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kinds of sentences


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kinds of sentences according to purpose and structure

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kinds of sentences

  1. 1. ENGLISH 3: EFFECTIVE WRITING Ana Jovel P. Orellana BSSW 2 Saint Bridget College
  2. 2. KINDS OF SENTENCES 1. According to Structure 2. According to Purpose
  3. 3. • Explain the four categories of sentences according to structure. • State the correct end punctuations associated with each other four types. • Make a paragraph on given topic that employs each of the four types of sentences.
  4. 4. There are four types of sentences according to structure • Complex • Compound- Complex • Simple • Compound
  5. 5. With a simple subject and a simple predicate With a compound subject and a simple predicate Ex. Fe del Mundo was a Filipino pediatrician. Ex. She and her siblings grew in their home located just across the Manila Cathedral.
  6. 6. With a simple subject and a compound predicate. Ex. Fe enrolled at the University of the Philippines in 1926 and earned her degree in 1933. With a compound subject and a compound predicate Ex. Many men and women admire and respect Fe del Mundo.
  7. 7. It has two independent clause connected by conjunctions like for (reason), and (addition), but/yet (contrast), or (alternation) and so (result). It can also be joined by a comma and semi-colon (;).
  8. 8. Example: The Children’s Medical Center of the Philippines was temporarily closed in august 2007, but it was re- opened the following month under new management. (contrast)
  9. 9. It has an independent clause and a dependent clause. It is connected by the subordinators because (reason), so that (result), however (contrast), if (condition), otherwise (consequence), moreover (addition), when (time), and where (place).
  10. 10. Fe dreamed of becoming a doctor for the poor, because her older sister died of appendicitis at young age.
  11. 11. Compound -Complex
  12. 12. • It contains two independent clauses and one or more dependent clause/s. Put a comma after the dependent clause if it begins the sentence. • And put a comma before the and, but, or or that connects the two independent clauses.
  13. 13. 1. Although I like books, I do not like romance novels, but my sister loves them. 2. Jim’s mom went to the store because it’s his birthday, and she bought him a present.
  14. 14. 3. Until he graduates, he will live in the apartment, but then he wants to move. 4. Molly, who loves cats, plans to get a kitten, but she needs to find a house. 5. Jennifer sat in her chair, which was a dark red recliner, and she read all evening.
  15. 15. Paragraph using the four types of sentences according to structure My summer was great (simple). I had a lot of fun, but I was very busy (compound). Although I was not working this summer, there was a lot to do each day (complex). Now that it is all over, I feel that I did a lot to fill my time, but I would love to have more time to enjoy the summer break. (compound complex).
  16. 16. Now let’s take a pop quiz. Identify each sentence as simple, compound, complex and compound complex. 1. Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I haven't found anyone to go with. 2. Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. 3. As she was bright and ambitious, she became manager in no time. Compound Complex Complex Complex
  17. 17. 8. I would have gotten the promotion, but my attendance wasn’t good enough.- 6. We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.-. 7. Some students like to study in the mornings 4. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. Simple Compound Compound Complex 5. The movie that I like a lot is out on DVD now. Complex Simple.
  18. 18. There are four kinds of sentences according to purpose. • declarative sentence • interrogative sentence • imperative sentence • exclamatory sentence
  19. 19. A declarative sentence makes a statement or expresses an opinion and ends with a period.
  20. 20. Examples: • Roads are made from asphalt. • "I like long walks, especially when they are taken by people who annoy me." (Fred Allen)
  21. 21. An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
  22. 22. Examples: Would you prefer chocolate or vanilla ice cream? We need to get going now, don’t we? You’ve lost 15 pounds already?
  23. 23. An imperative sentence makes a request or gives a command and ends with either a period or an exclamation point if it is a strong command.
  24. 24. Examples: Drive to the roundabout and then turn left. Do not condemn the judgement of another because it differs from your own. (Dandemis) Please tidy your room.
  25. 25. An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
  26. 26. Examples: No, you did not have permission to stay out this late! I don’t know what happened here! My life will never be the same without you!
  27. 27. Now let’s take a pop quiz. Recognizing the Four Kinds of Sentences. Label each sentence below declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory. Then, show what punctuation is needed at the end of the sentence. EXAMPLE: Have you ever been to New England Answer: interrogative ? 1. Don't you ever get tired of watching television 2. Turn left at the second stop sign 3. You can't be serious Interrogative ? Imperative . Imperative . Exclamatory !
  28. 28. 4. Meet me at seven o'clock in front of the library 5. Why are you so worried about the exam 6. Don't close your mind to the other side of the question 7. I can't believe it's all over 8. Do you attend concerts given by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Imperative . Interrogative ? Imperative . Exclamatory ! Interrogative ?