Gases of World War 1 Zoë Lewis Makayla Ballenger Amy Walker
Gas: The Biological Weapon Many types of gas were used during WW1. These gases not only harmed the other armies they killed them. Gas was used to obliterate the other uniformed armies. The Germans were the first to use chlorine in 1915 but the French had not yet come across chlorine and when thinking it was a smoke screen they slowly died due to suffocation.
How Gases Were Used Thrown in trenches to clear out the hiding soldiers To obliterate the opposing, weaker armies Sprayed from an air craft Torture
Production of Chemical Warfare Agents during WWI (in tons) Chlorine Phosgene Diphosgene Mustard Chloropicrin Cyanides TotalGermany 58,100 18,100 11,600 7,600 4,100 99,500France 12,500 15,700 2,000 500 7,700 38,400Britain 20,800 1,400 500 8,000 400 31,100U.S. 2,400 1,400 900 2,500 7,200TOTAL 93,800 36,600 11,600 11,000 15,100 8,100 176,200
Gas Classification Lacrimators – eye irritant and tear gases Stermators – nasal irritant and sneeze gases and vomiting gases Lung Irritants – suffocants, respiratory irriatants Vesicants – skin irritants
Mustard Gas Blistering Eyes become sore Vomit Internal and external bleeding Chest pains Burning sensation in the throat Causes suffocation
Chlorine Killsif untreated Damages eyes, nose, throat, and lungs Destroys respiratory organs Slow death