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Trabao final 2010


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Trabao final 2010

  1. 1. Social studies<br />Mister: Diego Villamizar<br />studen´s : Ana Maria Orjuela<br /> Valentina Osorio<br />FINAL PROJECT<br />Bogotá, Junio 14 de 2010<br />1 State and develop two of the main economic proposals of Santos and Mockus <br />A Juan Manuel Santos economic proposals: <br />The generation of work posts is a central concern of the candidate's economic proposal. Santos is committed to creating at least 2.5 million jobs and formalizing around 500 thousand, because if there is no formalization, as well as social cost, no social security scheme will survive. <br />Santos raises boost economic growth at levels of 5.5% during the presidential term, based on what he calls “the engines”: the countryside, the infrastructure, social housing, the energy mining sector and innovation. He says that they are going to engage to these “engines” two cars: one is trade and the other one is services which concentrates over 60% of employment." <br />B Antanas Mockus economic proposals: <br />The creation of opportunities is a prerequisite for progress towards a fair and prosperous society. <br />Antanas Mockus has said: an orderly, efficient and balanced economic policy will make possible our commitment to make education, technology, science, innovation, entrepreneurship and culture as engines of development. With strong and well-articulated institutions and respect for the legal stability, we will promote the transformation of the productive system and a dynamic integration of our economy in the international ambit. We will reduce informality to ensure as many people as it is possible to a prosperous, productive and competitive workforce.<br />2. Compare and look for differences <br />About Taxes: Santos was the creator of the 4 x 1000. In this campaign he had said would the tax would, but in the last two weeks he has said that tax collections would raise without raising tariffs. - Just enough to cover the deficit-. Mockus, on the other hand has said from the beginning that he will simplify the VAT and raise taxes primarily to social stratus 5 and 6 (upper class) to investments at the national level such as those made in Bogota, and to enable the country to invest more in infrastructure, science and technology.<br />In relation to the economic growth models, the candidates were emphatic on the need to bet on important goals in GDP. Santos said that it is feasible in Colombia to continue the economic growth without increasing taxes and doing tax reform. On the contrary, the candidate of the Greens, in order to invite employers to " risk" to tax a little more, brought up the experience of Bogota, when the city was in difficult moments and systematic effort was made to improve not only its tax collection or but also its rates. <br />3. State and develop two of the main social proposals of each candidate, meaning education, health and housing<br />CANDIDATEHEALTHEDUCATIONHOUSINGANTANAS MOCKUSWe will make structural reforms in the health system, based on a dialogue with patients, physicians, nurses, hospitals, insurers, the companies and health care institutions, researchers and local authorities to achieve a achieve system with real capacity coordinate the various sectors that contribute to the provision of services, accessible to all people, quality, equitable and appropriate, managed in an efficient, well run and well managed. 2. Simplify the institutional design of the health system to improve its administration, to facilitate their supervision and control of corruption. 3. The definition of a single plan of health benefits provided by Law 100 but unfulfilled until today, and is regularly updated, is a first step in resolving the financial problems of the system. In all matters relating to POS, it is essential to respect the scientific and professional autonomy of doctors. Mechanisms will be reviewed health financing to ensure sustainability in the future. The use of health resources will be controlled in the more stringent.4. Seek to develop more effective prevention systems. Will revitalize the national public health programs to achieve greater impact. We will focus on compliance with the obligations of local authorities and the EPS. We will give priority to environmental sanitation (water, air, solid waste, soil) as a strategy to ensure the good health of the citizens. In preschool, we'll target our efforts to achieve 90% coverage and to have qualified personnel in charge of the institutions responsible for it. 2. Strengthen the Integral Program for Early Childhood Care, oriented to give priority to the poorest children, so they are not disadvantaged in their development potential for life. 3. Substantially improve the quality of public basic education by building schools and colleges of high quality, increased study time, gradually shifting from half-time to full-time, the improvement of teaching practices in the classroom, manning of teaching aids, including libraries and computers in classrooms, and comprehensive cooperation between students, teachers and parents. Raising the level of public schools, so that their quality is rapidly approaching that of the best private schools. 4. In elementary and secondary education, our policies take into account the particularities of each region. Strengthen the National Program for Rural Education to reduce the education gap between rural and urban areas. We will create the conditions for teachers in rural areas to ensure their stay in classrooms throughout the school year. 5. Foster the social recognition of the work of teachers and strengthen their training through an ongoing training program for teachers at all educational levels, with the collaboration of universities, businesses and government. We will increase the research capacity of universities that train teachers. 6. Reduce the dropout rate at ages 12-16 years to a third of the current and increasing access to higher education. The " I Retiro" combine financial support, psychosocial support and improvements in infrastructure. Young people from the poorer strata remain in secondary education, and strive to graduate from high school, will have financial support for their access to technical, technological and university7. We will increase the coverage of technical and technological education with funding from ICETEX, institutions of higher education and SENA. This increased coverage will be tied to sect oral and regional needs. Adopt quality standards for the efforts of young people will be rewarded in the labor market. In particular, restructuring the SENA to operate within the systems of quality assessment of the Ministry of Education. 8. As for higher education the main goal is to improve quality. We will pursue a program of training university teachers in master's and doctoral degrees, to increase the number of teachers and teachers plant with masters and doctorate. 9. Promote comprehensive reform and broad social discussion of the Higher Education Law No. 30, to overcome barriers to access and respond to the challenges facing quality and relevance. 10. To ensure the quality of higher education, review and update the scheme of accreditation of academic programs and evaluation mechanisms, making the results public. 11. We favor research and innovation in higher education and review the institutional design related education, research and production sectors, to have better coordination. 12. There will be a fellowship program to support low-income college students. 13. We have the political will to make the necessary investment in education, culture, science, technology and innovation. The mechanisms of funding for this vision contemplate the establishment of a fund of up to 15% of the shares of Ecopetrol. This project is unprecedented in Colombia's recent history, and is one of the axes for the social and economic transformation of the country.Increase the public budget for social housing, resources and forms of subsidy, and strengthen public banks to respond to the demands of credit, people with higher deficit.Promote associative forms of housing construction, through programs of technical assistance and support. To promote co-financing and subsidy schemes in the construction of utility networks, in coordination with municipalities and companies providing these services.Promote the acquisition of land banks in the cities to organize the growth and unlock the construction of housing.Promote the relocation of public housing and neighborhoods that are in areas vulnerable mover the relocation of public housing and neighborhoods that are in vulnerable areas.JUAN MANUEL SANTOSIt promises the Nationalization of Health, so that anyone with the same card is of a contributory or subsidized system to be serviced anywhere in the country, apart from that no Colombian poor will be left out of the subsidized regime. And promises to rehabilitate the POS (Compulsory Health Plan) so that it is cheaper to the government provide better quality health care to invest in legal costs to the Supreme Court for cases of healthPromises to bring broadband to every corner of Colombia to ensure that all Colombians can be educated better, like promises to create a program for enhancing English for all children to at least finish primary school at least they understand the foreign language , and be able to finish high school to speak it perfectly for better employment opportunities. (Of course, if the latter is already dependent on the willingness of each student)- Promises to continue the program subtext (Grant Scholarships abroad) implanted by Dr. Uribe where the best students in public universities in the country are receiving international expertise borne by the Government. - Promises to create the Scholarship Credit, which replace those credits Icetex therefore no longer be billed every six months but when the student completes his college career and have a source of employment. Bone, transformed the way Icetex management.- Continue with the diversification of SENA for students also enter technology careers that are most needed in the majority source of jobs in the country. Sena and open facilities in rural areas so that farmers have access to agricultural education.<br />4. Compare and look for differences<br />CANDIDATEHEALTHEDUCATIONHOUSINGANTANAS MOCKUS* Comprehensive system with real capacity based on interviews and consultations* Plan unique health benefits* Attention to early childhood Primordial poorest.* Create college scholarships for low-income college* Promote the associative forms of housing construction.* Increase the public budget to build social housingJUAN MANUEL SANTOS*Nationalization of health* Bringing the Internet to all corners of the country.* Create college scholarships to replace the I* Build more social housing.* Improving the system of subsidies<br />5. Should you have the opportunity to vote for either, for whom would you vote?<br />BY ANTANAS MOCKUS<br />6. State three reasons to give a backing to your answer<br />Principio del formulario<br />Final del formulario<br />A level of transparency has shown since he was mayor of Bogotá and this country needs this urgently.<br /> Honestly offers an agenda that includes a tax increase necessary and that the other candidates but did not publicly recognize that they know to do and do not recognize it publicly for fear of losing votes.<br /> It has an important idea about what education can do in terms of progress and poverty.<br />