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Cascao Evora Sharing Transboundary Waters Power Mena Region

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Cascao Evora Sharing Transboundary Waters Power Mena Region

  1. 1. Sharing transboundary waters in the context of asymmetrical power relations: lessons from the MENA region ANA ELISA CASCÃO UNESCO-IHP HELP PROGRAM SEMINAR KCL /London Water Research Group Évora, 24-26 June 2009
  2. 2. MENA region: 3 major transboundary river basins NILE BASIN 10 riparian states JORDAN BASIN Nile 5 riparian states Jordan Tigris-Euphrates TIGRIS-EUPHRATES BASIN 3 riparian states COMPLEX COMPLEX [HYDRO] HYDROLOGY POLITICS
  3. 3. MENA river basins: Power Asymmetries 4 PILLARS OF POWER Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Zeitoun and Warner, 2006 London Water Research Group
  4. 4. MENA river basins: Asymmetric power relations Nile Basin ETHIOPIA SUDAN EGYPT Material Ideational Ideational Geography power power power Bargaining Material Bargaining Geography power power power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Tigris-Euphrates Basin TURKEY SYRIA IRAQ Material Ideational Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power power power Bargaining Geography power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power
  5. 5. MENA Basins: Hydropolitics vs. IWRMA Strong power asymmetries  Asymmetric water control, distribution and allocation  Political conflicts/volatility  Militarisation/Securitisation of water resources  “Resource capture” strategies  Basin-wide water negotiations and agreements  Inter-riparian confidence and dialogue  Comprehensive transboundary water cooperation  Integrated Water Resources Management and Allocation (IWRMA) 
  6. 6. MENA Basins: Hydropolitics and Knowledge Knowledge, information and institutional [wide] gap  Integration and harmonisation of knowledge and information  Information sharing and exchange across borders  Sanctioning of knowledge, discourse and agenda  Multiple stakeholders involvement  Scientific collaboration across borders  Politicisation of science, models and decision support tools  Decision-making controlled by politicians, not scientists or technicians  Basin-wide, integrated knowledge and decision-making systems 
  7. 7. MENA Basins: Science, Policy and Management Science OVER-POLITICISATION Policy POWER OF TRANSBOUNDARY ASYMMETRIES WATER MANAGEMENT Management AND ALLOCATION
  8. 8. Some conclusions... POWER OVER- ASYMMETRIES POLITICISATION Strong obstacles to:  Meaningful and effective cooperation  Sound science, policies, and management  Information and data sharing systems  Development of dialogue and linkages between epistemic and decision-making groups  Comprehensive stakeholders involvement  Fair negotiations of legal agreements based on international water law principles
  9. 9. Thanks for your attention! ana.cascao@kcl.ac.uk

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