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Introduction to Social Science Research

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This presentation introduces the Social Science research and its various types.

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Introduction to Social Science Research

  1. 1. By Dr. Anamika Ray Assistant Professor in Mass Communication Gauhati University, Assam, India
  2. 2.  Research is a systematic, controlled , empirical and critical investigation of hypothetical proposition about the occurrences.  It is one of the most practical subjects.  Getting answer of a question requires research.  Research always means Scientific Research.  Scientific Research means systematic , objective oriented data collection and analysis of information to uncover facts , patterns and relationships.
  3. 3.  Science is empirical.  Science needs continuous research for its existence, on the other hand research follows science.  Science and Research are the two sides of a coin.  As research is scientific way of investigation, it is considered as an event based on experiment.  It must be pragmatic in nature.  It is based on observations.
  4. 4.  Science is empirical.  Science is objective.  Science is systematic .  Science is public.  Science is replicable.  Science is cumulative.  Science is collective Scientific research has also all the above characteristics
  5. 5. 1. Descriptive Research : It is a process of collecting, analyzing and interpreting data by observing what people say following a description. 2. Quantitative Research : It aims to measure the quantity or amount and compare it with past records and tries to predict the future for the project. In quantitative research , numbers are attached to observations in such a way that statistics can be used to analyze results and present findings. 3. Qualitative Research: For qualitative studies, data based on observations are not expressed in numbers. The decision to conduct quantitative or quantitative research depends on the researcher’s interests and skills. Neither quantitative nor qualitative research is inherently better.
  6. 6. 4. Basic research : Basic research is sometimes referred to as theoretical, academic or scholarly research. It is most often conducted in College or University by the academicians and research scholars. 5. Applied Research: The goal of this kind of research is to provide solutions to real problem. The findings and the various applications may pave theory in the particular field. Applied research is neither totally a theoretical nor bereft of value to the basic researcher. 6. Co-relational Research : It is the statistical comparison between two variables. Here, the researcher tries to find out the relations among the variables.

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