Guillaume de Machaut

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Guillaume de Machaut

  1. 1. Guillame de Machaut and the Ars Nova The 14th century Musical Style or School
  2. 2. What is the Ars Nova?  Translates from Latin to “New Art”.  Developed after the Hundred Year’s War and the Black Plague weakened the influence of the Church and the feudal system.  Secular music surpassed sacred music in importance.  Polyphony was not based on chant.  New notation allowed nearly any rhythmic pattern to be written- including syncopations.
  3. 3. Guillaume de Machaut  Famous as a composer and poet  Spent most of his life in service to royalty  Presented his patrons with beautifully decorated copies of his music and poetry  Output consists mainly of courtly love songs- songs nobly and chivalrously expressing love  Did work for the church in his later life
  4. 4. Puis qu’en Oubli sui de vous  From Machaut’s Le Livre Dou Voit Dir (The Book of the True Poem)  Contains eight lines, each ending in –mis or – mant  Form- abaaabab  Written for four voices
  5. 5. Translation of Puis qu’en oubli Since I am forgotten by you, sweet friend, I say farewell to joy and life of love. Ill-fated was the day I placed my love in you, Since I am forgotten by you, sweet friend. But what I have promised you I will maintain, Which is that I shall never have any other lover. Since I am forgotten by you, sweet friend, I say farewell to joy and life of love
  6. 6. Notre Dame Mass  First known Polyphonic arrangement of the Mass Ordinary (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei)  Written for four voices  Composed in the early 1360’s
  7. 7. The Angus Dei  Solemn and elaborate  Two higher voices form more rhythmically active and contain syncopations  Lower parts play a supporting role, move in longer notes  Based on a chant, which is placed in one of the lower parts  Form: ABA  Three sections represent the Holy Trinity

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