Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
BE
AFFIRMATIVE
LONG FORM
SHORT FORMS
I am
I’m
You are
You’re
He is
He’s
She is
She’s
It is
It’s
We are
We’re
You are
You’r...
PARTÍCULAS INTERROGATIVAS
WHO?

¿Quién? ¿Quiénes?

Who is her sister? Her sister is Susan

WHAT?

¿Qué?¿Cuál/cuáles?

What...
PRONOMBRES
PERSONALES
SUJETO

OBJETO

ADJETIVOS
POSESIVOS

PRONOMBRES
POSESIVOS

I

Me

My

Mine

You

You

Your

Yours

H...
A/AN
(Un/una)
THE
(el/la/los/las)
SOME
(unos/unas, algunos / algunas, algo, un poco
de. A veces no se traduce)
ANY
Negativ...
AFFIRMATIVE
N. contables en singular

THERE IS
N. incontables

HAY
(Presente)
THERE ARE

N. contables en plural

N. contab...
PRESENT SIMPLE
AFFIRMATIVE
I play
You play
He plays
She plays
It plays
We play
You play
They play

NEGATIVE
LONG FORM
SHOR...
TO BE
AFFIRMATIVE
I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

(PAST SIMPLE)

NEGATIVE
LONG FORM SHORT...
PAST SIMPLE ( Irregular Verbs)
NEGATIVE
AFFIRMATIVE
LONG FORM
SHORT FORMS
I wrote
I did not write
I didn’t write
You wrote...
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE)
AFFIRMATIVE
LONG FORM SHORT FORMS
I have seen
I’ve seen
You have seen ...
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE)
AFFIRMATIVE
LONG FORM SHORT FORMS
I had seen
I’d seen
You had seen You’d seen
...
WAYS OF EXPRESING THE FUTURE
BE GOING TO
AFFIRMATIVE
I’m going to buy
You are going to buy
He/she/it is going to buy
We ar...
DIFFERENT WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE FUTURE: USES
PRESENT SIMPLE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS

BE GOING TO

FUTURE SIMPLE: WILL+BASE FOR...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Tabla repaso contenidos gramaticales

9,597 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Tabla repaso contenidos gramaticales

  1. 1. BE AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I am I’m You are You’re He is He’s She is She’s It is It’s We are We’re You are You’re They are They’re NEGATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I am not I’m not You are not You aren’t He is not He isn’t She is not She isn’t It is not It isn’t We are not We aren’t You are not You aren’t They are not They aren’t HAVE AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I have got I’ve got You have got You’ve got He has got He’s got She has got She’s got It has got It’s got We have got We’ve got You have got You’ve got They have got They’ve got (PRESENT SIMPLE) INTERROGATIVE Am I…? Are you…? Is he…? Is she…? Is it…? Are we…? Are you…? Are they…? SHORT ANSWERS AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Yes, I am No, I’m not Yes, you are No, you aren’t Yes, he is No, he isn’t Yes, She is No, she isn’t Yes, it is No, it isn’t Yes, we are No, we aren’t Yes, you are No, you aren’t Yes, they are No, they aren’t (PRESENT SIMPLE) NEGATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I have not got I haven’t got You have not got You haven’t got He has not got He hasn’t got She has not got She hasn’t got It has not got It hasn’t got We have not got We haven’t got You have not got You haven’t got They have not got They haven’t got INTERROGATIVE Have I got…? Have you got…? Has he got…? Has she got…? Has it got…? Have we got…? Have you got…? Have they got…? SHORT ANSWERS AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Yes, I have No, I haven’t Yes, you have No, you haven’t Yes, he has No, he hasn’t Yes, She has No, she hasn’t Yes, it has No, it hasn’t Yes, we have No, we haven’t Yes, you have No, you haven’t Yes, they have No, they haven’t GENITIVO SAJÓN: Expresa posesión. Se forma añadiendo apóstrofe+s (‘s) a la persona que posee/tiene algo, seguido del nombre que describe lo que posee: Mary’s car (el coche de Mary), my sister’s book (el libro de mi hermana). Los nombres propios terminados en “s” pueden añadir sólo el apóstrofe (James’ car) o las dos cosas (James’s car) = El coche de James. Si el poseedor es plural y termina en “s”, sólo se añade el apóstrofe: My brothers’ bedroom = El dormitorio de mis hermanos.
  2. 2. PARTÍCULAS INTERROGATIVAS WHO? ¿Quién? ¿Quiénes? Who is her sister? Her sister is Susan WHAT? ¿Qué?¿Cuál/cuáles? What is your favourite song? It’s “Corazón Partío” WHICH? ¿Cuál/Cuáles? (para elegir entre unos cuantos Which dress do you prefer, the red one or the black one? WHEN? ¿Cuándo? When is your birthday? It’s in May. WHERE? ¿Dónde? Where is the Alhambra? It’s in Granada WHY? ¿Por qué? Why are you late? Because I missed the bus HOW? ¿Cómo? How do you drive? I drive carefully WHOSE? ¿De quién? Whose is this book? It’s the teacher’s book/hers HOW MUCH? ¿Cuánto/a? + nombre incontable How much milk do you drink? I drink a lot of milk HOW MANY? ¿Cuántos/cuántas?+nombre contable How many doors are there in class? There are 30 chairs. WHAT TIME? ¿Qué hora? ¿A qué hora? What time is your English class? It’s at 9.40 HOW OFTEN? ¿Con qué frecuencia? How often do you play tennis? I play tennis twice a week. HOW LONG? ¿Cuánto tiempo? How long have you learnt English? For 6 years.
  3. 3. PRONOMBRES PERSONALES SUJETO OBJETO ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS I Me My Mine You You Your Yours He Him His His She Her Her Hers It It Its Its We Us Our Ours You You Your Yours They Them Their Theirs Adjetivos posesivos: Van delante de un nombre. Se traducen: mi/mis, tu/tus, su/sus (de él, de ella, de ello), nuestro/a/os/as, vuestro/a/os/as, su/s (de ellos) Pronombres posesivos: sustituyen a un nombre que lleva un posesivo: mio/a/os/as, tuyo/a/os/as, suyo/a/os/as, nuestro/a/os/as, vuestro/a/os/as, suyo/a/os/as.
  4. 4. A/AN (Un/una) THE (el/la/los/las) SOME (unos/unas, algunos / algunas, algo, un poco de. A veces no se traduce) ANY Negativa: ningún/ninguna, nada de o no se traduce. Interrogativa: algunos, alguna, algo de o no se traduce A / AN, THE, SOME, ANY - Se usa delante de nombres contables en singular para hablar de algo desconocido o que no especificamos: A + palabras que empiezan por consonante: a book, a chair AN + palabras empezadas por vocal: an orange, an Apple - Indica algo único o conocido para el hablante: The sun, the statue, the restaurant near my house… - Se usa con nombres incontables: There is some rice in the cupboard (Hay arroz en el armario) - También con nombres contables en plural: There are some students in the class (Hay algunos estudiantes en clase) - Se usa en oraciones en afirmativa. - Se usa en los mismos casos que some (nombres incontables y nombres contables en plural), pero en oraciones interrogativas y negativas Is there any rice in the cupboard?= ¿Hay arroz en al armario? Are there any students in the class? = ¿Hay estudiantes en la clase? There isn’t any rice in the cupboard = No hay arroz… There aren’t any students in the class = No hay estudiantes…
  5. 5. AFFIRMATIVE N. contables en singular THERE IS N. incontables HAY (Presente) THERE ARE N. contables en plural N. contables en singular THERE WAS N. incontables HABÍA (Pasado) THERE WERE N. contables en plural NEGATIVE There is a door in my class. There isn’t a door in my class. There is some money in my bag. There isn’t any money in my bag. There are four windows in my class. There are some books on the table. There aren’t four windows in my class. There aren’t any books on the table. There was a party on Saturday. There wasn’t a party on Saturday. There was some good music at the party. There wasn’t any good music at the party. There were two guitarists in the band. There were some children in the park. There weren’t two guitarists in the band. There weren’t any children in the park. INTERROGATIVE Is there a door in your class? Yes, there is Is there any money in your pocket? No, there isn’t Are there four windows in your class? Yes, there are Are there any books on the table? No, there aren’t Was there a party on Saturday? Yes, there was Was there any good music at the party? No, there wasn’t Were there two guitarists in the band? Yes, there were Were there any children in the park? No, there weren’t
  6. 6. PRESENT SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE I play You play He plays She plays It plays We play You play They play NEGATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I do not play I don’t play You do not play You don’t play He does not play He doesn’t play She does not play She doesn’t play It does not play It doesn’t play We do not play We don’t play You do not play You don’t play They do not play They don’t play INTERROGATIVE Do I play…? Do you play…? Does he play…? Does she play…? Does it play…? Do we play…? Do you play…? Do they play…? SHORT ANSWERS AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Yes, I do No, I don’t Yes, you do No, you don’t Yes, he does No, he doesn’t Yes, she does No, she doesn’t Yes, it does No, it doesn’t Yes, we do No, we don’t Yes, you do No, you don’t Yes, they do No, they don’t Everyday Every week Every… All the time On Mondays… Always Usually Never Sometimes Often Once a year Twice a week Three times a day … PRESENT CONTINUOUS AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I am playing I’m playing You are playing You’re playing He is playing He’s playing She is playing She’s playing It is playing It’s playing We are playing We’re playing You are playing You’re playing They are playing They’re playing NEGATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I am not playing I’m not playing You are not playing You aren’t playing He is not playing He isn’t playing She is not playing She isn’t playing It is not playing It isn’t playing We are not playing We aren’t playing You are not playing You aren’t playing They are not playing They aren’t playing VERBOS QUE VAN NORMALMENTE EN PRESENTE SIMPLE (STATIVE VERBS): Want: I don’t want to dance now. Like: He likes pop music. Understand: He doesn’t understand the question. Know: We know the answer. Love, hate, think, remember, believe, feel, hope, own, see, hear… INTERROGATIVE Am I playing …? Are you playing …? Is he playing …? Is she playing …? Is it playing …? Are we playing …? Are you playing …? Are they playing …? SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I am No, you aren’t Yes, he is No, she isn’t Yes, it is No, we aren’t Yes, you are No, they aren’t EXPRESIONES TEMPORALES At the moment Now Today This week This morning …
  7. 7. TO BE AFFIRMATIVE I was You were He was She was It was We were You were They were (PAST SIMPLE) NEGATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I was not I wasn’t You were not You weren’t He was not He wasn’t She was not She wasn’t It was not It wasn’t We were not We weren’t You were not You weren’t They were not They weren’t SHORT ANSWERS INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Was I…? Yes, I was No, I wasn’t Were you…? Yes, you were No, you weren’t Was he…? Yes, he was No, he wasn’t Was she…? Yes, she was No, she wasn’t Was it…? Yes, it was No, it wasn’t Were we…? Yes, we were No, we weren’t Were you…? Yes, you were No, you weren’t Were they…? Yes, they were No, they weren’t Yesterday Last week Last Monday Last year Last night… On Monday… In June… Two weeks ago Three years ago… In 1998… PAST SIMPLE ( Regular Verbs) NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I played I did not play I didn’t play You played You did not play You didn’t play He played He did not play He didn’t play She played She did not play She didn’t play It played It did not play It didn’t play We played We did not play We didn’t play You played You did not play You didn’t play They played They did not play They didn’t play SHORT ANSWERS INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Did I play…? Yes, I did No, I didn’t Did you play…? Yes, you did No, you didn’t Did he play…? Yes, he did No, he didn’t Did she play…? Yes, she did No, she didn’t Did it play…? Yes, it did No, it didn’t Did we play…? Yes, we did No, we didn’t Did you play…? Yes, you did No, you didn’t Did they play…? Yes, they did No, they didn’t Yesterday Last week Last Monday Last year Last night… On Monday… In June… Two weeks ago Three years ago… In 1998…
  8. 8. PAST SIMPLE ( Irregular Verbs) NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I wrote I did not write I didn’t write You wrote You did not write You didn’t write He wrote He did not write He didn’t write She wrote She did not write She didn’t write It wrote It did not write It didn’t write We wrote We did not write We didn’t write You wrote You did not write You didn’t write They wrote They did not write They didn’t write SHORT ANSWERS INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Did I write …? Yes, I did No, I didn’t Did you write? Yes, you did No, you didn’t Did he write …? Yes, he did No, he didn’t Did she write …? Yes, she did No, she didn’t Did it write …? Yes, it did No, it didn’t Did we write …? Yes, we did No, we didn’t Did you write …? Yes, you did No, you didn’t Did they write …? Yes, they did No, they didn’t PAST CONTINUOUS WAS / WERE + - ING AFFIRMATIVE I was writing You were writing He was writing She was writing It was writing We were writing You were writing They were writing NEGATIVE I was not writing You were not writing He wasn’t writing She wasn’t writing It wasn’t writing We weren’t writing You weren’t writing They weren’t writing SHORT ANSWERS AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Was I writing …? Yes, I was No, I wasn’t Were you writing? Yes, you were No, you weren’t Was he writing …? Yes, he was No, he wasn’t Was she writing …? Yes, she was No, she wasn’t Was it writing …? Yes, it was No, it wasn’t Were we writing …? Yes, we were No, we weren’t Were you writing …? Yes, you were No, you weren’t Were they writing …? Yes, they were No, they weren’t INTERROGATIVE Yesterday Last week Last Monday Last year Last night… On Monday… In June… Two weeks ago Three years ago… In 1998… All night, the whole day/afternoon At 2 o’clock yesterday; WHILE / AS / DURING El Pasado continuo se utiliza para describir acciones que estaban en proceso en un momento determinado del pasado. También se usa para describir la escena en la que ocurrió una historia.
  9. 9. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE) AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I have seen I’ve seen You have seen You’ve seen He has seen He’s seen She has seen She’s seen It has seen It’s seen We have seen We’ve seen You have seen You’ve seen They have seen They’ve seen SHORT ANSWERS NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE I haven’t seen Have I seen …? Yes, I have No, I haven’t You haven’t seen Have you seen…? Yes, you have No, you haven’t He hasn’t seen Has he seen…? Yes, he has No, he hasn’t She hasn’t seen Has she seen …? Yes, She has No, she hasn’t It hasn’t seen Has it seen …? Yes, it has No, it hasn’t We haven’t seen Have we seen …? Yes, we have No, we haven’t You haven’t seen Have you seen …? Yes, you have No, you haven’t They haven’t seen Have they seen …? Yes, they have No, they haven’t INTERROGATIVE TIME EXPRESSIONS HOW LONG For / since EVER/NEVER ALREADY/YET JUST LATELY/RECENTLY/ ALWAYS/SO FAR PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (HAVE/HAS + BEEN + -ing) SHORT ANSWERS TIME EXPRESSIONS NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE I’ve been waiting I haven’t been waiting Have I been waiting …? Yes, I have No, I haven’t You’ve been waiting You haven’t been waiting Have you been waiting …? Yes, you have No, you haven’t HOW LONG He’s been waiting He hasn’t been waiting Has he been waiting …? Yes, he has No, he hasn’t FOR / SINCE She’s been waiting She hasn’t been waiting Has she been waiting …? Yes, She has No, she hasn’t ALL DAY It’s been waiting It hasn’t been waiting Has it been waiting …? Yes, it has No, it hasn’t THE WHOLE WEEK We’ve been waiting We haven’t been waiting Have we been waiting …? Yes, we have No, we haven’t You’ve been waiting You haven’t been waiting Have you been …? Yes, you have No, you haven’t They’ve been waiting They haven’t been waiting Have they been waiting …? Yes, they have No, they haven’t AFFIRMATIVE INTERROGATIVE El Present Perfect Continuous se emplea para acciones ininterrumpidas. Las expresiones temporales que lo suelen acompañar nos indican cuánto tiempo lleva ocurriendo la acción. El Present Perfect Simple se utiliza para acciones separadas, se podría contar cuántas veces ha ocurrido algo, por lo tanto no es una acción ininterrumpida. Con el Present Perfect Continuous, la acción a la que nos referimos está incompleta, mientras que el Present Perfect Simple suele indicar que la acción está acabada, aunque sea muy reciente.
  10. 10. PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE) AFFIRMATIVE LONG FORM SHORT FORMS I had seen I’d seen You had seen You’d seen He had seen He’d seen She had seen She’d seen It had seen It’d seen We had seen We’d seen You had seen You’d seen They had seen They’d seen NEGATIVE I hadn’t seen You hadn’t seen He hadn’t seen She hadn’t seen It hadn’t seen We hadn’t seen You hadn’t seen They hadn’t seen INTERROGATIVE Had I seen …? Had you seen…? Had he seen…? Had she seen …? Had it seen …? Had we seen …? Had you seen …? Had they seen …? SHORT ANSWERS AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Yes, I had No, I hadn’t Yes, you had No, you hadn’t Yes, he had No, he hadn’t Yes, She had No, she hadn’t Yes, it had No, it hadn’t Yes, we had No, we hadn’t Yes, you had No, you hadn’t Yes, they had No, they hadn’t TIME EXPRESSIONS WHEN BY THE TIME BEFORE AFTER PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS ( HAD + BEEN + - ING) El PAST PERFECT se emplea para referirnos a una acción ocurrida antes de otra acción en el pasado. La primera acción en el tiempo iría en PAST PERFECT y la otra acción, la más cercana al presente, en PAST SIMPLE. When I had made dinner, I called everyone to the table. (First, I made dinner; then, I called everyone) El PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS se refiere a acciones que estaban ocurriendo antes de un punto determinado en el pasado y que terminó en ese punto. Our toys were in the boxes because my mother had been putting them away.
  11. 11. WAYS OF EXPRESING THE FUTURE BE GOING TO AFFIRMATIVE I’m going to buy You are going to buy He/she/it is going to buy We are going to buy You are going to buy They are going to buy NEGATIVE I’m not going to buy You aren’t going to buy He/she/it isn’t going to buy We aren’t going to buy You aren’t going to buy They aren’t going to buy INTERROGATIVE TIME EXPRESSIONS This evening, later, in an hour, at 4 o’clock, tomorrow, soon Am I going to buy? You are going to buy? Is he/she/it going to buy? Are we going to buy? Are you going to buy? Are they going to buy? THE FUTURE La formación del futuro expresado con WILL coincide en todas las personas. TIME EXPRESSIONS FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE S + WILL + BASE FORM I will do S + WILL NOT/WON’T + BASE FORM I won’t do WILL + SUBJ + BASE FORM? Will I do? S + WILL BE + -ING I will be doing S+ WILL NOT/WON’T BE + -ING I won’t be doing WILL + SUBJ + BE + -ING? Will I be doing? S + WILL HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE I will have done S + WILL NOT/WON’T HAVE+ PAST P. I won’t have done WILL + SUBJ + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE? Will I have done? This evening, in an hour, at 3 o’clock, later, next month/year, soon, in a few weeks, in the future, on 1st May This evening, at 3 o’clock, later, next month/year, soon, in a few weeks, in the future, on 1st May, tomorrow By this time next week, by 10 o’clock, by the end of…, by then, by August, in three months…
  12. 12. DIFFERENT WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE FUTURE: USES PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS BE GOING TO FUTURE SIMPLE: WILL+BASE FORM FUTURE CONTINUOUS: WILL+BE+ING FUTURE PERFECT: WILL+HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE *Sirve para referirnos a horarios, calendarios y programas. The new school year starts on September 13th *Para referirnos a citas y compromisos ya fijados formalmente. Jim is playing football on Friday at 6 pm. (No expresa una intención, como “be going to”, sino algo que ha sido programado con antelación y que va a pasar con seguridad) *Sirve para hablar de decisiones meditadas con anterioridad, de nuestros planes, proyectos e intenciones para el futuro. I am going to buy a new car. *Con él hacemos predicciones sobre acontecimientos futuros cuando tenemos evidencia de que eso va a ocurrir: The workers came this morning. They are going to restore that building. *Con él hacemos predicciones sobre el futuro: In the year 2300, everybody will drive flying cars. *Expresión de decisiones repentinas, hechas en el momento de hablar: Isn’t that Ann? I’ll go and talk to her *Para hacer promesas: I’ll come tomorrow. Don’t worry. *Para referirnos a acciones que estarán en curso en el futuro. This time this year I’ll be studying at university. *Se utiliza para hablar de acciones que estarán terminadas en el futuro: She will have had her baby in two months’ time. Tomorrow they, will show my favourite film from 10 to 12 pm. At 11.15 I’ll be watching it. At 12.30 I will have watched it.

×