Construction The building of the palace began in 1560 by Giorgio Vasari for Cosmo I’ De Medeci as offices for the Florentine magistrates (judges). That’s how it got the name Uffizi “offices”. Alfonso Parigi and Bernado Buontalenti continiued Vasari’s design and ended in 1581. They constructed a courtile ( inner courtyard ) so long and narrow that opens to the Arno River through a Doric screen that a articulates space without blocking it. The first “streetscape” in Europe. 3
Cosimo de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo came to power at 17, when Duke Alessandro de Medici was assassinated in 1537, as Alessandros only male heir (see right) Among his many accomplishments was the creation of the Ufﬁzi, originally intended to house the government He also ﬁnished the Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and created the magniﬁcent Boboli Gardens behind the Pitti. He was a great patron of the arts. 4
Inside the Uffizi 45 different rooms vary from sculptures to paintings on canvas The niches in the piers were ﬁlled with sculptures of famous artists 5
Renaissance: Greek and Roman Style was Re-popularized• Greek and Roman art has inspired and has influenced many artists throughout history• Common Subjects: human form (the male considered ideal or more beautiful), gods in human form, heroism, expressive faces, and geometric shapes (symmetry)• Focus on the mind (education), body (health and fitness), and spirit (religious, holy)• David, 1501-04, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Marble, based upon David v. Goliath 6
1504 Raphael Santi(1483-1520)Portrait of ElisabettaGonzaga* Titles of artworkare capitalized andunderlined
MichelangeloMichelangelo (1475-1564)- The Holy Family with St. John the Baptist. c. 1504-1506.Also known as the Doni Tondo or the Holy Family commissioned for the marriage of the merchant Angelo Doni and Maddalena StrozziPortrait of Michelangelo by Jacopino del Conte (after 1535) at the age of 60
1510 • Giorgione• (1477/78- 1510)• Portrait of a Gentleman in Armor. c. 1510. Oil on canvas
1517 • Andrea del Sarto 1486-1531 • Madonna delle Arpie (Madonna of the Harpies - angels) • Note the triangular design
1517• Antonio Correggi 1489-1534• The Rest on the Flight to Egypt with Saint Francis• The scene is a legend added to a historical event. History: Jesus and parents fled to Egypt for refuge on being warned that Herod the Great was seeking to kill baby Jesus (jealous of any threat to his power). Legend: the Holy Child ordered the trees to bend down so that Joseph could take fruit from them.
1518• Albrecht Altdorfer (1480-1538)• The Martyrdom of St. Florian• Florian was a Roman soldier, in what is now Austria, who converted to Christianity and martyred in 304. At the time Christianity was outlawed in Roman lands. Florian was thrown into the river Ems with a millstone tied around his neck. Passers recovered his body which was watched over by an eagle until taken away for burial.
1518• Raphael (1483-1520)• Portrait of Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de Medici and Luigi de Rossi• The ball on top of the Popes chair symbolizes the abacus balls (for their earning a lot of wealth) of the Medici Family.• Martin Luther (right) had challenged papal authority--Leo Xs (10ths) method of selling indulgences (forgiveness of sins).
1519• Pontormo [Italian Mannerist (expressive) Painter], 1494-ca.1556• Cosimo il Vecchio de Medici• The laurel branch was a symbol used also by his heirs.
1528• Lucas Cranach detto il vecchio (Kronach, 1472 – Weimar, 16 ottobre 1553)• Adam and Eve• Oil on panel“And the serpent hath been subtile above every beast of the fieldwhich Jehovah God hath made, and he saith unto the woman,Is it true that God hath said, Ye do not eat of every tree of thegarden?”, Genesis 3:1. (*Cranach painted a snake,although the word “snake” is not used in Genesis.)
1537• Titian Portrait of Eleonora Gonzaga Della Rovere. 1536-1537. Oil on canvas.
1540• Agnolo di Cosimo (1503 -1572), usually known as Il Bronzino,• Portrait of Lucretia Pucci Panciatichi
1545• Agnolo Bronzino• 1503-1572 Portrait of Cosimo I de Medici in Armor 1545-1559 Oil on panel
1545• Bronzino, Agnolo (Agnolo di Cosimo) (1503-72). Florentine Mannerist painter, the pupil and adopted son of Pontormo• Giovanni de Medici as a Child
1555• Paolo Veronese (1528 – April 19, 1588) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance in Venice• Isopod and Adriano da Porto
1597• Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, (1571 –1610)• Baroque: bold, curved, elaborate• Bacchus (The Roman god of wine. According to Ovids Metamorphoses, Philemon and Bacchus had lived out their long kind lives. Asked what divine favor they wanted, the couple said that they wished to be turned into intertwining trees.
1600• El Greco• St. John the Evangelist and St. Francis
1604 Caravaggio’sSacrifice of IsaacThe painting shows themoment when Abraham,about to sacrifice his sonIsaac in obedience to Godscommand, is stayed by anangel who offers him a ramin Isaacs place.
1627 Peter Paul Rubens’Henry IV (4th) at the Battle of Ivry
1634• Rembrandt• Leiden 1606- Amsterdam 1669• Self-Portrait. c. 1634. Oil on panel.
1717• Anna Maria Luisa in The Electress Palatine in Mourning Dress by Jan Frans van Douven, 1717. She points to the portrait of Johann Wilhelms remains, adorned with the Palatine regalia, in the milieu.
• The Doges Palace with the Piazza di San Marco Painted by Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto, Dimensions 32.68 inches wide x 16.14 inches high 29
• Portrait of a Young Man• by Pietro Perugino, 1495 30
• Portrait of Giovanni de Medici as a Child by Agnolo Bronzino, 1545 31
• Martin Luther by Lucas Cranach• Cranach was a painter, printmaker, and court painter to the Electors of Saxony, became a close friend of Martin Luther. Tried to convey Lutheran religious concerns in art. 32
Adoration of the Magi, by DÜRER, Albrecht 1504 Oil onwood, 100 x 114 cm, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence. 33
• Sandro Botticelli, 1486, Type: tempera on canvas, Dimensions (67.9 in × 109.6 in), 34 The Birth of Venus
Portrait of a Man with the Medal of Cosimode Medici the Elder, Sandro Botticelli, Year 1474-1475,Type: Tempera on panel, Dimensions (226 in × 17 in) 35
Still-life by Portuguese painter Josefa deÓbidos, 1676. Her father was also apainter. “Still lifes” depict objects: 36flowers, food, coins, pipes, etc.