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Oracle Inventory

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Oracle Manufacturing Functional Foundation

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Oracle Inventory

  1. 1. Oracle InventoryManufacturing Functional Foundation Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. ObjectivesAfter completing this lesson, you should be able to dothe following: • Understand the inventory structure, features, and transactions • Identify the major tables used in inventory transactions • Discuss the open interfaces and application program interfaces for Inventory Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Agenda• Inventory Overview• Inventory Transactions and Entity Relationship Diagrams• Inventory Open Interfaces and Application Program Interfaces Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. Inventory FeaturesOracle Inventory enables you to: • Define part numbers • Model organization structures • Forecast anticipated demand • Plan material replenishments • Track perpetual inventory • Maintain accurate on-hand balances Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. OverviewFinished goods Services What is inventory? Consigned inventory Raw materials Spare parts Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Inventory Capabilities AS18947Define part numbers Define organization structuresAS18947 = 1000 on-hand Track on-hand Plan material inventory replenishment Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Inventory Capabilities (Cont) Issuematerial Forecast demandReserve Maintainmaterial inventory accuracy Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Inventory Items ContainerComponent Service Assembly Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Inventory Organizations Distribution CenterCompany Warehouse Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Inventory Organization Structure Organization Subinventories Locators Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Item Attributes Item AttributesServiceable WeightPlan Buy Make Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Item Attribute Groups• Main • General Planning• Inventory • MPS / MRP• Bills of Material • Lead Times• Costing • Work In Process• Asset Management • Order Management• Costing • Invoicing• Purchasing • Process Manufacturing• Receiving • Service• Physical • Web Option Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Control LevelsMaster organization Item status = activeChild organization Item status = active Build in Wip = noChild organization Item status = active Build in Wip = yes Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. Item Statuses and AttributesItem attributes describe an item. Status Attributes are itemattributes that enable key functionality of an item. Status Attributes Invoice Enabled = BOM Allowed = Yes Item Status Yes Build in WIP = Yes Transactable = Yes Customer Orders Active Purchasable = Yes Enabled = Yes Internal Orders Stockable = Yes Enabled = Yes Recipe Process Execution Enabled = Yes Enabled = Yes Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Life Cycle of a Part Ramp Ramp Prototype Live Obsolete Up DownStock N Y Y Y NTrans N Y Y Y NBOM Y Y Y Y YWIP N Y Y N N Pur N Y Y N N OE N N Y Y NIntern N N Y Y N Bill N N Y Y N Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. Item Control SubinventoryRevision Control Locator Control Lot Control Serial Control Item AS3339 Item AS5222 Lot # C1498.1 Serial # 5847329 Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  17. 17. Receipt to Issue Life Cycle Transfer inventoryReceive inventory Issue inventory Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. Receiving InventoryPurchasing Work in process Receiving Inventory Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. Receiving InventoryTypes of Inventory Receipts • Receipt and Deliver (Direct) • Receipt then Deliver (Standard) • Inspection – Receipt – Inspect – Deliver Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  20. 20. Transferring Inventory Inventory Shipping TransferWork in Process Order Management Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  21. 21. Issuing InventoryPurchasing Inventory IssuingWork in Process Order Management Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. Transaction Flows Material Flow Business FlowReceive Goods WIP Purchasing Move Goods Inventory Ship Goods Services Order Management Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  23. 23. Inventory TransactionsMiscellaneous Miscellaneous receipt issueSubinventory 1 Organization Subinventory 2 1 Locator 1 Locator 1 Subinventory Subinventory transfer transfer Locator 2 Locator 2 Direct Interorganization interorganization intransit transfer transfer Organization 2 Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  24. 24. AvailabilityAvailability = - - On-hand Reservations Pending quantity transactions Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  25. 25. Inventory ForecastingInventory forecasting is the process of extrapolating theexpected demand of an item over a number of periods inthe future. Historical transactions for item XYZ Forecast for item XYZ Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  26. 26. Inventory Planning and Replenishment• Min-Max planning• Reorder-point planning• Kanban replenishment• Replenishment counting Time to replenish Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  27. 27. Inventory Control and Accuracy A B C Physical ABC CycleInventory Analysis Counting Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  28. 28. Inventory Process Shipment Transfer Inventory Supplier Receive Deliver Shop FloorOrder Entry Internal Shipment ExpenseInventory Inspect Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  29. 29. Agenda• Inventory Overview• Inventory Transactions and Entity Relationship Diagrams• Inventory Open Interfaces and Application Program Interfaces Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  30. 30. Defining OrganizationsThe first organization you must set up is the BusinessGroup, to which all other organizations belong. Organization Parameters (M1) Organization Parameters (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  31. 31. Organizations MTL_INTERORG_ MTL_PARAMETERS PARAMETERS HR_ORGANIZATION_GL_SETS_OF_BOOKS INFORMATION GL_CODE_ HR_ALL_ORGANIZATION_UNITS COMBINATIONS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  32. 32. Defining SubinventoriesSubinventories are unique physical or logical separationsof material inventory, such as raw inventory, finishedgoods, or defective material. Subinventories (M1) Subinventories (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  33. 33. Defining LocatorsUse locators to identify physical areas where you storeinventory items. Stock Locators (M1) Stock Locators (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  34. 34. Subinventories and Locators GL_CODE_COMBINATIONSMTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_TL MTL_SECONDARY_INVENTORIESMTL_ITEM_SUB_INVENTORIES MTL_ITEM_LOCATIONSMTL_SECONDARY_LOCATORS MTL_PARAMETERS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  35. 35. Defining ItemsYou can define and control items that you stock ininventory. Item Master (M1) Item Master (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  36. 36. Item Master MTL_ITEM_ATTRIBUTESMTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B MTL_ITEM_TEMPL_ATTRIBUTES MTL_ITEM_STATUS MTL_ITEM_TEMPLATES MTL_STATUS_ATTRIBUTE_VALUES MTL_PARAMETERS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  37. 37. Defining Item ControlsYou can choose between centralized and decentralizedcontrol of item attributes. Defining attribute controls doesnot determine the value of an attribute, only the level atwhich it is controlled. Item Attribute Controls Item Attribute Controls Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  38. 38. Item Controls MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_BMTL_LOT_NUMBERS MTL_SERIAL_NUMBERS MTL_ITEM_REVISIONS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  39. 39. Defining Item Status CodesUse statuses to provide default values for certain itemattributes to control the functionality of an item. Item Status Item Status Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  40. 40. Item Status MTL_PENDING_ITEM_STATUSMTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B MTL_ITEM_STATUS MTL_STATUS_ATTRIBUTE_VALUES MTL_ITEM_ATTRIBUTES Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  41. 41. Defining Item CategoriesYou can define an unlimited number of categories andgroup subsets of your categories into category sets. Categories Category Sets Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  42. 42. Item Categories MTL_ITEM_CATEGORIES MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B MTL_CATEGORY_ SET_VALID_CATSMTL_CATEGORIES_B MTL_CATEGORY_ SETS_B FND_ID_FLEX_ STRUCTURES MTL_CATEGORIES_TL MTL_CATEGORY_SETS_TL MTL_DEFAULT_ CATEGORY_SETS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  43. 43. Defining Item Catalog GroupsUse item cataloging to add descriptive information to itemsand to partition your Item Master into groups of items thatshare common characteristics. Item Catalog Groups Item Catalog Groups Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  44. 44. Item Catalogs MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_BMTL_DESCR_ELEMENT_VALUESMTL_DESCRIPTIVE_ELEMENTSMTL_ITEM_CATALOG_GROUPS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  45. 45. Defining an ABC CompileYou can define and compile an ABC analysis for yourentire organization or for a specific subinventory withinyour organization. Define ABC Compile (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  46. 46. ABC AnalysisMTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B MTL_SECONDARY INVENTORIES MTL_ABC_COMPILES MTL_ABC_ MTL_ABC_COMPILE_ASSIGNMENTS HEADERS MTL_ABC_ MTL_ABC_ MTL_ABC_ASSGN_ ASSIGNMENT_ CLASSES GROUP_CLASSES GROUPS Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  47. 47. Defining Physical InventoryYou can define and maintain an unlimited number ofphysical inventories in Oracle Inventory. Define Physical Inventory (M1) Define Physical Inventory (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  48. 48. Physical Inventory MTL_MATERIAL_ MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B TRANSACTIONS MTL_PHYSICAL_ INVENTORIES MTL_ MTL_PHYSICAL_ MTL_ PHYSICAL_ SUBINVENTORIES PHYSICAL_INVENTORY_ ADJUSTMENTS TAGS MTL_ SECONDARY_ INVENTORIES Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  49. 49. Defining a Cycle CountCycle counting is the periodic counting of individual itemsthroughout the course of the year to ensure the accuracyof inventory quantities and values. Cycle Counts (M1) Cycle Counts (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  50. 50. Cycle Count MTL_CC_ MTL_SCHED_COUNT SYSTEM_ITEMS_B XREFS MTL_CC_ SCHEDULE_ MTL_CYCLE_ REQUESTS COUNT_ MTL_CYCLE_ ENTRIES COUNT_ITEMS MTL_ MTL_CYCLE_ MTL_CYCLE_ MATERIAL_ COUNT_HEADERS COUNT_TRANSACTIONS CLASSES Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  51. 51. Viewing Item Supply and DemandYou can view supply/demand information, and the currentand projected available quantities of an item. Supply // Demand Detail (M1) Supply Demand Detail (M1) Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  52. 52. Defining Item ReservationsUse the Item Reservation window to create, view, update,transfer, and delete reservation requests. Item Reservation Item Reservation Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  53. 53. Demand and Reservation Information MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B OE_ORDER_HEADERS_ALL OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL MTL_SALES_ORDERS MTL_ GL_CODE_COMBINATIONS DEMAND_ INTERFACE MTL_ MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS MTL_GENERIC_ DISPOSITIONS MTL_DEMAND Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  54. 54. Oracle Inventory Transaction Flow Inventory Order Entry Receiving WIP RCV_ RCV TRANSACTIONS_ Processor INTERFACE MTL_ MTL_MATERIAL_ MTL_ MTL_TRANSACTIONS_ TRANSACTIONS_ MATERIAL_ TRANSACTION_ INTERFACE TEMP TRANSACTIONS ACCOUNTS TXN TXN Cost Processor Worker Processor Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  55. 55. Agenda• Inventory Overview• Inventory Transactions and Entity Relationship Diagrams• Inventory Open Interfaces and Application Program Interfaces Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  56. 56. Inventory Open Interfaces• Open Transaction Interface• Open Replenishment Interface• Open Item Interface• Customer Item and Customer Item Cross Reference Open Interfaces• Cycle Count Entries Interface Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  57. 57. Inventory Application Program Interfaces• Cycle Count API• Kanban API• Lot API• Material Reservation API• Reservations Manager API• Sales Order API• Move Order API• Pick Confirm API Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  58. 58. Inventory Application Program Interfaces• Transaction Flow API• Move Order Admin API• Line_Details_pub• Quantity Tree API• Material Transaction API• Inter-Company Transaction Flow API• Category API• Item Category Assignment API Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
  59. 59. SummaryIn this lesson, you should have learned how to: • Understand the inventory structure, features, and transactions • Identify the major tables used in inventory transactions • Discuss the open interfaces and application program interfaces for Inventory Copyright © 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.

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