Common mistakes made by efl students

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This presentation will help EFL students avoid some common mistakes.

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Common mistakes made by efl students

  1. 1. Howtoavoid 15 commonmistakesmadebySpanishspeakerswhenlearningEnglish as a foreignlanguage<br />By: Ana Loja C.<br />Englishteacher at Universidad de Cuenca, Ecuador<br />
  2. 2. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Abstractnouns and plural nounsused in a general way are not preceded by “the.”<br />Ex.Peaceisveryimportant in theworld.<br />It’sbeautifultowatchchildrensmile.<br />Use “to” before a verbtoindicatepurpose.<br />Ex.Shedecidedtocallherbestfriendtoaskforhelp.<br />
  3. 3. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Impersonal sentencesshouldhave “it” as theirsubject.<br />Ex.It’simportanttoeathealthyfood.<br />Rememberthis use of theverb “want”<br />Ex.Thepresident of thestudentcouncilwantsusto trust him.<br />
  4. 4. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Rememberthe use of “say” and “tell”<br />Ex. Sarah saidto me thatshewouldliketovisitusthisyear.<br />Rose told me thatshewouldliketomoveto a smalltown.<br />Avoiddoublenegation in sentences. Learnthesetwocorrectforms:<br />Somechildrenhavenothingtoeat.<br />Somechildrendon’thaveanythingtoeat.<br />
  5. 5. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Don’tconfusethemeaning of theword “actually.” Itdoesn’t mean “at present.” Itmeans “in fact.”<br />Ex. A: I knowyoudon’tlikefastfood.<br /> B: Actually, I loveit.<br />Thesewords are synonyms: currently, nowadays, at present, today.<br />Ex.Todaythecost of living isveryhigheverywhere.<br />
  6. 6. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Rememberthesepassiveverbforms: I wasgiven, I wasasked, I wastold.<br />Ex. I wasaskedtorepeat my lastlecture.<br />Rememberthe use and meaning of “yet” and “already”<br />Has he finishedhishomeworkyet? (question)<br />He hasn’tfinishedhishomeworkyet. (negativesentence)<br />Haveyoualreadyeatenyour lunch? (question)<br />He has alreadyeatenhis lunch. (Aff. Sentence)<br />
  7. 7. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Rememeberthe use of “intend” and “pretend”<br />Sheintendstogotocollegenextyear. (She has theintentionto do that.)<br />Shepretendstobehappy, butsheisn’t.<br />Rememeberthefollowingverbforms:<br />Youcan achieveanythingyouwantifyoubelieve in yourself.<br />In thepastpeoplecouldn’tcommunicate as quickly as we do today.<br />In thenearfuture, peoplewillbeabletocommunicatefasterthannow.<br />Wehaven’tbeenabletocomplete ourprojectyet.<br />
  8. 8. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />If a verbfollows a preposition, thisverbshouldhaveing.<br />Theyplan onstartingtheirownbusinessnextyear.<br />Rememberthefollowing use of “make”<br />My new bossmakes me feelstressed.<br />Classicalmusicmakeshimfeelrelaxed.<br />
  9. 9. Keep in mindthefollowinginformation<br />Whenyouwrite, avoidrunonsentences. Rememberthis: , and - , but- , or<br />Shebelieves in herskills, and shewantstoprovethatshe can getthejobsheisapplyingfor.<br />Note: Use thisinformationtoavoidsomemistakesthat are producedby a transfer of someSpanishstructures and words.<br />

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