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Data from the third wave of the survey of the kalmius group

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Data from the third wave of the survey of the kalmius group

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Data from the third wave of the survey of the kalmius group

  1. 1. The survey was conducted by GfK Ukraine. Survey method is telephone interviews with calls to phones. Survey period: from June 04 to June 20, 2018. 1966 respondents, 540 of them from Donetsk and Luhansk regions (territories controlled by the Ukrainian government). Weighted data for the total population (real sample of 1966 respondents) corresponds to the population distribution by age/gender/settlement type and macro region according to State Statistics Service of Ukraine data as of January 1, 2017; weighted data for the population of Donetska and Luhanska oblast corresponds with the oblasts’ population distribution by age/gender/settlement type. The data in the tables is given as weighted, and the total weighted sample of 1,500 respondents is displayed for convenience. The survey was conducted in all regions of Ukraine, except for the uncontrolled part of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The sampling error for the whole of Ukraine does not exceed 2.5%, for Donetsk and Luhansk regions — does not exceed 4.9%. DATA FROM THE THIRD WAVE OF THE SURVEY OF THE KALMIUS GROUP
  2. 2. Some people believe that Ukraine differs from region to region; others think that there are more similarities than differences between regions. Please, evaluate are there big differences, slight differences or no differences in such spheres by regions of Ukraine? Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Differences between regions in: Traditions and culture: big differences 44,92 % 36,92 % 35,81 % 43,92 % 31,46 % 39,75 % slight differences 45,01 % 50,00 % 46,91 % 41,00 % 49,85 % 46,63 % no differences 6,75 % 9,10 % 10,00 % 11,36 % 14,41 % 9,44 % (do not read out) DK 3,32 % 3,98 % 7,28 % 3,72 % 4,28 % 4,18 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 31,46 % 49,85 % 14,41 % 4,28 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Differences between regions in: Political climate: big differences 42,16 % 35,38 % 37,24 % 38,26 % 40,50 % 38,10 % slight differences 31,55 % 36,43 % 36,48 % 31,99 % 35,13 % 34,31 % no differences 16,87 % 15,22 % 12,43 % 16,12 % 14,04 % 15,39 % (do not read out) DK 9,41 % 12,96 % 13,85 % 13,63 % 10,32 % 12,21 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 40,50 % 35,13 % 14,04 % 10,32 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Differences between regions in: Economic development: big differences 42,11 % 47,54 % 40,02 % 42,72 % 40,80 % 43,98 % slight differences 41,45 % 38,22 % 37,50 % 35,10 % 37,51 % 38,22 % no differences 9,56 % 7,09 % 13,92 % 12,64 % 11,73 % 9,89 % (do not read out) DK 6,87 % 7,15 % 8,56 % 9,54 % 9,95 % 7,91 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 40,80 % 37,51 % 11,73 % 9,95 % 100,00 %
  3. 3. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% What regions in Ukraine differ a lot from others, in general? (Spontaneous answers) Kyiv city / Kyivska obl 13,03 % 16,16 % 13,85 % 14,49 % 14,65 % 14,72 % Donbas (Donetsk or Luhansk oblasts) 10,25 % 10,96 % 7,67 % 8,15 % 19,09 % 10,34 % Crimea 1,34 % 2,51 % 2,13 % 1,35 % 1,75 % 1,91 % Western region 45,96 % 47,47 % 53,17 % 48,74 % 47,00 % 48,02 % Eastern region 38,32 % 25,89 % 19,25 % 28,93 % 27,65 % 28,75 % Southern region 6,10 % 5,94 % 16,51 % 7,29 % 4,08 % 7,39 % Northern region 1,83 % 3,87 % 3,35 % 1,93 % 1,72 % 2,80 % Lviv city / Lvivska obl 8,43 % 8,36 % 10,18 % 8,39 % 6,27 % 8,47 % Carpathian region 9,00 % 8,78 % 4,40 % 5,86 % 6,33 % 7,57 % Other (specify) 1,77 % 1,20 % 0,00 % 1,12 % 1,06 % 1,17 % (do not read out) Refuse 1,67 % 1,10 % 0,00 % 0,94 % 0,96 % 1,06 % (do not read out) DK 16,61 % 18,55 % 16,60 % 18,48 % 19,04 % 17,88 % Other: no differences 1,49 % 0,60 % 0,00 % 1,01 % 1,77 % 0,89 % Other: big cities 0,00 % 1,49 % 3,22 % 0,83 % 0,56 % 1,15 % Other: Centre 4,79 % 5,44 % 2,09 % 2,86 % 5,35 % 4,36 % Other: Vinnytsya/Vinnytska obl 0,71 % 0,92 % 0,71 % 0,62 % 0,65 % 0,77 % Other:Lutsk/Volynska obl 0,96 % 0,60 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,19 % 0,47 % Other:Dnipro/Dnipropetrovska obl 2,22 % 2,91 % 0,66 % 5,09 % 1,97 % 2,86 % Other:Zhytomyr/Zhytomyrska obl 0,36 % 0,71 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,63 % 0,39 % Other:Zaporizhzhia/Zaporizka obl 1,07 % 0,51 % 0,54 % 2,92 % 1,33 % 1,19 % Other: Ivano-Frankivsk/Ivano-Frankivska obl 1,59 % 0,94 % 1,08 % 0,23 % 1,01 % 0,97 % Other:Kropyvnytsky/Kirovogradska obl 0,00 % 0,94 % 0,00 % 0,36 % 0,00 % 0,43 % Other:Mykolaiv/Mykolaivska obl 0,30 % 0,42 % 1,36 % 1,27 % 0,49 % 0,68 % Other:Odesa/Odeska obl 5,21 % 3,64 % 12,22 % 4,63 % 3,38 % 5,21 % Other:Poltava/Poltavska obl 1,35 % 1,09 % 0,47 % 0,41 % 1,02 % 0,93 % Other:Rivne/Rivnenska obl 0,17 % 0,90 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,38 % Other:Sumy/Sumska obl 0,19 % 0,96 % 0,47 % 0,75 % 0,22 % 0,63 % Other:Ternopil/Ternopilska obl 0,79 % 0,43 % 1,08 % 1,27 % 0,35 % 0,76 % Other:Kharkiv/Kharkivska obl 3,16 % 3,59 % 4,16 % 5,79 % 4,87 % 4,08 % Other:Kherson/Khersonska obl 0,50 % 0,58 % 1,24 % 0,00 % 0,19 % 0,50 % Other:Khmelnytsky/Khmelnytska obl 0,22 % 0,78 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,39 % 0,37 % Other:Cherkasy/Cherkaska obl 0,00 % 0,95 % 0,00 % 0,36 % 0,00 % 0,43 % Other:Chernivtsi/Chernivetska obl 0,39 % 0,37 % 1,58 % 0,23 % 0,39 % 0,49 % Other:Chernihiv/Chernigivska obl 0,00 % 1,70 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,42 % 0,67 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 14,65 % 19,09 % 1,75 % 47,00 % 27,65 % 4,08 % 1,72 % 6,27 % 6,33 % 1,06 % 0,96 % 19,04 % 1,77 % 0,56 % 5,35 % 0,65 % 0,19 % 1,97 % 0,63 % 1,33 % 1,01 % 0,00 % 0,49 % 3,38 % 1,02 % 0,00 % 0,22 % 0,35 % 4,87 % 0,19 % 0,39 % 0,00 % 0,39 % 0,42 % 100,00 %
  4. 4. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have you ever felt or not that people’s attitude to you is determined by the region of your origin? We mean geographic region No, never 54,07 % 68,90 % 67,13 % 71,05 % 57,23 % 64,91 % Yes, people’s attitude usually becomes better when they understand that I’m from my region 15,13 % 10,03 % 9,93 % 7,44 % 9,63 % 10,67 % Yes, people’s attitude usually becomes worse when they understand that I’m from my region 19,91 % 12,43 % 15,28 % 12,84 % 21,44 % 15,17 % (do not read out) Refuse 0,56 % 0,57 % 0,58 % 0,00 % 0,23 % 0,43 % (do not read out) DK 10,33 % 8,07 % 7,07 % 8,67 % 11,46 % 8,82 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 57,23 % 9,63 % 21,44 % 0,23 % 11,46 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% What regions were these people from, if you know? (%among those, who felt worse people’s attitude because of region of their origin) Kyiv city / Kyivska obl 5,76 % 4,48 % 3,03 % 10,11 % 17,03 % 6,77 % Donbas (Donetsk or Luhansk oblasts) 15,40 % 20,48 % 9,57 % 7,77 % 3,61 % 13,95 % Crimea 3,23 % 17,79 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 6,55 % Western region 14,71 % 28,56 % 24,75 % 59,24 % 51,22 % 31,08 % Eastern region 35,04 % 8,30 % 0,00 % 7,33 % 3,08 % 14,94 % Southern region 13,79 % 6,69 % 2,95 % 1,96 % 0,97 % 7,12 % Northern region 0,87 % 3,57 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,09 % 1,48 % Lviv city / Lvivska obl 4,28 % 7,84 % 12,67 % 17,01 % 16,27 % 9,63 % Carpathian region 5,39 % 8,65 % 0,00 % 7,54 % 3,98 % 6,01 % Other (specify) 2,85 % 2,06 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,78 % 1,59 % (do not read out) All regions except for own 0,00 % 1,27 % 3,69 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,84 % (do not read out) Refuse 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 3,12 % 0,00 % 0,54 % (do not read out) DK 10,10 % 9,28 % 22,95 % 3,53 % 9,96 % 10,24 % Other: Centre 5,64 % 2,27 % 0,00 % 2,15 % 5,36 % 3,29 % Other: Vinnytsya/Vinnytska obl 0,00 % 1,23 % 0,00 % 3,30 % 2,92 % 1,21 % Other:Lutsk/Volynska obl 0,00 % 1,27 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,69 % 0,46 % Other:Dnipro/Dnipropetrovska obl 2,73 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 2,74 % 6,22 % 1,86 % Other:Zhytomyr/Zhytomyrska obl 0,00 % 1,01 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,58 % 0,45 % Other:Zaporizhzhia/Zaporizka obl 6,06 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,87 % Other: Ivano-Frankivsk/Ivano-Frankivska obl 1,10 % 0,00 % 9,73 % 5,35 % 2,33 % 2,62 % Other:Kropyvnytsky/Kirovogradska obl 1,66 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,73 % 0,58 % Other:Mykolaiv/Mykolaivska obl 3,81 % 1,68 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,70 % Other:Odesa/Odeska obl 8,86 % 2,07 % 10,67 % 0,00 % 1,09 % 4,76 % Other:Poltava/Poltavska obl 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 3,10 % 8,38 % 1,27 % Other:Rivne/Rivnenska obl 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % Other:Sumy/Sumska obl 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,81 % 0,07 % Other:Ternopil/Ternopilska obl 1,37 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 2,42 % 0,63 % Other:Kharkiv/Kharkivska obl 3,72 % 1,15 % 0,00 % 5,70 % 2,64 % 2,72 % Other:Kherson/Khersonska obl 2,40 % 1,68 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,89 % 1,35 % Other:Khmelnytsky/Khmelnytska obl 3,03 % 1,11 % 5,10 % 0,00 % 0,87 % 1,97 % Other:Cherkasy/Cherkaska obl 1,41 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,43 % Other:Chernivtsi/Chernivetska obl 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % Other:Chernihiv/Chernigivska obl 0,00 % 1,59 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,10 % 0,59 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 17,03 % 3,61 % 0,00 % 51,22 % 3,08 % 0,97 % 1,09 % 16,27 % 3,98 % 0,78 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 9,96 % 5,36 % 2,92 % 0,69 % 6,22 % 1,58 % 0,00 % 2,33 % 0,73 % 0,00 % 1,09 % 8,38 % 0,00 % 0,81 % 2,42 % 2,64 % 0,89 % 0,87 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,10 % 100,00 %
  5. 5. Do you think each of the following events, celebrities, or countries unite Ukraine or separate our country's unity, or has no impact at all? Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: The Orange Revolution 2004-2005: Mostly positive 49,52 % 33,33 % 26,22 % 18,62 % 15,82 % 32,23 % No contribution at all 21,36 % 27,29 % 20,39 % 32,34 % 24,90 % 25,95 % Mostly negative 21,53 % 28,53 % 40,90 % 35,20 % 46,12 % 30,80 % Refused 0,69 % 0,80 % 0,00 % 0,59 % 1,28 % 0,67 % Do not know 6,89 % 10,05 % 12,49 % 13,24 % 11,89 % 10,36 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 15,82 % 24,90 % 46,12 % 1,28 % 11,89 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Popular singers and pop-groups (i.e. Dzhamala, Ruslana, BoomBox): Mostly positive 74,25 % 65,19 % 54,81 % 59,44 % 53,32 % 64,19 % No contribution at all 18,43 % 22,46 % 25,13 % 25,55 % 26,05 % 22,68 % Mostly negative 1,20 % 2,19 % 4,95 % 3,47 % 6,52 % 2,81 % Refused 0,20 % 0,52 % 0,00 % 0,25 % 0,74 % 0,34 % Do not know 5,92 % 9,64 % 15,11 % 11,30 % 13,36 % 9,98 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 53,32 % 26,05 % 6,52 % 0,74 % 13,36 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Sportsmen (i.e. Shevchenko, Usyk, Yana Klochkova): Mostly positive 74,52 % 75,56 % 69,77 % 72,31 % 69,94 % 73,62 % No contribution at all 17,30 % 17,35 % 21,01 % 18,30 % 18,76 % 18,05 % Mostly negative 0,83 % 1,60 % 2,50 % 1,71 % 1,48 % 1,54 % Refused 1,06 % 0,78 % 0,00 % 0,59 % 0,75 % 0,71 % Do not know 6,30 % 4,71 % 6,72 % 7,09 % 9,07 % 6,07 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 69,94 % 18,76 % 1,48 % 0,75 % 9,07 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Stepan Bandera: Mostly positive 45,61 % 26,23 % 19,86 % 13,56 % 9,80 % 26,45 % No contribution at all 13,44 % 19,87 % 15,58 % 19,05 % 15,61 % 17,42 % Mostly negative 26,05 % 34,50 % 43,45 % 42,96 % 54,87 % 36,55 % Refused 0,64 % 1,70 % 1,08 % 3,24 % 1,71 % 1,69 % Do not know 14,26 % 17,70 % 20,04 % 21,19 % 18,02 % 17,89 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 9,80 % 15,61 % 54,87 % 1,71 % 18,02 % 100,00 %
  6. 6. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Taras Shevchenko: Mostly positive 88,57 % 83,82 % 79,90 % 80,23 % 81,53 % 83,60 % No contribution at all 8,09 % 10,46 % 12,28 % 14,19 % 12,51 % 11,00 % Mostly negative 1,49 % 1,19 % 2,28 % 1,83 % 1,86 % 1,56 % Refused 0,29 % 0,13 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,36 % 0,14 % Do not know 1,56 % 4,38 % 5,55 % 3,75 % 3,73 % 3,69 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 81,53 % 12,51 % 1,86 % 0,36 % 3,73 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Volodymyr Lenin: Mostly positive 6,68 % 12,47 % 13,97 % 12,24 % 16,60 % 11,50 % No contribution at all 28,41 % 34,42 % 34,71 % 36,19 % 34,67 % 33,41 % Mostly negative 50,59 % 37,08 % 32,31 % 34,22 % 27,02 % 38,49 % Refused 1,56 % 1,84 % 0,00 % 1,24 % 0,56 % 1,35 % Do not know 12,78 % 14,19 % 19,01 % 16,11 % 21,16 % 15,25 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 16,60 % 34,67 % 27,02 % 0,56 % 21,16 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Joseph Stalin : Mostly positive 6,77 % 11,79 % 15,37 % 9,01 % 16,58 % 10,77 % No contribution at all 22,69 % 25,81 % 27,67 % 28,97 % 32,34 % 26,34 % Mostly negative 53,94 % 42,21 % 38,39 % 42,88 % 31,23 % 43,97 % Refused 2,82 % 2,55 % 0,79 % 0,73 % 0,97 % 1,94 % Do not know 13,78 % 17,64 % 17,79 % 18,41 % 18,87 % 16,98 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 16,58 % 32,34 % 31,23 % 0,97 % 18,87 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Holodomor 1932-33 : Mostly positive 53,43 % 51,54 % 44,24 % 43,36 % 34,93 % 48,43 % No contribution at all 15,63 % 14,48 % 14,13 % 21,11 % 21,58 % 16,49 % Mostly negative 19,98 % 18,30 % 23,96 % 16,62 % 22,69 % 19,30 % Refused 1,06 % 1,43 % 0,66 % 0,34 % 0,99 % 1,00 % Do not know 9,91 % 14,24 % 17,01 % 18,58 % 19,81 % 14,77 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 34,93 % 21,58 % 22,69 % 0,99 % 19,81 % 100,00 %
  7. 7. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Getting independence from the Soviet Union : Mostly positive 58,45 % 48,97 % 47,50 % 42,27 % 41,00 % 49,17 % No contribution at all 9,65 % 15,89 % 12,11 % 17,48 % 18,16 % 14,43 % Mostly negative 19,49 % 23,15 % 31,42 % 26,33 % 27,31 % 24,17 % Refused 1,45 % 1,17 % 0,00 % 1,01 % 0,81 % 1,04 % Do not know 10,96 % 10,82 % 8,97 % 12,91 % 12,72 % 11,18 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 41,00 % 18,16 % 27,31 % 0,81 % 12,72 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Zaporizhiya kozaks : Mostly positive 72,57 % 63,67 % 64,60 % 65,30 % 58,50 % 65,89 % No contribution at all 15,03 % 20,16 % 21,62 % 21,84 % 23,81 % 19,69 % Mostly negative 2,07 % 3,36 % 3,07 % 2,04 % 3,03 % 2,73 % Refused 0,96 % 0,63 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,59 % 0,50 % Do not know 9,36 % 12,17 % 10,71 % 10,83 % 14,07 % 11,18 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 58,50 % 23,81 % 3,03 % 0,59 % 14,07 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Bohdan Khmelnytsky : Mostly positive 65,17 % 60,45 % 57,68 % 53,75 % 62,86 % 60,03 % No contribution at all 21,32 % 23,61 % 22,09 % 25,31 % 19,47 % 22,98 % Mostly negative 3,93 % 3,97 % 3,63 % 4,15 % 3,57 % 3,93 % Refused 0,77 % 1,39 % 0,00 % 0,36 % 0,17 % 0,79 % Do not know 8,81 % 10,59 % 16,59 % 16,43 % 13,93 % 12,27 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 62,86 % 19,47 % 3,57 % 0,17 % 13,93 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Euromaidan revolution 2013-2014 : Mostly positive 61,04 % 47,14 % 36,67 % 36,42 % 23,34 % 45,52 % No contribution at all 6,43 % 9,32 % 8,13 % 10,37 % 8,69 % 8,67 % Mostly negative 25,20 % 33,75 % 49,42 % 44,54 % 57,33 % 37,25 % Refused 0,70 % 0,94 % 0,00 % 0,64 % 0,78 % 0,70 % Do not know 6,64 % 8,86 % 5,79 % 8,03 % 9,86 % 7,86 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 23,34 % 8,69 % 57,33 % 0,78 % 9,86 % 100,00 %
  8. 8. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Ukrainian independence movement of 1917 : Mostly positive 52,33 % 39,97 % 35,07 % 31,97 % 32,04 % 40,18 % No contribution at all 15,10 % 24,68 % 20,83 % 24,40 % 23,23 % 21,82 % Mostly negative 10,00 % 10,74 % 19,95 % 15,95 % 15,19 % 12,99 % Refused 0,69 % 1,68 % 1,14 % 1,37 % 0,64 % 1,25 % Do not know 21,89 % 22,93 % 23,01 % 26,31 % 28,90 % 23,75 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 32,04 % 23,23 % 15,19 % 0,64 % 28,90 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Law on decommunization in Ukraine : Mostly positive 32,83 % 22,00 % 20,61 % 17,64 % 16,86 % 23,18 % No contribution at all 21,24 % 24,65 % 20,86 % 22,21 % 19,57 % 22,59 % Mostly negative 24,90 % 33,60 % 38,36 % 37,36 % 43,18 % 33,47 % Refused 1,17 % 1,66 % 0,96 % 1,06 % 0,58 % 1,27 % Do not know 19,86 % 18,09 % 19,21 % 21,74 % 19,80 % 19,49 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 16,86 % 19,57 % 43,18 % 0,58 % 19,80 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Russia : Mostly positive 9,56 % 10,36 % 12,61 % 9,29 % 14,25 % 10,46 % No contribution at all 5,41 % 7,47 % 13,55 % 17,78 % 21,70 % 10,68 % Mostly negative 78,87 % 71,56 % 66,13 % 58,43 % 48,71 % 68,56 % Refused 0,78 % 1,11 % 1,29 % 1,84 % 1,75 % 1,24 % Do not know 5,37 % 9,49 % 6,43 % 12,66 % 13,60 % 9,06 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 14,25 % 21,70 % 48,71 % 1,75 % 13,60 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: European Union : Mostly positive 54,37 % 43,64 % 37,23 % 36,52 % 33,37 % 43,32 % No contribution at all 14,87 % 19,58 % 16,41 % 19,77 % 15,65 % 17,89 % Mostly negative 18,75 % 25,47 % 33,94 % 27,42 % 37,76 % 26,05 % Refused 0,29 % 1,11 % 0,96 % 0,00 % 0,66 % 0,65 % Do not know 11,72 % 10,21 % 11,46 % 16,28 % 12,56 % 12,09 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 33,37 % 15,65 % 37,76 % 0,66 % 12,56 % 100,00 %
  9. 9. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: USA : Mostly positive 35,49 % 28,53 % 16,95 % 18,17 % 13,42 % 25,76 % No contribution at all 26,11 % 23,74 % 24,41 % 26,02 % 15,82 % 24,35 % Mostly negative 22,07 % 30,46 % 37,22 % 36,41 % 54,89 % 32,01 % Refused 0,97 % 1,15 % 0,00 % 0,32 % 0,57 % 0,77 % Do not know 15,36 % 16,12 % 21,42 % 19,08 % 15,30 % 17,12 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 13,42 % 15,82 % 54,89 % 0,57 % 15,30 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: UPA : Mostly positive 41,22 % 25,04 % 22,52 % 12,96 % 11,73 % 25,27 % No contribution at all 15,57 % 19,47 % 17,76 % 18,42 % 15,03 % 17,86 % Mostly negative 26,81 % 32,14 % 37,47 % 44,50 % 51,00 % 35,19 % Refused 0,70 % 2,15 % 0,00 % 0,89 % 1,24 % 1,24 % Do not know 15,71 % 21,21 % 22,26 % 23,22 % 21,00 % 20,43 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 11,73 % 15,03 % 51,00 % 1,24 % 21,00 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Influence on Ukraine's unity: Repeal of the law about regional languages that declared preferences for languages of national minorities : Mostly positive 18,26 % 19,59 % 14,24 % 16,28 % 14,35 % 17,65 % No contribution at all 23,77 % 26,38 % 19,53 % 22,52 % 17,32 % 23,61 % Mostly negative 42,84 % 36,74 % 48,59 % 43,81 % 52,85 % 42,02 % Refused 1,05 % 0,69 % 0,00 % 0,67 % 0,14 % 0,66 % Do not know 14,07 % 16,59 % 17,64 % 16,72 % 15,34 % 16,07 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 14,35 % 17,32 % 52,85 % 0,14 % 15,34 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Overall, do you support the decommunization in Ukraine or not? Strongly support 41,40 % 26,67 % 23,10 % 19,33 % 20,17 % 27,82 % Somewhat support 21,81 % 24,37 % 14,01 % 19,70 % 16,99 % 21,13 % Mostly do not support 11,88 % 17,58 % 18,70 % 22,87 % 20,80 % 17,64 % Do not support at all 10,61 % 14,46 % 25,31 % 20,95 % 25,09 % 16,81 % (do not read) DK 13,81 % 16,67 % 18,23 % 17,15 % 16,73 % 16,28 % (do not read) Refused 0,49 % 0,26 % 0,66 % 0,00 % 0,24 % 0,31 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 20,17 % 16,99 % 20,80 % 25,09 % 16,73 % 0,24 %
  10. 10. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Why not? (% among those, who do not support decommunization) Many people respect Soviet past 17,51 % 24,89 % 28,92 % 33,16 % 34,12 % 27,26 % It leads to deterioration of the relationships with Russia 0,00 % 2,16 % 0,00 % 4,09 % 1,55 % 1,95 % It leads to alienation of Eastern and Southern regions 5,11 % 3,69 % 7,38 % 3,43 % 3,37 % 4,37 % I don’t like names of nationalists used instead of communists to rename the streets 0,00 % 5,51 % 5,18 % 9,34 % 8,20 % 5,82 % It’s not an urgent problem, the budget should be spent on more urgent problems 8,25 % 19,75 % 16,99 % 25,12 % 22,64 % 19,19 % Other (specify) 8,94 % 8,95 % 6,59 % 6,67 % 9,76 % 8,07 % (do not read) DK 47,32 % 21,19 % 14,11 % 17,21 % 14,08 % 22,52 % (do not read) Refused 2,41 % 3,61 % 3,62 % 1,23 % 2,23 % 2,70 % Other: It will have no impact on life standards 6,09 % 9,69 % 7,74 % 4,67 % 4,27 % 7,10 % Other: Do not support destroying of monuments 1,92 % 1,46 % 7,30 % 2,51 % 3,64 % 2,87 % Other: Bureaucratic difficulties, confusion with the street names 0,00 % 1,15 % 1,45 % 3,75 % 0,78 % 1,66 % Other: I do not support the current government, therefore, I do not support decommunisation 1,25 % 3,32 % 5,64 % 1,41 % 0,61 % 2,64 % Other: The process of decommunization is too radical, excessive 1,29 % 1,00 % 0,95 % 1,94 % 2,99 % 1,45 % Other: Approval of decisions without taking into consideration opinion of people 3,81 % 1,43 % 3,03 % 1,22 % 2,51 % 2,07 % Other: Do not like that (without specifying) 0,00 % 0,48 % 2,57 % 0,77 % 2,66 % 0,98 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 34,12 % 1,55 % 3,37 % 8,20 % 22,64 % 9,76 % 14,08 % 2,23 % 4,27 % 3,64 % 0,78 % 0,61 % 2,99 % 2,51 % 2,66 % 100,00 %
  11. 11. How much are you interested or not in learning more about the following historical events in Donbas? (asked in Donbas GCA only) Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Life of Zaporizhya kozaks in Donbas : Very interested 32,06 % 32,06 % Mostly interested 44,71 % 44,71 % Mostly not interested 11,54 % 11,54 % Not interested at all 8,35 % 8,35 % (Do not read) DK 3,35 % 3,35 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 32,06 % 44,71 % 11,54 % 8,35 % 3,35 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Role of Donbas residents in liberation movement in 1917-1920 : Very interested 27,14 % 27,14 % Mostly interested 38,31 % 38,31 % Mostly not interested 16,39 % 16,39 % Not interested at all 11,36 % 11,36 % (Do not read) DK 6,81 % 6,81 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 27,14 % 38,31 % 16,39 % 11,36 % 6,81 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Donetsk and Luhansk regions in the period of Ukrainian cultural renaissance in 1920s : Very interested 26,24 % 26,24 % Mostly interested 45,16 % 45,16 % Mostly not interested 13,04 % 13,04 % Not interested at all 11,64 % 11,64 % (Do not read) DK 3,93 % 3,93 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 26,24 % 45,16 % 13,04 % 11,64 % 3,93 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Industrialization of Donbas in 1920-30s : Very interested 29,37 % 29,37 % Mostly interested 41,91 % 41,91 % Mostly not interested 14,07 % 14,07 % Not interested at all 11,48 % 11,48 % (Do not read) DK 3,17 % 3,17 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 29,37 % 41,91 % 14,07 % 11,48 % 3,17 % 100,00 %
  12. 12. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Holodomor 1932-33 in Donbas : Very interested 30,30 % 30,30 % Mostly interested 38,71 % 38,71 % Mostly not interested 11,37 % 11,37 % Not interested at all 13,38 % 13,38 % (Do not read) DK 6,25 % 6,25 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 30,30 % 38,71 % 11,37 % 13,38 % 6,25 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Resistance movement in Donbas in WW2, participation of Donbas residents in resistance movement in Europe : Very interested 37,81 % 37,81 % Mostly interested 38,10 % 38,10 % Mostly not interested 9,21 % 9,21 % Not interested at all 10,43 % 10,43 % (Do not read) DK 4,45 % 4,45 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 37,81 % 38,10 % 9,21 % 10,43 % 4,45 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Dissidents movement in Donbas : Very interested 18,12 % 18,12 % Mostly interested 31,77 % 31,77 % Mostly not interested 15,69 % 15,69 % Not interested at all 23,80 % 23,80 % (Do not read) DK 10,62 % 10,62 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 18,12 % 31,77 % 15,69 % 23,80 % 10,62 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Miner strikes in 80-90s : Very interested 22,28 % 22,28 % Mostly interested 38,22 % 38,22 % Mostly not interested 18,66 % 18,66 % Not interested at all 16,41 % 16,41 % (Do not read) DK 4,43 % 4,43 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 22,28 % 38,22 % 18,66 % 16,41 % 4,43 % 100,00 %
  13. 13. Do you have relatives, friends, colleagues, neighbors, or other categories of acquaintances from the following groups? Multiple options in each row. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Learning more about: Role of Donbas residents in national volunteers’ movement in 2014-2015 : Very interested 28,81 % 28,81 % Mostly interested 39,55 % 39,55 % Mostly not interested 10,81 % 10,81 % Not interested at all 15,64 % 15,64 % (Do not read) DK 5,19 % 5,19 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 28,81 % 39,55 % 10,81 % 15,64 % 5,19 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have acquaintances among: People from Western Ukraine : No 11,26 % 38,05 % 44,31 % 40,15 % 44,47 % 33,31 % Relatives 78,56 % 27,62 % 25,71 % 27,81 % 24,66 % 39,24 % Friends 71,15 % 29,51 % 23,98 % 24,98 % 22,03 % 37,27 % Colleagues 62,14 % 13,62 % 8,08 % 9,66 % 9,64 % 23,33 % Neighbors 57,98 % 7,09 % 6,62 % 4,57 % 5,23 % 18,38 % Other categories of acquaintances 54,58 % 27,13 % 24,34 % 22,27 % 18,80 % 31,76 % (Do not read) DK 0,39 % 0,99 % 0,00 % 0,32 % 0,15 % 0,54 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 44,47 % 24,66 % 22,03 % 9,64 % 5,23 % 18,80 % 0,15 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have acquaintances among: Citizens of Ukraine who consider themselves to be Russians by nationality : No 53,47 % 53,93 % 38,84 % 37,63 % 38,00 % 47,74 % Relatives 21,63 % 22,41 % 26,52 % 34,59 % 34,21 % 25,91 % Friends 16,54 % 19,85 % 25,53 % 21,28 % 29,11 % 20,61 % Colleagues 11,14 % 10,72 % 13,51 % 13,50 % 17,86 % 12,16 % Neighbors 6,76 % 6,99 % 11,48 % 6,80 % 15,42 % 7,95 % Other categories of acquaintances 15,57 % 17,86 % 26,43 % 17,16 % 27,50 % 18,79 % (Do not read) DK 2,05 % 2,18 % 4,48 % 7,20 % 4,11 % 3,56 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 4,11 % 27,50 % 15,42 % 17,86 % 29,11 % 34,21 % 38,00 % Col% Donbas 100,00 %
  14. 14. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have acquaintances among: Internally Displaced Persons from Donbas : No 71,80 % 62,35 % 72,08 % 58,80 % 41,00 % 63,69 % Relatives 3,25 % 6,80 % 3,86 % 12,17 % 23,21 % 7,72 % Friends 8,67 % 10,05 % 7,01 % 12,52 % 22,57 % 10,64 % Colleagues 4,68 % 6,87 % 7,56 % 9,43 % 12,12 % 7,28 % Neighbors 3,88 % 5,55 % 4,25 % 4,58 % 10,24 % 5,10 % Other categories of acquaintances 14,27 % 18,98 % 14,90 % 20,03 % 28,32 % 18,18 % (Do not read) DK 0,40 % 0,71 % 0,00 % 0,41 % 0,73 % 0,49 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 41,00 % 23,21 % 22,57 % 12,12 % 10,24 % 28,32 % 0,73 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have acquaintances among: People currently living in NGCAs in self-proclaimed ‘DNR’ and ‘LNR' : No 80,23 % 72,61 % 80,14 % 71,68 % 35,09 % 72,78 % Relatives 10,78 % 12,50 % 7,77 % 12,11 % 40,27 % 13,18 % Friends 3,58 % 8,08 % 5,54 % 9,46 % 28,20 % 8,25 % Colleagues 0,68 % 4,83 % 1,18 % 3,90 % 11,49 % 3,65 % Neighbors 1,99 % 2,53 % 0,54 % 2,88 % 8,28 % 2,59 % Other categories of acquaintances 5,95 % 12,39 % 6,80 % 7,95 % 25,88 % 10,15 % (Do not read) DK 1,24 % 0,74 % 2,17 % 1,09 % 0,17 % 1,06 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Col% Donbas 35,09 % 40,27 % 28,20 % 11,49 % 8,28 % 25,88 % 0,17 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Have acquaintances among: People living in GCAs of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (not asked in Donbas GCA): No 70,39 % 66,28 % 74,80 % 64,60 % 0,00 % 68,03 % Relatives 14,60 % 13,26 % 7,51 % 14,94 % 0,00 % 13,23 % Friends 8,53 % 10,64 % 7,97 % 11,97 % 0,00 % 10,06 % Colleagues 2,78 % 4,87 % 1,57 % 4,73 % 0,00 % 3,90 % Neighbors 1,34 % 2,90 % 0,66 % 2,65 % 0,00 % 2,17 % Other categories of acquaintances 10,57 % 11,58 % 11,11 % 13,60 % 0,00 % 11,70 % (Do not read) DK 1,14 % 1,42 % 0,55 % 1,08 % 0,00 % 1,17 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 0,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 %
  15. 15. Can you describe how do you communicate with acquaintances from each group: you communicate with having conflicts, trying to avoid communication, or do not avoid communication at all? (% among those, who have relatives, friends, colleagues, neighbors, or other categories of acquaintances from these groups) Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Communication with: People from Western Ukraine : We do not avoid communication 91,85 % 97,18 % 95,20 % 95,99 % 94,48 % 94,95 % We avoid communication 2,28 % 1,70 % 0,98 % 0,72 % 2,02 % 1,65 % We communicate with conflicts 3,16 % 0,00 % 1,19 % 1,63 % 1,46 % 1,48 % (do not read out) with different acquaintances in different way 0,94 % 0,22 % 1,67 % 0,55 % 0,35 % 0,66 % (Do not read) DK 1,77 % 0,90 % 0,97 % 1,12 % 1,69 % 1,26 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 94,48 % 2,02 % 1,46 % 0,35 % 1,69 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Communication with: Citizens of Ukraine who consider themselves to be Russians by nationality : We do not avoid communication 83,44 % 86,63 % 86,64 % 90,67 % 86,63 % 86,87 % We avoid communication 8,12 % 5,22 % 6,30 % 3,66 % 6,25 % 5,71 % We communicate with conflicts 4,88 % 3,98 % 2,97 % 4,15 % 5,12 % 4,16 % (do not read out) with different acquaintances in different way 0,80 % 2,17 % 3,27 % 0,51 % 0,87 % 1,55 % (Do not read) DK 2,76 % 2,01 % 0,82 % 1,02 % 1,12 % 1,71 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 86,63 % 6,25 % 5,12 % 0,87 % 1,12 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Communication with: Internally Displaced Persons from Donbas : We do not avoid communication 82,10 % 87,87 % 92,89 % 86,35 % 93,33 % 87,48 % We avoid communication 7,82 % 4,72 % 1,34 % 3,15 % 1,98 % 4,34 % We communicate with conflicts 3,61 % 4,20 % 4,16 % 2,43 % 1,03 % 3,36 % (do not read out) with different acquaintances in different way 0,00 % 1,53 % 0,00 % 4,04 % 0,33 % 1,57 % (Do not read) DK 6,47 % 1,67 % 1,61 % 4,03 % 3,33 % 3,25 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 93,33 % 1,98 % 1,03 % 0,33 % 3,33 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Communication with: People currently living in NGCAs in self-proclaimed ‘DNR’ and ‘LNR’ : We do not avoid communication 65,04 % 68,45 % 69,59 % 77,89 % 83,57 % 72,28 % We avoid communication 10,67 % 16,94 % 13,05 % 8,87 % 6,22 % 12,23 % We communicate with conflicts 5,38 % 5,24 % 4,61 % 3,59 % 4,91 % 4,81 % (do not read out) with different acquaintances in different way 1,64 % 1,11 % 0,00 % 1,17 % 1,19 % 1,13 % (Do not read) DK 17,27 % 8,27 % 12,75 % 8,48 % 4,12 % 9,54 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 83,57 % 6,22 % 4,91 % 1,19 % 4,12 % 100,00 %
  16. 16. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Communication with: People living in GCAs of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (not asked in Donbas GCA): We do not avoid communication 82,10 % 83,08 % 80,96 % 84,91 % 0,00 % 83,08 % We avoid communication 8,54 % 6,92 % 5,02 % 8,66 % 0,00 % 7,52 % We communicate with conflicts 5,18 % 4,10 % 0,00 % 1,93 % 0,00 % 3,41 % (do not read out) with different acquaintances in different way 0,00 % 0,39 % 0,00 % 1,56 % 0,00 % 0,54 % (Do not read) DK 4,17 % 5,51 % 14,02 % 2,94 % 0,00 % 5,44 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 0,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% You avoid communication or communicate with conflicts with people currently living in NGCAs in self-proclaimed ‘DNR’ and ‘LNR’. Why? Read out. They are not ready to discussions/compromises 11,91 % 18,26 % 40,52 % 0,00 % 19,54 % 16,43 % They are dependent on Russian propaganda 29,27 % 67,09 % 14,41 % 48,76 % 62,31 % 53,47 % They are nostalgic about Soviet times 11,91 % 18,10 % 14,41 % 10,00 % 20,01 % 15,76 % They are to be blamed in war 0,00 % 11,89 % 36,04 % 0,00 % 21,46 % 11,16 % They want to separate from Ukraine 11,91 % 17,50 % 14,41 % 10,00 % 30,60 % 16,52 % Other (specify) 57,64 % 16,38 % 32,20 % 18,33 % 20,48 % 24,88 % (do not read) DK 13,09 % 8,60 % 20,06 % 22,92 % 7,85 % 12,39 % (do not read) Refused 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 0,00 % 7,85 % 20,48 % 30,60 % 21,46 % 20,01 % 62,31 % 19,54 % Col% Donbas 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% You avoid communication or communicate with conflicts with citizens of Ukraine who consider themselves to be Russians by nationality. Why? Read out. They are not ready to discussions/compromises 15,73 % 7,15 % 20,19 % 30,42 % 22,63 % 16,81 % They are dependent on Russian propaganda 57,80 % 43,66 % 0,00 % 46,20 % 50,52 % 43,04 % They are nostalgic about Soviet times 15,14 % 30,71 % 13,47 % 54,42 % 37,99 % 28,99 % They are to be blamed in war 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 16,76 % 1,42 % They don’t like Ukrainians 35,58 % 17,13 % 34,95 % 16,22 % 32,70 % 25,82 % Other (specify) 7,65 % 11,02 % 13,47 % 14,26 % 12,22 % 11,08 % (do not read) DK 13,71 % 9,22 % 31,39 % 0,00 % 3,36 % 11,20 % (do not read) Refused 0,00 % 4,55 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,46 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 22,63 % 50,52 % 37,99 % 16,76 % 32,70 % 12,22 % 3,36 % 0,00 % 100,00 %
  17. 17. There are people who live in Ukraine and support Russian policy towards Ukraine. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statements about such people. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: They have right to express such opinion : Strongly agree 47,57 % 44,91 % 53,26 % 49,29 % 50,89 % 47,78 % Somewhat agree 27,15 % 31,67 % 29,68 % 30,36 % 31,36 % 30,09 % Somewhat disagree 6,66 % 6,80 % 6,88 % 6,38 % 5,64 % 6,62 % Strongly disagree 15,64 % 10,97 % 7,01 % 9,74 % 7,64 % 11,14 % (do not read) DK 2,98 % 5,65 % 3,16 % 4,23 % 4,47 % 4,37 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 50,89 % 31,36 % 5,64 % 7,64 % 4,47 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: They should move to Russia : Strongly agree 40,64 % 32,44 % 26,74 % 25,90 % 20,67 % 31,64 % Somewhat agree 19,52 % 16,54 % 12,31 % 17,41 % 13,78 % 16,74 % Somewhat disagree 16,87 % 19,96 % 18,20 % 20,51 % 22,67 % 19,31 % Strongly disagree 14,88 % 20,81 % 29,25 % 23,63 % 31,56 % 21,65 % (do not read) DK 8,09 % 10,25 % 13,50 % 12,54 % 11,33 % 10,66 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 20,67 % 13,78 % 22,67 % 31,56 % 11,33 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: I share the same views as such people do : Strongly agree 11,76 % 8,53 % 7,79 % 6,17 % 8,62 % 8,73 % Somewhat agree 7,28 % 8,17 % 12,15 % 13,25 % 15,82 % 9,94 % Somewhat disagree 18,61 % 22,90 % 25,58 % 19,13 % 25,49 % 21,61 % Strongly disagree 57,34 % 52,46 % 39,69 % 50,40 % 37,65 % 50,76 % (do not read) DK 5,01 % 7,93 % 14,79 % 11,05 % 12,43 % 8,97 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 8,62 % 15,82 % 25,49 % 37,65 % 12,43 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: I would avoid communication with such people : Strongly agree 23,78 % 18,49 % 11,03 % 20,66 % 15,48 % 19,10 % Somewhat agree 13,85 % 12,55 % 12,72 % 13,58 % 14,51 % 13,21 % Somewhat disagree 26,18 % 28,91 % 26,37 % 27,58 % 29,64 % 27,74 % Strongly disagree 30,31 % 30,58 % 39,74 % 26,97 % 30,01 % 30,84 % (do not read) DK 5,87 % 9,47 % 10,14 % 11,21 % 10,36 % 9,11 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 15,48 % 14,51 % 29,64 % 30,01 % 10,36 % 100,00 %
  18. 18. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: Not avoid communication, but avoid discussing political issues : Strongly agree 46,86 % 42,77 % 45,32 % 42,33 % 47,03 % 44,21 % Somewhat agree 23,34 % 23,48 % 23,19 % 27,36 % 27,01 % 24,42 % Somewhat disagree 9,05 % 11,33 % 11,09 % 9,77 % 10,84 % 10,42 % Strongly disagree 12,61 % 13,31 % 12,43 % 12,23 % 7,97 % 12,49 % (do not read) DK 8,15 % 9,11 % 7,97 % 8,30 % 7,15 % 8,46 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 47,03 % 27,01 % 10,84 % 7,97 % 7,15 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Perception of people in Ukraine who support Russian policy towards Ukraine: I would argue with such people : Strongly agree 23,03 % 17,14 % 13,04 % 13,18 % 11,26 % 16,87 % Somewhat agree 14,00 % 11,43 % 13,40 % 9,31 % 17,37 % 12,21 % Somewhat disagree 20,26 % 25,41 % 26,45 % 25,25 % 27,36 % 24,41 % Strongly disagree 34,05 % 36,55 % 37,88 % 41,34 % 32,72 % 36,85 % (do not read) DK 8,66 % 9,46 % 9,23 % 10,92 % 11,29 % 9,66 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 11,26 % 17,37 % 27,36 % 32,72 % 11,29 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% In case Ukraine would receive the offer to join the EU now, should we accept this offer or not? Yes 70,63 % 56,88 % 44,90 % 51,26 % 39,01 % 56,45 % No 22,59 % 30,56 % 38,47 % 36,67 % 47,57 % 31,92 % (do not read) DK 6,79 % 12,56 % 16,63 % 12,07 % 13,42 % 11,64 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 39,01 % 47,57 % 13,42 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Ukrainians should be thinking not on whether they support EU or Russia but on what solution is the most profitable for Ukraine : Fully agree 73,46 % 67,04 % 71,91 % 69,70 % 73,38 % 70,06 % Somewhat agree 14,74 % 21,17 % 18,19 % 17,80 % 15,79 % 18,29 % Somewhat disagree 3,38 % 4,19 % 1,91 % 4,14 % 4,74 % 3,75 % Fully disagree 3,75 % 3,79 % 6,04 % 3,27 % 2,49 % 3,86 % (do not read) Refused 0,29 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,43 % 0,09 % (do not read) DK 4,38 % 3,82 % 1,95 % 5,10 % 3,17 % 3,95 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 73,38 % 15,79 % 4,74 % 2,49 % 0,43 % 3,17 % 100,00 %
  19. 19. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% It’s necessary to build Europe in Ukraine, that is, to institute European standards and raise the standard of living to European level: Fully agree 79,27 % 70,13 % 64,78 % 68,60 % 56,28 % 70,48 % Somewhat agree 13,74 % 19,57 % 16,00 % 16,35 % 19,78 % 17,14 % Somewhat disagree 1,75 % 3,27 % 3,69 % 5,79 % 8,32 % 3,79 % Fully disagree 2,80 % 4,40 % 10,97 % 5,95 % 10,67 % 5,51 % (do not read) Refused 0,41 % 0,00 % 0,47 % 0,00 % 0,23 % 0,17 % (do not read) DK 2,02 % 2,62 % 4,09 % 3,31 % 4,72 % 2,92 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 56,28 % 19,78 % 8,32 % 10,67 % 0,23 % 4,72 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% The EU is becoming more and more unstable each day : Fully agree 24,87 % 25,36 % 25,71 % 25,39 % 33,65 % 25,81 % Somewhat agree 26,36 % 27,29 % 26,28 % 21,83 % 21,68 % 25,50 % Somewhat disagree 24,85 % 24,20 % 19,19 % 23,60 % 25,22 % 23,70 % Fully disagree 13,89 % 11,20 % 15,44 % 12,20 % 8,70 % 12,38 % (do not read) Refused 0,69 % 0,53 % 0,00 % 0,36 % 0,23 % 0,45 % (do not read) DK 9,34 % 11,42 % 13,39 % 16,61 % 10,52 % 12,16 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 25,22 % 21,68 % 33,65 % Col% Donbas 8,70 % 0,23 % 10,52 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Ukrainian culture has more common values with European than with Russian : Fully agree 32,78 % 22,71 % 20,03 % 17,35 % 14,60 % 23,17 % Somewhat agree 23,45 % 23,72 % 15,85 % 15,89 % 14,25 % 20,55 % Somewhat disagree 21,72 % 29,24 % 23,09 % 29,73 % 32,71 % 27,06 % Fully disagree 11,80 % 14,16 % 25,20 % 24,98 % 27,62 % 17,94 % (do not read) Refused 0,31 % 0,35 % 0,47 % 0,90 % 0,67 % 0,48 % (do not read) DK 9,94 % 9,82 % 15,36 % 11,15 % 10,16 % 10,80 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 14,60 % 14,25 % 32,71 % 27,62 % 0,67 % 10,16 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% European values are threatening our value system : Fully agree 15,81 % 14,53 % 21,48 % 16,63 % 22,45 % 16,57 % Somewhat agree 12,07 % 17,13 % 18,49 % 12,27 % 18,38 % 15,19 % Somewhat disagree 31,08 % 26,51 % 24,45 % 28,04 % 24,35 % 27,52 % Fully disagree 32,50 % 32,62 % 24,74 % 33,41 % 26,08 % 31,41 % (do not read) Refused 0,59 % 0,71 % 0,47 % 0,00 % 0,69 % 0,51 % (do not read) DK 7,96 % 8,48 % 10,38 % 9,65 % 8,05 % 8,79 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 22,45 % 18,38 % 24,35 % 26,08 % 0,69 % 8,05 % 100,00 %
  20. 20. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Do you think your - and your family's - life was better during Soviet times, i.e. before 1991? Yes 30,93 % 42,02 % 52,70 % 50,90 % 50,96 % 43,03 % No 53,98 % 43,10 % 32,44 % 32,75 % 31,03 % 41,55 % (do not read) DK 15,09 % 14,88 % 14,86 % 16,35 % 18,01 % 15,42 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 50,96 % 31,03 % 18,01 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% If it were possible, would you like the Soviet Union to be reconstructed with Ukraine as a part of it? Yes 13,85 % 25,48 % 33,59 % 30,09 % 36,39 % 25,32 % No 80,36 % 68,42 % 58,46 % 63,06 % 54,13 % 68,08 % (do not read) DK 5,79 % 6,10 % 7,95 % 6,85 % 9,48 % 6,61 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 36,39 % 54,13 % 9,48 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Statement 1: These days one should take care of own interests, without paying attention to others / Statement 2: Everyone should take care of mutual interests these days: Fully agree with Statement 1 13,93 % 13,90 % 9,71 % 9,38 % 11,18 % 12,33 % Rather agree with Statement 1 10,09 % 12,31 % 11,80 % 17,12 % 12,14 % 12,69 % (do not read) DK 5,78 % 8,37 % 8,07 % 7,38 % 6,20 % 7,39 % Rather agree with Statement 2 22,48 % 24,51 % 29,10 % 27,24 % 28,22 % 25,36 % Fully agree with Statement 2 47,72 % 40,90 % 41,31 % 38,88 % 42,26 % 42,23 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 11,18 % 12,14 % 6,20 % 28,22 % 42,26 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Statement 1: People can become rich only at the expense of others / Statement 2: Social wealth can increase to such an extent that everyone will have enough: Fully agree with Statement 1 7,19 % 11,07 % 10,00 % 8,11 % 12,68 % 9,53 % Rather agree with Statement 1 9,52 % 11,30 % 7,89 % 15,17 % 11,84 % 11,29 % (do not read) DK 11,04 % 14,21 % 8,95 % 14,98 % 12,89 % 12,91 % Rather agree with Statement 2 31,22 % 28,90 % 34,71 % 29,26 % 33,20 % 30,48 % Fully agree with Statement 2 41,03 % 34,52 % 38,45 % 32,48 % 29,38 % 35,79 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 12,68 % 11,84 % 12,89 % 33,20 % 29,38 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Statement 1: People have full freedom of choice and are in full control of their lives / Statement 2: People do not influence anything that is happening to them: Fully agree with Statement 1 41,65 % 40,86 % 39,35 % 34,16 % 32,21 % 38,97 % Rather agree with Statement 1 21,27 % 21,54 % 21,11 % 25,21 % 20,45 % 22,10 % (do not read) DK 5,87 % 7,00 % 5,36 % 5,66 % 5,67 % 6,19 % Rather agree with Statement 2 13,28 % 15,25 % 15,81 % 18,75 % 21,86 % 15,97 % Fully agree with Statement 2 17,94 % 15,35 % 18,37 % 16,22 % 19,82 % 16,77 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 32,21 % 20,45 % 5,67 % 21,86 % 19,82 % 100,00 %
  21. 21. “Kalmius Group” is an informal association of Ukrainian analysts whose goal is to promote the restoration of the country’s sovereignty in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Motivation of our Group’s activities is clear and transparent — to contribute effectively and professionally to the restoration of the territorial integrity of the country. The name of the coalition comes from the Kalmius River, which unites the free and temporarily occupied districts of the region and symbolizes the hope of citizens on both sides of the demarcation line to peace-making by stopping the interstate conflict and restoring the unity of Ukraine, the rule of law and order in the territories affected by the armed confrontation. More: www.kalmiusgroup.org This study was presented by the “Kalmius Group” initiative under “Ukraine Confidence Building Initiative” (UCBI ІІ) project, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study was made possible thanks to the generous support of the American people through USAID. The product content is the sole responsibility of the “Kalmius Group” and does not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the US Government. Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% How do you perceive decentralization reform – do you support it or not? Strongly support 23,60 % 24,88 % 18,75 % 24,79 % 25,37 % 23,87 % Somewhat support 29,18 % 25,46 % 29,88 % 22,60 % 31,51 % 26,66 % Mostly do not support 13,76 % 16,57 % 11,25 % 13,95 % 11,79 % 14,45 % Do not support at all 14,32 % 16,56 % 19,95 % 11,64 % 13,81 % 15,27 % (do not read) I know nothing about this reform 6,88 % 7,60 % 6,86 % 13,45 % 9,46 % 8,65 % (do not read) DK 11,01 % 8,78 % 12,77 % 13,25 % 7,35 % 10,60 % (do not read) Refused 1,25 % 0,14 % 0,53 % 0,31 % 0,70 % 0,52 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 25,37 % 31,51 % 11,79 % 13,81 % 9,46 % 7,35 % 0,70 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% In your opinion, is decentralization reform implemented successfully or not in general? (% among those who expressed their attitude to the decentralization reform) Very successfully 1,83 % 2,44 % 2,76 % 2,80 % 2,97 % 2,43 % Somewhat successfully 25,13 % 23,06 % 21,85 % 19,27 % 27,01 % 22,96 % Rather not successfully 45,26 % 47,42 % 46,07 % 46,50 % 42,25 % 46,25 % Not successfully at all 23,34 % 19,36 % 23,28 % 25,06 % 20,52 % 21,89 % (do not read) DK 4,44 % 7,72 % 6,04 % 5,94 % 6,77 % 6,35 % (do not read) Refused 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,44 % 0,49 % 0,11 % TOTAL 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % 27,01 % 2,97 % Col% Donbas 42,25 % 20,52 % 6,77 % 0,49 % 100,00 % Region TOTAL West Centre South East Donbas Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Col% Do you think decentralization reform in Donbas region is implemented (asked in Donbas GCA only) More successfully than in other regions 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 5,63 % 5,63 % About the same as in other regions 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 25,07 % 25,07 % Less successfully than in other regions 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 45,55 % 45,55 % (do not read) DK 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 22,09 % 22,09 % (do not read) Refused 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 1,67 % 1,67 % TOTAL 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 0,00 % 100,00 % 100,00 % Donbas Col% 5,63 % 25,07 % 45,55 % 22,09 % 1,67 % 100,00 %

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