Reported speech and reporting verbs

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Reported speech and reporting verbs

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECH
  2. 2. REPORTED SPEECH & REPORTING VERBS THE POLITE ROBBER
  3. 3. Gregory John What did Gregory ask John? He asked him if he could do him a favour. Can you do me a favour?
  4. 4. Gregory John What did John say? He said yes. Yes.
  5. 5. Gregory John What did Gregory tell John to do? He told him to empty the till for him and put it right there. Empty the till for me, please. Put it right here.
  6. 6. Gregory John What did John ask Gregory? He asked him what he meant. What do you mean?
  7. 7. Gregory John What did Gregory tell John to do? He told him to empty the till and put it right there, because he was robbing him. Empty the till and put it right here, because I'm robbing you, sir.
  8. 8. Gregory John What did John ask Gregory? He asked him if he was sure. Are you sure?
  9. 9. Gregory John What did Gregory say? He said that he was sure. I'm sure.
  10. 10. Gregory John What did John ask Gregory? He asked him why he wanted to do that. Why do you want to do that?
  11. 11. Gregory John What did Gregory say? He said that he needed the money, and that he had kids that needed to be fed. Because I need the money. I have kids that need to be fed, sir. I'm really sorry that I have to do this. He said that he was really sorry that he had to do that.
  12. 12. Gregory John What did John offer Gregory? He asked him if he accepted $40 dollars. Do you accept $40 dollars?
  13. 13. Gregory John What did Gregory say? He said that he was sorry, he couldn't do that. I'm sorry, I can't do that, sir. I've got rent to pay, I've got bills, and my kids need to eat. He said that he had rent to pay, he had bills, and his kids needed to eat.
  14. 14. Gregory John What did Gregory say? He said thank you and that he appreciated it, and he was really sorry. Thank you very much. I appreciate it, and I am really sorry. If I ever get back on my feet again sir, I'll bring it back. He said that if he ever got back on his feet again he would bring it back.
  15. 15. REPORTED SPEECH This is how we report what people said: a. Direct Speech: Gregory: “I have kids that need to be fed, sir.” b. Reported Speech: Gregory said Subject + Reporting Verb He had children that needed to be fed. Tense Change Tenses are moved into the past. + PAST
  16. 16. REPORTED SPEECH Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple Past Simple Present Continuous Past Continuous Past Simple Past Perfect Present Perfect Past Perfect Am / is / are going to Was / were going to Must Had to Will Would * Modal Verbs (could, should, would and might ) do not change
  17. 17. REPORTED SPEECH Direct Speech Reported Speech I am ill She said she was ill. They are studying Maths She said they were studying Maths. She phoned me yesterday. She said that she had phoned the day before. Simon has come back from Paris. He said that Simon had come back from Paris. He is going to prepare dinner. She said that he was going to prepare dinner. You must finish before 9. He said that I had to finish before 9. I will bring you a blanket. He said he would bring me a blanket.
  18. 18. REPORTING VERBS The most common reporting verbs are say, tell and ask. However, there are many others that can help us be more precise in the information we want to report.
  19. 19. REPORTING VERBS Gregory said: “Empty the till for me, please” Gregory asked John to empty the till Gregory said: “Empty the till, I’m robbing you, sir” Gregory insisted that John emptied the till and admitted robbing him. John said: “Do you accept $40?” John offered to give him $40. Gregory said: “I can’t do that, sir” He refused to accept the money. Gregory said: “Thank you very much, and I’m really sorry, sir” Gregory thanked John and apologised for doing it. Gregory said: “If I ever get back on my feet again, I’ll bring it back, sir” Gregory promised to bring the money back
  20. 20. REPORTING VERBS Verb+ object +infinitive verb + infinitive verb (that)+ sentence verb + gerund verb object + Preposition+ gerund Verb + Preposition + gerund advise encourage invite remind warn agree decide offer promise refuse threaten admit agree decide deny explain insist promise recommend suggest deny recommend suggest accuse blame congratulate apologize insist Jack encouraged me to look for a new job. They invited all their friends to attend the presentation. She offered to give him a lift to work. My brother refused to take no for an answer. Tom admitted (that) he had tried to leave early. She agreed (that) we needed to reconsider our plans. He denied having anything to do with her. Ken suggested studying early in the morning. They accused the boys of cheating on the exam. She blamed her husband for missing the train. He apologized for being late. She insisted on doing the washing up.

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