Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Relative clauses5ª sesion


Published on

practice powerpoint

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Relative clauses5ª sesion

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />Definingrelativeclauses<br />Non-definingrelativeclauses<br />Ana Ángeles López Rodríguez<br />IES Julio Caro Baroja<br />Fuenlabrada Madrid<br />Abril 2010 <br />
  2. 2. Definingrelativeclauses<br />
  3. 3. People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br /><ul><li>I´vegot a friend. He collectsstamps.
  4. 4. I´vegot a friendwho/ thatcollectsstamps.
  5. 5. Thisis Jean. Shebought my car.I´vegot a friend.
  6. 6. Jean isthepersonwho/ thatbought my car.</li></li></ul><li>People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br />Whenwetalkaboutpeople, that can beusedinstead of who. <br />Thisislesscommon, butwestill do it, especially in speech.<br />HaveyoumettheboythatSueisgoingtomarry.<br />
  7. 7. People: whoorthat as thesubject.<br />My friendswholive in Birminghamare comingnextmonth.<br />Studentswho do notlikerevisingbeforetheexamsgetworse<br />results.<br />
  8. 8. People: Whomorwho as objectorwithprepositions.whomistheobjectform of who and it has tobeusedafterprepositions, its use is formal.<br /><ul><li>thistheperson(who) I sold my car to.(speech) WHO can beomitted
  9. 9. Thisisthepersontowhom I sold my car. (formal)</li></li></ul><li>Things & Animals: whichorthat.<br />
  10. 10. Things & Animals: whichorthat.<br />I lovehighheelshoes.<br />I especiallylovetheItalianleathershoes.<br />I loveItalianleathershoeswhich are highheel.<br />Are thesetheItalianhighheelshoesthatyouboughtfor me?<br />
  11. 11. Possessive: whose<br /><ul><li>Whosemeans of whom, </li></ul>and usuallyreferstopeople.<br /><ul><li>Possessive + relative = WHOSE</li></ul>Thisistheboy. Hissisterisstayingwithus.<br />Thisistheboywhosesisterisstayingwithus.<br />
  12. 12. Place: where // time: when<br />Afterwordsfor time and place, <br />we can use when and where as relatives.<br /><ul><li>Do youknow a shop where I can findsandals? (…=a shop at which…)
  13. 13. I´llneverforgetthedaywhen I firstmetyou. (…= thedayonwhich…)</li></li></ul><li>Non-definingrelative<br />clauses<br />
  14. 14. Differences : Defining or Non-defining<br />DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />They give relevant and important information to complete the meaning of the main clause. <br />When the relative pronoun is the object or goes with a preposition, it can be omitted.<br />We don´t use the commas to separate the relative clause.<br />NON-DEFINIG RELATIVE CLAUSES<br />They give extra information but not essential to understand the meaning of the main clause.<br />They go between commas.<br />The relative pronouns are never omitted. <br />That is never used with the non-defining relative clauses.<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Sophiais more than 6 feettall.
  16. 16. Sohiais a world-famousmodel.
  17. 17. Sophia, whois more than 6 feettall, is a world-famousmodel.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Alaska isa statenot a cityas youmayknow.
  18. 18. I haveneverbeento Alaska.
  19. 19. I haveneverbeento Alaska, whichis a statenot a city as youmayknow.</li>