The Nature of Language Teaching

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The Nature of Language Teaching

  1. 1. THE NATURE OFLANGUAGE TEACHING Peter D. Stevens
  2. 2. LLT Process is higly complex set of events•A student•A teacher•An organized framework•An institution2 different LTL :•Inferior• superiorDepending on the command of the language the learners achieve
  3. 3. The 4 principal components of the LLT processare :THE COMMUNITYTHE LANGUAGE TEACHING PROFESSIONTHE TEACHERTHE LEARNER
  4. 4. THE COMMUNITYDecides that tuition in such or such languages should beavailable : implies a choice in foreign languageA branch of gov’t mediatesIt’s an integral part of educational provision , just onemore subjectSo, teachers are :Public servantsPaid by the communityTrained at the expense of communitySupported by community
  5. 5. There are 2 elements within The CommunityThe Public Will ,which languages should be taughtAdministration and organization ( A/O) , allocatingfunds, buildings , etcTHE PUBLIC WILL creates the level of expectationof achievement , highly related to MOTIVATION. THE A/O LT depends on the Ministry of Education,which is a double edged “blessing” . Difference betweenINFERIOR and SUPERIOR LLT many times depends on A/O
  6. 6. THE LANGUAGE TEACHING PROFESSIONProfession as a discipline, like any other.It is also the set of principles by which teachers organizethemselves.Teacher trainers : they mediate between contributorydisciplines and school tasks and probs in the class I n s t r u c t o r manipulates techniques and presentsforeign language to students T e a c h e r : good instructor + cherishes his studentsand recognizes their individuality as learners E d u c a t o r : good teacher + is aware of theinterrelations between the techniques , the contributorydisciplines and the needs of society
  7. 7. THE TEACHER1- The Teacher: may or may not be present Minimum qualities of a teacher :Nondiscouraging personalityAdequate presentation skills as a teacherUpkeep adequate command of the language heteachesUpgrading of professionalism: dedication to learningand keep in touch with new techniques and development2- Teacher Training : criteria for selection of aspirantsand training : education , temperamental suitability andvocationInitial Training ( components of skills information andtheory) and Further Training
  8. 8. 3- TeachingThis is the element which has been given the mostimportance lately, but this is not uniqueApproachesMethodology ( use of techniques)Syllabus designMaterials productionTestingTypes of teaching
  9. 9. 4- ConstraintsLow expectations of success by teacher, system, parents ,etcUnattainable objectivesConfusion of aimsPhysical, organizationalor psychological constraints ,generally mistakes in the O/AInsufficient timePoor materials not compensated by good teachersInadequate teacher trainingIncompetent class teaching and lack of interest inlearners
  10. 10. THE LEARNERHe has a profile of characteristics which make him individual,different from other learnersDIFFERENCES: agewillingness to give time and effortspecial language abilitiesconcentrationprevious linguistic experience general education experienceself view as a language learnerlearning strategies level of expectations of success
  11. 11. CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESSUnwilling learners are unlikely to learn, while willing learnersare likely to learn well.Enough learning should be providedExcellence in one area, can compensate with inadequacy inanother The 4 components are included in success:The Community positive attitude served by a helpfuladministrationThe Profession needs to provide teachers with support ofall kindsThe Teacher needs to display devolution toward hisstudents ( and attitude, and vocation)The Learner needs to be willing to learn
  12. 12. TASK for next class:Individual workGet the copies at La Cabaña, read them thoroughly and prepare5 smart question to ask in class, and answer them in a separatepaper.BIBLIOGRAPHYLong, Michael H., Richards, Jack C, Methodology in TESOL, A Bookof Readings , Heinly&Heinle Publishers, USA 1987

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