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Relative clauses5ª sesion


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Relative clauses5ª sesion

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />Definingrelativeclauses<br />Non-definingrelativeclauses<br />Ana Ángeles López Rodríguez<br />IES Julio Caro Baroja<br />Fuenlabrada Madrid<br />Abril 2010 <br />
  2. 2. Definingrelativeclauses<br />
  3. 3. People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br /><ul><li>I´vegot a friend. He collectsstamps.
  4. 4. I´vegot a friendwho/ thatcollectsstamps.
  5. 5. Thisis Jean. Shebought my car.I´vegot a friend.
  6. 6. Jean isthepersonwho/ thatbought my car.</li></li></ul><li>People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br />Whenwetalkaboutpeople, that can beusedinstead of who. <br />Thisislesscommon, butwestill do it, especially in speech.<br />HaveyoumettheboythatSueisgoingtomarry.<br />
  7. 7. People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br />My friendswholive in Birminghamare comingnextmonth.<br />Studentswho do notlikerevisingbeforetheexamsgetworse<br />results.<br />
  8. 8. People: Whomorwho as objectorwithprepositions.whomistheobjectform of who and it has tobeusedafterprepositions, its use is formal.<br /><ul><li>thistheperson(who) I sold my car to.(speech) WHO can beomitted
  9. 9. Thisisthepersontowhom I sold my car. (formal)</li></li></ul><li>Things & Animals: whichorthat.<br />
  10. 10. Things & Animals: whichorthat.<br />I lovehighheelshoes.<br />I especiallylovetheItalianleathershoes.<br />I loveItalianleathershoeswhich are highheel.<br />Are thesetheItalianhighheelshoesthatyouboughtfor me?<br />
  11. 11. Possessive: whose<br /><ul><li>Whosemeans of whom, </li></ul>and usuallyreferstopeople.<br /><ul><li>Possessive + relative = WHOSE</li></ul>Thisistheboy. Hissisterisstayingwithus.<br />Thisistheboywhosesisterisstayingwithus.<br />
  12. 12. Place: where // time: when<br />Afterwordsfor time and place, <br />we can use when and where as relatives.<br /><ul><li>Do youknow a shop where I can findsandals? (…=a shop at which…)
  13. 13. I´llneverforgetthedaywhen I firstmetyou. (…= thedayonwhich…)</li></li></ul><li>Non-definingrelative<br />clauses<br />
  14. 14. Differences : Defining or Non-defining<br />DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />They give relevant and important information to complete the meaning of the main clause. <br />When the relative pronoun is the object or goes with a preposition, it can be omitted.<br />We don´t use the commas to separate the relative clause.<br />NON-DEFINIG RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />They give extra information but not essential to understand the meaning of the main clause.<br />They go between commas.<br />The relative pronouns are never omitted. <br />That is never used with the non-defining relative clauses.<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Sophiais more than 6 feettall.
  16. 16. Sohiais a world-famousmodel.
  17. 17. Sophia, whois more than 6 feettall, is a world-famousmodel.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Alaska isa statenot a cityas youmayknow.
  18. 18. I haveneverbeento Alaska.
  19. 19. I haveneverbeento Alaska, whichis a statenot a city as youmayknow.</li>