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  1. 1. 3100BC- 539BC
  2. 2.  What role did the invention and development playin the development of the first civilization? Discuss how the invention of writing had an affecton various parts of civilization. Talk about how theoretical discoveries andtechnological inventions shaped their society. Discuss their religion
  3. 3.  Math-they were the first to give a number a placevalue and recognize the concept of zero. They divided time up by 60’s including 60 sec and 60minutes; Which we still use today. They divided the circle into 360 degrees and thecircumference of a circle this helped them keep trackof records as well as building projects. They discovered the number for pi 3.14
  4. 4. Bill of sale for a field and house
  5. 5.  They divided the year into 12 months.Themonth was divided up into 29-30 days andthe days into 2x12 hours. The calendar was primarily lunar Their year was about 354 days
  6. 6.  The Sumerians developed a form of pictographic writing that used wordpictures like bird, fish, ox or grain etc., around 4000 - 3500 BC. In 3000 BC, it developed into a cursive form of cuneiform style of writingwhich was a wedge shaped linear impression on clay tablets Cuneiform symbols were made by scribes who used a stylus. Writing was the most significant invention at the time. Invention of writing become the revolution of information. Storinginformation allowed it to travel long distances without relying onsomebody elses memory. Text also become the information that was available for futuregeneration. Writing in fact, helps assure the continuity of civilization, because itcarries a tangible record of the human race from generation togeneration.
  7. 7.  Writing is important for civilization because ithelped the scribes and artisans conduct theirdaily task. It helped the economy by creatingand recording business transactions. Writing now created a record of thelaws and gave order to create rulesand regulations. Writing poetry and fiction passed down storiesin written form instead of by memory.
  8. 8.  The Mesopotamians recordeddirections on the maps they created. The invention of maps wasimportant because it helped people explain andfollow directions.
  9. 9.  The Mesopotamians used the wheel to makepottery wheels, before this pottery was made outof wet clay formed by hand then laid out to dry. Goods such as tin and copper that where importedto Mesopotamia could be transported faster. They used the wheel to make war chariots. The wheel was used to gettingwater for the irrigation system
  10. 10.  When Mesopotamians first began to make pottery it wasshaped by hand. Pottery was important in every householdin Mesopotamia because it provided cooking utensils, foodstorage containers. Pottery was used for religiouspurposes as well. Certain bowlswere used for scaring awaydemons. They made bowls forflowers which we call vases.
  11. 11.  The Mesopotamians wereamong the first to harness the wind as anenergy source by using the sail. They used papyrus, a plant that growsthroughout theTigris and Euphrates rivers tomake the sails. The papyrus reed mats where stretchedbetween two poles making a simple yetaffective sail.
  12. 12.  The Mesopotamians usedtheTigris and the Euphratesrivers to create theirirrigation system. They used the Euphrateswater as the supply,and theTigris channelas a drain. This was because theEuphrates river washigher than theTigris.
  13. 13.  The seeder plow was a major technologicalachievement. It transformed agriculture by carrying out thetasks of seeding and plowing together. The Mesopotamians believed that the godEnlil created the seeder plow and that theimage of the plow could also be seen in thestars.*This demonstrates how religion/beliefs were a part their everyday lives*
  14. 14.  The Mesopotamians had hundreds of gods. Every city had their own patron god orgoddess. People depended on a relationship with theirown personal god…sort of what we call aguardian angel.
  15. 15.  The priest were the upper-class of society They were Influential becauseof the importance of theirreligion and their relationshipwith the gods The priest were consideredthe doctors’ of their timewhich is also importantbecause Mesopotamianswere among the first to haverecords of medicine andsurgeries The priest were sometimesthe kings
  16. 16.  There where greater gods who the Mesopotamiansbelieved controlled major realms of the universe,such as the sky, the sun, the air These gods received attentionas major deities(Idols). Utu- was the sun godand the lord of truth and justice Nanna- was the moon god Inanna- was the goddess of love and war Ninhursag- was the goddess of earth Enki- was the god of fresh water as well as the lord ofwisdom and magic Anu- was the father of the gods he was the sky god. Enlil was the god of the air
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