Cascao Leipzig Waterscapes Nile Basin

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Cascao Leipzig Waterscapes Nile Basin

  1. 1. “Adrift on the Nile”: Shifting waterscapes in the Nile River Basin European Conference on African Studies Ana Elisa Cascão Leipzig, Germany King’s College of London, UK 4-7 June 2009 CEAUP, Portugal
  2. 2. NILE BASIN MAP • 10 riparian states • 2 sub-basins – Eastern Nile and Equatorial Lakes • 2 sources Lake • Complex hydrology Tana • Complex hydropolitics • Old Lakes • New Lakes Lake Victoria • “Dams Race”
  3. 3. OLD LAKES – VICTORIA AND TANA • Shrinking water levels • Uneven rainfall patterns • Growing demand • Over-pumping • Overpopulation • Environmental alert! Lake Victoria Lake Tana
  4. 4. OLD ARTIFICIAL LAKE - Lake Nasser • 1960s: Aswan High Dam • Biggest artificial lake in the world • A footprint in dam construction THE DAMS RACE WAS ONLY STARTING!
  5. 5. NEW LAKES – in the desert • The new pyramids • Greening the desert • Securing water suply • Dubious environmental, economic, social, hydrological, and political feasibility MEANWHILE.... UPSTREAM...
  6. 6. SUDAN: Oil and Water mix • Petro-yuan! • 2 new projects • Several planned • “Hydraulic revolution” • Trend: disregard for environmental and social impacts
  7. 7. ETHIOPIA: Exploiting the sources • Several planned projects • Some mega-dams • Multiple interests – Politicians, World Bank, consultants, constructors • Trend: disregard for environmental and social impacts ARE ALL THESE PLANS REALISTIC?
  8. 8. The New China’s Great Walls SUDAN 1 Merowe dam 2 Roseires dam heightening ETHIOPIA 3 Neshi river hydroelectric dam 4 Tekeze hydroelectric dam UGANDA 1 5 Ayago north and south hydropower dams BURUNDI 6 Mugere hydropower station CONGO 4 7 Grand Inga (Inga 3) 2 3 Chinese Business: Infrastructures Favourable contracts Speedy construction Environmental Impact Assessement 5 Environmental international regulations Human Rights Good governance  Notification/Consultation 6 7
  9. 9. Shifting waterscapes in the Nile River Basin • Lakes shrinking • New lakes in the desert • New dams • Future dams • More capital • More interests Predictable transformation of landscapes and waterscapes

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