see and our ears to hear. When this “awakening” occurs, one will be drawn to the Yogic science. It is the start of the long spiritual journey. The “core concept” in accepting Yoga as a way of life is embedded in the word “Responsibility.” One must be prepared to accept “total responsibility” for one’s own life, total responsibility for one’s thoughts, words and deeds, total responsibility for one’s own health and happiness. This is, in essence, obedience to the “Eternal Law” which states, “All Karma – all action – has its reaction – and that re-action will always rebound on the one who committed the action.” Just as the Sudarshan (discus) of Lord Vishnu followed the sage Durvasa wherever he ran as he tried to hide, until he made amends to King Ambarishi for harming him, so also the “reaction” of our “action” will follow us wherever we go, until we “pay out” the Karma in consciousness. In short, if we do unhappy things, we will be unhappy. If we do unhealthy things, we will be unhealthy. There is no “breaking” this Law and even the best doctor, the best dentist, the best entertainer cannot keep our Karma forever at bay. The sign on the Yogi’s door (whether the door leads to his palace or the door leads to his cave) reads. “The buck stops here.” That is, the Yogi takes total and complete responsibility for himself and everything which happens him and makes a conscious choice to “live within the Law”, rather than choosing to be an “out law.” The word “responsibility” also has another aspect. Broken into two parts it reads “respond – ability”, or “the ability to respond”. The Yogic way of life cultivates and values consciousness and awareness. Hence the Yogi develops the “ability to respond” correctly to any given situation. The correct “response” will produce a “positive effect” and the result of such a positive action – choice is overall health, harmony and happiness. Yoga is the Science of Consciousness, becoming aware of Universal Laws and obeying those Laws in thought, word and deed. Obedience to the Law produces health and happiness. Disobedience produces disease and suffering. As a scientist, the Yogi employs all the tools of any great science: he possesses an elaborate terminology which helps him define and understand the problem; he possesses equipment and tools for his research – Asanas, Pranayama, Concentration Practices, Mantras, Cleansing techniques etc.
  33. 33. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 34 He / she enjoys access to a great body of theoretical concepts, accumulated through hundreds of generations of “spiritual experiments” conducted by the great Rishis who have preceded him. This “theory” is recorded in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Yoga Sutras, the GherandaSamhita, the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and other ancient scriptures. His laboratory, his field of research, is his own body, emotions and mind and his relationship and correspondence to the Universe. The Yogi is a detached observer who carefully records his data and comes to his own conclusions based on his own direct observation and experiences. He begins with this primary hypothesis – the Universe is Cosmos, it is not Chaos. “Cosmos” implies “Order”, and “Order” Implies “Laws”. He sets out to discover those Laws and to observe the working of those Laws in his own life and in the lives of others. The Yogi then attempts to “apply” his findings in a practical manner – in his own life, coming to the same “realisations” as those enjoyed by the Rishis of old. Health and happiness manifest automatically in such a life, which attunes itself to Cosmic Law. Health and happiness are automatic by – products when Avidya or ignorance is dispelled and Vidya – seeing reality for what it is – develops. The Yogi follows the “Great Law of Virtue” which is elaborated in the Yogic tradition as the Yamas or Moral Restraints and the Niyamas, the Ethical Observances. The MahaVratas, the Mighty Vows of Virtue, which the Yamas and Niyamas are sometimes called, reflect the Sanathana Dharma or the Eternal Law. The Yogi develops a love for virtue, a love for the Law. He realises “Virtue is its own reward.” He attunes his own microcosm to the rhythm of the macrocosm. He moves with Nature, not against it. Nature is his friend, with whom he lives in harmony, and not an enemy to be conquered or exploited. “Sanathana Dharma” is difficult to translate. It can be called “The Eternal Law”, “The Cosmic Law”, even “The Structure of the Universe As It Is”. “Sanathana” means “eternal” – That which was, which is, and which shall always be – unchanging, self- created, unborn, undying. “Dharma” takes its root meaning from “Dhar” which means “stability, even-ness, balance.” The English word “durable” has come from “Dhar” – “that which endures. “Dharma” is hence that which gives stability. Stability is an essential component of health. As any good doctor knows, the best news he can give anxious relatives is that the patient has “stabilized.” Stability is also an essential component of happiness. Nothing creates more misery than an unstable family, unstable romantic relationships, unstable work or social environments. Sanathana Dharma sometimes is more loosely defined as “The Law of Virtue”. Virtue creates stability. Clean, pure, restrained, controlled, conscious aware living is the basis of all virtue. Such qualities create personal, interpersonal and intrapersonal stability. Hence, one becomes aware of the necessity of obeying “The Law of Virtue”, if one wishes to be qualified to claim one’s birthright as health and happiness. As Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda put it so succinctly – “Following Yama – Niyama, obeying The Cosmic Law, is “No-option Yoga” for those who wish to spiritually evolve themselves in health and happiness. Our ancients linked particular diseases to certain lapses in character. These linkages can be found in many Puranas. Arthritis is linked to greed, refusal to let go, or to share. Digestive problems were linked to hoarding, excessive, selfish accumulation. The old idea that diseases were caused by a moral lapse had much truth. Interestingly enough, modern medicine is also coming to a similar conclusion, though by a
  34. 34. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 35 different route. Research findings have enabled medical men to draw up “personality profiles” for cancer patients, heart attack patients, diabetics, AIDS patients and so on. Character creates circumstances. Character is composed mostly of the word “act”. The manner in which we habitually “act” forms our “character.” Our actions determine whether we are healthy or unhealthy, happy or unhappy. This is the essence of Sanathana Dharma. We create our own destiny by our thoughts, our words and our actions. There is no such thing as an “innocent victim” in the Universal Scheme of Things. The Yogi grows in consciousness and spirit till he becomes an “Adhikarin” a “Fit Person” for “Realising Reality”. He becomes competent to “claim his birthright of health and happiness.” But, that is only the beginning of his journey. He has arisen! He has been awakened! And now it is his duty to “stop not till the goal of Moksha” is reached. But, though the pilgrimage is long and arduous, the Universe (Herself / Himself / Itself ) grants him his birthright – health and happiness as the reward for obeying Natural Law. He has the health, strength and good cheer to make his Cosmic Journey and he has the happiness to enjoy his travels in space and consciousness. Buoyed by this spiritual legacy, the Yogi now has a raft to cross the ocean of Samskara. “Avidya” – ignorance of Universal Law – is banished by “Vidya”, the Light of Conscious Awareness. His eyes are opened. He sees! He sees! He sees! Happily and healthily he realizes that he lives not on a small planet, in a small galaxy, tiny as a grain of sand. He is a Universal Being, a Universal Citizen obeying the Laws of the Cosmos. And the Universe is his own, his native land!
  35. 35. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 36 YOGA FOR HEALTHY LIFESTYLE Dr. W.Selvamurthy12&Ms. Sneha Nair23 The United Nations General Assembly has declared 21st June every year as “International Day of Yoga”, recognizing the holistic advantages of this ancient wisdom. The importance of celebrating Yoga Day Internationally has been highlighted by Hon’ble Prime Minister NarendraModi in his address of the 69th session of the General Assembly, during which he said: “Yoga is an invaluable gift from our ancient tradition”. Yoga embodies union of mind and body, thought and action that provides a holistic approach which is effective to our health and our well- being. Yoga is not merely an exercise; it's a way of life to find sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. Yoga is an ancient way of life which leads to unification of body and mind. An art which has origin in India 5000 years ago leads to union of consciousness of soul with the Universal Consciousness. Yoga is a profound science of unfolding the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul which bestows perfect physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health to an individual. It is certainly remarkable that the perfection of yoga was taught in the middle of a battlefield to Arjuna, the warrior, just before Arjuna was to engage in a fratricidal battle. Yoga was first put into written form as the Yoga Sutras by Patanjali who defined Yoga as “that restrains the thought process and makes the mind serene.” The eight different parts of yoga enunciated by Patanjali includes Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratiyahara, Dhama, Dhyana& Samadhi which lead to attainment of super- conscious state. Experiments which were conducted in early 1985 by Dr. W. Selvamurthyin the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Government of India wherein the Physiological effects of Yogic practice through well-controlled studies on Young & Middle aged soldiers both at the plains & high altitudes were evaluated. It was systematically demonstrated that Yoga has beneficial effects on the Armed Forces personnel & based on these scientific studies yoga is nowadays getting promoted in a very big way in the defence sector.’ 1President - Amity Science, Technology & Innovation Foundation (ASTIF), Director General - Amity Directorate of Science & Innovation, Chancellor - Amity University, Chhattisgarh and Chair Professor for Life Sciences (Former Distinguished Scientist and Chief Controller R&D(LS), DRDO) 2 Senior Scientific Officer, Amity Science, Technology & Innovation Foundation (ASTIF), Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Sector-125, Noida, U.P
  36. 36. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 37 Yoga creates a toned, flexible, and strong body through improvement in respiration, energy, and vitality. It helps to maintain a balanced metabolism and promotes cardio vascular health. It helps an individual to relax and handle stressful situations more easily and teaches us how to quieten the mind so that we can focus our energy to combat stress effectively. It also encourages positive thoughts and self-acceptance and builds awareness of our body, feelings, the world around as well as the needs of others. It promotes interdependence between mind, body, and spirit and helps to live the concept of “oneness”. EXPERIMENTS ON YOGA:- Yoga practices increase physical fitness; discipline the mind; make you more focused and confident; cure health disorders and give you calmed and relaxed mind. The same was proved through a series of experiments whichdemonstrated the physical health benefits of yoga, such as optimizing physiological functions. In yet another test, measurement was conducted to study the increase in mental tranquillity as a result of performing agnihotra, a Vedic fire ritual. There is no doubt that the normal PT schedule improves flexibility, endurance, etc. but one hour Yoga program consisting of Asanas, Pranayamas, Prayer (Omkar&Gayatri Mantra Chanting) and Yoga-nidra practice profound beneficial effects on the autonomic equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems which modulates and optimizes sympathetic activity in the stressful situations and quickly restores the equilibrium. According to the research conducted by DIPAS, the oxygen demands during yogic exercises are much less compared to Figure 1: Final postures of yogasanas: 1. Matsyasana 2. Halasan 3. Pawanmukhtasana 4. SuptaVajrasana 5. Bhujangasana 6. Paschimotanasana 7. Yoga Mudra 8. Sarvangasana
  37. 37. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 38 other form of conventional physical exercises, which increases the lethality, survivability, efficiency and sustainability of our soldiers even at high altitude. EFFECTS OF YOGIC PRACTICE: SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE • Performance Improvement through Yoga  Yogic practice helps to improve the exercise performance at submaximal level.  Improves physical performance, body flexibility  Perceived exertion to exercise reduces  Yogic breathing maneuvers help to increase tidal volume & Reduce breathing rate,Altered ventilatory response to CO₂  Yoga practice enhances heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity , Slows respiration  Improves learning ability, concentration, reaction time, reduces anxiety & depression • Prophylactic effects Yoga endows a state of mental tranquility as shown in the figure 2 which is revealed from increase in alpha index of electroencephalogram (EEG) after 6 months of regular yogic practice. The alpha activity (8-13 Hz) increases which is indicative of relaxed mental state. In case of deep meditation, theta frequency (4-8 Hz) dominates. The increase in alpha content of EEG is a common observation in Yogis and helps to keep his/ her mind cool in adverse conditions or situations. Figure 2: Alpha index EEG showing significant enhancement in Yoga group Our study had demonstrated that the practice of Yoga for 6 months can lead to a state of reduced sympathetic activity and increase in parasympathetic activity as reflected in heart rate, blood pressure as well as several other autonomic indices such as ventilation, oxygen consumption, cortisol etc with a trend of gradual shift towards para-sympathodominance which leads to minimize the ill effects of stress.
  38. 38. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 39 Figure 4: Graphical Representation of Basal EEG pattern and HRV Spectrum before & after Lifestyle Intervention Figure 5:EEG Activity Before and After Yogic Exercises Figure 3: Changes in heart rate (HR) &BP and respiratory rate during 6 months practice as compared to control group practicing PT Exercise
  39. 39. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 40 It has been observed that higher cognitive functions are activated during meditation which can be precisely mapped by fMRI. The Activation pattern seems to be related to the experience and dedication. Figure 6:Heart rate variation The functional MRI (fMRI) studies conducted on Brahma Kumaris who practiced Raja Yoga Meditation showed Right prefrontal lobe activation in three volunteers (3-5 yrs experience) during meditation, Bilateral prefrontal lobe activation in four volunteers (5-15 yrs) and Occipital lobe activation in two most experienced volunteers ( >15 yrs). A Significant increase in the heart rate during meditation session was observed with localised activation in right prefrontal lobe which corresponds to sustained attention, motivation and alertness. . Bilateral activation in prefrontal lobe extending laterally in the left hemisphere are suggestive of higher order of attention, perception or intuition. Activation in the occipital lobe due to visual imagery on attaining the “pure consciousness state” was observed. The results showed an increase in heart rate during Rajayoga meditation and decrease during control session agrees well with previous study, which is unique for BK Rajayoga Figure 6:fMRI during meditation
  40. 40. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 41 PROMOTIVE EFFECTS Regular practice of Yoga helps in improving body flexibility as depicted in Figure 7. Figure 7: Body flexibility as observed in middle aged men after 6 months of regular yoga practice Yogic practice helps to tone up the non- shivering thermogenesis thereby enhancing cold tolerance. Even six months of regular practice has shown a trend of improvement in cold tolerance. Several years of rigorous Yogic practice may lead to metabolic adaption as the study conducted has shown improvement in cold tolerance due to the practice of yoga asanas. (a) (b) (c) Figure 8: (a) Changes in skin & oral temperature during 120 min of cold exposure at 10°C with only shorts on(b) Heart rate, Ventilation & oxygen consumption during cold exposure (c) Psychological Responses There was also a significant decrease in the blood glucose, cholesterol and dopamine B- Hydroxylase while monoamine oxidase, lactic dehydrogenase, plasma
  41. 41. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 42 cholinesterase and urinary excretion of 17- hydroxyl & 17- keto steroids increased significantly after 6 months of regular yogic practice. The results have been depicted in figure 9 and Table 1. Figure 9 Table 1: BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES DUE TO YOGIC PRACTICE PARAMETER BEFORE AFTER BLOOD GLUCOSE (mg%) BLOOD CHOLESTEROL (mg%) TOTAL PROTEINS (mg%) LACTIC DEHYDROGENASE (IU) LIPOPROTEIN (B/L RATIO) DOPAMINE β-HYDROXYLASE (IU) MONOAMINE OXIDASE (IU) PLASMA CHOLINESTERASE (IU) URINARY 17 KETOSTEROID (mg/24h) URINARY 17 HYDROXY STEROID (mg/24h) 75 + 2.8 170 + 5.2 7.6 + 0.2 52 + 4.0 2.34 + 0.21 10.6 + 1.1 38.7 + 2.7 4.87 + 0.12 9.8 + 0.7 10.6 + 0.8 69 + 2.5* 154 + 4.2*** 7.9 + 4.2 * 63 + 2.9* 1.86 + 0.11 *** 6.4 + 0.3* 73.4 + 7.3** 5.07 + 0.13** 13.4 + 1.2** 11.4 + 0.8** VALUES ARE MEAN + SEM .*P < 0.05 **P < 0.01 ***P < 0.001 • CURATIVE EFFECTS  Life Style Intervention for Regression of Coronary Artery Disease A life style intervention paradigm consisting of low fat high fiber vegetarian diet, aerobic exercise of walking and stress management through Rajyoga meditation has been developed for regression of atherosclerotic plaques. The healthy life style programme developed motivates patients in taking up responsibility of their own health. Adoption and maintenance of the unique user friendly lifestyle is useful for prevention and management of coronary artery disease. Our study demonstrated regression of coronary artery disease through Lifestyle intervention in which Rajyoga Meditation played a significant role.
  42. 42. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 43 Conclusion: In modern way of life, Yogic practice and healthy lifestyle can make significant beneficial impact by promoting positive health mainly through its influence on Mind & Body. It needs to be propagated among all cross section of our society particularly among the youth for developing them as future healthy global citizens. Based on the research findings, Yoga training is now given regularly to the soldiers deployed at high altitudes. DRDO has developed different packages for soldiers serving at high altitudes in Siachen area, low intensity conflict zones in the North East and Jammu and Kashmir. Soldiers in peace-time locations are imparted different exercises. Similarly, there are different packages for air force personnel serving in high altitude areas, peace-time locations and pilots flying combat and transport aircraft. For the Navy, packages for those serving onboard warships and submariners are different. DGMT has accepted inclusion of yoga for training of army soldiers particularly those inducted to High Altitude over Himalayas.
  43. 43. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 44 Recently, Navy has also accepted & started imparting training for submariners, Divers & other Naval personnel. The soldiers have benefitted immensely from amelioration of the Acute Mountain Sickness, High Altitude maladies & improve the efficiency & positive mental health profile through yoga. Yoga is going to play a very important role in the emerging battlefield by building their psychological resilience, cognitive abilities and military motivation. The salient finding of our research demonstrated that yoga is a conservation process bringing all the physiological functions to the lower side of the normal range. It also builds parasympathetic system thereby optimizing physiological arousal to stress. It also restores autonomic equilibrium back to normal after combating stress. There is improvement in physical efficiency at sub maximal level of work, enhancement in thermo-regulatory efficiency thereby improving cold and heat tolerance, improve the body flexibility even in middle aged persons, improve the cognitive ability including concentration, memory, learning efficiency and psychomotor performance. It was observed that one hour Yoga program consisting of Asanas, Pranayamas, and Meditation has profound beneficial effects on the autonomic equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems which modulates and optimizes sympathetic activity in the stressful situations and quickly restores the equilibrium. According to the research conducted, the oxygen demands during yogic exercises are much less compared to other form of conventional physical exercises. Yoga needs to be propagated across the globe for creating a new world order filled with harmony, peace, happiness and prosperity.
  44. 44. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 45 YOGIC TOOLS FOR MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLBEING Dr Chinmay Pandya4 Yoga conceptualizes the human being as a multi layered, conscious being, possessing three bodies or sharira (sthula-gross, sukshma -subtle and kaarana -causal) and having a five layered existence (panchakosha) consisting of our anatomical, physiological, psychological, intellectual and universal existential layers (Giri, 1976; Bhavanani, 2008). Yoga as a way of conscious living, enables the individual to attain and maintain a dynamic sukhasthanam that may be defined as a dynamic sense of physical, mental and spiritual wellbeing. Tools to induce psycho-physical harmony: Asana-s (static postures), kriya- s (systematic and rationale movements), mudra-s (seals of neuromuscular energy) and bandha-s (locks for neuromuscular energy) gently stretch and strengthen the musculoskeletal system in a healthy manner. They improve mobility and flexibility of the different joints and groups of muscles. There is also concomitant improvement in the systemic function such as respiration, circulation, metabolism, digestion and elimination. A general sense of health and wellbeing is also promoted by these aspects of Yoga that help release feel good hormones like endorphins and encephalins (Bhavanani, 2008; 2013). Tools to balance emotional volatility: Swadhyaya (introspectionalself-analysis), pranayama(breathing techniques for control of vital energy), pratyahara (sensory withdrawal), dharana(intense concentration), dhyana(meditational oneness) and bhajana (devotional music) stabilize emotional turmoil and relieve stress and mental fatigue. They bring about an excellent sense of emotional balance that is vital for good health. Group work also enables achievement of emotional balance essential for good health. Development of appropriate psychological attitudes: Yoga encourages us to step back and take an meta-cognitive, objective view of our habitual patterns of behavior and thoughts. This enables us to cope better with situations that normally put our bodies and minds under strain. Patanjali emphasizes the need to develop following qualities in order to become mentally balanced humane beings (Bhavanani, 2011). He emphasizes abhyasa (relentless positive self-effort) and vairagya (dispassionate attitude) along with ishwarapranidhana (acceptance and humility of the universal plan). He provides an antidote to the stress pandemic by suggesting change in our inner perspective through pratipakshabhavanam (adoption of the contrary attitudes in the face of negativities). He advises us to develop clarity of mind (chittaprasadanam) through adoption of four conscious attitudes: namely maitri (friendliness towards those who are at peace with themselves), karuna (compassion for the suffering), mudita (cheerfulness towards the virtuous) and upekshanam (indifference and avoidance of the evil) (Bhavanani, 2008; 2011). Contemplation, relaxation and meditation: There are a great many Jnana Yoga and Raja Yogatechniques of relaxation and visualization that are useful (Giri, 1976; Bhavanani, 2008). Other practices such as trataka (concentrated Pro Vice Chancellor – DevSankritiVishwavidyalaya, Haridwar
  45. 45. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 46 gaze), pranayama, pratyahara, dharana as well as dhyanamay also be utilized. Relaxation is a central element in Yoga as it is the body’s own way of recharging its cells and helps to ease physical, emotional and mental tensions. We can facilitate our own healing when we are relaxed. In fact, we often unintentionally retard our inherent healing mechanisms when we are tense and uptight. Choice is ours to make! Enhancing spiritual awareness: Yoga is the best way for us to consciously evolve out of our lower, sub-human nature, into our elevated human and humane nature (Giri, 1995). Ultimately, this life giving, life enhancing and life sustaining science of humanity allows us to achieve in full measure the Divinity that resides within each of us. Swadhyaya, satsanga (spiritual gathering), bhajana sessions and Yogic counselling are important aspects of Yogic living We need to realise that “Oneness” is health whereas “Duality” is disease. We cannot remain lonely, depressed and diseased if we realize that we are part of a wonderful, joyful and harmonious Universe. Spirituality is the personal connection we feel with our own inner being. This can be strengthened greatly through conscious introspection and self inquiry. When we begin to understand the oneness manifest through all forms of life, we manifest gratitude, respect and love. Our life becomes one of selfless service (nishkamaseva) for humanity. At that point, we start to radiate joy, love and wellbeing (tejasvi). Relieving suffering and pain: In the Bhagavad Gita (VI:23), Yoga is also defined as “dukkhasamyogaviyogam yoga samjnitham”, the conscious disassociation from union with suffering (Chidbhavananda, 1984; Bhavanani, 2013). Yoga improves pain tolerance and provides an improved quality of life. It can be safely said that Yoga helps us endure conditions that it may not be able to cure. This is vital in end life situations where it is important that the patient has a sense of improved quality of life during their final days and moments on earth. Yoga can also benefit caretakers of such terminal patients who are under great stress themselves as it enables them to realise that we fulfil ourselves best as human beings when we help others.
  46. 46. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 47 ROLE OF YOGA IN MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS Dr Naveen G Halappa 5 Introduction to Mental health and Psychiatric disorders Mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potentiality, able to cope up with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a significant contribution to the community (WHO., 2005). Psychiatric disorders cause a significant disability among the people worldwide. According to WHO estimation, 37% of the loss of healthy years among non-communicable diseases are from psychiatric disorders (WHO 2011). Despite psychotropic drugs, electroconvulsive therapy and psychosocial therapies are available, the larger proportion of patients continue to be symptomatic and fail to achieve remission. It was observed that most of these patients required to take these medicines for longer duration which causes many side effects and complications. Also, several comorbid medical conditions are associated particularly with the long- term use of antipsychotic drugs. The etiology of psychiatric disorders are multifactorial, which includes biological, psychological and social factors. These causes are similar in most of the psychiatric disorders. Biological changes mainly include alterations in the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine and Gamma- AminoButyric Acid (GABA), decreased Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels, neuroplastic changes in the hippocampus, lower oxytocin levels, higher cortisol levels, sympathetic nervous system activation, hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis dysfunction and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Stress plays a very important role in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. In addition, early life experiences, poor child-parent relationships, marital discord/divorce, previous history and family history of psychiatric disorders, poor parenting skills, financial loss, work stress, poor housing and social isolation could influence the development of common mental health disorders. Yoga has been shown to be a promising mind- body therapy in promoting mental health and in the management of psychiatric disorders. Yoga and Mental Health Yoga is a way of life and has a history of more than 5000 years. A foundation of Yoga lies in Vedas and Upanishads. Puranas, Smritis, Bhagavad-Gita and Pathanjali Yoga sutras are the essence of Vedas and Upanishads. In all these texts, the importance of yoga on positive mental health is given utmost importance. For eg: Yoga is the skill to calm down the mind (Yoga Vashishta), Yoga is the process of cessation of mental modifications (Patanjali Yoga Sutras) and equilibrium state of mind is Yoga (Bhagavadgita). These definitions show Yoga has a role in modifying brain functions. Health depends on equanimity in all these 5 levels i.eAhara (Food), Sat- Vichara (Right Thinking), Vyayama (Yoga/Exercise), Vihara (Lifestyle) and Virama Assistant Professor (Senior Scale) in Health and Yoga Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam, Chennai.
  47. 47. IDY National Seminar-cum-CME at SBV, Pondicherry 2018 48 (Relaxation). This equanimity could be achieved with the practice of Yoga. In brief, health depends on all-round personality development at physical, mental, emotional, intellectual and spiritual levels as described by Shri Aurobindo. Therefore the main objective of Yoga is to integrate personality of an individual at all these dimensions of all round personality development. This objective is similar to the WHO definition of Health. Sage AdiShankaracharya describes six enemies of mind called avishadvargas, they are kama (lust/craze/desire), krodha (anger/hatredness), lobha (greed/miserliness/ narrow-minded), moha (delusory emotional attachment), Mada (Self-pride) and matsarya (jealousy). These are obstacles for athma Jnana/spiritual wisdom. According to Yoga vashista, the cause of sorrow is an only attachment to worldly life. Sage Patanjali describes the obstacles (ChittaVikshepas) in the path of attaining a state of sound mental health. These obstacles are disease, lack of interest, doubt, indecision, carelessness, sensual gratification, living under an illusion, wrong perception, sorrow, despair, unsteadiness of the body and irregular breathing. Also, he explains about five types of Kleshas (afflictions) which disturb the equilibrium state of consciousness. They are Avidya (ignorance), Asmita (ego), Raga (attachment), Dvesa (Anger), and Abhinivesa (fear of death). To get rid of these kleshas and vikshepas, Patanjali prescribed the following eight sadhanas (Eight limbed yoga/Ashtanga Yoga). Practice and detachment are the means for control of mental disturbances. Abhyasa means repeated practices such as Yama (restraints), Niyama (observances), Asana (postures), Pranayama (breathing practices), Pratyahara (withdrawal of senses). Vairagya means freedom from desires and passions that could be attained by the practice of Pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation) and Samadhi (realization of the true Self or Atman).Furthermore, Pathanjali suggested vitarka badhane pratipakshabhavanam means to obstruct thoughts which are inimical to yoga, contrary thoughts should be brought (PYS II: 33) and also emphasized to develop friendship, gladness & indifference being thought of in regard to subjects, happy, unhappy, good and evil respectively which pacify the Chitta (PYS I:33). Quality of a mentally healthy person (Sthitha Prajna) according to Bhagavad-Gita The mentally healthy person is free from the attachment, fear and anger. He will have love and compassion towards all the living entities with a complete satisfaction towards life. He will be devoid of ego, possessiveness, dualities, mind distraction and expectation towards the result of work. He dedicates himself devotionally with a service attitude. He will have better understanding skills and involved in good deeds for the benefit of all living entities. How can stress be managed according to Upanishads and Bhagavad-Gita? Stress is nothing but the speed at all the levels of human existence from annamaya kosha to manomaya kosha (Taitireya Upanishad). The basic requirement is to reduce the speed at all these levels. This could be achieved by slowing down the breath with the practice of slow breathing exercises and meditation. Bhagavad-Gita suggests, stress can be overcome by practicing these three qualities. a) Action in relaxation (work without stress) b) Developing happiness within and c) Maintaining Balance: One who is not disturbed in mind even amidst the threefold miseries or elated when there is happiness & who is free from attachment, fear & anger is called a sage of mind.
  48. 48. “Swastha Manas: Mental Health and Well-being through Yoga” 49 Scientific studies across the globe have shown that, Yoga is beneficial to reduce the stress levels (decreased perceived stress and cortisol levels, which is a stress marker), enhance sleep quality, neuropsychological functions (Memory, attention and executive functions) and Gamma-AminoButyric Acid (GABA) levels (it is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, its reduction is attributed to the mood disorders). In addition, OM chanting shown to deactivate the limbic regions which are activated in psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, six months of yoga practice lead to small increases in hippocampal volume in the elderly subjects, which suggest an enhancement in cognitive functions, which is a measure of neuroplasticity. Yoga therapy and mental disorders Yoga therapy has been tried in Major Depressive Disorder & dysthymia, Schizophrenia, Anxiety disorders (Generalised Anxiety Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), Alcohol dependence syndrome, Psychiatric disorders in childhood (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -ADHD), Eating disorders and Sleep disorders. The level of evidence grading is done according to Oxford center for evidence-based medicine (Grade 1: high-quality RCTs; Grade 2: low-quality RCTs; Grade 3: Case-control studies). 1. Major Depressive Disorder & dysthymia Decreased level of serotonin, melatonin, GABA, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels, neuropsychological functions (attention, memory and executive functions) and increased level of pro-inflammatory cytokines/cortisol levels are observed in depression. Yoga has been shown to improve these above objective parameters along with the reduction of depression scores. There is a developed and validated generic Yoga module derived from the traditional yoga texts for depression which indicates loosening exercises, sun salutation, back bending postures, inverted postures, fast and slow breathing exercises, OM chanting and yogic counseling are useful in these patients. These patients mainly have symptoms of low mood/interest, here activation practices are very important and sequence of the practices could be changed to avoid boredom to the patients. Duration of Yoga practice could be 10 days of initial supervised Yoga practice followed by at least 3 days in a week at home up to 3 months to achieve the maximum benefits. Grade 2 level evidence exists supporting Yoga could be used as a sole treatment for mild depression and as an add-on treatment for moderate and severe depression. 2. Schizophrenia Positive symptoms like delusions and hallucinations and negative symptoms (Blunting of feeling, poverty of speech and thought, lack of interest, lack of social drive, loss of motivation and inattention to cognitive or social input), disorganized behavior & disorganized speech, anxiety and depression are the common clinical features observed in patients with schizophrenia. Decreased oxytocin levels are implicated for decreased social cognition. Though Yoga cannot be applied during the acute psychotic episode, it can be used in the treatment stabilized schizophrenia patients. Yoga has been shown to be useful in reducing the negative symptoms,

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