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Ing or to infinitive ana

What to choose? Gerund or Infinitive?

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Ing or to infinitive ana

  1. 1. Gerund or infinitive? Verb patterns
  2. 2. Use a gerund ...  as the subject a sentence: Drinking 2 litres of water a day may help you lose some weight. (In more formal context, an infinitive is preferred)  after prepositions: After having the accident, I decided to visit a psychologist to help. Sometimes TO (as a preposition) is followed by a gerund: Peter is looking forward to going under the knife to have his appearance improved. (confess to, object to, adapt to, adjust to, admit to, own up, resort)  after certain verbs:
  3. 3. admit delay imagine practice advise deny involve reject allow dislike keep resist appreciate enjoy mention risk avoid escape mind stop can’t help fancy miss suggest can’t stand finish permit understand consider go (swimming) postpone waste (time)
  4. 4. Verbs followed by a preposition and a gerund admit to approve of apologize for argue about be accused of be excited about be used to believe in blame for care about complain about concentrate on confess to count on depend on disapprove of discourage from dream about feel like forget about famous for insist on instead of interested in keep from look forward to object to plan on prevent from profit from refrain from succeed in take care about talk about think about worry about
  5. 5. Other uses of gerunds
  6. 6. Use an infinitive ...  After adjectives and adverbs: Alternative medicine may be useful to avoid the overuse of drugs. Mary is too young to take sleeping pills every night.  After enough: My first visit to the chiropractor wasn’t enough to relieve the pain in my back.  Infinitive of purpose: Some people think that herbal medicine is only taken to prevent colds in winter. *After some verbs, FOR + Object is needed before the infinitive: I asked for an ambulance to come home.
  7. 7. After certain verbs agree consent have offer start aim continue hesitate ought stop appear dare hope plan strive arrange decide hurry prefer swear ask deserve intend prepare threaten attempt detest leap proceed try be able dislike leave promise use beg expect like propose wait begin fail long refuse want care forget love remember wish choose get mean say condescend happen neglect shoot
  8. 8. After nouns formed from verbs which take the infinitive Agreement, plan, hope ,.. After something, anywhere, nothing,... There’s nothing to do to prevent depression. After question words (except WHY) I don’t know what to do to help you get better. After superlatives and first, second, last, ... She is the first person I know to be diagnosed with anorexia.
  9. 9. Present or perfect? Active or passive?  To eat  Eating  To have eaten  Having eaten  To be eaten  Being eaten Passive gerunds and infinitives to describe actions which are done to the subject. Perfect gerunds and infinitives to emphasize that the action is completed or in the past.
  10. 10. Gerund or infinitive with no difference in meaning Begin, hate, like, start, love, prefer, continue, can’t stand /bear, attempt, cease, deserve, fear, intend
  11. 11. Gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning
  12. 12. Other considerations  Make, let , help + Object + bare infinitive However: I was made to rest for a month I help Peter (to) find a good specialist.  Dare + to or bare infinitive BUT Dare + Object + to infinitive  Hear, feel, notice, observe, see, overhear, watch,.. + gerund (part of the action) or bare infinitive (completed action, from start to finish). Compare: I saw her crossing the road I saw her cross the road
  13. 13. Verb + that clause accept, admit, agree, announce, argue, believe, boast, complain, conclude, confess, declare, exclaim, insist, suggest, imagine, reveal, report, recommend, ... Verb + object + that clause advise, assure, inform, reassure, remind, tell, warn Verb + object + to infinitive ask, beg, expect, want, advise, allow, challenge, command, encourage, forbid, force, invite, permit, remind, request, urge, warn Verb + object + gerund dislike, hate, imagine, involve, keep, mind, prevent, remember, risk, stop Verb + object + preposition + gerund Accuse somebody of, blame somebody for, congratulate somebody on, thank somebody for

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  • NanKhanSan

    Aug. 1, 2016

What to choose? Gerund or Infinitive?

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