Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Now and then. Expressing habits


Published on

Published in: Education, Economy & Finance
  • Be the first to comment

Now and then. Expressing habits

  1. 1. Situations and habits in the present and past
  2. 2. This is Kate Morrison
  3. 3. Now • She’ll usually read fairy tales to her children. • Her husband goes through phases of reading thick novels.
  4. 4. • She tends to go to a good musical whenever she can. • She tends not to pay much attention to gossip magazines.
  5. 5. • She seldom gets to find the time for the cinema. • Her husband is always listening to his iPod.
  6. 6. EXPRESSING HABITS In the present: • Present simple + expression of frequency She seldom gets … • Tend to / Tend not to + INF She tends to … She tends not to ... • Go through phases of + ING (temporary habits) Her husband goes through phases of … • Will (emphatic) She’ll usually read … • Present Continuous + frequency adverb (annoying) Her husband is always …. …
  7. 7. STATE VERBS There are some verbs which are nearly always used in a simple rather than a continuous tense. These are “state” verbs and they usually refer to thoughts, feelings,belonging and the senses.
  8. 8.  THOUGHTS: believe, know, mean, realise, recognise, remember, suppose, understand, feel, think.  FEELINGS: adore, dislike, despise, hate, love, want, wish, prefer,…  BELONGING: belong, have/have got (=posses), own, posses,…  SENSES: smell, taste, hear, see.  OTHER STATE VERBS: seem, look, look like, matter,…
  9. 9. Some verbs have a stative meaning and a different active meaning:  She’s got a beautiful house  We’re having an interesting conversation.  It tastes delicious  I’m tasting the sauce.  I think you’ll pass your exam  I’m thinking about you.
  10. 10. Ten years ago… • She went to University from Monday to Friday. • She used to study with some friends at the library.
  11. 11. • She lived in the UK with her parents. • She would go for a drink with her friends on Saturday.
  12. 12. PAST SIMPLE We use “past simple” to:  Talk about permanent, long-term situations in the past: She lived with her family.  Refer to past habits: She went to University from Monday to Friday.
  13. 13. USED TO / WOULD We can use both “used to” and “would” to talk about past habits when we are emphasising that they are no longer true:  She used to study at the library  She would go for a drink with her friends on Saturday. “Used to” is much more common than would
  14. 14.  “Used to” can also refer to states: She used to be crazy about Michael Jackson. We can’t use “would” for that. Don’t confuse “used to”, which is a past tense, with “be/get used to (doing), which can be present, past or future: She’s used to living in the States. She’s getting used to driving to work.
  15. 15. Expressions of frequency • Classify these adverbs and adverbial phrases on the frequency scale below once in a blue moon every now and again from time to time every so often seldom rarely, if ever once in a while occasionally generally by and large NEVER RARELY SOMETIMES as a rule hardly ever USUALLY ALWAYS KEY: NEVER (rarely, if ever, once in a blue moon), RARELY (hardly ever, seldom, occasionally, once in a while, from time to time), SOMETIMES (every now and again, every so often, generally, by and large), USUALLY (as a rule) ALWAYS.
  16. 16. Customs BE/ GET USED TO + ing: What’s the difference between these two sentences? “I have to get used to going to bed earlier” “I’m used to going to bed before 10”